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Year 963 ( CMLXIII) was a
common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a lunisolar calendar, a month) add ...
(link will display the full calendar) of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century B ...
.


Events


By place


Byzantine Empire

*
March 15 In the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months and years. A calendar date, date is the desig ...
– Emperor
Romanos II Romanos II Porphyrogenitus Traditionally, born in the purple (sometimes "born to the purple") was a category of members of royal family, royal families born during the reign of their parent. This notion was later loosely expanded to include all ...

Romanos II
dies at age 25, probably of poison administered by his wife, Empress
TheophanoTheophano () may refer to: * Theophano of Athens, consort of Staurakios (reigned 811) * Theophano Martinakia, first consort of Leo VI the Wise (reigned 886 - 912) *Theophano (born Anastaso)Theophano (Greek: Θεοφανώ, Theophanō; 941 – after ...
. He is succeeded by his infant son
Basil II Basil II Porphyrogenitus ( gr, Βασίλειος πορφυρογέννητος, translit=Basileios porphyrogennētos;) and, most often, the porphyrogennetos, Purple-born ( gr, ὁ πορφυρογέννητος, translit=ho porphyrogennetos ...
. Theophano becomes
regent A regent (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repu ...
and ''
de facto ''De facto'' ( ; , "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with ''de jure'' ("by law"), which refers to th ...
'' ruler, she names her other son
Constantine VIII Constantine VIII Porphyrogenitus ( el, Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, ''Kōnstantinos VIII Porphyrogénnetos''; 960 – 11 November 1028) was ''de jure In law and government A government ...

Constantine VIII
(only 3 years old) as co-emperor of the
Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...

Byzantine Empire
. *
July 2 This day is the first day of the second half of the year, as well as the midpoint of a common year A common year is a calendar year A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time Time ...
Nikephoros II Phokas Nikephoros II Phokas (; – 11 December 969), Latinized Latinisation or Latinization can refer to: * Latinisation of names, the practice of rendering a non-Latin name in a Latin style * Latinisation in the Soviet Union, the campaign in the USSR ...
is proclaimed emperor by his troops in
Caesarea Caesarea () (, he, קֵיסָרְיָה), ''Keysariya'' or ''Qesarya'', often simplified to Keisarya, and Qaysaria, is a town in north-central Israel, which inherits its name and much of its territory from the ancient city of Caesarea Maritima ...

Caesarea
. He sends a fleet to secure the
Bosphorus Strait File:Bosphorus aerial view.jpg, Aerial view of the Bosporus taken from its northern end near the Black Sea (bottom), looking south (top) toward the Marmara Sea, with the city center of Istanbul visible along the strait's hilly banks. The Bosp ...

Bosphorus Strait
against his enemies. Chief minister
Joseph BringasJoseph Bringas ( el, ) was an important Byzantine eunuch official in the reigns of Emperor Constantine VII (r. 945–959) and Emperor Romanos II (r. 959–963), serving as chief minister and effective regent during the latter. Having unsuccessfu ...
gathers support and closes the gates of
Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germa ...

Constantinople
. General
Marianos Argyros Marianos Argyros ( el, Μαριανός Ἀργυρός, – 16 August 963) was a Byzantine The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces ...
is killed in a riot, forcing Bringas to flee. *
August 16 Events *1 BC Year 1 BC was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a ...
– Nikephoros II makes a triumphal entry in Constantinople and is hailed as 'the conqueror'. He is crowned emperor in
Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia (; ; la, Sancta Sophia, lit=Holy Wisdom Holy Wisdom (Greek: , la, Sancta Sapientia, russian: Святая София Премудрость Божия, translit=Svyataya Sofiya Premudrost' Bozhiya "Holy Sophia, Divine Wisdom") ...

Hagia Sophia
. In September, he marries Theophano, bolstering his legitimacy. *
September 20 Events Pre-1600 *1058 Year 1058 ( MLVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calend ...
– Nikephoros II marries the former Byazantine consort
TheophanoTheophano () may refer to: * Theophano of Athens, consort of Staurakios (reigned 811) * Theophano Martinakia, first consort of Leo VI the Wise (reigned 886 - 912) *Theophano (born Anastaso)Theophano (Greek: Θεοφανώ, Theophanō; 941 – after ...
, the widow of Emperor Romanos II.


