HOME

TheInfoList




As ''
MAD Magazine ''Mad'' (stylized as ''MAD'') is an American humor magazine founded in 1952 by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, launched as a comic book series before it became a magazine. It was widely imitated and influential, affecting sati ...
'' pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a
strobogrammatic number A strobogrammatic number is a number whose numeral is rotationally symmetric, so that it appears the same when rotated 180 degrees. In other words, the numeral looks the same right-side up and upside down (e.g., 69, 96, 1001). A strobogrammatic pri ...
— since
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
. The next such year will be 6009.


Events


January

*
January 3 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legions on the Rhine refuse to declare their allegiance to Galba Galba (; born Servius Sulpicius Galba; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January AD 69) was a Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of t ...
** United States President
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
announces that the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
has severed diplomatic and consular relations with
Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ...

Cuba
(
Cuba–United States relations Cuba–United States relations (), also knows as Cuban-American relations, refers to the bilateral relations between Cuba and the United States. Cuba and the United States restored diplomacy, diplomatic relations on 20 July 2015, relations whi ...
are restored in
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light * International Year of Soil __TOC__ Events January * January 1 **The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political union, political and economic union between Russia, ...
). ** At the National Reactor Testing Station near
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and t ...
, atomic reactor
SL-1 Stationary Low-Power Reactor Number One, also known as SL-1 or the Argonne Low Power Reactor (ALPR), was a United States Army experimental nuclear reactor located at the Idaho National Laboratory#History, National Reactor Testing Station (NRTS) ...

SL-1
explodes, killing 3 military technicians. **
Aero Flight 311 Aero Flight 311 (AY311), often referred to as the Kvevlax air disaster, was a scheduled domestic passenger flight operated by Aero O/Y (now Finnair) between Kronoby, Finland and Vaasa. The aircraft, a Douglas DC-3, crashed in the municipality Kve ...
(Koivulahti air disaster):
Douglas DC-3 The Douglas DC-3 is a propeller . A propeller is a device with a rotating hub and radiating blades that are set at a pitch to form a helical spiral, that, when rotated, exerts linear thrust upon a working fluid, such as water or air. Prope ...

Douglas DC-3
C OH-LCC of Finnish airline
Aero ''AERO'' (''Anthology of Electronic Revisited Originals'') is a 2004 compilation album of tracks by electronic music, electronic musician and composer Jean-Michel Jarre, re-recorded in 5.1 surround sound plus three new tracks (one of which, the ti ...

Aero
crashes near
Kvevlax Kvevlax ( fi, Koivulahti) is a church village in the municipality of Korsholm, Finland. It is located approximately north of the city of Vaasa. Kvevlax became an independent parish in 1857. Until 1 January 1973 it was an independent Municipalit ...
(Koivulahti), on approach to
Vaasa Airport Vaasa Airport ( fi, Vaasan lentoasema, sv, Vasa flygplats) is located in Vaasa Vaasa (; sv, Vasa, , Sweden ) is a city on the west coast of Finland Finland ( fi, Suomi ; sv, Finland , ), officially the Republic of Finland (, ), is a ...

Vaasa Airport
in Finland, killing all 25 on board, due to
pilot error Pilot error generally refers to an Aviation accidents and incidents, accident in which an action or decision made by the Aircraft pilot#Airline, pilot was the cause or a contributing factor that led to the accident, but also includes the pi ...
: an investigation finds that the
captain Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, aeroplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. The captain is a military rank in a ...
and first officer were both exhausted for lack of sleep, and had taken excessive alcohol at the time of the crash. It remains the deadliest air disaster to occur in the country. *
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
** Italian sculptor
Alfredo Fioravanti Alfredo Adolfo Fioravanti (1886–1963) was an Italian sculptor Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts The visual arts are art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, sculpture Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts th ...
marches into the U.S. Consulate in Rome, and confesses that he was part of the team that forged the
Etruscan terracotta warriors The Etruscan terracotta warriors are three statues that resemble the work of the ancient Etruscans The Etruscan civilization () of ancient Italy covered a territory, at its greatest extent, of roughly what is now Tuscany it, Toscano (man) i ...
in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the Western Hemisphere. Its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among 17 curatorial departments. The main building ...

Metropolitan Museum of Art
. ** After the 1960 military coup, General
Cemal Gürsel Cemal Gürsel (; 13 October 1895 – 14 September 1966) was a Turkish army general who became the List of Presidents of Turkey, fourth President of Turkey after a coup. Early life He was born in the city of Erzurum as the son of an Ottoman Ar ...

Cemal Gürsel
forms the new government of
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
(25th government). *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– Following a four-day conference in
Casablanca Casablanca ( ar, الدار البيضاء, ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; ber, ⴰⵏⴼⴰ, anfa) is the largest city of Morocco. Located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, it is the second largest city in the Maghreb ...

Casablanca
, five African chiefs of state announce plans for a
NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betwe ...
-type African organization to ensure common defense. The Charter of Casablanca involves the
Casablanca Group The Casablanca Group, sometimes known as the 'Casablanca bloc', was a short-lived, informal association of African states with a shared vision of the future of Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent ...
:
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
, the
United Arab Republic The United Arab Republic (UAR; ar, الجمهورية العربية المتحدة, al-Jumhūrīyah al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah) was a sovereign state in the Middle East from 1958 until 1971. It was initially a political union between Re ...

United Arab Republic
,
Ghana Ghana (), officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of . The defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and as well as .Paul R. ...

Ghana
,
Guinea Guinea (), officially the Republic of Guinea (french: link=no, République de Guinée), is a coastal country in West Africa. Guinea borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the no ...

Guinea
, and
Mali Mali (; ), officially the Republic of Mali (french: République du Mali; bm, ߡߊߟߌ ߞߊ ߝߊߛߏߖߊߡߊߣߊ, Mali ka Fasojamana, ff, 𞤈𞤫𞤲𞥆𞤣𞤢𞥄𞤲𞤣𞤭 𞤃𞤢𞥄𞤤𞤭, Renndaandi Maali, ar, جمهورية م ...

Mali
. *
January 8 Events Pre-1600 *307 __NOTOC__ Year 307 ( CCCVII) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week betwee ...
– In France, a
referendum A referendum (plural: referendums or less commonly referenda) is a direct Direct may refer to: Mathematics * Directed set In mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quantity (number th ...
supports
Charles de Gaulle Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (; ; 22 November 18909 November 1970) was a French army officer and statesman who led Free France against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 19 ...
's policies on independence for
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , religion = , official_languages = , languages_type = Oth ...

Algeria
. *
January 9 Events Pre-1600 * 681 – Twelfth Council of ToledoThe Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig. One of its first actions was to release the population from the laws of Wamba and recognise Erwig, a ...
– British authorities announce they have uncovered a large
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovere ...
spy ring Espionage or spying is the act of obtaining Secrecy, secret or Confidentiality, confidential information or divulging of the same without the Consent, permission of the holder of the information. A person who commits espionage is called an ''e ...

spy ring
, the
Portland Spy Ring The Portland Spy Ring was a Soviet spy ring that operated in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Iri ...
, in London. *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
** President
Dwight Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
gives his final
State of the Union Address The State of the Union Address (sometimes abbreviated to SOTU) is an annual message delivered by the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United Stat ...
to Congress. In a Farewell Address the same day, he warns of the increasing power of a "
military–industrial complex The expression military–industrial complex (MIC) describes the relationship between a country's military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare ...
." **
Patrice Lumumba Patrice Émery Lumumba (; alternatively styled Patrice Hemery Lumumba; 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Con ...

Patrice Lumumba
of the
Republic of Congo The Republic of the Congo ( french: République du Congo, mkw, Repubilika ya Kôngo), also known as Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic or simply either Congo or the Congo, is a country located in the western coast of Central Africa ...
is assassinated. *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
is
sworn in Traditionally an oath (from Old English, Anglo-Saxon ', also called plight) is either a utterance, statement of fact or a promise with wording relating to something considered sacred as a sign of verity. A common legal substitute for those who c ...
as the 35th President of the United States. *
January 24 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire duri ...
– A
B-52 Stratofortress The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber A strategic bomber is a medium- to long-range penetration bomber A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targe ...

B-52 Stratofortress
, with two
nuclear bomb A nuclear weapon (also called an atom bomb, nuke, atomic bomb, nuclear warhead, A-bomb, or nuclear bomb) is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either nuclear fission, fission (fission bomb) or from a ...
s, crashes near
Goldsboro, North Carolina Goldsboro, originally Goldsborough, is a city and the county seat of Wayne County, North Carolina, Wayne County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 36,437 at the 2010 Census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Golds ...
. *
January 25 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ru ...
** In Washington, D.C., President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
delivers the first live presidential
news conference A press conference or news conference is a media event A media event, also known as a pseudo-event, is an event, activity, or experience conducted for the purpose of media publicity. It may also include any event that is covered in the mass med ...
. In it, he announces that the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
has freed the two surviving crewmen of a
USAF The United States Air Force (USAF) is the Aerial warfare, air military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces, and is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States, U.S. uniformed services. Initially formed as a ...
RB-47 The Boeing B-47 Stratojet (Boeing company designation Model 450) is a retired American long-range Range may refer to: Geography * Range (geographic)A range, in geography, is a chain of hill A hill is a landform A landform is a natura ...
reconnaissance plane, shot down by Soviet flyers over the
Barents Sea The Barents Sea ( , also ; no, Barentshavet, ; russian: Баренцево море, Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea This is a list of seas of the World Ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of Saline water, ...
on
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
,
1960 It is also known as the "Year of Africa is referred to as the Year of Africa because of a series of events that took place during the year—mainly the independence of seventeen African nations—that highlighted the growing Pan-Africanism, ...
(see RB-47H shot down). ** Disney's ''
One Hundred and One Dalmatians ''One Hundred and One Dalmatians'' is a 1961 American animated Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent cel, celluloi ...
'' is released in cinemas. ** Acting to halt 'leftist excesses', a
junta Junta may refer to: Government and military * Junta (governing body), referring to various military governments and other governing bodies ** Military junta, one form of junta * Junta (Habsburg), an administrative body that ruled in personal union ...
composed of two army officers and four civilians takes over
El Salvador , national_anthem = '' Himno Nacional de El Salvador''( en, "National Anthem of El Salvador") , image_map = El Salvador (orthographic projection).svg , image_map2 = , capital = San Salvador , coordinates = , largest_city = San Salvador ...

