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January

*
January 3 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legions on the Rhine refuse to declare their allegiance to Galba Galba (; born Servius Sulpicius Galba; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January AD 69) was a Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of t ...
José Ramón Guizado becomes president of
Panama Panama ( , ; es, link=no, Panamá ), officially the Republic of Panama ( es, República de Panamá), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several ...

Panama
. *
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
– The Strömsund Bridge in
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that ...

Sweden
is completed, being the first significant
cable-stayed bridge A cable-stayed bridge has one or more ''towers'' (or ''pylons''), from which cable Cable may refer to: Mechanical * Nautical cable A nautical cable is a band of tightly woven and clamped ropes, of a defined cable length, used during the ag ...

cable-stayed bridge
of the modern era. *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
Marian Anderson Marian Anderson (February 27, 1897April 8, 1993) was an American contralto. She performed a wide range of music, from opera to Spiritual (music), spirituals. Anderson performed with renowned orchestras in major concert and recital venues throu ...

Marian Anderson
is the first
African-American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...
singer to perform at the
Metropolitan Opera The Metropolitan Opera (commonly known as the Met) is an American opera company based in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, ent ...

Metropolitan Opera
in New York City. *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– , the first
nuclear-powered Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reaction In nuclear physics Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions. Other forms of nuclear matter are also studied. Nuclear physics sh ...
submarine, puts to sea for the first time, from
Groton, Connecticut Groton is a town in New London County, Connecticut New London County is in the southeastern corner of Connecticut Connecticut () is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the h ...
. *
January 18 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
20
Battle of Yijiangshan Islands The Battle of Yijiangshan Islands () was a conflict between forces of the National Revolutionary Army The National Revolutionary Army (NRA; ), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army () before 1928, and as National Army () after 1928, was ...
: The Chinese Communist
People's Liberation Army The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between St ...
seizes the islands from the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the sout ...

Republic of China
(Taiwan). *
January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that conta ...
– In the United States,
The Pentagon The Pentagon is the headquarters Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated. In the United States The United States of America ...
announces a plan to develop
intercontinental ballistic missile An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a missile In military terminology, a missile is a guided airborne ranged weapon . English longbowmen figure prominently in the foreground at right where they drive away the French crossbow ...
s (ICBMs), armed with
nuclear weapon A nuclear weapon (also known as an atom bomb, atomic bomb, nuclear bomb or nuclear warhead, and colloquially as an A-bomb or nuke) is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reaction In nuclear physics Nucl ...
s. *
January 23 Events Pre-1600 * 393 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the ...
– The
Sutton Coldfield rail crash The Sutton Coldfield train crash took place at about 16:13 on 23 January 1955 in Sutton Coldfield Sutton Coldfield or the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield known locally as Sutton ( ), is a civil parish and large town in Birmingham, England. ...
kills 17, near Birmingham, England. *
January 25 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ru ...
– The
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (russian: Президиум Верховного Совета, Prezidium Verkhovnogo Soveta) was a body of in the (USSR).Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
announces the end of the war between the USSR and Germany, which began during World War II in
1941 Events Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix. January * January–August – In the first phase of mass killings under the Action T4 program, 10,072 men, women and children with mental and physical disabilities are ...
. *
January 28 Events Pre-1600 * 98 – On the death of Nerva, Trajan is declared Roman emperor in Cologne, the seat of his government in lower Germany. *814 – The death of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, brings about the accession of h ...
– The
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
authorizes President
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
to use force to protect
Formosa , t2 = , s2 = , l2 = beautiful island , bpmf2 = ㄈㄨˊ ㄦˇ ㄇㄛˊ ㄕㄚ , w2 = Fu²-êr³-mo²-sha¹ , p2 = Fúĕrmóshā , tp2 = Fúĕrmósha , mps2 = Fúĕrmóshā , gr2 = Fwu'eelmosha , poj = Tâi-oân , tl = Tâi-uân , h = Thòi-và ...

Formosa
from the People's Republic of China.


