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2018 was designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the
International Coral Reef InitiativeThe International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) is an informal partnership among nations, international organisations and non-government organisations to help protect coral reefs globally. It aims to implement Chapter 17 of Agenda 21, Aichi Target 10 ...
.


Events


January

*
January 13 Events Pre-1600 *27BC – Augustus, Octavian transfers the state to the free disposal of the Senate and the people. He receives Spain, Gaul, and Syria as his province for ten years. *532 – The Nika riots break out, during the racing ...
– The
killing of Naqeebullah Mehsud Naqeebullah Mehsud (; also known as Naseemullah, Naqib Maseed, or by his nickname Veer) was killed on January 13, 2018, in Karachi, Pakistan, during a Encounter killings by police, fake encounter staged by the senior superintendent of police (SSP) ...
, in a fake
encounter Encounter or Encounters may refer to: Film *Encounters (film), ''Encounters'' (film), a 1993 Australian thriller *''Encounter'', a 1997 Indian film by Nimmala Shankar *Encounter (2013 film), ''Encounter'' (2013 film), a Bengali film *Encounter (201 ...
staged by police officer Rao Anwar in
Karachi Karachi (; ur, ; ; ALA-LC ALA-LC (American Library Association - Library of Congress) is a set of standards for romanization, the representation of text in other writing systems using the Latin script. Applications The system is used to re ...

Karachi
,
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
, sparks countrywide protests against
extrajudicial killing An extrajudicial killing (also known as extrajudicial execution or extralegal killing) is the homicide, killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any Judiciary, judicial proceeding or legal process. They often target ...
s. The
Pashtun Tahafuz Movement The Pashtun Tahafuz Movement ( ps, پښتون ژغورنې غورځنګ, ur, ; abbreviated PTM), or the Pashtun Protection Movement, is a social movement Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This inte ...

Pashtun Tahafuz Movement
(Pashtun Protection Movement), led by
Manzoor Pashteen Manzoor Ahmad Pashteen ( ps, ) or Manzoor Pashtun () is a Pashtun human rights activist who has spent years lobbying to draw attention to the plight of the Pashtun people Pashtuns (, or ; ps, پښتانه, ; or Pathans), historically kno ...
, launches a campaign to seek justice for Mehsud. *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
, led by President
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born 26 February 1954) is a Turkish politician serving as the current President of Turkey The president of Turkey officially the president of the Republic of Turkey, ( tr, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı) ...

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
, announces the beginning of a
military offensive An offensive is a military operation A military operation is the coordinated military action War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, governments, Society, societies, or paramilitary groups such as Mercenary, merce ...
to capture a portion of
northern Syria
northern Syria
from Kurdish forces, amidst the ongoing Kurdish–Turkish conflict. *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
22 – The
US government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or Ameri ...
enters a federal government shutdown as a result of a dispute over
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) is a United States immigration policy that allows some individuals with unlawful presence in the United States after being brought to the country as children to receive a renewable two-year period o ...
. *
January 24 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire duri ...
Scientists in China report in the journal '' Cell'' the creation of the first
monkey Monkey is a common name that may refer to most mammals of the infraorder In biological classification In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structur ...

monkey
clones Clone or Clones or Cloning or The Clone may refer to: Places * Clones, County Fermanagh * Clones, County Monaghan, a town in Ireland Biology * Clone (B-cell), a lymphocyte clone, the massive presence of which may indicate a pathological conditio ...
using
somatic cell nuclear transfer In genetics Genetics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.Hartl D, Jones E (2005) Though heredity had been observed for millennia, Gregor Mendel, Moravia, Moravian scientist a ...
, named
Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua Zhong Zhong (, born 27 November 2017) and Hua Hua (, born 5 December 2017) are a pair of identical crab-eating macaque The crab-eating macaque (''Macaca fascicularis''), also known as the long-tailed macaque and referred to as the cynomolgus m ...
. *
January 31 Events Pre-1600 *314 __NOTOC__ Year 314 ( CCCXIV) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that con ...
– A total lunar eclipse takes place, the 49th eclipse of Lunar Saros 124. This was referred to by the media as a 'super
blue blood moon
blue blood moon
' as it was close to a
supermoon
supermoon
, with perigee being on January 30, and a
blue moon A blue moon is an additional full moon The full Moon of 22 October 2010, as seen through a ecliptic latitude (or northern lunar standstill">lunistice), so the southern lunar craters, craters are especially prominent and cast shadows visibl ...

blue moon
eclipse, the first since 1982.


February

*
February 6 Events Pre-1600 *AD 60, 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week is known. A graffito in Pompeii identifies this day as a ''dies Solis'' (Sunday), by a system in which Sunday corresponds to the day of the week this day would ...
SpaceX Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space trans ...
successfully conducts its maiden flight of its most powerful rocket to date, the
Falcon Heavy Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift An airlift is the organized delivery of Materiel, supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft. Airlifting consists of two distinct types: strategic and tactical. Typica ...

Falcon Heavy
, from LC39A at
John F. Kennedy Space Center
John F. Kennedy Space Center
in
Florida Florida is a U.S. state, state located in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. Florida is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia (U.S. state), Geor ...

Florida
. *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
25 – The
2018 Winter Olympics The 2018 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIII Olympic Winter Games (french: Les XXIIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; ko, 제23회 동계 올림픽, Jeisipsamhoe Donggye Ollimpik) and commonly known as PyeongChang 2018, was an internationa ...

2018 Winter Olympics
are held in
Pyeongchang Pyeongchang (; in full, ''Pyeongchang-gun'' ; ) is a county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (hum ...
,
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
. *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * – : to the Mongols, bringing the to an end. * – In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in , murders , sparking the revolution in the . * – The breaks out in , England, leaving 63 scholars and pe ...
Kay Goldsworthy becomes the first female
archbishop In many Christian Denominations Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' an ...
in the
Anglican Communion The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion Communion may refer to: Religion * The Eucharist (also called the Holy Communion or Lord's Supper), the Christian rite involving the eating of bread and drinking of wine, re ...
on her installation in the
Anglican Diocese of Perth The Anglican Diocese of Perth is one of the 23 diocese In Ecclesiastical polity, church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. History In the later organization of the Roma ...
,
Western Australia Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...

Western Australia
. *
February 11 Events Pre-1600 *660 BC The year 660 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) w ...
Saratov Airlines Flight 703 Saratov Airlines Flight 703 was a domestic passenger flight from Moscow Domodedovo Airport to Orsk Airport in Russia. On 11 February 2018, the aircraft serving the flight, an Antonov An-148, Antonov An-148-100B, crashed shortly after take-off, ki ...

Saratov Airlines Flight 703
crashes shortly after take-off from
Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chiefly ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities and towns in Russia by population, largest city of Russia. The city stands on the ...

Moscow
, killing all 71 people on board. *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year st ...
**
Jacob Zuma Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (; born 12 April 1942) is a South African politician who was the fourth president of South Africa The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is t ...

Jacob Zuma
resigns as
President of South Africa The president of South Africa is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of South Africa. The president heads the executive branch of the Government of South Africa and is the commander-in-chief of the South African National ...
after nine years in power. ** A school shooting occurs at
Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School (MSDH or MSD) is a State school, public Secondary school, high school in Parkland, Florida, in the Miami metropolitan area, United States. It was established in 1990 and is part of the Broward County Public Sc ...
in
Parkland, Florida Parkland is a suburban city in northern Broward County, Florida, Broward County, Florida. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census,the population of Parkland was 34,670. Parkland is part of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to 6,1 ...
, United States, killing 17 people and injuring 17 others. *
February 18 Events Pre-1600 *1229 Year 1229 () was a (link will display the full calendar) of the . Events January–December * – : signs a ten-year with , regaining , , and with neither military engagements, nor support from the ...
**
Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 3704 Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 3704 was a scheduled Iranian domestic passenger flight from Iranian capital Tehran Tehran (; fa, تهران ) is the Capital city, capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in ...

Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 3704
crashes in the
Zagros Mountains The Zagros Mountains ( fa, کوه‌های زاگرس, ''Kuh hā-ye Zāgros;'' Luri language, Luri: کویل زاگروس‎, ''Koyal Zagros;'' Turkish language, Turkish: ''Zagros Dağları;'' ku, چیاکانی زاگرۆس, translit=Çiyakani ...
, ''en route'' from
Tehran Tehran (; fa, تهران ) is the Capital city, capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the List of largest cities o ...
to
Yasuj Yasuj ( fa, ; also romanize Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestu ...
. All 65 passengers and crew members die. ** Kizlyar church shooting: a man carrying a knife and a
double-barreled shotgun Image:ShotgunAction.JPG, A view of the break-action of a typical side-by-side double-barreled shotgun, with the Boxlock action, Anson & Deeley boxlock action open and the extractor visible. The lever and the Safety (firearms), safety catch can also ...
opens fire on a crowd at an Orthodox church in
Kizlyar Kizlyar (russian: Кизля́р; ce, ГӀизлар) is a types of inhabited localities in Russia, town in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the border with the Chechen Republic in the river delta, delta of the Terek River northwes ...
,
Dagestan village of Grar File:Сулакский каньон.jpg, Kara-Koysu River Canyon Dagestan (; russian: Дагеста́н), officially the Republic of Dagestan (russian: Респу́блика Дагеста́н), is a republics of Russia, rep ...

Dagestan
, killing five women and injuring several other people; the perpetrator is shot and killed by police.


March

*
March 4 Events Pre-1600 * AD 51 AD 51 ( LI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
– Former Russian double agent
Sergei Skripal Sergei Viktorovich Skripal ( rus, Серге́й Ви́кторович Скрипáль, p=sʲɪrˈɡʲej ˈvʲiktərəvʲɪtɕ skrʲɪˈpalʲ, born 23 June 1951) is a former Russian military intelligence officer who acted as a double agent ...
and his daughter, Yulia, are
poisoned A gift or a present is an item given to someone without the expectation of payment or anything in return. An item is not a gift if that item is already owned by the one to whom it is given. Although gift-giving might involve an expectation of ...
by the Novichok
nerve agent Nerve agents, sometimes also called nerve gases, are a class of organic chemistry, organic chemicals that disrupt the mechanisms by which nerves transfer messages to organs. The disruption is caused by the blocking of acetylcholinesterase (AChE ...
in
Salisbury Salisbury ( ) is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of t ...

Salisbury
,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
. UK
counter-terrorism Counterterrorism (also spelled counter-terrorism), also known as anti-terrorism, incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and Intelligence agency, intelligen ...
police investigate amid speculation the
Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin ( rus, Московский Кремль, r=Moskovskiy Kreml, p=mɐˈskofskʲɪj krʲemlʲ), or simply the Kremlin, is a fortified complex in the center of Moscow founded by Russian ruling dynasty of Rurikids. It is the bes ...

Kremlin
was behind the incident. *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
2018 Russian Air Force Antonov An-26 crash: An
Antonov An-26 The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a twin-engined turboprop civilian and military transport aircraft, designed and produced in the Soviet Union from 1969 to 1986.Gordon, Yefim. Komissarov, Dmitry & Sergey. "Antonov's Turboprop Twin ...

Antonov An-26
transport aircraft operated by the
Russian Air Force "Air March" , mascot = , anniversaries = 12 August , equipment = , equipment_label = , battles = , decorations = , batt ...

Russian Air Force
crashes on approach to
Khmeimim air base Khmeimim Air Base (Russian: Хмеймим), also Hmeimim Air Base, is a Syrian airbase currently operated by Russia Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern ...
in Syria, killing all 39 people on board. All of them were servicemen of the
Russian Armed Forces The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, commonly known as the Russian Armed Forces, are the military forces of the Russian Federation Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning E ...
, including Major-General Vladimir Yeremeyev. *
March 9 Events Pre-1600 *141 BC __NOTOC__ Year 141 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Pompeius (or, less frequently, year 613 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
18 – The 2018 Winter Paralympics are held in
Pyeongchang Pyeongchang (; in full, ''Pyeongchang-gun'' ; ) is a county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (hum ...
,
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
. *
March 9 Events Pre-1600 *141 BC __NOTOC__ Year 141 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Pompeius (or, less frequently, year 613 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
President of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

President of the United States
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
accepts an invitation from
North Korean leader The Supreme Leader (Korean language, Korean: 최고령도자) of North Korea is the ''de facto'' Supreme leader, paramount leader of the Workers' Party of Korea, party, state and Korean People's Army, army. The title has not been written into the Co ...
Kim Jong-un Kim Jong-un (; ; ; born 8 January 1982 or 1983) is a North Korean politician who has been Supreme Leader of North Korea The supreme leader () of North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) ...