El Salvador
, ousting another junta that had ruled for three months. *
January 26 Events Pre-1600 *661 Year 661 ( DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in ...
– President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
appoints Janet G. Travell to be his physician, the first woman to hold this appointment. *
January 28 Events Pre-1600 * 98 – On the death of Nerva, Trajan is declared Roman emperor in Cologne, the seat of his government in lower Germany. *814 – The death of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, brings about the accession of h ...
– ''
Supercar A supercar – also called exotic car – is a loosely defined description of street-legal, high-performance luxury sports car. Since the 2000s or 2010s, the term hypercar has come into use for the highest performing supercars. Supercars comm ...
'', the first family sci-fi TV series filmed in
Supermarionation Supermarionation (a portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "portmanteau (luggage) A portmanteau is a piece of luggage Baggage or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a travel Travel is t ...
, debuts on
ATV ATV may refer to: Broadcasting * Amateur television Television stations and companies * ATV - American University Television * Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra * ATV (Armenia) * ATV (Aruba), NBC affiliate * ATV (Australia), Melbourne * ATV (Austria) ...
in the UK. *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 Year 1018 (Roman numerals, MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * January 30 – The Peace of Bautzen: Emp ...
– President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
delivers his first
State of the Union Address The State of the Union Address (sometimes abbreviated to SOTU) is an annual message delivered by the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United Stat ...
. *
January 31 Events Pre-1600 *314 __NOTOC__ Year 314 ( CCCXIV) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that con ...
Ham the Chimp Ham is pork from a leg cut of pork, cut that has been food preservation, preserved by wet or dry Curing (food preservation), curing, with or without smoking (cooking), smoking."Bacon: Bacon and Ham Curing" in ''Chambers's Encyclopædia''. Lon ...
, a 37-pound (17-kg) male, is rocketed into space aboard
Mercury-Redstone 2 Mercury-Redstone 2 (MR-2) was the penultimate test flight of the Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle prior to the first crewed American space mission in Project Mercury. It was launched at 16:55 UTC on January 31, 1961 from Cape Canaveral Air Force ...
, in a test of the
Project Mercury Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight Human spaceflight (also referred to as manned spaceflight or crewed spaceflight) is spaceflight with a crew or passengers aboard a spacecraft, the spacecraft being operated directly by the ...
spacecraft, designed to carry United States
astronaut An astronaut (from the Greek "astron" (ἄστρον), meaning "star", and "nautes" (ναύτης), meaning "sailor") is a person trained, equipped, and deployed by a List of human spaceflight programs, human spaceflight program to serve as a ...

astronaut
s into space.


February

*
February 1 Events Pre-1600 *1327 Year 1327 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 25 – The 14-year-old Edw ...
– The United States tests its first
Minuteman I The LGM-30 Minuteman is a U.S. land-based intercontinental ballistic missile An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a missile In military terminology, a missile is a guided airborne ranged weapon . English longbowmen figu ...

Minuteman I
intercontinental ballistic missile. *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 ( MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . According to the ...
– China buys grain from Canada for $60 million. *
February 4 This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice). Events Pre–1600 *211 Year 211 ( CCXI) was a common year starting on T ...
– The
Portuguese Colonial War #REDIRECT Portuguese Colonial War #REDIRECT Portuguese Colonial War#REDIRECT Portuguese Colonial War The Portuguese Colonial War ( pt, Guerra Colonial Portuguesa), also known in Portugal as the Overseas War () or in the Portuguese Empire, former ...
begins in
Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante "Angola Avante" (, ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Angola
. *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * 62 – Earthquake An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth resulting from a sudden release of energy in the Earth Earth is the third planet from t ...
9 – In Congo, President
Joseph Kasa-Vubu Joseph Kasa-Vubu, alternatively Joseph Kasavubu, ( – 24 March 1969) was a Congolese politician who served as the first President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (then Republic of the Congo) from 1960 until 1965. Early life Joseph Kas ...
names
Joseph Iléo Joseph Iléo (15 September 1921 – 19 September 1994), subsequently Zairianised as Sombo Amba Iléo, was a politician in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) ( french: République démocratiq ...

Joseph Iléo
as the new Prime Minister. *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
The Beatles at The Cavern Club: Lunchtime –
The Beatles The Beatles were an English rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compou ...

The Beatles
perform under this name at
The Cavern Club The Cavern Club is a nightclub on Mathew Street, Liverpool Liverpool is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. Its population in 2019 was approximately , making it the List of Englis ...
for the first time following their return to
Liverpool Liverpool is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. With a population of in 2019, it is the List of English districts by population, tenth largest English district by population, and its ...

Liverpool
from
Hamburg en, Hamburgian(s) , timezone1 = Central (CET) , utc_offset1 = +1 , timezone1_DST = Central (CEST) , utc_offset1_DST = +2 , postal_code_type = Post ...

Hamburg
,
George Harrison George Harrison (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001) was an English musician, singer-songwriter, and music and film producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles The Beatles were an English Ro ...

George Harrison
's first appearance at the venue. On March 21 they begin regular performances here. *
February 12 Events Pre-1600 *1404 Year 1404 ( MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took e ...
– The
USSR The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state that spanned Eurasia during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a Federation, federal union of multiple national Republics of ...

USSR
launches ''
Venera 1 ''Venera 1'' (russian: Венера-1 meaning ''Venus 1''), also known as Venera-1VA No.2 and occasionally in the West as ''Sputnik 8'' was the first spacecraft to fly past Venus Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named afte ...
'' towards
Venus Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named after the Venus (mythology), Roman goddess of love and beauty. As List of brightest natural objects in the sky, the brightest natural object in Earth's night sky after the Moon, Venus can ...

Venus
. *
February 13 Events Pre-1600 * 962 – Emperor Otto I Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francian king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 un ...
– The Congo government announces that villagers have killed
Patrice Lumumba Patrice Émery Lumumba (; alternatively styled Patrice Hemery Lumumba; 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Con ...

Patrice Lumumba
. *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year st ...
Discovery of the chemical elements The discovery of the 118 chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an element is a pure substance consisting only of atoms that all have the ...
: Element 103,
Lawrencium Lawrencium is a syntheticA synthetic is an artificial material produced by organic chemistry, organic chemical synthesis. Synthetic may also refer to: In the sense of both "combination" and "artificial" * Synthetic chemical or synthetic comp ...

Lawrencium
, is first synthesized in
Berkeley, California Berkeley ( ) is a city on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California, Alameda County, California. It is named after the 18th-century Irish people, Irish bishop and philosopher George Berkeley. It borders the cit ...
. *
February 15 Events Pre-1600 *438 Year 438 ( CDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
** United States President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
warns the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
to avoid interfering with the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
' pacification of the Congo. **
Sabena Flight 548 Sabena Flight 548 was a Boeing 707-329 flight operated by Sabena that crashed en route from New York City to Brussels, Belgium, on February 15, 1961. The flight, which had originated at John F. Kennedy International Airport, Idlewild Internation ...
crashes near
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
, Belgium, killing 73, including the entire United States
figure skating Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, pairs, or groups perform on figure skate Figure skates are a type of ice skate Ice skates are metal blades attached underfoot and used to propel the bearer across a sheet of ice while ice skat ...

figure skating
team and several coaches. ** The total solar eclipse of February 15, 1961, visible in the southern part of Europe, occurs. *
February 25 Events Pre-1600 * 138 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rh ...
– The last public
trams in Sydney The Sydney tramway network served the inner suburbs of Sydney, Australia from 1879 until 1961. In its heyday, it was the largest in Australia, the second largest in the Commonwealth of Nations (after Trams in London, London), and one of the lar ...
, Australia cease operation, bringing to an end the Southern Hemisphere's largest tramway network. *
February 26 Events Pre-1600 *740s BC, 747 BC – Epoch (reference date), Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era. *364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman emperor. *1266 – Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles I of Naples, Charles ...
Hassan II Hassan, Hasan, Hassane, Haasana, Hassaan, Asan, Hassun, Hasun, Hassen, Hasson or Hasani may refer to: People *Hassan (given name)Hassan, Hasan, Hassane, Haasana, Hassaan, Asan, Hassun, Hasun, Hassen, Hasson or Hasani may refer to: People * ...
is pronounced King of
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
.


March

*
March March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days ...

March
April April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII as a modification of the Julian calendar, reducing ...
– Drilling for
Project Mohole Project Mohole was an attempt in the early 1960s to drill through the Earth's crust to obtain samples of the Mohorovičić discontinuity The Mohorovičić discontinuity ( , ), usually referred to as the Moho discontinuity or the Moho, is the b ...
is undertaken off the coast of
Guadalupe Island Guadalupe Island or Isla Guadalupe is a volcanic island located off the west coast of Mexico Mexico ( es, México ; Nahuan languages: ), officially the United Mexican States (; EUM ), is a List of sovereign states, country in the souther ...

Guadalupe Island
, Mexico. *
March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC __NOTOC__ The year 509 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the , run through of the . Beginning with the of ...
– United States President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
establishes the
Peace Corps The Peace Corps is an independent agency and volunteer Volunteering is a voluntary act of an individual or group freely giving time and labour for community service. Many volunteers are specifically trained in the areas they work, such as m ...
. *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
Hassan II Hassan, Hasan, Hassane, Haasana, Hassaan, Asan, Hassun, Hasun, Hassen, Hasson or Hasani may refer to: People *Hassan (given name)Hassan, Hasan, Hassane, Haasana, Hassaan, Asan, Hassun, Hasun, Hassen, Hasson or Hasani may refer to: People * ...
is crowned
King of Morocco This is the list of rulers in Morocco, since the establishment of the first in 789. The common and formal titles of these rulers has varied, depending on the time period. Since 1957, the designation King has been used. The annual salary of the K ...
. *
March 8 Events Pre-1600 *1010 Year 1010 (Roman numerals, MX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Africa * The Nile, Nile River in Egypt freezes over. Asia ...
**
Max Conrad Max Arthur Conrad, Jr. (January 21, 1903 – April 3, 1979 in Summit, New Jersey Summit is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ...
circumnavigates the earth in 8 days, 18 hours and 49 minutes, setting a new world record. ** The first U.S.
Polaris Polaris ( ), designated α Ursae Minoris ( Latinized to Alpha Ursae Minoris, abbreviated Alpha UMi, α UMi), commonly the North Star or Pole Star, is the brightest star of the constellation Ursa Minor. It is very close to the nort ...
submarine A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated ...

submarine
s arrive at
Holy Loch The Holy Loch ( gd, An Loch Sianta/Seunta) is a sea loch, a part of the Cowal peninsula coast of the Firth of Clyde, in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. The "Holy Loch" name is believed to date from the 6th century, when Saint Munn landed there after ...
in Scotland. *
March 11 Events Pre-1600 *222 __NOTOC__ Year 222 ( CCXXII) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decembe ...
– "
Barbie Barbie is a fashion doll fashion doll from March 1959 Fashion dolls are dolls primarily designed to be dressed to reflect fashion trends. They are manufactured both as toys for children to play with and as collectibles for adult collectors. T ...
" gets a boyfriend, when the "
Ken Ken or KEN may refer to: Entertainment * Ken (album), ''Ken'' (album), a 2017 album by Canadian indie rock band Destroyer * Ken (film), ''Ken'' (film), 1964 Japanese film * Ken (magazine), ''Ken'' (magazine), a large-format political magazine * K ...
" doll is introduced in the United States. *
March 13 Events Pre-1600 *1567 __NOTOC__ Year 1567 ( MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) i ...
** Black and white £5 notes cease to be
legal tender Legal tender is a form of money Image:National-Debt-Gillray.jpeg, In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contrasted with the beggar whose legs and arms were amputated, in the left corner, 1 ...
in the UK. **
1961 Kurenivka mudslide The 1961 Kurenivka mudslide occurred on March 13 in Kyiv, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union. The mudslide started at the edge of the Babi Yar, Babi Yar mass murder site and dumped mud, water, and human remains into the ...
: A dam bursts in
Kiev Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...