February

*
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
Apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

Apartheid
in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
: 60,000 non-white residents of the
Sophiatown Sophiatown , also known as Sof'town or Kofifi, is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. Sophiatown was a legendary black cultural hub that was destroyed under apartheid Apartheid (: ; , segregation; lit. "aparthood") was a ...
suburb of Johannesburg are forcibly evicted. *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * – : to the Mongols, bringing the to an end. * – In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in , murders , sparking the revolution in the . * – The breaks out in , England, leaving 63 scholars and pe ...
– The
United States Seventh Fleet The Seventh Fleet is a numbered fleet of the United States Navy. It is headquartered at U.S. Fleet Activities Yokosuka, in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is part of the United States Pacific Fleet. At present, it is the largest of t ...
helps the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the sout ...

Republic of China
evacuate the
Chinese Nationalist The Kuomintang (KMT) () is a major political party in Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Ja ...
army and residents from the
Tachen Islands The Dachen Islands, Tachen Islands or Tachens () are a group of islands off the coast of Taizhou, Zhejiang, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China, in the East China Sea. They are administered by the Jiaojiang District of Taizhou. Before the First Taiwan Strait ...
to
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
. *
February 16 Events Pre-1600 * 1249 – André de Longjumeau, Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire. *1270 – Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in ...
– Nearly 100 die in a fire at a home for the elderly in
Yokohama is the second-largest city in Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an in . It is situated in the northwest , and is bordered on the west by the , while extending from the in the north toward the and in the south. Ja ...

Yokohama
, Japan. *
February 19 Events Pre-1600 * 197 – Emperor Septimius Severus defeats Roman usurper, usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies. *356 – The anti-paganism policy of Constantius II forbids the wo ...
– The
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was an international organization ''International Organization'' is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the entire field of international relations, international affairs. It was ...
(SEATO) is established, at a meeting in
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern ...

Bangkok
. *
February 22 Events Pre-1600 *1316 Year 1316 ( MCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday 1 January, and ends on Friday 31 December. Its ...
– In Chicago's Democratic primary, Mayor Martin H. Kennelly loses to the head of the Cook County Democratic Party,
Richard J. Daley Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was an American politician who served as the Mayor of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , ...

Richard J. Daley
, 364,839 to 264,077. *
February 24 Events Pre-1600 *484 __NOTOC__ Year 484 ( CDLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calend ...
– The
Baghdad Pact The Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO), originally known as the Baghdad Pact or the Middle East Treaty Organisation (METO), was a military alliance of the Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Un ...
(CENTO), originally known as Middle East Treaty Organization (METO), is signed between Iraq and Turkey.


March

*
March 2 Events Pre-1600 * 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
**
Claudette Colvin Claudette Colvin (born Claudette Austin, September 5, 1939) is a pioneer of the civil rights movement, 1950s civil rights movement and retired nurse aide. On March 2, 1955, she was arrested at the age of 15 in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to ...

Claudette Colvin
, a 15-year-old
African-American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...
girl, refuses to give up her seat on a bus in
Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as i ...
, to a white woman after the driver demands it. She is carried off the bus backwards, while being kicked, handcuffed and harassed on the way to the police station. She becomes a plaintiff in '' Browder v. Gayle'' (1956), which rules bus segregation to be unconstitutional. ** Serious floods occur in Australia. *
March 5 Events Pre-1600 * 363 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout hist ...
**
WBBJ-TV WBBJ-TV, virtual channel 7 (ultra high frequency, UHF digital terrestrial television, digital channel 35), is a dual American Broadcasting Company, ABC/CBS-network affiliate, affiliated television station city of license, licensed to Jackson, Tenn ...
signs on the air in
Jackson, Tennessee Jackson is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administr ...
, with WDXI as its initial call-letters, to expand American commercial television in mostly rural areas. **
Elvis Presley Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor. Dubbed the " King of Rock and Roll", he is regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century. His energized interpreta ...

Elvis Presley
makes his television debut on "Louisiana Hayride", carried by KSLA-TV Shreveport in the United States. *
March 7 Events Pre-1600 *161 – Marcus Aurelius and L. Commodus (who changes his name to Lucius Verus) become joint emperors of Rome on the death of Antoninus Pius. *1138 – Konrad III, Konrad III von Hohenstaufen was elected king of Germany ...
– The
Broadway musical Broadway theatre,Although ''theater'' is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences Despite the various English dialects spoken from country to country and within differen ...
version of ''
Peter Pan Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. A free-spirited and mischievous young boy who can fly and never grows up, Peter Pan spends his never-ending childhood having adventures on the mythi ...
'', which had opened in
1954 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day ...
starring
Mary Martin Mary Virginia Martin (December 1, 1913 – November 3, 1990) was an American actress and singer. A muse In ancient Greek religion Ancient Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs, rituals, and Greek mythology, mythology originat ...