Kim Jong-un
for a meeting in May to discuss the denuclearisation of North Korea. *
March 11 Events Pre-1600 *222 __NOTOC__ Year 222 ( CCXXII) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decembe ...
– China's government approves a constitutional change that removes term limits for its leaders, granting
Xi Jinping Xi Jinping ( ; , ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who has been serving as General Secretary Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority In the fields of sociology ...

Xi Jinping
the status of " President for Life". Xi is also the
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China The general secretary of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party () is the paramount leader The paramount leader also named supreme leader () of the Chinese Communist Party ) , anthem = "The Internationale ...
(
paramount leader The paramount leader also named supreme leader () of the Chinese Communist Party ) , anthem = "The Internationale" , seats1_title = National People's Congress (13th National People's Congress, 13th) , seats1 = , ...
). *
March 12 Events Pre-1600 *538 Year 538 ( DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague (or, less ...
Flight BS211 crashes and bursts into flames at
Tribhuvan International Airport Tribhuvan International Airport (Nepali: त्रिभुवन अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय विमानस्थल) (, colloquially referred to as TIA) is an international airport located in Kathmandu, Bagmati Pradesh, N ...

Tribhuvan International Airport
,
Nepal Nepal (; ne, नेपाल ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ( ne, सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल ), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is ma ...

Nepal
, killing 51 of the 71 people aboard. The 20 surviving passengers were seriously injured from the impact and the fire. *
March 14 Events Pre-1600 *1074 Year 1074 (Roman numerals, MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Norman mercenari ...
– In response to gun violence in the United States, and particularly triggered by the
Stoneman Douglas High School shooting On February 14, 2018, 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz opened fire on students and staff at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School (MSDH or MSD) is a State school, public Secondary school, high school in Parkland, ...
in Parkland, Florida, thousands of high school students across the country participate in an organized protest they called the National School Walkout. *
March 18 Events Pre-1600 * 37 – Roman Senate annuls Tiberius Tiberius Caesar Augustus (; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March AD 37) was the second Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (s ...
– In the Russian presidential election,
Vladimir Putin Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, (born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who is serving as the current president of Russia. He has been serving in this position since 2012, and he previously held this of ...

Vladimir Putin
is elected for a fourth term. *
March 19 Sometimes the March equinox The March equinox or northward equinox is the equinox An equinox is the instant of time when the plane of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to ha ...
– The world's last male
northern white rhinoceros The northern white rhinoceros (''Ceratotherium simum cottoni''), or northern square-lipped rhinoceros, is one of two subspecies In Taxonomy (biology), biological classification, the term subspecies refers to one of two or more populations o ...
dies in Kenya, making the subspecies functionally extinct. *
March 23 Events Pre-1600 *1400 Year 1400 ( MCD) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday Thursday is the day of the week between Wednes ...
An Islamic terrorist attack in Carcassonne and Trèbes,
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
, kills five people, including the perpetrator. *
March 24 March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or R ...
– In over 900 cities internationally, people participate in demonstrations against
gun violence Gun-related violence is violence committed with the use of a gun (firearm A firearm is any type of gun designed to be readily carried and used by an individual. The term is legally defined further in different countries (see Legal definiti ...

gun violence
and
mass shooting There is a lack of consensus on how to define a mass shooting. Most terms define a minimum of three or four deaths due to gun violence Gun-related violence is violence committed with the use of a gun (firearm A firearm is any type of gun ...
s, calling for stronger gun control in the "
March for Our Lives March for Our Lives (MFOL) was a student-led demonstration (protest), demonstration in support of gun control legislation. It took place in Washington, D.C., on March 24, 2018, with over 880 sibling events throughout the United States and a ...
". *
March 25 Events Pre-1600 *421 __NOTOC__ Year 421 ( CDXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calen ...
**
Qantas Qantas Airways Limited ( ) is the flag carrier A flag carrier is a transport Transport (commonly used in the U.K.), or transportation (used in the U.S.), is the Motion, movement of humans, animals and cargo, goods from one locatio ...

Qantas
launches direct non-stop
Boeing 787 Dreamliner The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American wide-body jet airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) is a division (business), division of Boeing, the Boeing Company. It Aircraft design process, de ...

Boeing 787 Dreamliner
flights between
Perth Airport Perth Airport is an international airport serving Perth, the capital city of Western Australia. It is the List of the busiest airports in Australia, fourth busiest airport in Australia measured by passenger movements and falls within the boun ...

Perth Airport
and
Heathrow Airport Heathrow Airport (), originally called ''London Airport'' until 1966 and now known as London Heathrow , is a major international airport in London, England. With Gatwick Airport, Gatwick, London City Airport, City, Luton Airport, Luton, Stanste ...

Heathrow Airport
, making it the first commercially non-stop service between
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
and the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
. ** 2018 Kemerovo fire: At least 60 people are killed and 79 others injured in a fire at the Winter Cherry shopping mall and entertainment complex in
Kemerovo Kemerovo ( rus, Ке́мерово, p=ˈkʲemʲɪrəvə) is an industrial city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Socia ...

Kemerovo
, Russia. *
March 26 Events Pre-1600 * 590 – Emperor Maurice (emperor), Maurice proclaims his son Theodosius (son of Maurice), Theodosius as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. *1027 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad II as Ho ...
– More than 100 Russian diplomats are expelled by more than 20 countries in the wake of the
poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal The poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal was the poisoning of Sergei Skripal, a former Russian military officer and double agent for the British intelligence agencies, and his daughter, Yulia Skripal, on 4 March 2018 in the city of Salisbury, ...
. *
March 28 Events Pre-1600 *AD 37 AD 37 ( XXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year th ...
** North Korean supreme leader
Kim Jong-un Kim Jong-un (; ; ; born 8 January 1982 or 1983) is a North Korean politician who has been Supreme Leader of North Korea The supreme leader () of North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) ...

Kim Jong-un
meets Chinese paramount leader
Xi Jinping Xi Jinping ( ; , ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who has been serving as General Secretary Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority In the fields of sociology ...

Xi Jinping
, leaving the country for the first time since assuming office in 2011. ** At least 78 people die in a fire in the police headquarters of
Valencia, Venezuela Valencia () is the capital city of Carabobo , anthem = '' Himno del Estado Carabobo'' , image_map = Carabobo in Venezuela.svg , map_alt = , map_caption = Location within Venezu ...
.


April

*
April 4 On the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the used by the and . The term often includes the established by the reforms of the and in the late 1stcenturyBC and sometimes includes any system dated by towards months' , , and in ...
15 – The 2018 Commonwealth Games are held in
Gold Coast, Queensland The Gold Coast is a coastal city in the States and territories of Australia, state of Queensland, Australia, approximately south-southeast of the centre of the List of Australian capital cities, state capital Brisbane and immediately north of ...

Gold Coast, Queensland
, Australia. *
April 5 Events * 823 – Lothair I Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''f ...
– Former
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 mill ...

Brazil
ian
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (; born Luiz Inácio da Silva; 27 October 1945) is a Brazilian politician and former union leader who served as the 35th president of Brazil from 2003 to 2010. He was a founding member of the Workers' Party (Brazil), ...

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
is given an arrest warrant after a vote by the Supreme Court voted 6–5 in favor of denying his ''
habeas corpus (; from Medieval Latin Medieval Latin was the form of Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin '' ...
'', due to corruption and other scandals. *
April 6 Events *46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger, Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) at the Battle of Thapsus. * 402 – Stilicho defeats the Visi ...
A semi-truck collides with a bus carrying the
Humboldt Broncos The Humboldt Broncos are a Canadian junior "A" ice hockey team from Humboldt, Saskatchewan. Established in 1970, the Broncos play in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. History The Broncos were established in 1970 by a group of local organiz ...
ice hockey Ice hockey is a contact Contact may refer to: Interaction Physical interaction * Contact (geology)A geological contact is a boundary which separates one rock body from another. A contact can be formed during deposition, by the intrusio ...

ice hockey
junior team in
Saskatchewan ("From Many Peoples Strength") , image_map = Saskatchewan in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English language, English , capital = Regina, S ...
,
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
, killing 16 and injuring 13 people. *
April 7 Events * 451 – Attila the Hun Attila (; ), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, Alans a ...
– A man drives a van into people seated outside restaurants in a
pedestrianised Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, as pedestrian precincts in British English, and as pedestrian malls in the United States and Australia) are areas of a city or town reserved for pedestrian-only use and in whic ...
square in the
old part
old part
of the German city of
Münster Münster (, Low Franconian and nds, Mönster; la, Monasterium, from the Ancient Greek, Greek ''monastērion'', "monastery") is an independent city#Germany, independent city (''Kreisfreie Stadt'') in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is in t ...

Münster
, in the 2018 Münster attack. *
April 8 Events * 217 – Roman Emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is descr ...
Syrian Civil War#REDIRECT Syrian civil war The Syrian civil war ( ar, الْحَرْبُ الْأَهْلِيَّةُ السُّورِيَّةُ, ''al-ḥarb al-ʾahlīyah as-sūrīyah'') is an ongoing multi-sided civil war in Syria fought between the Syrian Ara ...

Syrian Civil War
: At least 70 people are reported to have died and hundreds suffering injuries after a sarin chemical attack in Douma, the last rebel-held town in Syria's Eastern Ghouta. *
April 11 Events * 491 __NOTOC__ Year 491 ( CDXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or ...
– 257 people are killed after an Ilyushin Il-76 belonging to the Algerian Air Force crashes near Algiers. *
April 14 Events *43 BC __NOTOC__ Year 43 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year tha ...
– Syrian Civil War: The
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
, the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
and
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
order the bombing of Syrian military bases in response to the sarin attack allegedly by the
Bashar al-Assad
Bashar al-Assad
regime on civilians in
Ghouta A satellite view of Damascus in 2006 Ghouta ( ar, غُوطَةُ دِمَشْقَ / ALA-LC: ''Ḡūṭat Dimašq'') is a countryside and suburban area in southwestern Syria that surrounds the city of Damascus along its eastern and southern rim. ...
. *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
** In
Nicaragua Nicaragua (; ), officially the Republic of Nicaragua (), is the largest Sovereign state, country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean Sea, Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and th ...

Nicaragua
,
protests Demonstration in front of the headquarters of the brutal_polices_during_referendum.html" ;"title="2017 Catalan general strike">Spanish National Police in Barcelona during the brutal_polices_during_referendum">2017_Catalan_general_strik ...
begin against announced reforms of Social Security which would decrease retirement pension benefits. An estimated number of 34 protesters are killed by police. ** Cinemas open in
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada'') , national_anthem = "National Anthem of Saudi Arabia, " "National Anthem of Saudi Arabia" , image_map = Saudi Arabia (orthographic projection).svg , capital = Riyadh , coordinates ...

Saudi Arabia
for the first time since 1983 with the American film ''
Black Panther A black panther is the melanistic The term melanism refers to black pigment and is derived from the gr, μελανός. Melanism is the increased development of the dark-colored pigment A pigment is a colored material that is completely ...
'' chosen as the first to be screened. ** NASA's
Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) is a space telescope A space telescope or space observatory is a telescope located in outer space Outer space is the expanse that exists beyond Earth and between astronomical object, c ...
(TESS) is launched. *
April 19 Events Pre-1600 *AD 65 AD 65 (Roman numerals, LXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aulus Licinius Nerva Silian ...
**
Miguel Díaz-Canel Miguel Mario Díaz-Canel Bermúdez (; born 20 April 1960) is a Cuban politician serving as the President of Cuba since 2019. He was previously List of Presidents of Cuba, President of the Council of State (Cuba), Council of State of Cuba from ...
is sworn in as President of Cuba, replacing
Raúl Castro Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (; ; born 3 June 1931) is a Cuban retired politician who served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most senior position in the One-party state, on ...