Kiev
,
USSR The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state that spanned Eurasia during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a Federation, federal union of multiple national Republics of ...

USSR
, killing 145. ** United States delegate to the
United Nations Security Council The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization An intergovernmental organization (IGO) is an organization composed ...

United Nations Security Council
Adlai Stevenson votes against Portuguese policies in Africa. ** United States President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
proposes a long-term "
Alliance for Progress The Alliance for Progress ( es, Alianza para el Progreso, links=no), initiated by U.S. President John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politicia ...
", between the United States and Latin America. **
Cyprus Cyprus ; tr, Kıbrıs (), officially called the Republic of Cyprus,, , lit: Republic of Cyprus is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or poli ...

Cyprus
joins the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...

Commonwealth of Nations
, becoming the first small country in the Commonwealth. **
Monash University Monash University () is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Common ...
in Melbourne, Australia takes in its first students. ** A second B-52 1961 Yuba City B-52 crash, crashes near Yuba City, California, after cabin pressure is lost and the fuel runs out. Two nuclear weapons are found unexploded. * March 15 ** South Africa announces it will withdraw from the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...

Commonwealth of Nations
, upon becoming a republic (31 May). The nation rejoins the organization in 1994. ** The Union of Peoples of Angola, led by Holden Roberto, attacks strategic locations in the north of
Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante "Angola Avante" (, ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Angola
. These events result in the beginning of the colonial war with Portugal. * March 18 ** A ceasefire takes effect in the Algerian War of Independence. ** ''Nous les amoureux'' by Jean-Claude Pascal (music by Jacques Datin, text by Maurice Vidalin) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1961 for Luxembourg. * March 29 – The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to vote in President of the United States, presidential elections. * March 30 – The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.


April

* April 5 – The New Guinea Council of West Papua (region), Western Papua is installed. * April 8 – British passenger ship ''MV Dara, Dara'' blows up and sinks off Dubai; 238 passengers and crew are killed. * April 11 – The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem. * April 12 ** ''Vostok 1'': Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human in space, orbiting the Earth once before parachuting to the ground. ** Albert Kalonji takes the title ''Emperor Albert I Kalonji'' of South Kasai. ** Bernard Schwarz gets the patent for the body electrode. * April 13 – In Portugal, a coup attempt against António de Oliveira Salazar fails. * April 17 ** The Bay of Pigs Invasion of
Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ...

Cuba
begins; it fails by April 19. ** The 33rd Academy Awards ceremony is held in Santa Monica, California: ''The Apartment'' (1960) wins most awards, including Academy Award for Best Picture, Best Picture. * April 18 – Portugal sends its first military reinforcement to
Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante "Angola Avante" (, ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Angola
. * April 20 – Fidel Castro announces that the Bay of Pigs Invasion has been defeated. * April 22 – Algiers putsch: Four French generals who oppose Charles de Gaulle, de Gaulle's policies in
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , religion = , official_languages = , languages_type = Oth ...

Algeria
fail in a coup attempt. * April 23 – Judy Garland performs in a legendary comeback concert, at Carnegie Hall in New York City. * April 24 – Sweden, Swedish warship ''Vasa (ship), Vasa'', sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is recovered from Stockholm Harbor. * April 27 ** President John F. Kennedy, Kennedy urges newspapers to consider national interest in times of struggle against "a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy", in an address before the American Newspaper Publishers Association''. ** Sierra Leone becomes independent from the United Kingdom.


May

* May 4 – U.S. Freedom Riders begin interstate bus rides, to test the new U.S. Supreme Court Discrimination, integration Boynton v. Virginia, decision. * May 5 – Mercury program: Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space, aboard Mercury-Redstone 3. * May 6 – Tottenham Hotspur F.C. becomes the first team in the 20th century to win the Football in England, English league and cup double. , this is the last time Tottenham have won the English League. * May 8 – Briton George Blake is sentenced to 42 years imprisonment for spying. * May 9 – In a speech on "Television and the Public Interest" to the National Association of Broadcasters, Federal Communications Commission, FCC chairman Newton N. Minow describes commercial television programming as a "vast wasteland". * May 14 – Civil rights movement: A Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protestors are beaten by an angry mob of Ku Klux Klan members. * May 15 – J. Heinrich Matthaei alone performs the Poly-U-Experiment, and is the first person to recognize and understand the genetic code. This is the birthdate of modern genetics. * May 16 – Park Chung-hee takes over in a military coup, in South Korea. * May 19 – ''
Venera 1 ''Venera 1'' (russian: Венера-1 meaning ''Venus 1''), also known as Venera-1VA No.2 and occasionally in the West as ''Sputnik 8'' was the first spacecraft to fly past Venus Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named afte ...
'' becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet by passing
Venus Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named after the Venus (mythology), Roman goddess of love and beauty. As List of brightest natural objects in the sky, the brightest natural object in Earth's night sky after the Moon, Venus can ...

Venus
(however, the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier, and does not send back any data). * May 21 – Civil rights movement: Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson, John Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order, after race riots break out. * May 22 – An 1961 New South Wales earthquake, earthquake rocks New South Wales. * May 24 – Civil rights movement: Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi for "disturbing the peace", after disembarking from their bus. * May 25 – Apollo program: John F. Kennedy, President Kennedy announces, before a special joint session of Congress, his goal to put a man on the Moon before the end of the decade. * May 27 – Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Federation of Malaya, Malaya, holds a press conference in Singapore, announcing his idea to form the Federation of Malaysia, comprising Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, Brunei and North Borneo (Sabah). * May 28 – Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This is later considered the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International. * May 30 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, totalitarian despot of the Dominican Republic since 1930, is killed in an ambush, putting an end to the second longest-running dictatorship in Latin American history. * May 31 ** In France, rebel generals Maurice Challe and Andre Zelelr are sentenced to 15 years in prison. ** South Africa becomes a republic, and officially leaves the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...

Commonwealth of Nations
. ** President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
and
Charles de Gaulle Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (; ; 22 November 18909 November 1970) was a French army officer and statesman who led Free France against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 19 ...
meet in Paris. ** S.L. Benfica, Benfica beats FC Barcelona, Barcelona 3–2 at Wankdorf Stadium, Bern and wins the 1960–61 European Cup (football).


June

* June 1 – Ethiopia experiences its most devastating earthquake of the 20th century, with a magnitude of 6.7. The town of Majete is destroyed, 45% of the houses in Karakore collapse, of the main road north of Karakore are damaged by landslides and fissures, and 5,000 inhabitants in the area are left homeless. * June 4 – Vienna summit:
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
and Nikita Khrushchev meet during two days in Vienna. They discuss nuclear tests, disarmament and Germany. * June 16 – Russian ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev requests asylum in France, while in Paris with the Kirov Ballet. * June 17 ** A Paris-to-Strasbourg train derails near Vitry-le-François; 24 are killed, 109 injured. ** The New Democratic Party of Canada is founded, with the merger of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and the Canadian Labour Congress. * June 19 – The British protectorate ends in Kuwait and it becomes an emirate. * June 22 – Moise Tshombe is released for lack of evidence of his connection to the murder of
Patrice Lumumba Patrice Émery Lumumba (; alternatively styled Patrice Hemery Lumumba; 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Con ...

Patrice Lumumba
. * June 23 – The Antarctic Treaty comes into effect. * June 25 – Iraqi president Abd al-Karim Qasim announces his intention to annex newly-independent Kuwait (such an annexation Gulf War, will occur in 1990). * June 27 – Kuwait requests British help against the Iraqi threat; the United Kingdom sends in troops.


July

* July 4 – Soviet submarine K-19 suffers a reactor leak in the North Atlantic. * July 5 – The first Israeli rocket, ''Shavit 2'', is launched. * July 8 – A mine explosion in Czechoslovakia leaves 108 dead. * July 12 ** A Czechoslovakian Ilyushin Il-18 crashes while attempting to land at
Casablanca Casablanca ( ar, الدار البيضاء, ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; ber, ⴰⵏⴼⴰ, anfa) is the largest city of Morocco. Located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, it is the second largest city in the Maghreb ...

Casablanca
, Morocco, killing all 72 persons on board. ** Khadakwasla Dam, Two dams that supplied water to the City of Pune, India burst, causing lasting damage. * July 17 – Baseball legend Ty Cobb dies at the age of 74, at Emory University Hospital. * July 21 – Mercury program: Gus Grissom, Virgil I. Grissom, piloting the Mercury-Redstone 4 spacecraft ''Liberty Bell 7'', becomes the second American to go into space (sub-orbital). After splashdown, the hatch prematurely opens, and the spacecraft sinks (it is recovered in 1999). * July 25 – U.S. President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
gives a widely watched TV speech on the Berlin crisis, warning "we will not be driven out of Berlin." Kennedy urges Americans to build fallout shelters, setting off a four-month debate on civil defense. * July 31 ** At Fenway Park in Boston, the first Major League Baseball All-Star Game tie occurs, when the game is stopped in the 9th inning due to rain (the only tie until 2002). ** Ireland submits the first application from a non-founding country to join the European Economic Community.


August

* August – The United States founds the
Alliance for Progress The Alliance for Progress ( es, Alianza para el Progreso, links=no), initiated by U.S. President John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politicia ...
. * August 1 – The Six Flags Over Texas theme park officially opens to the public. * August 6 – ''Vostok 2'': Soviet cosmonaut Gherman Titov becomes the second human to orbit the Earth, and the first to be in outer space for more than one day. * August 7 – ''Vostok 2'' lands in the Soviet Union. * August 10 – The United Kingdom applies for membership in the European Economic Community. * August 11 – An Solar eclipse of August 11, 1961, annular solar eclipse is visible from the Southern Ocean. * August 13 – Construction of the Berlin Wall begins, restricting movement between East Berlin and West Berlin, and forming a clear boundary between West Germany and East Germany, Western Europe and Eastern Europe. On August 22 Ida Siekmann jumps from a window in her tenement building trying to flee to the West, becoming the List of deaths at the Berlin Wall, first of at least 138 people to die at the Wall. * August 21 – Jomo Kenyatta is released from prison in Kenya. * August 25 – João Goulart replaces Jânio Quadros as President of Brazil (he is ousted in 1964). * August 30 – The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is signed at the United Nations in New York, coming into effect December 13, 1975.