Mary Martin
, is presented on television for the first time by
NBC The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), c ...
-TV, with its original cast, as an installment of ''
Producers' Showcase ''Producers' Showcase'' is an American anthology television series that was telecast live during the 1950s in compatible color by NBC The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English-language commercial terrestrial radio ...
''. It is also the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV, almost exactly as it was performed on stage. This program gains the largest viewership of a TV special up to this time, and it becomes one of the first great TV family musical classics. *
March 17 Events Pre-1600 *45 BC __NOTOC__ Year 45 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a c ...
Richard Riot The Richard Riot was a riot on March 17, 1955 ( Saint Patrick's Day), in Montreal Montreal ( ; officially Montréal, , Tio'tia:ke in Mohawk language, Mohawk) is the List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, second-most ...
in
Montreal Montreal ( ; officially Montréal, ) is the second-most populous city in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of . Its extend from the to the and northward into the , covering , making it the world's . Its southern and w ...

Montreal
: 6,000 people protest the
suspension Suspension or suspended may refer to: Science and engineering * Suspension (topology), in mathematics * Suspension (dynamical systems), in mathematics * Suspension of a ring, in mathematics * Suspension (chemistry), small solid particles suspende ...
of
French Canadian French Canadians (referred to as Canadiens mainly before the twentieth century ; french: Canadiens français, ; feminine form: , ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of p ...
ice hockey Ice hockey is a contact Contact may refer to: Interaction Physical interaction * Contact (geology)A geological contact is a boundary which separates one rock body from another. A contact can be formed during deposition, by the intrusio ...

ice hockey
star
Maurice Richard Joseph Henri Maurice "Rocket" Richard (; ; August 4, 1921 – May 27, 2000) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Montreal Canadiens. He was the first player in NHL hist ...
of the
Montreal Canadiens The Montreal CanadiensEven in English, the French spelling is always used instead of ''Canadians''. The French spelling of ''Montréal'' is also sometimes used in the English media. (french: link=no, Les Canadiens de Montréal), officially ' ...

Montreal Canadiens
by the
National Hockey League The National Hockey League (NHL; french: Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey sports league, league in North America comprising 32 teams—25 in the United States and 7 in Canada. It is considered to be the premier pr ...
, following a violent incident during a match. *
March 19 Sometimes the March equinox The March equinox or northward equinox is the equinox An equinox is the instant of time when the plane of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to ha ...
KXTV KXTV, virtual and VHF Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency Radio frequency (RF) is the oscillation rate of an Alternating_current, alternating electric current or voltage or of a Magnetic_fie ...
signs on the air in
Sacramento, California ) , image_map = Sacramento County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Sacramento Highlighted.svg , mapsize = 250x200px , map_caption = Location within Sacramento ...

Sacramento, California
, as the 100th commercial television station in the United States. *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
– The movie adaptation of
Evan Hunter Evan Hunter (October 15, 1926 – July 6, 2005) was an American author and screenwriter who also wrote under a number of pen names, most notably Ed McBain, used for most of his crime fiction. Born Salvatore Albert Lombino, he legally adopted ...
's novel ''
Blackboard Jungle ''Blackboard Jungle'' is a 1955 social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, and whether the exchange is voluntary/involuntary. ...
'' premieres in the United States, featuring the famous single "
Rock Around the Clock "Rock Around the Clock" is a rock and roll Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll, rock 'n' roll, or rock 'n roll) is a genre of popular music Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audience ...

Rock Around the Clock
" by
Bill Haley & His Comets Bill Haley & His Comets were an American rock and roll band, founded in 1952 and continued until Haley's death in 1981. The band was also known as Bill Haley and the Comets and Bill Haley's Comets (and variations thereof). From late 1954 to lat ...
. Teenagers jump from their seats to dance to the song.


April

*
April 1 It is the first day of the second quarter of the year, and the midway point of the first half of the year. Events * 33 – According to one historian's account, Jesus Christ Jesus, likely from he, יֵשׁוּעַ, translit=Yē ...