Raúl Castro
. ** Swaziland changes its English name, officially becoming the
Kingdom of Eswatini Eswatini ( ; ss, eSwatini ), officially the Kingdom of Eswatini ( ss, Umbuso weSwatini, links=no), sometimes written in English as eSwatini, and formerly and still commonly known in English as Swaziland ( ; officially renamed in 2018), is a ...

Kingdom of Eswatini
. *
April 23 Events Pre-20th century *215 BC __NOTOC__ Year 215 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Albinus/Marcellus/Verrucosus and Gracchus (or, less frequently, yea ...
A vehicle-ramming attack kills 10 people and injures 16 others in
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
, Canada. A 25-year-old suspect, Alek Minassian, is arrested. *
April 27 Events *33 BC __NOTOC__ Year 33 BC was either a common year starting on Saturday A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar yea ...
Kim Jong-un Kim Jong-un (; ; ; born 8 January 1982 or 1983) is a North Korean politician who has been Supreme Leader of North Korea The supreme leader () of North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) ...

Kim Jong-un
crosses into
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
to meet with President
Moon Jae-in Moon Jae-in (; ; born January 24, 1953) is a South Korean politician A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking an elected legal seat, seat in government. Politicians propose, support, and create laws th ...
, becoming the first
North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...

North Korea
n leader to cross the
Demilitarized Zone A demilitarized zone (DMZ or DZ) is an area in which treaties or agreements between nations, military powers or contending groups forbid military installations, activities or personnel. A DMZ often lies along an established frontier or bounda ...
since its creation in 1953.


May

*
May 3 Events Pre-1600 * 752 – Mayan king Bird Jaguar IV of Yaxchilan Yaxchilan () is an ancient Maya city Maya cities were the centres of population of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica Mesoamerica is a historica ...
** The separatist group
ETA Eta (uppercase , lowercase ; grc, ἦτα ''ē̂ta'' or ell, ήτα ''ita'' ) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is ...
officially announces its final dissolution after 40 years of conflict and more than 800 deaths in
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
. ** The
2018 lower Puna eruption The 2018 lower Puna eruption was a volcanic event on the island of Hawaii (island), Hawaiʻi, on Kīlauea volcano's East Rift zone, Rift Zone that began on May 3, 2018. It is related to Puʻu ʻŌʻō, the larger eruption of Kīlauea that began ...
causes destruction of structures and forces thousands of residents of
Hawaii Hawaii ( ; haw, Hawaii or ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...

Hawaii
to evacuate as lava floods the land. *
May 5 This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox). Events Pre-1600 * – The begins. * – Rebel barons renounce their al ...
NASA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; ) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in differen ...

NASA
's
space probe A space probe, or simply probe, is a robotic spacecraft that doesn't Earth orbit, orbit the Earth (planet), Earth, but instead explores farther into outer space. A space probe may approach the Moon; travel through interplanetary space; planeta ...
''
InSight The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (''InSight'') mission is a robotic Robotics is an interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary field that integrates computer science and engineering. Robotics in ...

InSight
'' is launched. It landed on
Mars Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, being larger than only Mercury (planet), Mercury. In English, Mars carries the name of the Mars (mythology), Roman god of war and is often referred to ...

Mars
in November and uses a drill to conduct geological science. *
May 8 Events Pre-1600 * – : The house of defeats the house of Zhi, ending the , a military conflict between the elite families of the . * – Emperor signs an providing tax relief for the Italian provinces , , , , , and , which were p ...
– U.S. President
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
announces his intention to
withdraw Withdrawal means "an act of taking out" and may refer to: * Anchoresis (withdrawal from the world for religious or ethical reasons) * Coitus interruptus (the withdrawal method) * Drug withdrawal * Social withdrawal * Taking of money from a bank * W ...
the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
from the Iranian nuclear agreement. In a statement, former U.S. President
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government ...

Barack Obama
calls the move "a serious mistake". *
May 8 Events Pre-1600 * – : The house of defeats the house of Zhi, ending the , a military conflict between the elite families of the . * – Emperor signs an providing tax relief for the Italian provinces , , , , , and , which were p ...
12 – The
Eurovision Song Contest 2018 The Eurovision Song Contest 2018 was the 63rd edition of the Eurovision Song Contest The Eurovision Song Contest (), sometimes abbreviated to ESC and often known simply as Eurovision, is an international songwriting competition organised ...
is held in
Lisbon Lisbon (; pt, Lisboa ) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Grande Lisboa, Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's admin ...

Lisbon
,
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who ...

Portugal
, and is won by
Israeli Israeli may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the State of Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל; ar, إِسْرَائِيل), officially known as the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, '), is a ...
entrant
Netta Barzilai Netta Barzilai ( he, נטע ברזילי; born 22 January 1993), also known mononymously as Netta, is an Israeli singer, recording artist and Loop (music), looping artist. After winning Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 2018#HaKokhav HaBa L'E ...
with the song "
Toy A toy is an item that is used primarily by children though may also be marketed to adults under certain circumstances. Playing with toys can be an enjoyable means of training young children for life experiences. Different materials like wood, ...
". *
May 9 Events Pre-1600 *328 __NOTOC__ Year 328 ( CCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . ...
– The opposition-led
Pakatan Harapan The Alliance of Hope ( ms, Pakatan Harapan; abbrev: PH) is a Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, ...
coalition, led by former
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
Mahathir Mohamad Malay styles and titles#Tun, Tun Physician, Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad ( ms, محضير بن محمد, label=Jawi alphabet, Jawi, script=arab, italic=unset; ; born Mahathir a/l Iskandar Kutty; 10 July 1925) is a Malaysian politician, statesma ...
, secures a
parliamentary majority A majority government refers to one or multiple governing parties that hold an absolute majority A supermajority, supra-majority, qualified majority or special majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which ...
in the
Malaysian Parliament The Parliament of Malaysia ( ms, Parlimen Malaysia) is the national legislature of Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia. The federation, federal constitutional monarchy consists of States and federal territories of Malays ...
, ending the 61-year rule of the
Barisan Nasional The National Front ( ms, Barisan Nasional; abbrev: BN) is a political coalition of Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing and centre parties. It is also the third largest political coalition with 42 seats in the Dewan R ...
coalition since
independence Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or Sovereign state, state in which residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over its territory. The opposite of independe ...
in 1957. *
May 16 Events Pre-1600 * 946 Year 946 (Roman numerals, CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * Summer – King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor ...
– The
Yang di-Pertuan Agong The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Literal translation, lit. "He Who is Made Lord"), Jawi alphabet, Jawi: ), also known as the Supreme Head of the Federation, Paramount Ruler or King of Malaysia, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Mal ...
, Sultan Muhammad V, pardons
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions ...

Malaysia
n opposition leader
Anwar Ibrahim Dato' Seri The Malay language has a complex system of Style (manner of address), styles, titles and honorifics, which are used extensively in Brunei, Malaysia, and the southern Philippines. Malaysia, Brunei and several Provinces of Indo ...

Anwar Ibrahim
who is immediately released. *
May 18 Events Pre-1600 * 332 – Emperor Constantine the Great Constantine I ( la, Flavius Valerius Constantinus; ; 27 February 22 May 337), also known as Constantine the Great, was Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of ...
Cubana de Aviación Flight 972 crashed shortly after take-off near
José Martí International Airport José Martí International Airport , sometimes known by its former name Rancho Boyeros Airport, is an international airport located southwest of the centre of Havana, Cuba, and is a hub for Cubana de Aviación and Aerogaviota, and former Latin ...
in
Havana Havana (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguati ...

Havana
,
Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ...

Cuba
, killing 112 people and leaving only one survivor. *
May 19 Events Pre-1600 * 639 – Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Taizong at Jiucheng Palace. * 715 – Pope Gregory II is elected. *1051 – Henry I of France marries the Kievan Rus', Rus ...
– The
wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle The wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle was held on 19 May 2018 in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in the United Kingdom. The groom, Prince Harry, is a member of the British royal family; the bride, Meghan Markle, is American and prev ...
was held at
St George's Chapel St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in England is a chapel built in the late-medieval Perpendicular Gothic style. It is both a Royal Peculiar (a church under the direct jurisdiction of the monarch) and the Chapel of the Order of the Garter. It i ...
,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
, with an estimated global audience of 1.9 billion. *
May 20 Events Pre-1600 * 325 __NOTOC__ Year 325 ( CCCXXV) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additiona ...
– The
2018 Venezuelan presidential election Presidential elections were held in Venezuela Venezuela (; ), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( es, link=no, República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a conti ...
was held with incumbent President
Nicolás Maduro Nicolás Maduro Moros (, ; born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician and president of Venezuela The president of Venezuela ( es, Presidente de Venezuela), officially known as the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( ...

Nicolás Maduro
reelected with 67.8% of the vote and the lowest turnout in
Venezuela Venezuela (; ), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( es, link=no, República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continent A continent is any of several large l ...

Venezuela
's modern democratic history since the 1958 coup d'état. The elections were denounced as a "sham" by several Latin American countries, the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
,
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
, the
Organization of American States The Organization of American States (OAS; es, Organización de los Estados Americanos, pt, Organização dos Estados Americanos, french: Organisation des États américains; ''OEA'') is an international organization An international organi ...

Organization of American States
and the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
. *
May 24 Events Pre-1600 * – The nobles of and elect at the in as king of the . * – The leaves for . * – is crowned in . * – The ten-year-old is crowned in , Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten 's ...
– Foreign journalists report that tunnels in the
Punggye-ri nuclear test site Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site () was the only known nuclear test site of North Korea. Nuclear weapons testing, Nuclear tests were conducted at the site in 2006 North Korean nuclear test, October 2006, 2009 North Korean nuclear test, May 2009, 2 ...

Punggye-ri nuclear test site
have been destroyed by the
North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...

North Korea
n government in a move to reduce regional tensions. *
May 25 Events Pre-1600 *567 BC – Servius Tullius, the king of Ancient Rome, Rome, celebrates a Roman triumph, triumph for his victory over the Etruscans. *240 BC – First recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. *1085 – Alfonso ...
** The
European Union's
European Union's
General Data Protection Regulation The General Data Protection Regulation (EU2016/679(GDPR) is a regulation (European Union), regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). The GDPR is an important component ...
(GDPR) goes into effect, imposing strict privacy controls for European citizens worldwide. ** A constitutional referendum on whether to repeal the ban on abortion in Ireland takes place, with a landslide win of 66.4% to 33.6% for the repeal side. *
May 26 Events Pre-1600 * 17 – Germanicus Germanicus Julius Caesar (24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a popular and prominent Roman general, known for his campaigns in Germania Germania ( , ), also called Magna Germania (English: ''G ...
Real Madrid Real Madrid Club de Fútbol (, meaning ''Royal Madrid Football Club''), commonly referred to as Real Madrid, is a Spanish professional association football, football club based in Madrid. Founded on 6 March 1902 as Madrid Football Club, ...
wins the 2017-18 Champions League held in Kyiv, Ukraine by beating
Liverpool Liverpool is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. With a population of in 2019, it is the List of English districts by population, tenth largest English district by population, and its ...
in the final. *
May 31 Events Pre-1600 * 455 __NOTOC__ Year 455 (Roman numerals, CDLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Valentinianus ...
– The U.S. announces that it will extend its tariffs on imported steel (25%) and aluminium (10%) to include the EU,
Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organi ...

Mexico
and
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
, starting at midnight.