Europe

* , margrave of
Merseburg Merseburg () is a town in central Germany located in the southern part of Saxony-Anhalt on the river Saale, approx. 14 km south of Halle (Saale) and 30 km west of Leipzig. It is the capital of the Saalekreis district. It had a diocese f ...
, campaigns against the
Slavs Slavs are an ethno-linguistic group of people who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic language, Balto-Slavic linguistic group of the Indo-European languages. They are native to Eurasia, stretching from Central Europe, ...

Slavs
. He forces Prince
Mieszko I Mieszko I (; – 25 May 992) was the ruler of Poland from about 960 to his death and was the founder of the first independent Polish state, the Duchy of Poland (966–1025), Duchy of Poland. He was a member of the Piast dynasty, a son of Siemomy ...
of the Polans in
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and has a largely Temperate climate, temperate seasonal cli ...
to pay tribute to Emperor
Otto I Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francian king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henr ...

Otto I
(the Great). He expands his territory, the ''
Marca Geronis 200px, The hatched portion of the map in the northeast excepting the March of the Billungs was the ''marca Geronis'', notice the ''Mark Merseburg'' which was one of its partitions. The ''Marca Geronis'' (march of Gero) was a vast super-march in th ...
'' (March of Gero), to the mouth of the
Oder River The Oder ( , ; Czech Czech may refer to: * Anything from or related to the Czech Republic The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name Czechia and formerly known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is ...

Oder River
.Timothy Reuter (1999). ''The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III'', p. 248. . *
Sviatoslav I Sviatoslav I Igorevich (Old East Slavic : ''Cyrillic letters in this article are romanized Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every asp ...
, Grand Prince of
Kiev Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
, begins a 2-year campaign in which he will defeat
Khazar The Khazars; he, כוזרים, Kuzarim; la, Gazari, or ; zh, 突厥曷薩 ; 突厥可薩部 ''Tūjué Kěsà bù'' () were a semi-nomad A nomad ( frm, nomade "people without fixed habitation") is a member of a community without fi ...

Khazar
forces along the
Don River The Don ( rus, Дон, p=don) is the List of rivers of Europe#Rivers of Europe by length, fifth-longest river in Europe. Flowing from Central Russia to the Sea of Azov in Southern Russia, it is one of List of rivers of Russia, Russia's largest riv ...
– vanquish the
Ossetes The Ossetians or Ossetes (, ; os, ир, ирæттæ, , дигорӕ, дигорӕнттӕ, ), are an Iranian Iranian may refer to: * Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran ( fa, ...

Ossetes
and the
Circassians The Circassians (also referred to as Cherkess or Adyghe; ; ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certai ...

Circassians
in the northern
Caucasus The Caucasus (), or Caucasia (), is a region spanning Europe and Asia. It is situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and mainly occupied by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Georgia, and parts of Southern Russia. It is home to ...
. He also successfully attacks the
Bulgars The Bulgars (also Bulghars, Bulgari, Bolgars, Bolghars, Bolgari, Proto-Bulgarians) were Turkic Turkic may refer to: * anything related to the country of Turkey * Turkic languages, a language family of at least thirty-five documented languages * ...

Bulgars
on the
Volga River The Volga (; russian: Во́лга, a=Ru-Волга.ogg, p=ˈvoɫɡə) is the longest river in Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention ra ...
. * November - Otto arrives at
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
, Pope and Adalbert II (co-ruler of
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...
) flee to
Campania it, Campano (man) it, Campana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 ...
, taking with them most of the Papal treasury. Otto is warmly received by the Roman citizens as 'liberator'. * December – King
Berengar II Berengar II (c. 9004 August 966) was the King of Italy from 950 until his deposition in 961. He was a scion of the Anscarids, Anscarid and Unruochings, Unruoching dynasties, and was named after his maternal grandfather, Berengar I of Italy, Bereng ...
(the father of Adalbert II) surrenders at the fortress of
Montefeltro Montefeltro is a historical-geographic region in the Marche, which was historically part of Romagna. It gave its name to the House of Montefeltro, Montefeltro family, which ruled in the area during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Overview Mont ...
to German forces. He and his wife Willa are taken prisoner and dispatched to
Bamberg Bamberg (, , ) is a town in Upper Franconia Upper Franconia (german: Oberfranken) is a ''Regierungsbezirk A ' () means "governmental district" and is a type of administrative division in Germany. Four of sixteen ' (states of Germany) are s ...