September

* September 1 ** The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins, with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate. ** The first meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement is held. The Soviet Union resumes nuclear testing, escalating fears over the ongoing Berlin crisis. * September 7 – Tom and Jerry make a return with their first episode since 1958, ''Switchin' Kitten''. The new creator, Gene Deitch, makes 12 more Tom and Jerry episodes until 1962. * September 10 – During the 1961 Italian Grand Prix, F1 Italian Grand Prix on the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, circuit of Monza, German Wolfgang von Trips, driving a Ferrari, crashes into a stand, killing 14 spectators and himself. * September 12 – The African and Malagasy Union is founded. * September 14 ** The new military government of
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
sentences 15 members of the previous government to death. ** The Focolare Movement opens its first North American center in New York (state), New York. * September 17 ** Military rulers in
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
hang former prime minister Adnan Menderes, together with the former Minister of Foreign Affairs Fatin Rüştü Zorlu and former Minister of Finance Hasan Polatkan. ** The world's first retractable roof stadium, the Civic Arena (Pittsburgh), Civic Arena, opens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. * September 18 –
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
Secretary-General of the United Nations, Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in 1961 Ndola United Nations DC-6 crash, an air crash, en route to Katanga Province, Katanga, Congo. * September 21 – In France, the Organisation de l'armée secrète, OAS slips an anti-Charles de Gaulle, de Gaulle message into TV programming. * September 24 ** The old Deutsche Opernhaus in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is returned to its newly rebuilt house, as the Deutsche Oper Berlin. ** In the U.S., the Walt Disney anthology television series, renamed ''Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color'', moves from ABC to NBC after seven years on the air, and begins telecasting its programs in color for the first time. Years later, after Disney's death, the still-on-the-air program will be renamed ''The Wonderful World of Disney''. * September 28 – A 1961 Syrian coup d'état, military coup in Damascus, Syria effectively ends the
United Arab Republic The United Arab Republic (UAR; ar, الجمهورية العربية المتحدة, al-Jumhūrīyah al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah) was a sovereign state in the Middle East from 1958 until 1971. It was initially a political union between Re ...

United Arab Republic
, the union between Egypt and Syria. * September 30 – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is formed to replace the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC).


October

* October 1 – Baseball player Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hits his 61st home run in the last game of the season, against the Boston Red Sox, setting a new record for the longer baseball season. The record for the shorter season is still held by Babe Ruth. * October 10 – A volcanic eruption on Tristan da Cunha causes the whole population to be evacuated to Britain, where they will remain until 1963. * October 12 – The death penalty is abolished in New Zealand. * October 17 – Paris massacre of 1961: French police in Paris attack about 30,000 protesting a curfew applied solely to
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , religion = , official_languages = , languages_type = Oth ...

Algeria
ns. The official death toll is 3, but human rights groups claim 240 dead. * October 18 – ''West Side Story (1961 film), West Side Story'' is released as a film in the United States. * October 19 – The Arab League takes over protecting Kuwait; the last British troops leave. * October 25 – The first edition of ''Private Eye'', the British satirical magazine, is published. * October 26 –
Cemal Gürsel Cemal Gürsel (; 13 October 1895 – 14 September 1966) was a Turkish army general who became the List of Presidents of Turkey, fourth President of Turkey after a coup. Early life He was born in the city of Erzurum as the son of an Ottoman Ar ...

Cemal Gürsel
becomes the fourth president of Turkey (his former title is head of state and government; he is elected as president by constitutional referendum). * October 27 ** An armistice begins in Katanga Province, Katanga, Congo. ** Mongolia and Mauritania join the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
. ** Confrontation at Checkpoint Charlie: A standoff between
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovere ...
and American tanks in Berlin, Germany heightens Cold War tensions. ** Fahrettin Özdilek becomes the acting prime minister of Turkey. * October 29 ** GMA Network, DZBB-TV Channel 7, the Philippines' third TV station, is launched. ** Devrim, the first ever car designed and produced in
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
, is released. The project has been completed in only 130 days almost from scratch, a period including decision on the project, research, design, development and production of four vehicles. * October 30 ** Nuclear weapons testing: The
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
detonates a 58-megaton yield hydrogen bomb known as Tsar Bomba, over Novaya Zemlya (it remains the largest ever man-made explosion). ** The Note Crisis: The Soviet Union issues a diplomatic note to Finland, proposing military co-operation. * October 31 ** Hurricane Hattie devastates Belize City, Belize killing over 270. After the hurricane, the capital moves to the inland city of Belmopan. ** Joseph Stalin's body is removed from the Lenin Mausoleum.


November

* November 1 ** The Hungry generation Movement is launched in Calcutta, India. ** The Interstate Commerce Commission's federal order banning segregation at all interstate public facilities officially comes into effect. * November 2 – ''Kean (musical), Kean'' opens at Broadway Theater in New York City for 92 performances. * November 3 – The United Nations General Assembly unanimously elects Burmese diplomat U Thant to the position of acting Secretary-General of the United Nations, Secretary-General. * November 6 – The US government issues a stamp honoring the 100th birthday of James Naismith. * November 8 ** Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8 crashes while attempting to land at Richmond, Virginia, killing 77 persons on board. ** KVN, Russia's longest running TV show, airs for the first time on Soviet television. * November 9 – Robert Michael White, Robert White records a Flight airspeed record, world air speed record of , in an North American X-15, X-15. * November 10 – ''Catch-22'' by Joseph Heller is first published, in the US. * November 11 ** Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
pilots. ** Stalingrad is renamed Volgograd. * November 14 – Yves Saint Laurent (brand), Yves Saint Laurent, a Luxury goods, luxury fashion brand of France, founded in Rue La Boetie, Paris. * November 17 – Michael Rockefeller, son of Govenor of New York, New York Governor and later Vice President of the United States, Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, disappears in the jungles of New Guinea. * November 18 – U.S. President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam. * November 19 – Rebellion of the Pilots: A military uprising overthrows the Trujillo regime in the Dominican Republic. * November 20 – İsmet İnönü of the Republican People's Party (Turkey), CHP forms the new government of
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
(26th government, first coalition in Turkey, partner Justice Party (Turkey), AP). * November 21 – The "La Ronde (restaurant), La Ronde" opens in Honolulu, the first revolving restaurant in the United States. * November 24 – The World Food Programme (WFP) is formed as a temporary
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
program. * November 30 – The
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
vetoes Kuwait's application for
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
membership.


December

* December 1 – Netherlands New Guinea raises the new Morning Star flag, and changes its name to Republic of West Papua, West Papua. * December 2 – Cold War: In a nationally broadcast speech,
Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ...

Cuba
n leader Fidel Castro announces he is a Marxist–Leninist, and that Cuba will adopt socialism. * December 5 – U.S. President
John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the ...

John F. Kennedy
gives support to the Akosombo Dam, Volta Dam project in
Ghana Ghana (), officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of . The defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and as well as .Paul R. ...

Ghana
. * December 9 ** Tanganyika (1961–1964), Tanganyika gains independence as a Commonwealth realm, with Julius Nyerere as its first Prime Minister, with Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Tanganyika, and represented locally by the Governor-General of Tanganyika. ** 1961 Australian federal election: Robert Menzies' Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal/National Party of Australia, Country Coalition (Australia), Coalition Menzies Government (1949-66), Government is re-elected with a one-seat majority, narrowly defeating the Australian Labor Party, Labor Party led by Arthur Calwell. One of the closest election results in Australian history, such a result will not be replicated again 2016 Australian federal election, until 2016. Notably, former Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister Earle Page loses his seat, although he dies a few days later, never knowing the result. * December 10 – The
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
severs Soviet-Albanian Relations, diplomatic relations with Albania. * December 11 ** American involvement in the Vietnam War officially begins, as the first American helicopters arrive in Saigon, along with 400 U.S. personnel. ** Adolf Eichmann is Adolf Eichmann#Trial, pronounced guilty of crimes against humanity by a panel of three Israeli judges, and sentenced to death. * December 14 – Walt Disney's first live-action Technicolor musical, ''Babes in Toyland (1961 film), Babes in Toyland'', a remake of the famous Victor Herbert operetta, is released, but flops at the box office. * December 15 – An Israeli war crimes tribunal sentences Adolf Eichmann to death, for his part in The Holocaust. * December 17 – A circus tent fire in Niterói, Brazil kills 323. * December 18 – India opens hostilities in 1961 Indian annexation of Goa, its annexation of Portuguese India, the colonies of Goa, Daman, India, Damao and Diu, India, Diu. * December 19 ** The 1961 Indian annexation of Goa#Portuguese surrender, Portuguese surrender Goa to India, after 400 years of Portuguese rule. ** Indonesian president Sukarno announces that he will take West Irian by force, if necessary. * December 21 – In Congo, Katangan prime minister Moise Tshombe recognizes the Congolese constitution. * December 23 – Luxembourg's National Day, national holiday, the Grand Duke's Official Birthday, is set on June 23 by Grand Ducal decree. * December 30 – Congolese troops capture Albert Kalonji of South Kasai (who soon escapes). * December 31 – Ireland's first national television station, ''Telefís Éireann'' (later Raidió Teilifís Éireann, RTÉ), begins broadcasting.


Date unknown

* Sheila Burnford's ''The Incredible Journey'', a story of three pets travelling through the Canadian wilderness, is published in the United Kingdom.


Births


January

* January 2 ** Gabrielle Carteris, American actress, and trade union leader ** Neil Dudgeon, English actor ** Todd Haynes, American film director *
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
– Iris DeMent, American singer, songwriter *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– Supriya Pathak, Indian actress *
January 8 Events Pre-1600 *307 __NOTOC__ Year 307 ( CCCVII) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week betwee ...
– Calvin Smith, American athlete *
January 9 Events Pre-1600 * 681 – Twelfth Council of ToledoThe Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig. One of its first actions was to release the population from the laws of Wamba and recognise Erwig, a ...
** Al Jean, American television writer ** Candi Milo, American voice actress, singer * January 11 ** Jasper Fforde, British fantasy novelist ** Karl von Habsburg, Karl Habsburg-Lothringen, Austrian politician, noble * January 13 ** Wayne Coyne, American musician, frontman of the band ''The Flaming Lips'' ** Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress, producer and comedian * January 14 ** Rob Hall, New Zealand mountaineer (d. 1996) ** Mike Tramp, Danish rock singer (''White Lion'') *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– Maia Chiburdanidze, Georgian chess player * January 18 ** Peter Beardsley, English footballer ** Mark Messier, Canadian hockey player ** Bob Peterson (filmmaker), Bob Peterson, American animator and voice actor * January 19 – William Ragsdale, American actor * January 22 ** Daniel Johnston, American singer-songwriter, musician and artist (d. 2019) ** Shigeru Nakahara, Japanese voice actor *
January 24 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire duri ...
– Guido Buchwald, German footballer *
January 26 Events Pre-1600 *661 Year 661 ( DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in ...
– Wayne Gretzky, Canadian hockey player * January 27 – Gillian Gilbert, British keyboard player *
January 28 Events Pre-1600 * 98 – On the death of Nerva, Trajan is declared Roman emperor in Cologne, the seat of his government in lower Germany. *814 – The death of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, brings about the accession of h ...
– Arnaldur Indriðason, Icelandic writer * January 29 – Petra Thümer, German swimmer *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 Year 1018 (Roman numerals, MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * January 30 – The Peace of Bautzen: Emp ...
– Dexter King, American social activist, son of Martin Luther King Jr.