June

*
June 2 Events Pre-1600 * 455 __NOTOC__ Year 455 (Roman numerals, CDLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Valentinianus ...
Pedro Sánchez Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón (; born 29 February 1972) is a Spanish politician who has been Prime Minister of Spain since June 2018. He has also been Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) since June 2017, having pre ...
is appointed new
Prime Minister of Spain The president of the Government of Spain ( es, link=no, Presidente del Gobierno de España), commonly referred to in Spain as ''Presidente del Gobierno'', and known in English as the prime minister of Spain, is the head of government of Spain. ...
, a day after a
vote of no confidence A motion of no confidence, vote of no confidence, or no confidence motion, sometimes in the reverse as a motion of confidence or vote of confidence, is a statement or vote about whether a person in a position of responsibility (government, manager ...
against his predecessor,
Mariano Rajoy Mariano Rajoy Brey (; born 27 March 1955) is a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 2011 to 2018, when a 2018 vote of no confidence in the government of Mariano Rajoy, vote of no confidence ousted his government. On 5 Ju ...

Mariano Rajoy
. *
June 3 Events Pre-1600 * 350 – The Roman usurper Roman usurpers were individuals or groups of individuals who obtained or tried to obtain power by force and without Legitimacy (political), legitimate legal authority. Usurpation was endemic du ...
– At least 109 people are killed and hundreds wounded by the
eruption Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava Lava is magma once it has been expelled from the interior of a terrestrial planet (such as Earth) or a Natural satellite, moon onto its surface. Lava may be erupted at a volcano or ...
of
Volcán de Fuego Volcán de Fuego (; Spanish for "Volcano of Fire", often shortened to Fuego) or Chi Q'aq' (Kaqchikel language, Kaqchikel for "where the fire is") is an active stratovolcano in Guatemala, on the borders of Chimaltenango Department, Chimaltenango, ...

Volcán de Fuego
, Guatemala's deadliest volcano in over a century. *
June 8 Events Pre-1600 * 218 Year 218 ( CCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
9 – The
44th G7 summit The 44th G7 summit was held on 8–9 June 2018, in La Malbaie La Malbaie is a municipality in the Charlevoix-Est Regional County Municipality in the Provinces and territories of Canada, Province of Quebec, Canada, situated on the north shore o ...
is held in
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
. President Trump pushes for the reinstatement of the
G8
G8
(to include
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
). He also proposes the elimination of
tariff A tariff is a tax A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated el ...
s. *
June 12 Events Pre-1600 * 910 – Battle of Lechfeld (910), Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Francia, East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors. *1240 – At ...
** NASA's Opportunity rover's final communication was received. ** The 2018 North Korea–United States summit is held in
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bor ...

Singapore
. It is the first summit between a United States President and the North Korean leader. **
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...

Greece
and the
Republic of Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia before February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subr ...
reach a deal to end a
27-year naming dispute
27-year naming dispute
between both countries, which would result in Macedonia being officially renamed the Republic of North Macedonia. *
June 13 Events Pre-1600 * 313 __NOTOC__ Year 313 ( CCCXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ire ...
FIFA FIFA ( french: Fédération Internationale de Football Association; en, International Federation of Association Football, link=yes; : ''Federación Internacional de Fútbol Asociación''; : ''Internationaler Verband des Association-Fußball'' ...
awards hosting rights for the
2026 World Cup
2026 World Cup
to a joint bid from
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
,
Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organi ...

Mexico
and the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
. *
June 14 Events Pre-1600 *1158 Year 1158 (Roman numerals, MCLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Autumn – Emperor Manuel I ...
July 15 Events Pre-1600 *484 BC – Dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux in ancient Rome *AD 70, 70 – Titus and his armies Siege of Jerusalem (AD 70), breach the walls of Jerusalem. (17th of Tammuz in the Hebrew calendar). * 756 &nda ...
– The
2018 FIFA World Cup The 2018 FIFA World Cup was an international football Football is a family of team sport A team is a List_of_men's_national_association_football_teams">men's_national_teams_and_took_place_between_14 June_and_15 July_2018_ ...
is held in
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
and is won by
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...
. *
June 16 Events Pre-1600 * 363 __NOTOC__ Year 363 ( CCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 ...
– Seventeen people die in
Caracas, Venezuela Caracas (, ), officially Santiago de León de Caracas, abbreviated as CCS, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, and the center of the Metropolitan Region of Caracas (or Greater Caracas). Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the n ...

Caracas, Venezuela
following the El Paraíso stampede after a tear gas canister is detonated in a crowded club. *
June 19 Events * 325 – The original Nicene Creed The Nicene Creed (; grc-gre, Σύμβολον τῆς Νικαίας; la, Symbolum Nicaenum) is a Christian statement of belief widely used in liturgy Liturgy is the customary public wors ...
** The United States announces it will withdraw from the
United Nations Human Rights Council The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), CDH is a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization An intergovernmental organization (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign st ...
. ** Canada becomes the first major industrialised country to legalise cannabis for recreational use. The Bill which legalises cannabis took effect on
October 17 Events Pre-1600 * 690 __NOTOC__ Year 690 ( DCXC) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman cale ...
. *
June 22 On this day the Summer solstice The summer solstice, also known as estival solstice or midsummer, occurs when one of Earth's geographical pole, poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each Hemispheres of ...
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
– The 2018 Mediterranean Games are held in
Tarragona Tarragona ( , also , , ; Phoenician Phoenician may refer to: * Phoenicia, an ancient civilization * Phoenician alphabet * Phoenician language * List of Phoenician cities * Phoenix, Arizona See also * Phoenix (mythology) * Phoenicia (disambigu ...

Tarragona
,
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
. *
June 24 Events Pre-1600 *1312 BC The 1310s BC is a decade A decade is a period of 10 years. The word is derived (via French and Latin) from the grc, δεκάς, dekas, which means ''a group of ten''. Decades may describe any ten-year period, such as ...
– Saudi Arabia allows women to drive.


July

*
July 5 Events Pre-1600 * 328 – The official opening of Constantine's Bridge (Danube), Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman Empire, Roman architect Theophilus Pa ...
**
Lithuania Lithuania (; lt, Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania ( lt, Lietuvos Respublika, links=no), is a country in the Baltic region The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countr ...
becomes the 36th member of the
OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to st ...

OECD
. ** The 2018 North American heat wave takes place, killing 33 people in the
Canadian province The provinces and territories of Canada () are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three t ...
of
Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...

Quebec
. *
July 6 Events Pre-1600 *371 BC __NOTOC__ Year 371 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Fifth year without Tribunate or Consulship (or, less frequently, year 383 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
** Former
Aum Shinrikyo , formerly , is a Japanese doomsday cult and terrorist organisation founded by Shoko Asahara in 1984. It carried out the deadly Tokyo subway sarin attack The was an act of domestic terrorism Domestic terrorism or homegrown terrorism ...
leader
Shoko Asahara , born , was the founder and leader of the Japanese doomsday cult known as Aum Shinrikyo. He was convicted of masterminding the deadly 1995 sarin-gas attack on the Tokyo subway, and was also involved in several other crimes. Asahara was senten ...
and six other main members of Aum Shinrikyo, who led the 1995 Tokyo subway sarin attack, are executed by hanging. ** U.S. tariffs on
US$ The United States dollar (symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, ...
34 billion of Chinese goods come into effect, as President Trump suggests the final total could reach $550bn. China accuses the U.S. of starting the "largest trade war in economic history" and announces immediate retaliatory tariffs. *
July 7 The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system. In the Chinese language, this term is used to denote the Ba ...
2018 Japan floods In late June through mid-July 2018, successive Cloudburst, heavy downpours in southwestern Japan resulted in widespread, devastating floods and mudflows. The event is officially referred to as by the Japan Meteorological Agency. As of 20 J ...
, a torrential heavy massive rain,
flash flood A flash flood is a rapid flooding of low-lying areas: Washland, washes, rivers, dry lakes and Depression (geology), depressions. It may be caused by heavy rain associated with a severe thunderstorm, hurricane, tropical storm, or meltwater from ...
,
landslide Landslides, also known as landslips, are several forms of mass wasting Mass wasting, also known as mass movement, is a general term for the movement of rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurri ...

landslide
hit in
Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperi ...
,
Kurashiki is a historic Cities of Japan, city located in western Okayama Prefecture, Japan, sitting on the Takahashi River, on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea, Inland Sea. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 483,576 and a populat ...

Kurashiki
and
Ehime Prefecture is a Prefectures of Japan, prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Ehime Prefecture has a population of 1,342,011 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,676 Square kilometre, km2 (2,191 sq mi). Ehime Prefecture borders Kaga ...
, Japan. According to
Japanese government The is the central government of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt ...
official confirmed report, 232 people were killed and 459 injured. *
July 9 Events Pre-1600 *AD 118, 118 – Hadrian, who became emperor a year ago on Trajan's death, makes his entry into Rome. *381 – The end of the First Council of Constantinople, First Council of Christian bishops convened in Constantinop ...
Eritrea Eritrea ( ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a ...

Eritrea
and
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the ...

Ethiopia
officially declare an end to their twenty-year conflict. *
July 10 Events Pre-1600 * 138 – Emperor Hadrian Hadrian (; la, Caesar Traianus Hadrianus ; 24 January 76 – 10 July 138) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138. He was born into a Roman Italo-Hispanic family, which settled in Spain from th ...
– Twelve boys and their football coach are successfully rescued from the flooded Tham Luang Nang Non cave in
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
, following a 17-day ordeal that gained worldwide attention. *
July 11 Events Pre-1600 * 472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius Procopius Anthemius (; – 11 July 472) was western Roman emperor from 467 to 472. Perhaps the last capable Western Roman Emper ...
12 – The 2018 Brussels NATO summit is held in Belgium. * July 17 – The Japan–European Union relations, EU–Japan Economic Partnership Agreement is signed, the world's largest bilateral free trade deal, creating an open trade zone covering nearly one-third of global GDP. * July 23 – The Saddle Dam D in Paksong, Laos 2018 Laos dam collapse, collapsed leaving up to 1100 people missing. * July 25 – Scientists report the presence of a Water on Mars#Subglacial liquid water, subglacial lake on Mars, below the southern polar ice cap and extending sideways about , the first known body of water on the planet. * July 26 ** Heavy 2018 Attica wildfires, wildfires in Greece leave 102 dead and more than a hundred buildings destroyed. ** The share price of Facebook drops by almost 20 percent after the company warns investors that user growth has slowed following the data leak scandal. Over $109 billion is wiped from its market value, the largest single day loss in corporate history. * July 27 – The longest July 2018 lunar eclipse, total lunar eclipse of the 21st century occurs, lasting 102 minutes and 57.3 seconds, but the longest total lunar eclipse of the 3rd millennium will occur on May 12, 2264, lasting 106 minutes and 13.2 seconds, over 3 minutes longer than this eclipse. It was the 38th eclipse of Lunar Saros 129, with an umbral eclipse magnitude of 1.60868. The total lunar eclipse with the greatest magnitude in the 21st century will occur on June 2029 lunar eclipse, June 26, 2029, with an umbral eclipse magnitude of 1.84362. * July 31 –
Mars Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, being larger than only Mercury (planet), Mercury. In English, Mars carries the name of the Mars (mythology), Roman god of war and is often referred to ...

Mars
makes its closest approach to Earth since 2003, four days after reaching opposition.


August

* August 1 – The 2018 Kivu Ebola outbreak begins in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It becomes the second-deadliest outbreak of the Ebola virus on November 29, surpassed only by the 2013 West African Ebola virus epidemic. * August 2 – Apple Inc. becomes the world's first public company to achieve a market capitalization of $1 trillion. * August 5 - 5 August 2018 Lombok earthquake, A magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck the island of Lombok, Indonesia, killing 563 people and injuring more than a thousand people. * August 7 – The United States reimposes sanctions on Iran. * August 10–August 20, 20 – Heavy rainfall causes 2018 Kerala floods, severe floods in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the worst flood to hit the state in a century. * August 12 ** The five littoral states –
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkmenistan – sign the Convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea, ending the 20-year long dispute over the Caspian Sea's legal status. **
NASA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; ) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in differen ...