April 1
EOKA The Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (EOKA; ; el, Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, lit=National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist paramilitary organisation that fought a campaig ...
starts a terrorist campaign against British rule in the
Crown colony A Crown colony or royal colony was a colony In political science, a colony is a territory subject to a form of foreign rule. Though dominated by the foreign colonizers, colonies remain separate from the administration of the original coun ...
of
Cyprus Cyprus ; tr, Kıbrıs (), officially called the Republic of Cyprus,, , lit: Republic of Cyprus is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or poli ...

Cyprus
. *
April 5 Events * 823 – Lothair I Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''f ...
**
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The hea ...

Winston Churchill
resigns as
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the Executive (government), executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a ...
, due to ill-health, at the age of 80. **
Richard J. Daley Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was an American politician who served as the Mayor of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , ...

Richard J. Daley
defeats Robert Merrian to become Mayor of Chicago, by a vote of 708,222 to 581,555. *
April 6 Events *46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger, Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) at the Battle of Thapsus. * 402 – Stilicho defeats the Visi ...
Anthony Eden Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977), was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either the ...

Anthony Eden
becomes
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the Executive (government), executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a ...
. *
April 10 Events * 428 __NOTOC__ Year 428 ( CDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday A leap year starting on Sunday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its ...
– In the American
National Basketball Association The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a professional basketball sports league, league in North America. The league is composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada) and is one of the four major professional sports leagu ...
championship, the
Syracuse Nationals The Philadelphia 76ers (colloquially known as the Sixers) are an American professional basketball Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court A court ...
defeat the
Fort Wayne Pistons A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is derived from Latin ''fortis'' ("strong") and ''facere'' ( ...
92–91 in Game 7, to win the title. *
April 11 Events * 491 __NOTOC__ Year 491 ( CDXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or ...
** The
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
ese
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Taiwan, Republic of China, initially Republic of China (1912–1949), on the Mainland China, Chinese mainland and ...
put a time-bomb on the airplane ''
Kashmir Princess The ''Kashmir Princess'' was a chartered Lockheed L-749A Constellation aircraft owned by Air India. On 11 April 1955, it was damaged in midair by a bomb explosion and crashed into the South China Sea The South China Sea is a marginal se ...
'', killing 16 but failing to assassinate the People's Republic of China leader,
Zhou Enlai Zhou Enlai (; 5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China The premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, abbreviated to Premier, sometimes also referred to informally as ...

Zhou Enlai
. **
Taekwondo ''Taekwondo'', ''Tae Kwon Do'' or ''Taekwon-Do'' (; ko, 태권도/跆拳道 ) is a Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean langua ...

Taekwondo
, a famous form of
Korean martial arts Korean martial arts (Hangul The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, . Hangul may also be written as following South Korea's . in and Chosŏn'gŭl in , is a writing system for the created by King in 1443. The letters for the five basic ...
, is officially recognized in South Korea. *
April 12 Events * 240 – Shapur I Shapur I (also spelled Shabuhr I; pal, 𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩, Šābuhr ) was the second of . The dating of his reign is disputed, but it is generally agreed that he ruled from 240 to 270, with his ...
– The Salk polio vaccine, having passed large-scale trials earlier in the United States, receives full approval by the
Food and Drug Administration The United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, st ...
. *
April 14 Events *43 BC __NOTOC__ Year 43 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year tha ...
– The
Detroit Red Wings The Detroit Red Wings are a professional ice hockey team based in Detroit. The Red Wings compete in the National Hockey League (NHL) as a member of the Atlantic Division (NHL), Atlantic Division in the Eastern Conference (NHL), Eastern Conference ...
win the
Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (french: La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League The National Hockey League (NHL; french: Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey sports league, le ...

Stanley Cup
in North American ice hockey for the 7th time in franchise history, but will not win again until
1997
1997
. *
April 15 Events * 769 __NOTOC__ Year 769 ( DCCLXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 769 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the An ...
Ray Kroc Raymond Albert Kroc (October 5, 1902 – January 14, 1984) was an American businessman. He joined the California company McDonald's in 1954, after the Richard and Maurice McDonald, McDonald brothers had franchised nine locations out from thei ...
opens his first
McDonald's McDonald's is an American fast food Fast food is a type of Mass production, mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority placed on "speed of service" versus other relevant factors involved in food scie ...