February

*
February 1 Events Pre-1600 *1327 Year 1327 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 25 – The 14-year-old Edw ...
– Volker Fried, German field hockey player *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 ( MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . According to the ...
– Jim Balsillie, Canadian CEO and philanthropist *
February 4 This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice). Events Pre–1600 *211 Year 211 ( CCXI) was a common year starting on T ...
– Aleksandr Nikitin (footballer), Aleksandr Nikitin, Russian football coach and player (d. 2021) * February 6 – Yuko Kobayashi, Japanese voice actress * February 7 – Allen West (politician), Allen West, African-American politician *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
– Jussi Lampi, Finnish musician and actor * February 11 – Mary Docter, American speed skater *
February 12 Events Pre-1600 *1404 Year 1404 ( MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took e ...
– David Graeber, American anthropologist, anarchist activist and author (d. 2020) *
February 13 Events Pre-1600 * 962 – Emperor Otto I Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francian king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 un ...
– Henry Rollins, American musician and activist *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year st ...
– Maria do Carmo Silveira, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe *
February 15 Events Pre-1600 *438 Year 438 ( CDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
** Benoît Chamoux, French alpinist (d. 1995) ** Cheam Channy, Cambodian politician (d. 2018) * February 16 – Niko Nirvi, Finnish journalist * February 17 ** Meir Kessler, Israeli rabbi ** Andrey Korotayev, Russian anthropologist, economic historian and sociologist * February 18 – Hironobu Kageyama, Japanese singer * February 19 – Justin Fashanu, English footballer (d. 1998) * February 20 ** Dwayne McDuffie, American writer of comics and television (d. 2011) ** Phil Powers (climber), Phil Powers, American alpinist ** Imogen Stubbs, British actress and playwright * February 21 ** Christopher Atkins, American actor ** Abhijit Banerjee, Indian-born economist, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences ** Geoff Moore, American Christian musician * February 22 – Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist * February 23 – Tatiana Cordero, Ecuadorian feminist activist (d. 2021) *
February 25 Events Pre-1600 * 138 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rh ...
– Davey Allison, American race car driver (d. 1993) * February 27 – James Worthy, American basketball player and analyst * February 28 ** Mark Latham, Australian politician ** Richard Waugh (actor), Richard Waugh, Canadian voice actor


March

*
March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC __NOTOC__ The year 509 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the , run through of the . Beginning with the of ...
– Michael Sundin, English television presenter (d. 1989) *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
** Milorad Mandić, Serbian actor (d. 2016) ** Mary Page Keller, American actress ** John Matteson, Pulitzer Prize-winning American biographer * March 4 ** Ray Mancini, American boxer ** Steven Weber, American actor ** Roger Wessels, South African golfer * March 5 – Charles Poliquin, Canadian strength coach * March 6 – John Blake (American football), John Blake, American football coach (d. 2020) * March 9 ** Mike Leach (American football coach), Mike Leach, American college football coach ** Rick Steiner, American professional wrestler * March 10 ** Mike Bullard (ice hockey), Mike Bullard, American hockey player ** Laurel Clark, American astronaut (d. 2003) ** Mitch Gaylord, American gymnast *
March 11 Events Pre-1600 *222 __NOTOC__ Year 222 ( CCXXII) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decembe ...
– Elias Koteas, Canadian film and television actor * March 14 ** Kim Boyce, American Christian musician ** Gary Dell'Abate, American radio producer ** Marc Koska, English businessman and inventor * March 16 ** Brett Kenny, Australian rugby league player ** Todd McFarlane, Canadian comic book creator and entrepreneur ** Michiru Ōshima, Japanese composer * March 17 ** Umayya Abu-Hanna, Palestine-born Finnish writer and politician ** Alexander Bard, Swedish musician (Army of Lovers) ** Sam Bowie, American basketball player ** Dana Reeve, American actress, singer and activist (d. 2006) ** Casey Siemaszko, American actor * March 21 ** Kassie DePaiva, American actress ** Lothar Matthäus, German footballer * March 22 ** Simon Furman, British comic book writer * March 23 ** Norrie McCathie, Scottish footballer (d. 1996) ** Ali Hewson, Irish activist and businesswoman ** Helmi Johannes, Indonesian television newscaster * March 24 ** Mitsuru Ogata, Japanese voice actor ** Yanis Varoufakis, Greek economist, Greek Finance Minister * March 25 – Reggie Fils-Aimé, American businessman * March 26 – William Hague, former UK Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Foreign Secretary and former Leader of the UK Conservative Party (UK), Conservative Party * March 27 – Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist (B'z) * March 28 – Byron Scott, American basketball player and coach * March 29 ** Amy Sedaris, American actress, comedian and writer ** Gerardo Teissonniere, Puerto Rican pianist * March 30 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999) * March 31 – Gary Winick, American filmmaker (d. 2011)


April

* April 1 ** Susan Boyle, Scottish singer ** Kujira, Japanese voice actress * April 2 – Christopher Meloni, American actor * April 3 ** Elizabeth Gracen, American beauty queen, actress and model ** Eddie Murphy, African-American actor and comedian ** Edward Highmore, English actor * April 5 – Lisa Zane, American actress * April 6 – Gene Eugene, Canadian actor and singer (d. 2000) * April 7 ** DONDI, American graffiti artist (d. 1998) ** Thurl Bailey, American basketball player * April 9 ** Mick Kennedy, Irish footballer (d. 2019) ** April Boy Regino, Filipino musician (d. 2020) * April 10 – Rudy Dhaenens, Belgian road bicycle racer (d. 1998) * April 11 – Vincent Gallo, American actor * April 12 – Lisa Gerrard, Australian musician * April 14 ** Robert Carlyle, Scottish film and television actor ** Neil Dougherty, American basketball coach (d. 2011) ** Humberto Martins, Brazilian actor * April 17 ** Frank J. Christensen, American labor leader ** Boomer Esiason, American football player and color commentator **Greg Gianforte, U.S. Representative from Montana's at large district ** Daphna Kastner, Canadian actress * April 18 – Jane Leeves, English actress * April 20 ** Konstantin Lavronenko, Russian actor ** Don Mattingly, American baseball player * April 21 ** John Jairo Arias Tascón 'Pinina', Colombian criminal (d. 1990) ** Cathy Cavadini, American voice actress * April 22 – Alo Mattiisen, Estonian musician and composer (d. 1996) * April 23 ** Dirk Bach, German actor and comedian (d. 2012) ** George Lopez, American actor and comedian * April 26 ** Mike Francis, Italian singer and composer (d. 2009) ** Anthony Cumia, American radio personality * April 27 – Moana Pozzi, Italian pornographic actress, television personality and politician (d. 1994) * April 28 – Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer * April 29 – Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese voice actor * April 30 – Isiah Thomas, African-American basketball player, coach and team owner


May

* May 1 – Marilyn Milian, American judge * May 2 – Steve James (snooker player), Steve James, English snooker player * May 3 ** Joe Murray (animator), Joe Murray, American animator ** David Vitter, U.S. Senator (R-LA) * May 4 ** Jay Aston, British singer (Bucks Fizz (band), Bucks Fizz) ** Mary Elizabeth McDonough, American actress, producer, director and author * May 5 ** Mike Dunleavy (politician), Mike Dunleavy, American politician and the 12th governor of Alaska. ** Hiroshi Hase, Japanese professional wrestler ** Sarah Zivale, American actress * May 6 ** George Clooney, American actor ** Wally Wingert, American actor and voice actor ** Frans Timmermans, Dutch politician and European Commissioner * May 7 – Robert Spano, American conductor and pianist * May 8 ** Bill de Blasio, 109th Mayor of New York City ** Janet McTeer, British actress ** Akira Taue, Japanese professional wrestler * May 9 ** Rene Capo, American judoka (d. 2009) ** John Corbett, American actor and country music singer * May 10 – Danny Carey, American drummer (Tool (band), Tool, Pigmy Love Circus) * May 11 ** Paul Begala, American political commentator ** Lar Park Lincoln, American actress * May 12 – Billy Duffy, British guitarist (The Cult) * May 13 – Dennis Rodman, American basketball player and actor * May 14 ** Urban Priol, German Kabarett artist and comedian ** Tim Roth, English actor and director * May 16 ** Solveig Dommartin, French actress (d. 2007) ** Kevin McDonald, Canadian actor, voice actor and comedian ** Charles Wright (wrestler), Charles Wright, American professional wrestler * May 17 – Enya, Irish musician * May 18 – Jim Bowden, American baseball executive * May 20 – Clive Allen, British footballer * May 21 – Brent Briscoe, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2017) * May 22 ** Mike Breen, American sports announcer ** Ann Cusack, American actress * May 23 ** Mitar Subotić, Serbian musician and composer (d. 1999) ** Karen Duffy, American actress * May 24 – Ilaria Alpi, Italian journalist (d. 1994) * May 27 – Peri Gilpin, American actress * May 28 – Roland Gift, British singer and musician (Fine Young Cannibals) * May 29 – Melissa Etheridge, American musician * May 30 ** Ralph Carter, American actor ** Harry Enfield, English comedian, actor, writer and director * May 31 ** Ray Cote, Canadian ice hockey player ** Justin Madden, Australian footballer and politician ** Lea Thompson, American actress