NASA
launches the unmanned ''Parker Solar Probe'' to study the Sun at close range and the solar wind. * August 14 – Part of the Morandi Bridge collapses after a violent storm in Genoa, Italy, causing 43 fatalities. Deputy Prime Minister Luigi Di Maio and transport minister Danilo Toninelli blame private company Autostrade per l'Italia. * August 18 – September 2 – The 2018 Asian Games are held in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia. * August 20 – 15 years old Swedish schoolgirl Greta Thunberg starts to School strike for the climate, stay out of school in an attempt to give attention to the global warming, climate change issue. * August 23 – Ecuador withdraws from ALBA. * August 24 – Scott Morrison succeeds Malcolm Turnbull as Prime Minister of Australia following a Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal Party Liberal Party of Australia leadership spills, 2018, leadership ballot. Morrison is sworn in as Prime Minister later that evening.


September

* September 2 – National Museum (Rio de Janeiro)#2018 fire, A fire breaks out in the National Museum (Rio de Janeiro), National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro, destroying more than 90 percent of its archive of 20 million items. * September 6 – The Supreme Court of India decriminalises homosexuality. * September 16 - Hydrail train enters service on the Buxtehude-Bremervörde-Bremerhaven-Cuxhaven line in Lower Saxony, Germany. * September 17 –
Syrian Civil War#REDIRECT Syrian civil war The Syrian civil war ( ar, الْحَرْبُ الْأَهْلِيَّةُ السُّورِيَّةُ, ''al-ḥarb al-ʾahlīyah as-sūrīyah'') is an ongoing multi-sided civil war in Syria fought between the Syrian Ara ...

Syrian Civil War
: While the Israeli Air Force conduct missile strikes that hit targets in western Syria, a Russian Il-20 reconnaissance plane is Syria missile strikes (September 2018), shot down by a Syrian surface-to-air missile, killing all 15 Russian servicemen on board. Russia blamed Israel's military for the accident because the Israeli jets that conducted the strikes allegedly used the Russian plane as cover to allow them to approach their targets without being hit by Syrian fire. * September 20 – The Sinking of the MV Nyerere, MV ''Nyerere'' capsizes on Lake Victoria, killing at least 228 passengers. * September 22 – Ahvaz military parade attack, An attack at a military parade kills 30 people (including 5 attackers) and injures 70 more in Ahvaz, Iran. * September 28 – 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami, A magnitude 7.5 earthquake hits Sulawesi, Indonesia, causing a tsunami that kills at least 4,340 people and injures more than 10,679 others.


October

*October 1 – The International Court of Justice rules that Chile is Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean, not obliged to negotiate access to the Pacific Ocean with Bolivia. * October 2 – ''The Washington Post'' journalist Jamal Khashoggi is Murder of Jamal Khashoggi, murdered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, triggering a diplomatic crisis for Saudi Arabia. * October 6 – The United States Senate confirms Brett Kavanaugh's nomination to the United States Supreme Court by a margin of 50–48, making it the closest successful confirmation vote of a Supreme Court nominee since 1881. * October 8 – The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC releases its Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC, warning that "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" are needed to ensure that global warming is kept below 1.5 °C. * October 10 – Hurricane Michael makes landfall at Mexico Beach, Florida as a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 160 mph (260 km/h) and a minimum pressure of . It is the most intense hurricane to hit the mainland United States since Hurricane Camille, Camille in 1969. * October 16 – Canada legalises the sale and use of cannabis, becoming the second country in the world to do so, after Uruguay in 2013. *
October 17 Events Pre-1600 * 690 __NOTOC__ Year 690 ( DCXC) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman cale ...
– Kerch Polytechnic College massacre, A school shooting and bomb attack in Kerch, Crimea, kills 20 people and injures 70 others. * October 19 ** At least 59 people are killed and at least 100 injured when a Amritsar train disaster, train runs through a crowd at a Hindu festival in Punjab, India. ** The unmanned European-Japanese spacecraft ''BepiColombo'' is launched on a seven-year journey to Mercury (planet), Mercury. * October 20 ** 700,000 people Opposition to Brexit in the United Kingdom#The People's Vote March for the Future, march through central London demanding a second referendum on the final Brexit deal. The event is the second most attended protest of the 21st century in the United Kingdom after the 15 February 2003 anti-war protest, "Stop the War" anti-Iraq War march in 2003. ** President Trump announces that the US will "terminate" the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty over alleged Russian violations. * October 23 – The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge, the world's longest sea crossing bridge, is opened by Chinese Paramount leader
Xi Jinping Xi Jinping ( ; , ; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who has been serving as General Secretary Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority In the fields of sociology ...

Xi Jinping
. * October 27 ** Michael D. Higgins is officially declared President of Ireland after receiving 822,566 first preference votes. ** 11 people are killed during the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting at the Tree of Life – Or L'Simcha Congregation, Tree of Life Synagogue in Pennsylvania, United States. * October 28 – The right-wing Jair Bolsonaro is elected as the next President of Brazil, with 55% of the vote. * October 29 – Lion Air Flight 610 crashes off the coast of Java, killing all 189 people on board. * October 30 –
NASA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; ) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in differen ...

NASA
's ''Kepler (spacecraft), Kepler'' mission ends after the spacecraft runs out of fuel.


November

* November 1 – NASA's ''Dawn (spacecraft), Dawn'' mission concludes after it runs out of hydrazine fuel. * November 4 – New Caledonia holds an 2018 New Caledonian independence referendum, independence referendum, with 56.4% voting against independence versus 43.6% in favour. * November 5 - Two U.S. space probes simultaneously (and coincidentally) reach "opposite" milestones in relation to the solar heliosphere: Voyager 2 passed through the Heliopause (astronomy), heliopause, the outer limit of the Sun's magnetic field, into Interstellar medium, interstellar space within hours of the Parker Solar Probe reaching its first perihelion, the closest point to the Sun on its initial orbit. * November 8 – The Camp Fire (2018), Camp Fire ignites in Butte County, California. It becomes California's deadliest and most destructive wildfire, with 88 deaths and 18,804 buildings destroyed. * November 11 – Many nations around the world, particularly ones in Europe and the Commonwealth, along with the United States, commemorate the ending of the World War I centenary with Armistice Day, Veterans Day, and Remembrance Day ceremonies, speeches, parades, and memorials. * November 26 – NASA's ''
InSight The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (''InSight'') mission is a robotic Robotics is an interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary field that integrates computer science and engineering. Robotics in ...

InSight
'' probe successfully lands on the surface of
Mars Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, being larger than only Mercury (planet), Mercury. In English, Mars carries the name of the Mars (mythology), Roman god of war and is often referred to ...

Mars
. * November 27 – Ukrainian crisis: Ukraine declares martial law after Kerch Strait incident, an armed incident in which the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) Coast Guard (Russia), coast guard fired upon and captured three Ukrainian Navy vessels attempting to pass from the Black Sea into the Sea of Azov through the Kerch Strait. * November 28 – Chinese scientist He Jiankui, at a public conference in Hong Kong, announces that he has Genetically modified organism, altered the DNA of twin human girls born earlier in the month to try to make them resistant to infection with the HIV virus; he also reveals the possible second pregnancy of another gene-modified baby. * November 30 - The Kanden Tunnel Electric Bus, Kanden Tunnel Trolleybus, one of the last remaining Japanese trolleybus systems, closes.


December

* December 1–December 8, 8 –
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
experiences its worst civil unrest since the May 1968 events in France, protests of 1968 due to the yellow vests movement. Protests in Paris morph into riots, with hundreds of people injured and thousands arrested; over 100 cars are burned, the Arc de Triomphe is vandalized and numerous other tourist sites are closed, both in the capital and elsewhere in the country. * December 3 – NASA reports the arrival of the OSIRIS-REx probe at 101955 Bennu, Bennu, the agency's first sample-return mission to an asteroid. * December 7 – The U.N.'s International Telecommunication Union reports that, by the end of 2018, more than half – a full 51.2 percent – of the world's population are now using the Internet. * December 9 – 2018 Armenian parliamentary election, Parliamentary elections were held in Armenia on 9 December 2018. * December 15 – At the 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference, Katowice Climate Change Conference, nearly 200 nations agree rules on implementing the Paris Agreement, 2015 Paris agreement. * December 17 – Scandinavian tourists Murders of Louisa Vesterager Jespersen and Maren Ueland, Louisa Vesterager Jespersen and Maren Ueland are murdered by Islamic terrorists in the foothills of Toubkal, Mount Toubkal near to the village of Imlil, Marrakesh-Safi, Imlil in Morocco. At least one victim is beheaded with the murders recorded on video and posted on social media. In a previous video the perpetrators pledge allegiance to ISIS. * December 19–December 21, 21 – Gatwick Airport drone incident: Reports of drone sightings close to the runway at Gatwick Airport in England causes major disruption, affecting approximately 140,000 passengers and 1,000 flights, making it the largest disruption since 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull, ash from an Icelandic volcano shut the airport in 2010. * December 21 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 22,445 after its worst week since 2008. * December 22 ** A 2018 Sunda Strait tsunami, tsunami hits the Sunda Strait, Indonesia, killing at least 430 people and injuring nearly 1,500. ** The United States government enters a United States federal government shutdown of 2018–2019, second government shutdown, arising over a dispute over funding for the Mexico–United States barrier, U.S.–Mexico border wall. The shutdown, which lasted until January 25, 2019, is the longest government shutdown in U.S. history. * December 24 – Burundi moves its capital from Bujumbura to Gitega. * December 26 – After weeks of losses the Dow Jones Industrial Average posts its largest ever one-day point gain: 1,086 points. * December 31 – 2018 Magnitogorsk building collapse: An apartment block in Magnitogorsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, partially collapses, killing 39 people and injuring 17 more. According to the official investigation the collapse was caused by a gas explosion.


General

The 4 billion Internet mark has been crossed.


Births

*
April 23 Events Pre-20th century *215 BC __NOTOC__ Year 215 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Albinus/Marcellus/Verrucosus and Gracchus (or, less frequently, yea ...
– Prince Louis of Cambridge, fifth in line to the throne of the United Kingdom


Deaths


January

* January 2 – Thomas S. Monson, American religious leader and writer (b. 1927) * January 4 – Aharon Appelfeld, Ukrainian-Israeli writer (b. 1932) * January 5 ** Thomas Bopp, American astronomer (b. 1949) ** Antonio Valentín Angelillo, Antonio Angelillo, Italian-Argentine footballer (b. 1937) ** John Young (astronaut), John Young, American astronaut (b. 1930) * January 6 – Horace Ashenfelter, American Olympic athlete (b. 1923) * January 7 ** France Gall, French singer (b. 1947) ** Peter Sutherland, Irish businessman and politician (b. 1946) * January 8 – George Maxwell Richards, 4th President of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1931) * January 9 – Odvar Nordli, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1927) * January 14 ** Dan Gurney, American racing driver (b. 1931) ** Cyrille Regis, English footballer (b. 1958) * January 15 ** Edwin Hawkins, American musician (b. 1943) ** Dolores O'Riordan, Irish musician (b. 1971) **Óscar Alberto Pérez, Venezuelan rebel leader and detective (b. 1981) * January 16 ** Bradford Dillman, American actor (b. 1930) ** Oliver Ivanović, Serbian politician (b. 1953) ** Jo Jo White, American basketball player (b. 1946) * January 19 ** Anna Campori, Italian actress (b. 1917) ** Dorothy Malone, American actress (b. 1924) *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
** Paul Bocuse, French chef (b. 1926) ** Naomi Parker Fraley, American naval machiner (b. 1921) ** Jim Rodford, English bass guitarist (b. 1941) * January 21 ** Yves Afonso, French actor (b. 1944) ** Connie Sawyer, American actress (b. 1912) * January 22 ** Jimmy Armfield, English footballer and manager (b. 1935) ** Ursula K. Le Guin, American novelist (b. 1929) * January 23 ** Hugh Masekela, South African jazz musician (b. 1939) ** Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (b. 1914) * January 25 ** Claribel Alegría, Nicaraguan poet (b. 1924) ** Neagu Djuvara, Romanian historian, essayist, and philosopher (b. 1916) * January 27 – Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish businessman (b. 1926) * January 28 – Gene Sharp, American political scientist (b. 1928) * January 29 – Ion Ciubuc, 7th Prime Minister of Moldova (b. 1943) * January 30 – Azeglio Vicini, Italian footballer and coach (b. 1933) *
January 31 Events Pre-1600 *314 __NOTOC__ Year 314 ( CCCXIV) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that con ...
– Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian cosmonaut (b. 1951)