McDonald's
, in
Des Plaines, Illinois Des Plaines is a city in Cook County, Illinois Illinois ( ) is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States. It has the List of U.S. states and territories by GDP, fifth largest gross dome ...
. *
April 16 Events *AD 73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Roman Empire, Romans after several months of siege, ending the First Jewish–Roman War. *1346 – Stefan Dušan, "the Mighty", is crowned Emperor of the Serbs at Skopje, Serbian ...
– The
Burma Myanmar (; my, မြန်မာ ) or Burma ( my, ဗမာ ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos a ...

Burma
-Japan Peace Treaty, signed in
Rangoon , other_name = Rangoon , settlement_type = Metropolitan City in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a count ...
on
November 5 Events Pre-1600 *1138 Year 1138 ( MCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
,
1954 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day ...
, comes into effect, formally ending a state of war between the two countries. *
April 17 Events *1080 – Harald III of Denmark dies and is succeeded by Canute IV of Denmark, Canute IV, who would later be the first Dane to be canonization, canonized. *1349 – The rule of the Bavand dynasty in Mazandaran is brought to an ...
Imre Nagy Imre Nagy (; 7 June 1896 – 16 June 1958) was a Hungarian communist Communism (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally ...
, the communist Premier of Hungary, is ousted for being too moderate. *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
24 – The
Asian-African Conference The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference ( id, Konferensi Asia-Afrika)—was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on 18–24 ...
is held in
Bandung Bandung () is the capital of West Java West Java ( id, Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 administrative division, administrative division of Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government ...

Bandung
, Indonesia.


May

*
May 5 This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox). Events Pre-1600 * – The begins. * – Rebel barons renounce their al ...
West Germany West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; german: Bundesrepublik Deutschland , BRD) between its formation on 23 May 1949 and the German reunification German reunification (german: Deutsche Wieder ...
becomes a sovereign country, recognized by important Western countries such as France, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. *
May 6 Events Pre-1600 * – Spanish and German troops ; many scholars consider this the end of the . * – The commences, in which forces attempt to retake the city of from the Spanish. * – King orders be placed in every church. I ...

May 6
– The
Western European Union The Western European Union (WEU; french: Union de l'Europe occidentale, ''UEO''; german: Westeuropäische Union, ''WEU'') was the international organisation and military alliance that succeeded the Western Union The Western Union Company is an ...
Charter becomes effective. *
May 7 Events Pre-1600 * 351 – The Jewish revolt against Constantius Gallus In 351–352 the Jews of Roman Palaestina revolted against the rule of Constantius Gallus, brother-in-law of Emperor Constantius II Flavius Julius Constantius ( ...
Newcastle United F.C. Newcastle United Football Club is an English professional football Football is a family of team sport A team is a [group (disambiguation), group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal. As defined ...
in England win their fourth (and, final) Football League First Division title. * May 9 ** West Germany joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). ** A young Jim Henson introduces the earliest version of Kermit the Frog (made in March), in the premiere of his puppet show ''
Sam and Friends ''Sam and Friends'' is an American live-action Live action (or live-action) is a form of cinematography Cinematography (from ancient Greek κίνημα, ''kìnema'' "movement" and γράφειν, ''gràphein'' "to write") is the art of F ...
'', on
WRC-TV WRC-TV, virtual channel In most telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over , radio, , or other systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over ...

WRC-TV
in
Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk within the National Mall The National Mall is a Landscape architecture, landscaped ...
*
May 11 Events Pre-1600 * 330 – Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Sc ...
Japanese National Railways The ,Nihon/Nippon: Several dictionaries list JNR as "Nihon..." while calling Bank of Japan as "Nippon...." abbreviated JNR or , was the business entity that operated Japan's national railway network from 1949 to 1987. Network Railways As of Ju ...
' ferry ''Shiun Maru'' sinks after collision with sister ship ''Uko Maru'', in thick fog off Takamatsu, Shikoku, in the
Seto Inland Sea The , sometimes shortened to the Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū , historically called , is the largest and most populous main island of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag ...