June

* June 1 ** Paul Coffey, Canadian hockey player ** Dilipkumar Viraji Thakor, Indian politician * June 2 – Dez Cadena, American musician * June 3 ** Lawrence Lessig, American academic and political activist ** Ed Wynne (guitarist), Ed Wynne, English musician (Ozric Tentacles) * June 4 **El DeBarge, American urban singer; was member of American urban group DeBarge **Sam Harris (singer), Sam Harris, American actor and pop musician * June 5 ** Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (d. 1999) ** Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (d. 2006) ** Rosie Kane, Member of Scottish Parliament * June 6 – Tom Araya, Chilean-born rock musician (Slayer) * June 8 – Katy Garbi, Greek singer * June 9 ** Michael J. Fox, Canadian-American actor, producer and author ** Aaron Sorkin, American screenwriter, producer and playwright * June 10 ** Kim Deal, Kim and Kelley Deal, American musicians ** Maxi Priest, born Max Elliott, British reggae singer * June 12 – Yuri Rozanov, Russian sports TV commentator (d. 2021) * June 14 – Boy George, born George O'Dowd, British singer-songwriter and music producer * June 15 ** Dave McAuley, Northern Irish boxer ** Greg Kouri, Lebanese-Canadian investor, real estate businessman, and co-founder of Zip2 * June 17 ** Muslimgauze, British ethnic electronica and experimental musician (d. 1999) ** Kōichi Yamadera, Japanese voice actor * June 18 ** Sakahoko Nobushige, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2019) ** Andrés Galarraga, Venezuelan baseball player ** Alison Moyet, English singer-songwriter * June 19 – Bidhya Devi Bhandari, 2nd President of Nepal * June 20 – Karin Enke, Karin Kania, German speed skater * June 21 **Iztok Mlakar, Slovenian singer-songwriter and theatre actor **Joko Widodo, 7th President of Indonesia * June 23 ** Zoran Janjetov, Serbian comic artist ** David Leavitt, American novelist * June 24 ** Raja Yong Sofia, Malaysian aristocrat ** Lisa Bevill, American Christian musician ** Iain Glen, Scottish actor ** Curt Smith, British singer and keyboardist * June 25 ** Jamil Khir Baharom, Malaysian politician and former military officer ** Mike Breen, American broadcaster ** Ricky Gervais, English comedian, actor, writer, director, and singer in Seona Dancing * June 26 – Greg LeMond, American cyclist * June 27 ** Tim Whitnall, English playwright, screenwriter and actor ** Meera Syal, British-Indian comedian and actress * June 28 ** Jeff Malone, American basketball player ** Eliezer Melamed, Israeli rabbi * June 29 ** Greg Hetson, American rock guitarist ** Sharon Lawrence, American actress, singer and dancer


July

*
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
** Diana, Princess of Wales, born The Hon. Diana Spencer, English princess consort as first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales (d. 1997) ** Vito Bratta, American rock guitarist ** Ivan Kaye, English actor ** Jefferson King, British bodybuilder and wrestler ** Carl Lewis, American athlete ** Fredy Schmidtke, German track cyclist (d. 2017) ** Michelle Wright, Canadian country music artist * July 2 ** Tetchie Agbayani, Filipina actress ** Jimmy McNichol, American child actor ** Samy Naceri, French actor ** Ram Chiang, Hong Kong actor and singer-composer * July 3 ** Tatiana Aleshina, Russian composer, singer-songwriter, theater artist and poet ** Mosi Alli, Tanzanian sprinter ** Suzanne Dando, English Olympic gymnast ** Joe Moreira, Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioner and mixed martial artist * July 4 ** Charles Hector, Malaysian human rights advocate and activist ** Andrew Zimmern, American television personality (Bizarre Foods) * July 5 – Patrizia Scianca, Italian voice actress * July 6 ** Richard Mofe-Damijo, Nigerian actor ** Rick Price, Australian singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and record producer * July 7 ** Peter Michael Escovedo, American percussionist and musical director ** Eric Jerome Dickey, American writer * July 8 ** Toby Keith, American country music singer ** Olaf Johannessen (actor), Olaf Johannessen, Faroese stage and actor * July 9 – Raymond Cruz, American actor * July 10 ** Jacky Cheung, Hong Kong singer and actor ** Lee Heung-sil, South Korean footballer ** Liyel Imoke, Nigerian politician ** Killion Munyama, Zambian-Polish economist, academic lecturer and politician * July 11 ** João Donizeti Silvestre, Brazilian businessman, historian, biologist and politician ** Ron Luce, American writer ** Ophir Pines-Paz, Israeli politician ** Sylvester Tung Kiem San, Indonesian bishop * July 12 – Mark McGann, English actor, director, writer and musician * July 13 – Stelios Manolas, Greek footballer * July 14 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor * July 15 ** Forest Whitaker, African-American actor and film director ** David Cicilline, American politician * July 16 ** Li Ruiying, Chinese media personality and politician ** Copycat (software)#External links, J. Alan Brogan, Irish programmer * July 17 ** António Costa, Portuguese politician, Prime Minister of Portugal, 119th Prime Minister (2015–present) ** Jeremy Hardy, English comedian (d. 2019) ** Guru (rapper), Guru, American rapper (Gang Starr) (d. 2010) ** Jonathan Potts, Canadian actor ** Zbigniew Zamachowski, Polish actor * July 18 – Elizabeth McGovern, American actress and musician * July 19 ** Noriyuki Abe, Japanese anime director ** Maria Filatova, Soviet gymnast ** Benoît Mariage, Belgian film director ** Lisa Lampanelli, American stand-up comedian, actress and insult comic ** Campbell Scott, American actor, director, producer and voice artist * July 21 ** Kenji Haga, Japanese entertainment talent, actor and businessperson ** Mokgweetsi Masisi, 5th President of Botswana * July 22 ** Masumi Hayashi (murderer), Masumi Hayashi, Japanese serial killer ** Porfirije, Serbian Patriarch, Porfirije, born Prvoslav Perić, Serbian Patriarch ** Irina Rozanova, Russian actress ** Keith Sweat, American singer * July 23 ** Martin Gore, British musician and songwriter ** Milind Gunaji, Indian actor, model, television show host ** Woody Harrelson, American actor and comedian ** David Kaufman (actor), David Kaufman, American actor and voice actor * July 24 – Joseph Kony, Ugandan insurgent, leader of the Lord's Resistance Army * July 25 ** Katherine Kelly Lang, American actress ** Hugo Teufel III, American lawyer and government official, 2nd Chief Privacy Officer, Department of Homeland Security * July 26 ** Raquel Dodge, General Prosecutor of Brazil ** Gary Cherone, American rock singer-songwriter ** David Heyman, English film producer, founder of Heyday Films ** Keiko Matsui, Japanese pianist and composer ** Dimitris Saravakos, Greek footballer * July 27 ** Ed Orgeron, American football coach ** Erez Tal, Israeli television host * July 28 ** Mustafa El Haddaoui, Moroccan footballer ** Aleksandr Kurlovich, Soviet-Belarusian Olympic weightlifter (d. 2018) * July 30 – Laurence Fishburne, African-American actor and film director


August

* August 1 – Danny Blind, Dutch footballer * August 2 – Pete de Freitas, English musician and producer (d. 1989) * August 3 ** Art Porter Jr., American jazz saxophonist (d. 1996) ** Molly Hagan, American actress ** Nick Harvey, English politician * August 4 ** Pumpuang Duangjan, Thai megastar singer and actress (d. 1992) ** Robin Carnahan, Secretary of State of Missouri ** Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States ** Lauren Tom, American actress and voice artist * August 5 ** Mercedes Aráoz, 1st Vice President of Peru ** Janet McTeer, English actress * August 7 ** Ileen Getz, American actress (d. 2005) ** Brian Conley, English actor, comedian, singer and presenter ** Yelena Davydova, Soviet gymnast ** Maggie Wheeler, American actress * August 8 ** The Edge, Irish rock guitarist (U2) ** Bruce Matthews (American football), Bruce Matthews, American football player ** Rikki Rockett, American rock drummer (Poison (American band), Poison) * August 9 **Brad Gilbert, American tennis player **John Key, 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand * August 10 – Beatrice Alda, American actress and filmmaker * August 11 ** Suniel Shetty, Indian actor, producer and entrepreneur ** Jukka Tapanimäki, Finnish game programmer (d. 2000) * August 12 – Lawrence (musician), Lawrence, English musician * August 13 ** Mahesh Anand, Indian actor (d. 2019) ** Koji Kondo, Japanese video game composer (Nintendo) * August 14 – Susan Olsen, American actress * August 15 – Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian actress * August 16 ** Elpidia Carrillo, Mexican-American actress ** Urara Takano, Japanese voice actress * August 17 – Uwe Schmitt, German sprinter and hurdler (d. 1995) * August 18 ** Huw Edwards (journalist), Huw Edwards, BAFTA award-winning Welsh journalist and presenter ** Bob Woodruff, American television journalist and activist * August 19 – Tony Longo, American actor (d.
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light * International Year of Soil __TOC__ Events January * January 1 **The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political union, political and economic union between Russia, ...
) * August 20 ** Plamen Nikolov (footballer born 1961), Plamen Nikolov, Bulgarian footballer ** Linda Manz, American actress (d. 2020) ** Manuel Merino, Peruvian politician, 68th President of Peru * August 21 – Stephen Hillenburg, American marine biologist, cartoonist and animator (d. 2018) * August 22 – Roland Orzabal, British musician and songwriter * August 23 ** Bhupesh Baghel, Indian politician and current Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh ** Alexandre Desplat, French film composer * August 24 – Jared Harris, English actor * August 25 ** Billy Ray Cyrus, American actor and singer ** Benjamin Bwalya, Zambian footballer and coach (d. 1999) * August 27 – Tom Ford, American fashion designer and film director * August 28 ** Jennifer Coolidge, American actress and comedian ** Deepak Tijori, Indian actor and director * August 30 – Brian Mitchell (boxer), Brian Mitchell, South African boxer * August 31 – :ms:Saleem, Saleem, Malaysian singer (d. 2018)


September

* September 1 ** Bam Bam Bigelow, American professional wrestler (d. 2007) ** Boney James, American saxophonist, songwriter and record producer * September 2 ** Eugenio Derbez, Mexican actor, comedian and filmmaker ** Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer ** Ron Wasserman, American composer ** Anthony Wong Chau Sang, Anthony Wong Chau-sang, Hong Kong actor * September 3 ** Andy Griffiths (author), Andy Griffiths, Australian author ** Iwan Fals, Indonesian singer-songwriter ** Yermi Kaplan, Israeli musician * September 5 – Marc-André Hamelin, Canadian pianist and composer * September 6 ** Bruce W. Smith, American animator, director and producer ** Paul Waaktaar-Savoy, Norwegian rock musician and songwriter (A-ha) * September 7 – Kevin Kennedy (actor), Kevin Kennedy, British actor * September 11 ** E. G. Daily, American actress, voice artist and singer ** Virginia Madsen, American actress * September 12 – Mylène Farmer, Canadian singer and songwriter * September 13 – Dave Mustaine, American metal singer, guitarist * September 14 – Martina Gedeck, German actress * September 15 ** Terry Lamb, Australian rugby league player and coach ** Dan Marino, American football player ** Colin McFarlane, English actor and voice actor ** Lidia Yusupova, Chechen human-rights lawyer * September 17 – Jim Cornette, American author and podcaster * September 18 – James Gandolfini, American actor and producer (d. 2013) * September 20 – Lisa Bloom, American lawyer * September 22 ** Bonnie Hunt, American actress, comedian, writer, director and television producer ** Catherine Oxenberg, American actress * September 23 ** Chi McBride, American actor ** William C. McCool, U.S. Army Commander and astronaut (d. 2003) * September 24 ** Fiona Corke, Australian actress ** Michael Tavera, American composer * September 25 ** Heather Locklear, American actress ** Steve Scott (journalist), Steve Scott, British journalist and presenter * September 26 – Wes Hopkins, American football player (d. 2018) * September 27 ** Andy Lau, Hong Kong actor and singer ** Melissa Newman, American artist and singer * September 28 ** Yordanka Donkova, Bulgarian athlete ** Wayne Westner, South African golfer (d. 2017) * September 29 – Julia Gillard, 27th Prime Minister of Australia * September 30 ** Crystal Bernard, American actress and singer ** Gary Coyne, Australian rugby league player ** Eric Stoltz, American actor and director ** Sally Yeh, Hong Kong singer and actress