February

* February 1 – Barys Kit, Belarusian-American rocket scientist (b. 1910) * February 3 – Károly Palotai, Hungarian footballer and referee (b. 1935) * February 4 ** Alan Baker (mathematician), Alan Baker, English mathematician (b. 1939) ** John Mahoney, British-American actor (b. 1940) *
February 6 Events Pre-1600 *AD 60, 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week is known. A graffito in Pompeii identifies this day as a ''dies Solis'' (Sunday), by a system in which Sunday corresponds to the day of the week this day would ...
– Donald Lynden-Bell, English astrophysicist (b. 1935) * February 7 – Mickey Jones, American musician (b. 1941) *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
** Reg E. Cathey, American actor (b. 1958) ** John Gavin, American actor and diplomat (b. 1931) ** István Hevesi, Hungarian Olympic water polo player (b. 1931) ** Jóhann Jóhannsson, Icelandic film composer (b. 1969) ** Liam Miller, Irish footballer (b. 1981) *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * – : to the Mongols, bringing the to an end. * – In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in , murders , sparking the revolution in the . * – The breaks out in , England, leaving 63 scholars and pe ...
– Alan R. Battersby, English organic chemist (b. 1925) *
February 11 Events Pre-1600 *660 BC The year 660 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) w ...
** Vic Damone, American singer and actor (b. 1928) ** Asma Jahangir, Pakistani human rights activist and lawyer (b. 1952) * February 12 – Leo Falcam, 5th President of the Federated States of Micronesia (b. 1935) * February 13 ** Dobri Dobrev, Bulgarian ascetic and philanthropist (b. 1914) ** Prince Henrik of Denmark, Prince Henrik, consort of Margrethe II of Denmark (b. 1934) *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year st ...
** Ruud Lubbers, Dutch politician and diplomat, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1939) ** Morgan Tsvangirai, 2nd Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952) * February 15 – Lassie Lou Ahern, American actress (b. 1920) *
February 18 Events Pre-1600 *1229 Year 1229 () was a (link will display the full calendar) of the . Events January–December * – : signs a ten-year with , regaining , , and with neither military engagements, nor support from the ...
** Günter Blobel, Silesian-American Nobel biologist (b. 1936) ** Didier Lockwood, French jazz violinist (b. 1956) ** Idrissa Ouédraogo, Burkinabé film director (b. 1954) * February 19 ** Sergey Litvinov (athlete, born 1958), Sergey Litvinov, Russian Olympic hammer thrower (b. 1958) ** Yury Tyukalov, Russian Olympic rower (b. 1930) * February 20 – Jiichiro Date, Japanese wrestler (b. 1952) * February 21 ** Billy Graham, American evangelist (b. 1918) ** Ren Osugi, Japanese actor (b. 1951) * February 22 ** Nanette Fabray, American actress (b. 1920) ** Forges (cartoonist), Forges, Spanish cartoonist (b. 1942) ** Richard E. Taylor, Canadian Nobel physicist (b. 1929) * February 23 – Lewis Gilbert, British film director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1920) * February 24 – Sridevi, Indian actress (b. 1963) * February 27 – Quini, Spanish football player (b. 1949)


March

* March 1 ** Anatoly Lein, Soviet-American chess grandmaster (b. 1931) ** Luigi Taveri, Swiss motorcycle racer (b. 1929) * March 3 ** Roger Bannister, English middle-distance athlete (b. 1929) ** David Ogden Stiers, American actor (b. 1942) *
March 4 Events Pre-1600 * AD 51 AD 51 ( LI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
– Davide Astori, Italian footballer (b. 1987) * March 5 – Trevor Baylis, English inventor (b. 1937) *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
– John Sulston, British Nobel biologist and academic (b. 1942) * March 7 – Reynaldo Bignone, President of Argentina (b. 1928) * March 8 – Kate Wilhelm, American author (b. 1928) *
March 9 Events Pre-1600 *141 BC __NOTOC__ Year 141 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Pompeius (or, less frequently, year 613 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
** Oskar Gröning, German war criminal (b. 1921) ** Hubert de Givenchy, French fashion designer (b. 1927) ** Jung Jae-sung, South Korean badminton player (b. 1982) *
March 11 Events Pre-1600 *222 __NOTOC__ Year 222 ( CCXXII) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decembe ...
– Karl Lehmann, German cardinal (b. 1936) *
March 12 Events Pre-1600 *538 Year 538 ( DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague (or, less ...
– Oleg Tabakov, Soviet and Russian actor (b. 1935) *
March 14 Events Pre-1600 *1074 Year 1074 (Roman numerals, MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Norman mercenari ...
** Marielle Franco, Brazilian activist and politician (b. 1979) ** Stephen Hawking, English theoretical physicist and cosmologist (b. 1942) * March 15 – Huang Wenpan, Chinese swimmer (b. 1995) * March 17 – Phan Văn Khải, 5th Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1933) *
March 18 Events Pre-1600 * 37 – Roman Senate annuls Tiberius Tiberius Caesar Augustus (; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March AD 37) was the second Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (s ...
– Barkat Gourad Hamadou, 4th Prime Minister of Djibouti (b. 1930) *
March 19 Sometimes the March equinox The March equinox or northward equinox is the equinox An equinox is the instant of time when the plane of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to ha ...
** Keith O'Brien, Scottish cardinal (b. 1938) ** Kedarnath Singh, Indian poet (b. 1934) * March 20 ** Katie Boyle, Italian-English actress (b. 1926) ** Peter George Peterson, American banker (b. 1926) * March 22 ** René Houseman, Argentine footballer (b. 1953) ** Johan van Hulst, Dutch politician, author, and academic (b. 1911) *
March 24 March 24th is the 365th and last day of the year in many European implementations of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or R ...
** José Antonio Abreu, Venezuelan conductor and politician (b. 1939) ** Lys Assia, Swiss singer (b. 1924) ** Rim Banna, Palestinian singer and activist (b. 1966) *
March 26 Events Pre-1600 * 590 – Emperor Maurice (emperor), Maurice proclaims his son Theodosius (son of Maurice), Theodosius as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. *1027 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad II as Ho ...
– Sergei Mavrodi, Russian criminal and politician (b. 1955) * March 27 – Stéphane Audran, French actress (b. 1932) * March 30 – André Bo-Boliko Lokonga, 9th Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1934)


April

* April 1 ** Steven Bochco, American television producer (b. 1943) ** Efraín Ríos Montt, 26th President of Guatemala (b. 1926) * April 2 ** Morris Halle, Latvian-American linguist (b. 1923) ** Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African activist and politician (b. 1936) * April 3 – Lill-Babs, Swedish singer (b. 1938) *
April 4 On the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the used by the and . The term often includes the established by the reforms of the and in the late 1stcenturyBC and sometimes includes any system dated by towards months' , , and in ...
– Ray Wilkins, English footballer and manager (b. 1956) *
April 5 Events * 823 – Lothair I Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''f ...
** Eric Bristow, English darts player (b. 1957) ** Branislav Pokrajac, Serbian Olympic handball player (b. 1947) ** Isao Takahata, Japanese film director, animator, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1935) *
April 6 Events *46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger, Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) at the Battle of Thapsus. * 402 – Stilicho defeats the Visi ...
– Aleksandr Kurlovich, Soviet-Belarusian Olympic weightlifter (b. 1961) *
April 7 Events * 451 – Attila the Hun Attila (; ), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, Alans a ...
– Peter Grünberg, German Nobel physicist (b. 1939) *
April 8 Events * 217 – Roman Emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is descr ...
** Leila Abashidze, Georgian actress, director, and writer (b. 1929) ** Juraj Herz, Czech film director, actor, and scene designer (b. 1934) ** André Lerond, French footballer (b. 1930) ** John Miles (racing driver), John Miles, English racing driver (b. 1943) * April 13 ** Art Bell, American broadcaster and author (b. 1945) ** Miloš Forman, Czech-American film director (b. 1932) *
April 14 Events *43 BC __NOTOC__ Year 43 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year tha ...
– Hal Greer, American basketball player (b. 1936) * April 15 ** R. Lee Ermey, American actor (b. 1944) ** Michael Halliday, English-Australian linguist (b. 1925) ** Vittorio Taviani, Italian film director (b. 1929) * April 16 ** Harry Anderson, American actor and magician (b. 1952) ** Choi Eun-hee, South Korean actress (b. 1926) ** Ivan Mauger, New Zealand motorcycle speedway rider (b. 1939) * April 17 – Barbara Bush, 41st First Lady of the United States (b. 1925) *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
– Bruno Sammartino, Italian professional wrestler (b. 1935) *
April 19 Events Pre-1600 *AD 65 AD 65 (Roman numerals, LXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aulus Licinius Nerva Silian ...
– Vladimir Lyakhov, Soviet and Russian cosmonaut (b. 1941) * April 20 – Avicii, Swedish DJ (b. 1989) * April 21 – Verne Troyer, American actor (b. 1969) * April 22 – Nino Khurtsidze, Georgian chess player (b. 1975) * April 24 – Henri Michel, French footballer and coach (b. 1947) * April 25 ** Abbas (photographer), Abbas, Iranian photographer (b. 1944) ** Shuhrat Abbosov, Uzbek actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1931) ** Michael Anderson (director), Michael Anderson, English film director (b. 1920) *
April 27 Events *33 BC __NOTOC__ Year 33 BC was either a common year starting on Saturday A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar yea ...
– Álvaro Arzú, 32nd President of Guatemala (b. 1946) * April 29 – Luis García Meza, 57th President of Bolivia (b. 1929)