Bamberg
. *
Luxembourg Luxembourg ( ; lb, Lëtzebuerg ; french: link=no, Luxembourg; german: link=no, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, ; french: link=no, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg ; german: link=no, Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a landlocked ...

Luxembourg
has her beginnings at
Luxembourg Castle The Bock ( lb, Bockfiels) is a promontory A promontory is a raised mass of land Land is the solid surface of the Earth that is not permanently covered by water. The vast majority of human activity throughout history has occurred in land a ...
(located on the
Bock Bock is a strong lager (traditionally, and sometimes still, an ale Ale is a type Type may refer to: Science and technology Computing * Typing, producing text via a keyboard, typewriter, etc. * Data type, collection of values used for comp ...
) founded by Sigfried, count of the
Ardennes The Ardennes ( ; french: Ardenne ; nl, Ardennen ; german: Ardennen; wa, Årdene ; lb, Ardennen ), also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes, is a region of extensive forest A forest is an area of land dominated b ...
.


Asia

* The Chinese government of the
Song Dynasty The Song dynasty (; ; 960–1279) was an imperial dynasty of China that began in 960 and lasted until 1279. The dynasty was founded by Emperor Taizu of Song Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), personal name Zhao Kua ...
attempts to ban the practice of
cremation Cremation is a method of Disposal of human corpses, final disposition of a Cadaver, dead body through combustion, burning. Cremation may serve as a funeral or post-funeral rite and as an alternative to burial. In some countries, including India ...

cremation
; despite this decree, the lower and middle classes continue to cremate their dead, until the government resolves the problem in the
12th century The 12th century is the period from to in accordance with the . In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the and is sometimes called the Age of the s. The experienced a significant development, particularly ...
, by establishing public
graveyard A cemetery, burial ground or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred. The word ''cemetery'' (from Greek , "sleeping place") implies that the land is specifically designated as a burial ground an ...

graveyard
s for
pauper ''Pauperism'' (Lat. ''pauper'', poor) is a term meaning poverty Poverty is the state of not having enough material possessions or income for a person's basic needs. Poverty may include social, economic, and political elements. ''Absolute pover ...
s. * The Nanping State, one of the
Ten Kingdoms The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–979) was an era of political upheaval and division in 10th-century Imperial China The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang d ...
in south-central
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
, is forced to surrender, when invaded by armies of the Song Dynasty.


By topic


Religion

* November 6Synod of Rome: Otto I calls a council at
St. Peter's Basilica The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican ( it, Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano), or simply Saint Peter's Basilica ( la, Basilica Sancti Petri), is a Church (building), church built in the Renaissance architecture, Renaissanc ...

St. Peter's Basilica
. John XII is deposed on charges that he has conducted himself dishonorably and instigated an armed
rebellion Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behavio ...
against Otto. *
December 6 Events Pre-1600 * 963 – Pope Leo VIII Pope Leo VIII ( 915 – 1 March 965) was a Roman prelate who claimed the Holy See from 963 until 964 in opposition to Pope John XII, John XII and Benedict V and again from 23 June 964 to his ...
– Pope
Leo VIII Pope Leo VIII ( 915 – 1 March 965) was a Roman prelate who claimed the Holy See from 963 until 964 in opposition to Pope John XII, John XII and Benedict V and again from 23 June 964 to his death. Today he is considered by the Catholic Churc ...

Leo VIII
is appointed to the office of
Protonotary The word prothonotary is recorded in English since 1447, as "principal clerk of a court," from L.L. ''prothonotarius'' (c. 400), from Greek ''protonotarios'' "first scribe," originally the chief of the college of recorders of the court of the Byz ...
and begins his papacy as
antipope An antipope ( la, antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the lawful pope, makes a significant attempt to occupy the position of Diocese of Rome, Bishop of Rome and leader of the Catholic Church. At times between the 3rd and mid-15th centuri ...
of Rome – a reign with the concurrently deposed John XII. * The Monastery of Great Lavra at
Mount Athos Mount Athos (; el, Ἄθως, ) is a mountain and peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary bod ...

Mount Athos
(northeastern
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...