October

* October 1 ** Gary Ablett, Sr., Gary Ablett, Australian rules footballer ** Rico Constantino, American professional wrestler * October 3 – Ludger Stühlmeyer, German cantor, composer and musicologist * October 4 ** Philippe Russo, French singer ** Jon Secada, Cuban-American singer and songwriter * October 5 – Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner * October 6 – Mark Shasha, American artist, author, illustrator * October 10 – Jodi Benson, American actress and singer * October 11 ** Amr Diab, Egyptian singer ** Steve Young, American football player * October 12 – Diego García (runner), Diego García, Spanish long-distance athlete (d. 2001) * October 13 ** Rachel De Thame, English gardener and television presenter ** Doc Rivers, American basketball player and coach * October 14 ** Jim Burns, British science-fiction illustrator * October 15 – Meera Sanyal, Indian banker (d. 2019) * October 16 ** Scott O'Hara, American pornographic performer, author, poet, editor and publisher (d. 1998) ** Randy Vasquez, American actor ** Paul Vaessen, English footballer (d. 2001) ** Chris Doleman, American football player (d. 2020) ** Kim Wayans, American actress, comedian, producer, writer and director * October 18 ** Wynton Marsalis, African-American trumpeter and composer ** Rick Moody, American writer ** Gladstone Small, Barbadian-English cricketer * October 19 – Cliff Lyons, Australian rugby league player * October 20 ** Les Stroud, Canadian survival expert, filmmaker and musician ** Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress * October 22 ** Todd Oldham, American designer ** Robert Torti, American actor and singer * October 24 – Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist * October 25 ** Ward Burton, American NASCAR driver ** Pat Sharp, British radio DJ and host ** Chad Smith, American musician * October 26 – Dylan McDermott, American actor * October 29 – Randy Jackson (Jacksons singer), Randy Jackson, African-American musician (The Jackson 5) * October 31 ** Alonzo Babers, American runner ** Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director ** Larry Mullen, Jr., Irish rock drummer (U2)


November

* November 1 ** Anne Donovan, American basketball player and coach (d. 2018) ** Heng Swee Keat, Singaporean politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore * November 2 ** Lisa de Cazotte, American soap opera producer (d. 2019) ** k.d. lang, Canadian singer and songwriter * November 3 – David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon * November 4 ** Daron Hagen, American composer ** Dominic Heale, British journalist and newsreader ** Ralph Macchio, American actor ** Jeff Probst, American television personality ** Jerry Sadowitz, American-born British stand-up comic and card magician ** Nigel Worthington, Northern Irish footballer and football manager * November 5 – Alan G. Poindexter, American astronaut (d. 2012) * November 9 ** Jill Dando, British journalist and television presenter (k. 1999) ** Jackie Kay, Scottish poet and novelist * November 12 – Nadia Comăneci, Romanian gymnast * November 14 ** Ben Coleman (basketball), Ben Coleman, American basketball player (d. 2019) ** Jurga Ivanauskaitė, Lithuanian writer (d. 2007) ** D. B. Sweeney, American actor * November 16 ** Andrea Prodan, Scottish-Italian film actor, composer and musician ** Corinne Hermès, French singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1983 winner * November 18 ** Michael Hawley, American academic and artist (d. 2020) ** Steven Moffat, Scottish screenwriter ** Anthony Warlow, Australian singer * November 19 – Meg Ryan, American actress and film director * November 20 – Dave Watson, English footballer * November 21 – Maria Kawamura, Japanese voice actress * November 22 ** Mariel Hemingway, American actress ** Stephen Hough, British-Australian pianist ** Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer * November 24 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer and activist * November 25 – Matthias Freihof, German television actor and director * November 28 – Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer * November 29 ** Kim Delaney, American actress ** Tom Sizemore, American actor


December

* December 3 – Marcelo Fromer, Brazilian guitarist * December 4 ** Roy L. Dennis, disabled American boy (d. 1978) ** Frank Reich, American football player * December 5 ** Alan Davies (footballer), Alan Davies, English-Welsh international footballer (d. 1992) ** Laura Flanders, British born American journalist * December 8 – Ann Coulter, American author, conservative commentator and attorney * December 9 ** Beril Dedeoğlu, Turkish politician and academic (d. 2019) ** David Anthony Higgins, American actor * December 10 ** Pasang Lhamu Sherpa, Nepalese Buddhist (d. 1993) ** Nia Peeples, American actress * December 12 ** Daniel O'Donnell, Irish singer ** Sarah Sutton, British actress * December 13 **Karen Witter, American actress and model **Per Øystein Sørensen, Norwegian lead singer Fra Lippo Lippi * December 15 – Karin Resetarits, Austrian journalist and politician * December 16 ** Bill Hicks, American comedian (d. 1994) ** Jon Tenney, American actor ** Sam Robards, American actor ** Shane Black, American film director * December 19 ** Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate ** Matthew Waterhouse, British actor ** Reggie White, American football player (d. 2004) * December 20 – Mohammad Fouad, Arab singer and actor * December 21 – Francis Ng, Hong Kong actor * December 22 – Kassim Majaliwa, 10th Prime Minister of Tanzania * December 23 – Ezzat el Kamhawi, Egyptian novelist * December 24 ** Ilham Aliyev, 7th Prime Minister of Azerbaijan and 4th President of Azerbaijan ** Wade Williams, American actor * December 25 ** Íngrid Betancourt, Colombian senator ** Ghislaine Maxwell, British socialite ** David Thompson (Barbadian politician), David Thompson, 6th Prime Minister of Barbados (d. 2010) * December 26 – John Lynch (actor), John Lynch, Northern Irish actor * December 27 – Guido Westerwelle, German politician (d. 2016) * December 29 – Jim Reid, Scottish musician * December 30 ** Douglas Coupland, Canadian author ** Bill English, 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand ** Sean Hannity, American radio/television host and conservative commentator ** Ben Johnson (Canadian sprinter), Ben Johnson, Canadian athlete


Deaths


January

*
January 3 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legions on the Rhine refuse to declare their allegiance to Galba Galba (; born Servius Sulpicius Galba; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January AD 69) was a Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of t ...
– Auvergne Doherty, Australian businesswoman (b. 1896) * January 4 – Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887) *
January 8 Events Pre-1600 *307 __NOTOC__ Year 307 ( CCCVII) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week betwee ...
– František Flos, Czech novelist (b. 1864) *
January 9 Events Pre-1600 * 681 – Twelfth Council of ToledoThe Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig. One of its first actions was to release the population from the laws of Wamba and recognise Erwig, a ...
– Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1867) * January 10 – Dashiell Hammett, American writer (b. 1894) * January 13 ** Nino Marchesini, Italian actor (b. 1895) ** Blanche Ring, American singer and actress (b. 1871) * January 14 – Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (b. 1888) *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
Patrice Lumumba Patrice Émery Lumumba (; alternatively styled Patrice Hemery Lumumba; 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Con ...

Patrice Lumumba
, 1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1925) * January 18 – Thomas Anthony Dooley III, physician (b. 1927) * January 21 ** Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (b. 1887) ** John J. Becker, American composer and pianist (b. 1886) *
January 24 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire duri ...
– Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884) *
January 26 Events Pre-1600 *661 Year 661 ( DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in ...
– Stan Nichols, English cricketer (b. 1900) * January 29 – Jesse Wallace, American naval officer, 29th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1899) *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 Year 1018 (Roman numerals, MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * January 30 – The Peace of Bautzen: Emp ...
– Dorothy Thompson, American journalist (b. 1893)


February

* February 2 – Anna May Wong, Chinese-American actress (b. 1905) *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 ( MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . According to the ...
– William Morrison, 1st Viscount Dunrossil, Viscount Dunrossil, Australian Governor-General (b. 1893) *
February 4 This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice). Events Pre–1600 *211 Year 211 ( CCXI) was a common year starting on T ...
** Hazel Heald, American writer (b. 1896) ** Philip Game, Sir Philip Game, British army officer, colonial governor and police officer (b. 1876) * February 6 – Lawrence Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland, British politician (b. 1876) * February 7 – William Duncan (actor), William Duncan, American actor (b. 1879) *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
– Carlos Luz, Brazilian politician, 19th President of Brazil (b. 1894) *
February 12 Events Pre-1600 *1404 Year 1404 ( MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took e ...
– Richmond K. Turner, American admiral (b. 1885) *
February 13 Events Pre-1600 * 962 – Emperor Otto I Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francian king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 un ...
– Arthur Ripley, American film director (b. 1897) *
February 15 Events Pre-1600 *438 Year 438 ( CDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
– Laurence Owen, American figure skater (b. 1944) * February 16 – Dazzy Vance, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1891) * February 17 ** Horatio Pettus Mackintosh Berney-Ficklin, Horatio Berney-Filkin, British army general (b. 1892) ** Nita Naldi, American actress (b. 1894) * February 20 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (b. 1882) * February 22 ** George de Cuevas, Chilean-American ballet impresario and choreographer (b. 1885) ** Nick LaRocca, American jazz musician (b. 1889) *
February 26 Events Pre-1600 *740s BC, 747 BC – Epoch (reference date), Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era. *364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman emperor. *1266 – Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles I of Naples, Charles ...
** Karl Albiker, German sculptor (b. 1878) ** Uberto De Morpurgo, Italian tennis player (b. 1896) ** King Mohammed V of Morocco (b. 1909) * February 28 – Aaron S. Merrill, Aaron S. "Tip" Merrill, American admiral (b. 1890)


March

*
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
– Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887) * March 6 – George Formby, British singer, comedian & actor (b. 1904) *
March 8 Events Pre-1600 *1010 Year 1010 (Roman numerals, MX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Africa * The Nile, Nile River in Egypt freezes over. Asia ...
** Sir Thomas Beecham, English conductor (b. 1879) ** Gala Galaction, Romanian writer (b. 1879) * March 12 ** Victor d'Arcy, British Olympic athlete (b. 1887) ** Belinda Lee, English actress (b. 1935) * March 17 – Susanna M. Salter, first woman mayor in the United States (b. 1860) * March 22 – Nikolai Massalitinov, Soviet-born Bulgarian actor (b. 1880) * March 23 – Valentin Bondarenko, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1937) * March 25 – Arthur Drewry, English administrator, 5th President of FIFA (b. 1891) * March 26 – Carlos Duarte Costa, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop and saint, founder of the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church (b. 1888)