May

* May 1 ** Elmar Altvater, German political scientist (b. 1938) ** Wanda Wiłkomirska, Polish violinist and teacher (b. 1929) * May 2 – Wang Danfeng, Chinese actress (b. 1924) *
May 3 Events Pre-1600 * 752 – Mayan king Bird Jaguar IV of Yaxchilan Yaxchilan () is an ancient Maya city Maya cities were the centres of population of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica Mesoamerica is a historica ...
– Afonso Dhlakama, Mozambican politician (b. 1953) *
May 5 This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox). Events Pre-1600 * – The begins. * – Rebel barons renounce their al ...
– Ermanno Olmi, Italian film director and screenwriter (b. 1931) * May 7 – Maurane, Belgian singer and actress (b. 1960) *
May 8 Events Pre-1600 * – : The house of defeats the house of Zhi, ending the , a military conflict between the elite families of the . * – Emperor signs an providing tax relief for the Italian provinces , , , , , and , which were p ...
** Anne V. Coates, British film editor (b. 1925) ** George Deukmejian, American politician (b. 1928) *
May 9 Events Pre-1600 *328 __NOTOC__ Year 328 ( CCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . ...
– Per Kirkeby, Danish artist (b. 1938) * May 10 – David Goodall (botanist), David Goodall, English-Australian scientist (b. 1914) * May 12 ** Antonio Mercero, Spanish film and television director (b. 1936) ** Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer (b. 1945) * May 13 ** Glenn Branca, American composer and musician (b. 1948) ** Margot Kidder, Canadian-American actress and activist (b. 1948) * May 14 ** E. C. George Sudarshan, Indian theoretical physicist (b. 1931) ** Tom Wolfe, American author and journalist (b. 1930) * May 15 – Ray Wilson (English footballer), Ray Wilson, English footballer (b. 1934) *
May 16 Events Pre-1600 * 946 Year 946 (Roman numerals, CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * Summer – King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor ...
** Joseph Campanella, American actor (b. 1924) ** Lucian Pintilie, Romanian film director (b. 1933) * May 17 ** Nicole Fontaine, French politician (b. 1942) ** Richard Pipes, Polish-American academic and historian (b. 1923) *
May 18 Events Pre-1600 * 332 – Emperor Constantine the Great Constantine I ( la, Flavius Valerius Constantinus; ; 27 February 22 May 337), also known as Constantine the Great, was Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of ...
– Darío Castrillón Hoyos, Colombian cardinal (b. 1929) *
May 19 Events Pre-1600 * 639 – Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Taizong at Jiucheng Palace. * 715 – Pope Gregory II is elected. *1051 – Henry I of France marries the Kievan Rus', Rus ...
** Robert Indiana, American artist (b. 1928) ** Bernard Lewis, British-American historian (b. 1916) *
May 20 Events Pre-1600 * 325 __NOTOC__ Year 325 ( CCCXXV) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additiona ...
– Patricia Morison, American actress (b. 1915) * May 21 ** Anna Maria Ferrero, Italian actress (b. 1934) ** Allyn Ann McLerie, Canadian-American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1926) ** Clint Walker, American actor (b. 1927) * May 22 – Philip Roth, American writer (b. 1933) * May 23 – Luis Posada Carriles, Cuban exile militant and Central Intelligence Agency, CIA agent (b. 1928) *
May 24 Events Pre-1600 * – The nobles of and elect at the in as king of the . * – The leaves for . * – is crowned in . * – The ten-year-old is crowned in , Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten 's ...
– Gudrun Burwitz, German Neo-Nazi militant (b. 1929) *
May 26 Events Pre-1600 * 17 – Germanicus Germanicus Julius Caesar (24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a popular and prominent Roman general, known for his campaigns in Germania Germania ( , ), also called Magna Germania (English: ''G ...
** Alan Bean, American astronaut (b. 1932) ** Roger Piantoni, French footballer (b. 1931) * May 27 ** Aly Lotfy Mahmoud, 44th Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1935) ** Donald H. Peterson, American astronaut (b. 1933) * May 28 ** Serge Dassault, French businessman and politician (b. 1925) ** María Dolores Pradera, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1924) ** Dick Quax, Dutch-New Zealand Olympic athlete (b. 1948) ** Jens Christian Skou, Danish medical doctor and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918) ** Ola Ullsten, 28th Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1931)


June

* June 1 ** John Julius Norwich, English historian, travel writer and broadcaster (b. 1929) ** Sinan Sakić, Serbian singer (b. 1956) *
June 2 Events Pre-1600 * 455 __NOTOC__ Year 455 (Roman numerals, CDLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Valentinianus ...
** Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1918) ** Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Austrian ethologist (b. 1928) ** Emil Wolf, Czech-American physicist (b. 1922) *
June 3 Events Pre-1600 * 350 – The Roman usurper Roman usurpers were individuals or groups of individuals who obtained or tried to obtain power by force and without Legitimacy (political), legitimate legal authority. Usurpation was endemic du ...
** Frank Carlucci, American politician (b. 1930) ** Miguel Obando y Bravo, Nicaraguan cardinal (b. 1926) * June 5 – Kate Spade, American fashion designer (b. 1962) * June 6 ** Kira Muratova, Ukrainian director, screenwriter, and actress (b. 1934) ** Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx, Spouse of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916) * June 7 ** David Douglas Duncan, American photojournalist (b. 1916) ** Arie den Hartog, Dutch road bicycle racer (b. 1941) *
June 8 Events Pre-1600 * 218 Year 218 ( CCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
** Anthony Bourdain, American chef, writer, and television personality (b. 1956) ** Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis player (b. 1939) * June 9 ** Reinhard Hardegen, German U-boat commander (b. 1913) ** Fadil Vokrri, Kosovo-Albanian footballer (b. 1960) * June 11 – Oscar Furlong, Argentine basketball player (b. 1927) *
June 13 Events Pre-1600 * 313 __NOTOC__ Year 313 ( CCCXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ire ...
** Anne Donovan, American basketball player (b. 1961) ** D. J. Fontana, American musician (b. 1931) ** Charles Vinci, American Olympic weightlifter (b. 1933) *
June 14 Events Pre-1600 *1158 Year 1158 (Roman numerals, MCLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Autumn – Emperor Manuel I ...
** Fazlullah (militant leader), Fazlullah, Pakistani terrorist, leader of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (b. 1974) ** Stanislav Govorukhin, Russian film director, screenwriter, and politician (b. 1936) * June 15 – Leslie Grantham, British actor (b. 1947) *
June 16 Events Pre-1600 * 363 __NOTOC__ Year 363 ( CCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 ...
– Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Russian conductor (b. 1931) * June 18 ** Walter Bahr, American soccer player (b. 1927) ** Big Van Vader, American professional wrestler and football player (b. 1955) ** XXXTentacion, American singer and rapper (b. 1998) *
June 19 Events * 325 – The original Nicene Creed The Nicene Creed (; grc-gre, Σύμβολον τῆς Νικαίας; la, Symbolum Nicaenum) is a Christian statement of belief widely used in liturgy Liturgy is the customary public wors ...
** Hubert Green, American golfer (b. 1946) ** Stanley Cavell, American philosopher (b. 1926) ** Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, Danish diplomat and cousin of Margrethe II of Denmark (b. 1935) ** Sergio Gonella, Italian businessman and football referee (b. 1933) ** Koko (gorilla), Koko, American-bred western lowland gorilla (b. 1971) * June 20 – Peter Thomson (golfer), Peter Thomson, Australian golfer (b. 1929) * June 21 – Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator (b. 1950) *
June 22 On this day the Summer solstice The summer solstice, also known as estival solstice or midsummer, occurs when one of Earth's geographical pole, poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each Hemispheres of ...
– Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician (b. 1927) * June 23 ** Alberto Fouilloux, Chilean footballer (b. 1940) ** Kim Jong-pil, 9th Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1926) * June 25 – Richard Benjamin Harrison, American businessman and television personality (b. 1941) * June 26 – Henri Namphy, 35th President of Haiti (b. 1932) * June 27 – Joe Jackson (manager), Joe Jackson, American talent manager (b. 1928) * June 28 ** Harlan Ellison, American writer (b. 1934) ** Christine Nöstlinger, Austrian writer (b. 1936) * June 29 ** Arvid Carlsson, Swedish neuropharmacologist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923) ** Steve Ditko, American comic-book writer and artist (b. 1927) ** Irena Szewińska, Polish Olympic sprinter (b. 1946)


July

*
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
– Dame Gillian Lynne, British dancer and choreographer (b. 1926) * July 2 – Bill Watrous, American jazz trombonist (b. 1939) * July 3 – Robby Müller, Dutch cinematographer (b. 1940) * July 4 – Georges-Emmanuel Clancier, French poet and novelist (b. 1914) *
July 5 Events Pre-1600 * 328 – The official opening of Constantine's Bridge (Danube), Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman Empire, Roman architect Theophilus Pa ...
** Claude Lanzmann, French filmmaker (b. 1925) ** Ed Schultz, American political commentator and television host (b. 1954) ** Jean-Louis Tauran, French cardinal (b. 1943) *
July 6 Events Pre-1600 *371 BC __NOTOC__ Year 371 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Fifth year without Tribunate or Consulship (or, less frequently, year 383 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
Shoko Asahara , born , was the founder and leader of the Japanese doomsday cult known as Aum Shinrikyo. He was convicted of masterminding the deadly 1995 sarin-gas attack on the Tokyo subway, and was also involved in several other crimes. Asahara was senten ...
, Japanese cult leader and terrorist (b. 1955) *
July 7 The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system. In the Chinese language, this term is used to denote the Ba ...
– Tyler Honeycutt, American basketball player (b. 1990) * July 8 – Tab Hunter, American actor and singer (b. 1931) *
July 9 Events Pre-1600 *AD 118, 118 – Hadrian, who became emperor a year ago on Trajan's death, makes his entry into Rome. *381 – The end of the First Council of Constantinople, First Council of Christian bishops convened in Constantinop ...
** Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, former Secretary General of NATO (b. 1919) ** Hans Günter Winkler, German show jumping rider (b. 1926) *
July 11 Events Pre-1600 * 472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius Procopius Anthemius (; – 11 July 472) was western Roman emperor from 467 to 472. Perhaps the last capable Western Roman Emper ...
– Lindy Remigino, American Olympic athlete (b. 1931) * July 13 – Thorvald Stoltenberg, Norwegian politician (b. 1931) * July 14 – Theo-Ben Gurirab, 2nd Prime Minister of Namibia (b. 1938) *
July 15 Events Pre-1600 *484 BC – Dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux in ancient Rome *AD 70, 70 – Titus and his armies Siege of Jerusalem (AD 70), breach the walls of Jerusalem. (17th of Tammuz in the Hebrew calendar). * 756 &nda ...
** Ray Emery, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1982) ** Dragutin Šurbek, Croatian table tennis player (b. 1946) * July 18 – Burton Richter, American Nobel physicist (b. 1931) * July 19 ** Shinobu Hashimoto, Japanese screenwriter (b. 1918) ** Denis Ten, Kazakh figure skater (b. 1993) * July 23 ** Paul Madeley, English footballer (b. 1944) ** Oksana Shachko, Ukrainian feminist (b. 1987) * July 25 – Sergio Marchionne, Italian-Canadian automotive executive (b. 1952) * July 27 ** Marco Aurelio Denegri, Peruvian literature critic, television host and sexologist (b. 1938) ** Vladimir Voinovich, Russian writer (b. 1932) * July 29 ** Brian Christopher, American professional wrestler (b. 1972) ** Oliver Dragojević, Croatian singer (b. 1947) ** Vibeke Skofterud, Norwegian cross-country skier (b. 1980) ** Tomasz Stańko, Polish trumpeter and composer (b. 1942) ** Nikolai Volkoff, Croatian professional wrestler (b. 1947)


August

* August 1 ** Mary Carlisle, American actress (b. 1914) ** Rick Genest, Canadian fashion model and artist (b. 1985) * August 3 – Moshé Mizrahi, Israeli film director (b. 1931) * August 5 – Piotr Szulkin, Polish film director and writer (b. 1950) * August 6 – Joël Robuchon, French chef and restaurateur (b. 1945) * August 7 ** M. Karunanidhi, Indian politician (b. 1924) ** Stan Mikita, Slovak-born Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1940) * August 8 **Nicholas Bett, Kenyan track and field athlete (b. 1990) **Robert Hugh Ferrell, American historian (b. 1921) * August 11 – V. S. Naipaul, Trinidadian-British Nobel writer (b. 1932) * August 12 – Samir Amin, Egyptian-French Marxian economist (b. 1931) * August 13 ** Unshō Ishizuka, Japanese voice actor (b. 1951) ** Jim Neidhart, American professional wrestler (b. 1955) * August 14 – Eduard Uspensky, Russian author and screenwriter (b. 1937) * August 16 ** Aretha Franklin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942) ** Kim Yong-chun, North Korean military officer and politician (b. 1936) ** Yelena Shushunova, Russian gymnast (b. 1969) ** Atal Bihari Vajpayee, 10th Prime Minister of India (b. 1924) * August 18 – Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat, 7th United Nations Secretary-General and Nobel laureate (b. 1938) * August 20 – Uri Avnery, Israeli peace activist and politician (b. 1923) * August 21 ** Barbara Harris (actress), Barbara Harris, American actress and singer (b. 1935) ** Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor and singer (b. 1975) * August 22 – Ed King, American musician (b. 1949) * August 23 – Kuldip Nayar, Indian journalist and politician (b. 1923) * August 25 – John McCain, American politician (b. 1936) * August 26 – Neil Simon, American playwright (b. 1927) * August 29 – James Mirrlees, Scottish Nobel economist (b. 1936) * August 30 – Joseph Kobzon, Soviet and Russian singer (b. 1937) * August 31 – Alexander Zakharchenko, Ukrainian separatist rebel (b. 1976)