Greece
) is founded by the Byzantine monk
Athanasius the Athonite Athanasius the Athonite (c. 920 – c. 1003; el, Αθανάσιος ο Αθωνίτης), also called Athanasios of Trebizond, was a Byzantine The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the con ...
.


Births

*
March 13 Events Pre-1600 *1567 __NOTOC__ Year 1567 ( MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) i ...
Anna Porphyrogenita Anna Porphyrogenita ( grc-x-medieval, Ἄννα Πορφυρογεννήτη, translit=Anna Porphyrogennētē, rus, Анна Византийская, uk, Анна Порфірогенета; 13 March 963 – 1011) was a Grand Princess consort o ...
, Grand Princess of
Kiev Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
(d.
1011 Year 1011 ( MXI) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) adde ...
) *
Edith of Wilton Saint Edith of Wilton (c. 963 - 16 September 984-987 ) (also known as Eadgyth, her name in Old English, or as Editha or Ediva, the Latinised forms of her name) was an English nun, a daughter of Edgar the Peaceful, Kingdom of England, king of Engla ...

Edith of Wilton
, English princess and
abbess In Catholicism, an abbess (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the ...
(approximate date) *
Li Jiqian Li Jiqian ( Chinese: 李繼遷) (963–1004), occasionally also known by his Song-bestowed name of Zhao Baoji (趙保吉), was a Tangut leader and progenitor of China's Western Xia dynasty The Western Xia or the Xi Xia (), officially the ...
, Chinese governor and rebel leader (d.
1004 Year 1004 ( MIV) was a leap year starting on SaturdayA leap year starting on Saturday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Saturday Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday. The Romans ...
) *
Nuh II Nuh II ( fa, نوح, died 22 July 997)''Tabaqat-i Nasiri'' by Minhaj-i-Siraj, pg. 107, Lahore Sangmil Publications 2004 was amir of the Samanids (976–997). He was the son and successor of Mansur I. Beginning and Middle of Reign Having ascended ...
, emir of the
Samanid Dynasty The Samanid Empire ( fa, سامانیان, ''Sāmāniyān'', also known as the Samanian Empire, Samanid dynasty, Samanid amirate, or simply Samanids) was a Sunni Sunni Islam () is by far the largest branch of Islam Islam (;There are ...
(
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
) (d.
997 Year 997 ( CMXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) ...
) *
Samsam al-Dawla Abu Kalijar Marzuban, also known as Samsam al-Dawla (c. 963 – December 998) was the Buyid amir of Iraq Iraq ( ar, ٱلْعِرَاق, '; ku, عێراق '), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق ...

Samsam al-Dawla
, Buyid
emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristocrat, holder of high-ranking military or politic ...

emir
(approximate date) *
Snorri Goði Snorri is a masculine given name. People with the name include: * Snorri Þorbrandsson, a character in the Icelandic ''Eyrbyggja saga'' * Snorri Goði or Snorri Þorgrímsson (963–1031), a prominent chieftain in Western Iceland, featured in a n ...
, Icelandic
Viking Vikings—"pirate", non, víkingr is the modern name given to seafaring people primarily from Scandinavia Scandinavia; Sami Places * Sápmi, a cultural region in Northern Europe * Sami, Burkina Faso, a district of the Banwa Pro ...

Viking
chieftain (d.
1031 Year 1031 ( MXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) ...
)


Deaths

*
March 15 In the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months and years. A calendar date, date is the desig ...
Romanos II Romanos II Porphyrogenitus Traditionally, born in the purple (sometimes "born to the purple") was a category of members of royal family, royal families born during the reign of their parent. This notion was later loosely expanded to include all ...

Romanos II
, Byzantine emperor (b. 938) *
March 31 It is the last day of the first quarter of the year. Events Pre-1600 * 307 __NOTOC__ Year 307 ( CCCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins ...
Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Muhammad, Saffarid emir (b.
906 __NOTOC__ Year 906 ( CMVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains ...
) *
April 3 Events * 686 – Maya civilization, Maya king Yuknoom Yich'aak K'ahk' assumes the crown of Calakmul. * 801 – King Louis the Pious captures Barcelona from the Moors after a siege of several months. *1043 – Edward the Confessor ...
William III, duke of
Aquitaine Aquitaine ( , , ; oc, Aquitània ; eu, Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais Poitevin-Saintongeais (french: poitevin-saintongeais, link=no, ; autonym: ''poetevin-séntunjhaes''; also called ''Parlanjhe'', ''Aguiain'' or even ''Aguiainais'' in Fren ...