April

* April 2 – Wallingford Riegger, American music composer (b. 1885) * April 3 – Eliseo Mouriño, Argentine footballer (b. 1927) * April 6 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist and microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1870) * April 7 ** Vanessa Bell, English artist and interior designer (b. 1879) ** Jesús Guridi, Spanish Basque composer (b. 1886) ** Marian Driscoll Jordan, American actress and radio personality (b. 1898) * April 9 – Ahmet Zog/Zog I of Albania, Zog I, Skanderberg III, Albanian political leader, 11th Prime Minister of Albania, 7th President of Albania and King of Albania (b. 1895) * April 10 – John Hope Simpson, Sir John Hope Simpson, British politician (b. 1868) * April 11 – Padma Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, 16th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1882) * April 12 ** Mbarek Bekkay, 1st Prime Minister of Morocco (b. 1907) ** Aziz Ezzat Pasha, Egyptian politician (b. 1869) * April 19 – Manuel Quiroga (violinist), Manuel Quiroga, Spanish violinist (b. 1892) * April 21 – James Melton, American tenor (b. 1904) * April 24 – Lee Moran, American actor (b. 1888) * April 25 ** Robert Garrett, American Olympic athlete (b. 1875) ** George Melford, American actor (b. 1877) * April 27 ** Roy Del Ruth, American film director (b. 1893) ** Minoru Sasaki, Japanese general (b. 1893) * April 30 ** Dickie Dale, English motorcycle road racer (b. 1927) ** Jessie Redmon Fauset, American editor, writer and educator (b. 1882)


May

* May 3 ** Lajos Dinnyés, 41st Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1901) ** Maurice Merleau-Ponty, French phenomenological philosopher (b. 1908) * May 6 – Lucian Blaga, Romanian poet and philosopher (b. 1895) * May 13 – Gary Cooper, American actor, better known for his role in ''High Noon'' (b. 1901) * May 14 – Albert Sévigny, Canadian politician (b.
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
) * May 16 – George A. Malcolm, American jurist & educator (b.
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
) * May 22 – Joan Davis, American actress (b. 1912) * May 30 – Rafael Trujillo, Dominican politician and soldier, 2-time President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1891) * May 31 – Walter Little (politician), Walter Little, Canadian politician (b. 1877)


June

* June 2 – George S. Kaufman, American playwright (b. 1889) * June 6 – Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1875) * June 9 – Camille Guérin, French bacteriologist and immunologist (b. 1872) * June 14 – Eddie Polo, Austrian-American actor (b. 1875) * June 15 – Peyami Safa, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1899) * June 16 – Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (b. 1904) * June 17 ** Jeff Chandler (actor), Jeff Chandler, American actor (b. 1918) ** Thomas Darden, American Rear admiral (United States), Rear admiral, 37th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1900) * June 18 – Eddie Gaedel, American with dwarfism (b. 1925) * June 23 – Nikolai Malko, Soviet conductor (b. 1883) * June 24 ** William J. Connors, American politician (b. 1891) ** George Washington Vanderbilt III, American philanthropist (b. 1914) * June 25 – John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, John A D McCurdy, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia & pilot (b. 1886) * June 27 ** Paul Guilfoyle (actor, born 1902), Paul Guilfoyle, American actor (b. 1902) ** Mukhtar Auezov, Kazakh writer (b. 1897) * June 30 – Lee de Forest, American inventor (b. 1873)


July

*
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
** Nasuhi al-Bukhari, Syrian soldier and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Syria (b.
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
) ** Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894) * July 2 – Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (suicide) (b. 1899) * July 4 – Franklyn Farnum, American actor (b. 1878) * July 6 ** Konstantinos Logothetopoulos, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1878) ** Woodall Rodgers, American politician, 43rd Mayor of Dallas (b. 1890) * July 9 – Whittaker Chambers, American spy and witness in Alger Hiss, Hiss case (b. 1901) * July 15 – Nina Bari, Russian mathematician (b. 1901) * July 17 – Ty Cobb, American baseball player and a member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Baseball Hall of Fame (b. 1886) * July 23 ** Esther Dale, American actress (b. 1885) ** Valentine Davies, American screenwriter (b. 1905) ** Shigeko Higashikuni, Princess Teru of Japan (b. 1925) * July 28 – Harry Gribbon, American actor of silent films (b. 1885)


August

* August 1 – Domingo Pérez Cáceres, Spanish Roman Catholic priest and saint (b. 1892) * August 4 ** Zoltán Tildy, 39th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1889) ** Maurice Tourneur, French film director (b. 1873) * August 5 – Sidney Holland, New Zealand politician, 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1893) * August 8 – Mei Lanfang, Beijing opera star (b. 1894) * August 9 – Walter Bedell Smith, American general and diplomat (b. 1895) * August 11 – William Jackson (gangster), William Jackson, American gangster (b. 1920) * August 14 ** Henri Breuil, French priest, archaeologist, anthropologist and ethnologist (b. 1877) ** Clark Ashton Smith, American writer and sculptor (b. 1893) * August 20 – Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882) * August 23 ** Gotthard Sachsenberg, German World War I naval aviator and fighter ace (b. 1891) ** Beals Wright, American tennis player (b. 1879) * August 26 ** Howard P. Robertson, American physicist (b. 1903) ** Gail Russell, American actress (b. 1924) * August 30 ** Charles Coburn, American actor (b. 1877) ** Cristóbal de Losada y Puga, Peruvian mathematician and mining engineer (b. 1894)


September

* September 1 – Eero Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1910) * September 3 ** Richard Mason (explorer), Richard Mason, British explorer (b. 1934) * September 4 – Charles D.B. King, President of Liberia from 1920 to 1930 (b. 1875) * September 7 – Pieter Gerbrandy, Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1940 to 1945 (b. 1885) * September 16 ** Percy Chapman, English cricketer (b. 1900) ** Hasan Fehmi (Ataç), Hasan Fehmi, Turkish politician (b. 1879) * September 17 ** Miguel Gómez Bao, Spanish-born Argentine actor (b. 1894) ** Adnan Menderes, Turkish statesman, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (executed) (b. 1899) * September 18 – Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish diplomat, politician and author, 2nd Secretary General of the United Nations, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1905) * September 21 – Georgia Ann Robinson, community worker and first African Americans, African American woman to be appointed a Los Angeles police officer (b. 1879) * September 22 – Marion Davies, American actress (b. 1897) * September 23 – Elmer Diktonius, Finnish poet and composer (b. 1896) * September 24 – Sumner Welles, American diplomat (b. 1892) * September 26 ** Robert L. Eichelberger, American general (b. 1886) ** Juanita Hansen, American actress (b. 1895) * September 27 – H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), American poet and novelist (b. 1886)


October

* October 1 – Donald Cook (actor), Donald Cook, American actor (b. 1901) * October 2 – Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (b.
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
) * October 4 ** Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Benjamin, Soviet Orthodoxy, Orthodox missionary and writer, Exarch of Russian Orthodox Church, Russian Church in North America (b. 1880) ** Max Weber (artist), Max Weber, Polish-American artist (b.
1881 Events January–March * January 1–January 24, 24 – Siege of Geok Tepe: Russian troops under General Mikhail Skobelev defeat the Turkmen people, Turkomans. * January 13 – War of the Pacific – Battle of San Juan ...
) * October 11 ** Lucy Tayiah Eads, Kaw tribal chief (b. 1888) ** Chico Marx, American comedian (b. 1887) * October 13 ** Louis Rwagasore, 2nd Prime Minister of Burundi (assassinated) (b. 1932) ** Maya Deren, Russian-born filmmaker (b. 1917) ** Zoltán Korda, Hungarian screenwriter and director (b. 1895) ** Dun Karm Psaila, Maltese writer (b. 1871) * October 14 ** Paul Ramadier, French politician, 63rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1888) ** Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876) * October 19 ** Şemsettin Günaltay, Turkish historian and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1883) ** Sergio Osmeña, Filipino politician, 4th President of the Philippines (b. 1878) * October 21 – Karl Korsch, German Marxist theoretician (b. 1886) * October 22 ** Joseph Schenck, Russian-born film studio executive (b. 1878) ** Aloys Van de Vyvere, 25th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1871) * October 26 – Milan Stojadinović, 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1888) * October 30 – Luigi Einaudi, Italian economist and politician, 2nd President of Italy (b. 1874)


November

* November 1 – Mordecai Ham, American evangelist (b. 1877) * November 2 ** James Thurber, American humorist (b. 1894) ** Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa I, 12th Hakim of Bahrain (b. 1894) * November 3 – Thomas Flynn (bishop of Lancaster), Thomas Flynn, British Roman Catholic prelate and reverend (b. 1880) * November 9 – Ferdinand Bie, Norwegian Olympic athlete (b. 1888) * November 15 ** Elsie Ferguson, American actress (b. 1883) ** Johanna Westerdijk, Dutch plant pathologist (b. 1883) * November 16 – Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1882) * November 22 – Anselmo Alliegro y Milá, Cuban politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Cuba, leader of World War II (b. 1899) * November 24 – Ruth Chatterton, American actress, novelist, and aviator (b. 1892) * November 25 – Adelina de Lara, British composer (b. 1872) * November 30 ** Anna Gould, American heiress and socialite; daughter of financier Jay Gould (b. 1875) ** Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, German scientist (b. 1899)


December

* December 2 – Herbert Pitman, British sailor, third officer of the (b. 1877) * December 3 – Pat O'Hara Wood, Australian tennis player (b. 1891) * December 6 – Frantz Fanon, Caribbean philosopher (b. 1925) * December 10 – Elwyn Welch, New Zealand farmer, ornithologist, conservationist and Open Brethren missionary (b. 1925) * December 13 – Anna Mary Robertson Moses aka Grandma Moses, American naïve painter (b. 1860) * December 15 – Gioacchino Failla, Italian-born American physicist (b. 1891) * December 20 ** Moss Hart, American dramatist (b. 1904) ** Earle Page, Australian politician, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1880) * December 23 – Kurt Meyer, German ''Generalmajor der Waffen-SS'' and war criminal (b. 1910) * December 25 – Otto Loewi, German-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873) * December 27 – Bernard McConville, American screenwriter (b. 1887) * December 28 – Edith Wilson, First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921 (b. 1872) * December 29 ** Anton Flettner, German aviation engineer and inventor (b. 1885) ** Sibyl Morrison, first female barrister in New South Wales, Australia (b. 1895)


Date unknown

* Constantin Constantinescu-Claps, Romanian general (b. 1884)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf Mössbauer * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – Melvin Calvin * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – Georg von Békésy * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Ivo Andrić * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – Dag Hammarskjöld (posthumously)


See also

* Upside down year


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:1961 1961,