September

* September 1 – Randy Weston, American musician (b. 1926) * September 3 – Jalaluddin Haqqani, Afghan Haqqani insurgent (b. 1939) * September 4 – Christopher Lawford, American actor (b. 1955) * September 5 – Bhagwatikumar Sharma, Indian Gujarati writer and journalist (b. 1934) * September 6 ** Richard DeVos, American businessman (b. 1926) ** Burt Reynolds, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1936) ** Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor (b. 1934) * September 7 – Mac Miller, American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1992) * September 8 ** Gennadi Gagulia, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (b. 1948) ** Chelsi Smith, American singer and beauty pageant winner (b. 1973) * September 11 – Kulsoom Nawaz, First Lady of Pakistan (b. 1950) * September 12 – Rachid Taha, Algerian singer and activist (b. 1958) * September 15 – Warwick Estevam Kerr, Brazilian agricultural engineer, geneticist, entomologist, professor and scientific leader (b. 1922) * September 16 – Kevin Beattie, English footballer (b. 1953) * September 18 – Robert Venturi, American architect (b. 1925) * September 19 ** Győző Kulcsár, Hungarian Olympic fencer (b. 1940) ** Arthur Mitchell (dancer), Arthur Mitchell, American ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1934) * September 20 – Mohammed Karim Lamrani, 7th List of heads of government of Morocco, Prime Minister of Morocco (b. 1919) * September 21 ** Vitaliy Masol, 3rd Prime Minister of Ukraine (b. 1928) ** Trần Đại Quang, 8th List of heads of state of Vietnam, President of Vietnam (b. 1956) * September 23 ** Charles K. Kao, Hong-Kong-born British-American Nobel electrical engineer (b. 1933) ** Gary Kurtz, American film producer (b. 1940) * September 25 – Baba Hari Dass, Indian yoga master, silent monk, and commentator (b. 1923) * September 27 – Marty Balin, American singer and musician (b. 1942) * September 28 – Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini, 8th List of Prime Ministers of Swaziland, Prime Minister of Swaziland (b.1942) * September 29 – Otis Rush, American blues guitarist and singer (b. 1934) * September 30 – Kim Larsen, Danish rock singer, songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)


October

* October 1 ** Charles Aznavour, French-Armenian singer (b. 1924) ** Đỗ Mười, 3rd List of Prime Ministers of Vietnam, Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1917) * October 2 ** Geoff Emerick, English recording engineer (b. 1945) ** Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi journalist (b. 1958) * October 3 – Leon M. Lederman, American Nobel physicist (b. 1922) * October 4 – Will Vinton, American animator (b. 1947) * October 6 ** Montserrat Caballé, Spanish soprano (b. 1933) ** Scott Wilson (actor), Scott Wilson, American actor (b. 1942) * October 7 – Peggy McCay, American actress (b. 1927) * October 8 – Fernando Albán Salazar, Fernando Albán, Venezuelan lawyer and politician (b. 1962) * October 9 – Thomas A. Steitz, American Nobel biochemist (b. 1940) * October 10 – Mary Midgley, British philosopher (b. 1919) * October 11 ** Paul Andreu, French architect (b. 1938) ** Greg Stafford, American game designer (b. 1948) * October 12 – Pik Botha, South African politician (b. 1932) * October 13 – Jim Taylor (fullback), Jim Taylor, American football player (b. 1935) * October 14 ** Patrick Baumann (basketball), Patrick Baumann, Swiss basketball administrator, FIBA secretary general (b. 1967) ** Milena Dravić, Serbian actress (b. 1940) * October 15 ** Paul Allen, American businessman, co-founder of Microsoft (b. 1953) ** Arto Paasilinna, Finnish writer (b. 1942) *
October 17 Events Pre-1600 * 690 __NOTOC__ Year 690 ( DCXC) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman cale ...
– Ara Güler, Turkish-Armenian photojournalist (b. 1928) * October 18 ** Ayub Bachchu, Bangladeshi singer and songwriter (b. 1962) ** Lisbeth Palme, Swedish child psychologist, former chairwoman of UNICEF (b. 1931) ** Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab, 5th List of heads of state of Sudan, President of the Sudan (b. 1934) * October 19 – Osamu Shimomura, Japanese Nobel chemist and marine biologist (b. 1928) * October 20 – Wim Kok, 48th List of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1938) * October 21 – Joachim Rønneberg, Norwegian military officer and anti-Nazi resistant (b. 1919) * October 22 – José Varacka, Argentine football player and coach (b. 1932) * October 24 – Tony Joe White, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943) * October 26 – Nikolai Karachentsov, Soviet and Russian actor (b. 1944) * October 27 ** Ntozake Shange, American playwright and poet (b. 1948) ** Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, Thai businessman (b. 1958) * October 30 ** Whitey Bulger, American mobster (b. 1929) ** Sangharakshita, English Buddhist teacher and writer (b. 1925) ** Jin Yong, Hong Kong writer (b. 1924) * October 31 – Willie McCovey, American baseball player (b. 1938)


November

* November 1 – Yurik Vardanyan, Armenian weightlifter (b. 1956) * November 2 ** Raymond Chow, Hong Kong film producer (b. 1927) ** Roy Hargrove, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1969) ** Kitty O'Neil, American stuntwoman and racer (b. 1946) * November 3 – Sondra Locke, American actress (b. 1944) * November 4 – Serhiy Tkach, Russian-Ukrainian serial killer (b. 1952) * November 6 – Jonathan Cantwell, Australian racing cyclist (b. 1982) * November 7 – Francis Lai, French composer (b. 1932) * November 8 – Bruno Caruso, Sicilian painter, illustrator, writer, graphic designer and political activist (d. 1927) * November 9 ** Albert Bitran, Turkish-born French painter and sculptor (b. 1931) ** Lalan Sarang, Indian actress (b. 1939) * November 11 – Douglas Rain, Canadian actor (b. 1928) * November 12 ** Stan Lee, American comic book writer, editor and actor (b. 1922) ** David Pearson (racing driver), David Pearson, American race car driver (b. 1934) ** Stuart H. Walker, American Olympic yachtsman (b. 1923) * November 13 ** Lucho Gatica, Chilean singer (b. 1928) ** Katherine MacGregor, American actress (b. 1925) * November 14 ** Rolf Hoppe, German actor (b. 1930) ** Fernando del Paso, Mexican writer (b. 1935) * November 15 ** John Bluthal, Polish-born radio, stage, actor, comedian, and voice artist (b. 1929) ** Roy Clark, American country singer (b. 1933) ** Adolf Grünbaum, German-American philosopher of science (b. 1923) ** Zhores Medvedev, Russian agronomist, biologist, and historian (b. 1925) * November 16 – William Goldman, American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1931) * November 17 ** Eduard von Falz-Fein, Russian-born Liechtensteiner businessman, journalist and sportsman (b. 1912) ** Cheng Kaijia, Chinese nuclear physicist and engineer (b. 1918) * November 18 – Ethel Ayler, American actress (b. 1930) * November 19 – Apisai Ielemia, 10th Prime Minister of Tuvalu (b. 1955) * November 20 ** James H. Billington, American academic (b. 1929) ** Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-English Nobel chemist (b. 1926) ** Eimuntas Nekrošius, Lithuanian theatre director (b. 1952) * November 21 – Olivia Hooker, American psychologist and civil rights figure (b. 1915) * November 22 ** Soslan Andiyev, Russian wrestler (b. 1952) ** Andrzej Fischer, Polish footballer (b. 1952) ** Willie Naulls, American basketball player (b. 1934) * November 23 ** Betty Bumpers, American childhood immunizations activist (b. 1925) ** Bernard Gauthier, French racing cyclist (b. 1924) ** Nicolas Roeg, British film director (b. 1928) * November 24 – Ricky Jay, American magician and actor (b. 1946) * November 25 ** Giuliana Calandra, Italian actress (b. 1936) ** Viktor Kanevskyi, Ukrainian footballer (b. 1936) ** Gloria Katz, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1942) * November 26 ** Bernardo Bertolucci, Italian film director and screenwriter (b. 1941) ** Stephen Hillenburg, American cartoonist, animator, and marine biology teacher (b. 1961) * November 28 ** Nicanor de Carvalho, Brazilian football manager (b. 1947) ** Robert Morris (artist), Robert Morris, American sculptor (b. 1931) ** Harry Leslie Smith, British writer and activist (b. 1923) * November 29 – Viktor Matviyenko, Ukrainian footballer (b. 1948) * November 30 – George H. W. Bush, 41st
President of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

President of the United States
(b. 1924)


December

* December 1 ** Ken Berry, American actor (b. 1933) ** Ennio Fantastichini, Italian actor (b. 1955) * December 2 – Paul Sherwen, English cyclist and broadcaster (b. 1956) * December 3 ** Markus Beyer, German boxer (b. 1971) ** Andrei Bitov, Russian writer (b. 1937) ** Philip Bosco, American actor (b. 1930) ** Josep Lluís Núñez, Spanish businessman and 35th List of FC Barcelona presidents, President of FC Barcelona (b. 1931) * December 6 ** Larry Hennig, American professional wrestler (b. 1936) ** Pete Shelley, English singer-songwriter (b. 1955) * December 7 ** Belisario Betancur, 26th President of Colombia (b. 1923) ** Luigi Radice, Italian football player and manager (b. 1935) * December 8 ** Lyudmila Alexeyeva, Russian historian and human rights activist (b. 1927) ** Evelyn Berezin, American computer designer (b. 1925) * December 9 ** Robert Bergland, American politician (b. 1928) ** William Blum, American author and historian (b. 1933) ** Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born American Nobel astrophysicist (b. 1931) * December 12 ** Iraj Danaeifard, Iranian footballer (b. 1951) ** Ferenc Kósa, Hungarian film director (b. 1937) * December 13 – Nancy Wilson (jazz singer), Nancy Wilson, American singer and actress (b. 1937) * December 15 – Girma Wolde-Giorgis, 2nd President of Ethiopia (b. 1924) * December 17 ** Penny Marshall, American actress and film director (b. 1943) ** Andrey Shcharbakow, Belarusian footballer (b. 1991) * December 18 ** David C. H. Austin, English rose breeder (b. 1926) ** Tulsi Giri, 23rd Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1926) ** Kazimierz Kutz, Polish film director and politician (b. 1929) ** Shinobu Sekine, Japanese Olympic judoka (b. 1943) * December 22 ** Paddy Ashdown, British politician and diplomat (b. 1941) ** Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi royal and politician (b. 1931) ** Roberto Suazo Córdova, 29th President of Honduras (b. 1927) * December 23 – Elias M. Stein, American mathematician (b. 1931) * December 24 ** Jozef Adamec, Slovakian footballer and manager (b. 1942) ** Martha Érika Alonso, Mexican politician (b. 1973) ** Rafael Moreno Valle Rosas, Mexican politician (b. 1968) ** Stanko Poklepović, Croatian footballer and manager (b. 1938) ** Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, Iranian cleric and politician (b. 1948) * December 25 – Nancy Roman, American astronomer (b. 1925) * December 26 ** Wendy Beckett, British religious sister and art historian (b. 1930) ** Roy J. Glauber, American Nobel physicist (b. 1925) ** Lawrence Roberts (scientist), Lawrence Roberts, American computer scientist (b. 1937) ** Morton Sobell, American engineer and spy (b. 1917) * December 27 – Juan Bautista Agüero, Paraguayan footballer (b. 1935) * December 28 ** Abdelmalek Benhabyles, acting President of Algeria 1992 (b. 1921) ** Amos Oz, Israeli author and journalist (b. 1939) ** Shehu Shagari, 6th President of Nigeria (b. 1925) ** Dame June Whitfield, English actress (b. 1925) * December 29 – Ringo Lam, Hong Kong film director (b. 1955) * December 31 – Kader Khan, Indian actor (b. 1937)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – Frances Arnold, George Smith (chemist), George Smith and Greg Winter * Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Economics – William Nordhaus and Paul Romer * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Olga Tokarczuk (awarded in 2019) * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad * Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou, and Donna Strickland * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo


See also

* 2010s in political history * List of International observances#Years, List of international years


References

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