Aquitaine
(b.
915 Year 915 ( CMXV) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The ...
) *
April 10 Events * 428 __NOTOC__ Year 428 ( CDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday A leap year starting on Sunday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its ...
Oda of MetzOda of Metz (c. 910 – 10 April 963) was a German noblewoman. She was the daughter of Count Gerard of Metz. Her mother Oda of Saxony was a daughter of Otto I, Duke of Saxony Otto ( – 30 November 912), called the Illustrious (german: Otto d ...
, German
noblewoman Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy Aristocracy ( grc-gre, ἀριστοκρατία , from 'excellent', and , 'rule') is a form of governme ...
*
April 16 Events *AD 73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Roman Empire, Romans after several months of siege, ending the First Jewish–Roman War. *1346 – Stefan Dušan, "the Mighty", is crowned Emperor of the Serbs at Skopje, Serbian ...
William I William I (c. 1028Bates ''William the Conqueror'' p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first House of Normandy, Norman List of English monarchs, monarch of Engla ...
, German nobleman *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
Stephen Lekapenos Stephen Lekapenos or Lecapenus ( el, Στέφανος Λακαπηνός, ''Stéphanos Lakapenós''; died 18 April 963) was the second son of the Byzantine The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, ...
, Byzantine co-emperor *
August 16 Events *1 BC Year 1 BC was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a ...
Marianos Argyros Marianos Argyros ( el, Μαριανός Ἀργυρός, – 16 August 963) was a Byzantine The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces ...
, Byzantine general * Abu Muhammad al-Hasan, Buyid
vizier A vizier (; ar, وزير, wazīr; fa, وزیر, vazīr), or wazir, is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in the near east. The caliphs gave the title ''wazir'' to a minister formerly called ' (secretary), who was at first merely a ...
*
Alp-Tegin , image = Pınarbaşı 5.JPG , caption = Bust of Alp Tegin as one of the founders of the " 16 Great Turkic Empires", part of the "Turkishness Monument" (''Türklük Anıtı'') in Pınarbaşı, Kayseri (opened 2000, 2012 pho ...
, Samanid commander-in-chief *
Donnchad mac Cellacháin Donnchad mac Cellacháin (fl. ''Floruit'' (), abbreviated fl. (or occasionally flor.), Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Commun ...
, king of
Munster Munster ( gle, an Mhumhain or ) is one of the provinces of Ireland Since pre-historic times, there have been four Provinces of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.ht ...

Munster
(
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
) *
Fothad I Fothad I (died 963) is the second alleged Bishop of St. Andrews, Bishop of the Scots (906x955). We know he had the status of "bishop" during the reign of King Dub of Scotland, Dub mac Maíl Coluim because the ''Chronicle of the Kings of Alba'' has ...
, bishop of
St. Andrews St Andrews ( la, S. Andrea(s); sco, Saunt Aundraes; gd, Cill Rìmhinn) is a town on the east coast of Fife Fife (, ; gd, Fìobha, ; sco, Fife) is a council area, Historic counties of Scotland, historic county, registration county and ...
(approximate date) * Goltregoda, Frankish countess and
regent A regent (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repu ...
(b. 920) * Ingeborg Tryggvasdotter, Viking noblewoman * John II of Gaeta, John II, duke of Duchy of Gaeta, Gaeta (Italy) (approximate date) * Michael Maleinos, Byzantine monk (approximate date) * Ordoño IV of León, Ordoño IV (the Bad), king of Kingdom of León, León (or 962) * Rudolfe II, Count of Ivois, Rudolfe II (or Raoul), Frankish nobleman * Tryggve Olafsson, Norse
Viking Vikings—"pirate", non, víkingr is the modern name given to seafaring people primarily from Scandinavia Scandinavia; Sami Places * Sápmi, a cultural region in Northern Europe * Sami, Burkina Faso, a district of the Banwa Pro ...

Viking
king * Empress Wang (Taizu), Wang, empress of the
Song Dynasty The Song dynasty (; ; 960–1279) was an imperial dynasty of China that began in 960 and lasted until 1279. The dynasty was founded by Emperor Taizu of Song Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), personal name Zhao Kua ...
(b. 942)


References

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