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Year 199 ( CXCIX) was a
common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the or . Bec ...
(link will display the full calendar) of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century B ...
. At the time, it was sometimes known as year 952 ''
Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninianus of Pacatianus, Roman usurper, usurper of Roman emperor Philip the Arab, Philip in 248. It reads ''ROMAE AETERANMIL ESIMOET PRIMO'', 'To eternal Rome, in its one thousand and first year.' ''Ab urbe condita'' ( ...
''. The denomination 199 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the
Anno Domini The terms (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , r ...
calendar era #REDIRECT Calendar era #REDIRECT Calendar era A calendar era is the period of time elapsed since one ''epoch'' of a calendar and, if it exists, before the next one. For example, it is the year as per the Gregorian calendar, which numbers its year ...
became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


Events


By place


Roman Empire

*
Mesopotamia Mesopotamia ( grc, Μεσοποταμία ''Mesopotamíā''; ar, بِلَاد ٱلرَّافِدَيْن ; syc, ܐܪܡ ܢܗܪ̈ܝܢ, or , ) is a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in th ...

Mesopotamia
is partitioned into two
Roman province The Roman provinces (Latin: ''provincia'', pl. ''provinciae'') were the administrative regions of Ancient Rome outside Roman Italy that were controlled by the Romans under the Roman Republic and later the Roman Empire. Each province was ruled ...
s divided by the
Euphrates The Euphrates () is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Tigris–Euphrates river system, Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia (the "Land Between the Rivers"). O ...
, Mesopotamia and
Osroene Osroene (; grc, Ὀσροηνή / ''Osrhoēnē'', Romanized as ''Osroëne'', or ''Osrhoene'') was an ancient region and state in Upper Mesopotamia Upper Mesopotamia is the name used for the uplands and great outwash plain In geography, a pl ...

Osroene
. * Emperor
Septimius Severus Lucius Septimius Severus (; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211) was Roman emperor from 193 to 211. He was born in Leptis Magna (present day Al-Khums, Libya) in the Roman province of Africa (Roman province), Africa. As a young man he advanced thro ...
lays siege to the city-state
Hatra Hatra was an ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia located in present-day eastern Nineveh Governorate in northern Iraq. The city lies northwest of Baghdad and southwest of Mosul. Hatra was a strongly fortified caravan city and capital of the smal ...

Hatra
in Central-Mesopotamia, but fails to capture the city despite breaching the walls. * Two new ,
I Parthica I, or i, is the ninth Letter (alphabet), letter and the third vowel letter of the English alphabet, modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. Its name in English is English alphabet#Letter names, ''i'' (pronounced ), plural ''E ...
and
III Parthica III or iii may refer to: Companies * Information International, Inc., a computer technology company * Innovative Interfaces, Inc., a library-software company * 3i, formerly Investors in Industry, a British investment company Music * III Record ...
, are formed as a permanent
garrison Garrison (from the French ''garnison'', itself from the verb ''garnir'', "to equip") is the collective term for any body of troop A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a Squadron (cav ...

garrison
.


China

*
Battle of Yijing The Battle of Yijing was a military conflict which took place in northern China from 198 to 199 in the late Eastern Han dynasty. It was fought between Gongsun Zan, a warlord known as the "White Horse General", and Yuan Shao Yuan Shao (, ; ...
: Chinese warlord
Yuan Shao Yuan Shao (, ; died 28 June 202), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the East Asian cultural sphere ...

Yuan Shao
defeats
Gongsun Zan Gongsun Zan () (died March 199), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the East Asian cultural sphere, inclu ...
.


Korea

* Geodeung succeeds
Suro of Geumgwan Gaya Suro (수로) or Sureung (posthumous name: 수릉, 首陵, 42?–199), commonly called Kim Suro, was the legendary founder and King of Geumgwan Gaya Geumgwan Gaya (43 - 532), also known as Bon-Gaya (본가야, 本伽倻, "original Gaya") or ...
, as king of the
Korea Korea is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental ...

Korea
n kingdom of Gaya (traditional date).


By topic


Religion

*
Pope Zephyrinus Pope Zephyrinus was the bishop of Rome A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern ...

Pope Zephyrinus
succeeds
Pope Victor I Pope Victor I (died 199) was the bishop of Rome A bishop is an , , or appointed member of the who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the , , , , , and churches, as well as the , bishops claim , a dire ...

Pope Victor I
, as the 15th
pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () or the Roman pontiff (), is the bishop of Diocese of Rome, Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state o ...

pope
.


Births

*
Zhuge Qiao Zhuge Qiao (204–228), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the East Asian cultural sphere, including China, ...
, Chinese official and general (d.
223 __NOTOC__ Year 223 ( CCXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contai ...
)


Deaths

*
February 7 Events Pre-1600 * 457 – Leo I (emperor), Leo I becomes the Eastern Roman emperor. *987 – Bardas Phokas the Younger and Bardas Skleros, Byzantine generals of the military elite, begin a Rebellion of Bardas Phokas the Younger, wide-s ...
**
Gao Shun Gao Shun () (died 7 February 199) was a military officer serving the warlord Lü Bu Lü Bu () (died 7 February 199), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to ...
, Chinese general and advisor **
Lü Bu Lü Bu () (died 7 February 199), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the East Asian cultural sphere T ...
, Chinese general and warlord * Chen Ji, Chinese official, scholar and politician *
Gongsun Zan Gongsun Zan () (died March 199), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the East Asian cultural sphere, inclu ...
, Chinese general and warlord *
Qin Yilu Qin Yilu (died 199) was a military officer who served under the general and warlord Lü Bu Lü Bu () (died 7 February 199), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in additi ...
(or Qin Yi), Chinese general *
Suro of Geumgwan Gaya Suro (수로) or Sureung (posthumous name: 수릉, 首陵, 42?–199), commonly called Kim Suro, was the legendary founder and King of Geumgwan Gaya Geumgwan Gaya (43 - 532), also known as Bon-Gaya (본가야, 本伽倻, "original Gaya") or ...
, Korean ruler *
Tian Kai Tian Kai (died 199) was an official serving under the warlord Gongsun Zan Gongsun Zan () (died March 199), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's giv ...
, Chinese official and general *
Yuan Shu Yuan Shu () (died 199), courtesy name Gonglu, was a Chinese military general, politician, and warlord who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty. He rose to prominence following the collapse of the Han central government in 189. He declared h ...

Yuan Shu
, Chinese general and warlord


References

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