Seto Inland Sea
of Japan; 166 passengers (many children) and 2 crew members are killed. This event is influential in plans to construct the
Akashi Kaikyō Bridge The is a suspension bridge A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. The first modern examples of this type of bridge were built in the ear ...
(built 1986-98). *
May 12 Events Pre-1600 * 254 Year 254 ( CCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year th ...
– New York's Third Avenue Elevated runs its last train between Chatham Square in Manhattan and East 149th Street in the Bronx, thus ending elevated train service in
Manhattan Manhattan (), known regionally as ''The City'', is the most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs 5 is a number, numeral, and glyph. 5, five or number 5 may also refer to: * AD 5, the fifth year of the AD era ...

Manhattan
. *
May 14 Events Pre-1600 *1027 Year 1027 () was a (link will display the full calendar) of the . Events By place Europe * – crowns (the Elder) and his wife as and Empress, respectively, in in . , King of Denmark and England, a ...
** Eight Communist Bloc countries, including the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
, sign a mutual defence treaty in
Warsaw Warsaw, * la, Varsovia (Polish language, Polish: ''Warszawa'' ), officially the Capital City of Warsaw, is the capital and List of cities and towns in Poland, largest city of Poland. The metropolis stands on the Vistula, River Vistula in e ...

Warsaw
, Poland, that is called the
Warsaw Pact The Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO), officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact (WP), was a collective defense Collective security can be understood as a security arrangement ...
(it will be dissolved in
1991 It was the final year of the Cold War The Cold War was a period of tension between the and the and their respective allies, the and the , which began following . Historians do not fully agree on its starting and ending points, bu ...
). **
Warrington (God giveth the increase) , image_skyline = Warrington Town Hall.jpg , imagesize = 280px , image_caption = Warrington Town Hall , image_flag = , flag_size = , image_seal = , seal_siz ...
win the British Rugby League Championship title for the third time; they will not win it again within the following 60 years. *
May 15 Events Pre-1600 * 221 __NOTOC__ Year 221 ( CCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional d ...
** The
Austrian State Treaty Austrian State Treaty with signatures of Dulles, Thompson, Pinay, Lalouette, and Leopold Figl, foreign minister of Austria The Austrian State Treaty (German: ) or Austrian Independence Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state. It w ...
, which restores Austria's national sovereignty, is concluded between the 4 occupying powers following World War II (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and France) and Austria, setting it up as a neutral country. **
Lionel Terray Lionel Terray (25 July 1921 – 19 September 1965) was a climber who made many , including on the in the (with on 15 May 1955) and in the (with Guido Magnone in 1952). A climbing guide and ski instructor, Terray was active in against Germ ...
and
Jean Couzy Jean Couzy (9 July 1923 – 2 November 1958) was a French mountaineer. He studied aeronautical engineering at the École Polytechnique. At age 27, he was a member of 1950 French Annapurna expedition, Maurice Herzog's 1950 expedition to Annapurna. Pr ...
become the first people to summit
Makalu Makalu ( zh, t=馬卡魯峰, p=Mǎkǎlǔ fēng; ne, मकालु हिमाल, Makālu himāl) is the fifth highest mountain in the world at . It is located in the Mahalangur Himalayas The Himalayas, or Himalaya (; Sanskrit ...

Makalu
, the fifth-highest mountain in the world, on the
1955 French Makalu expedition The 1955 French Makalu expedition was the first to successfully climb Makalu, the Himalayan mountain to the southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and Tibet. At Makalu is the fifth-highest mountain in the world and an eight-th ...
. The entire team of climbers reach the summit over the next two days. *
May 25 Events * 567 BC – Servius Tullius Servius Tullius was the Roman mythology, legendary sixth king of Rome, and the second of its Etruscan civilization, Etruscan dynasty. He reigned from 578 to 535 BC. Roman and Greek sources describe his ...
Joe Brown and
George Band George Christopher Band (2 February 1929 – 26 August 2011) was an English mountaineer Mountaineering, or alpinism, is the set of outdoor activities Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity refers to recreation Recreation is an activity o ...

George Band
are the first to attain the summit of
Kangchenjunga Kangchenjunga, also spelled Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of in a section of the Himalayas The Himalayas, or Himalaya (; Sanskrit Sanskrit (, attributively , ''saṃskṛta-'', n ...

Kangchenjunga
in the
Himalayas The Himalayas, or Himalaya (; Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It ar ...

Himalayas
, as part of the British Kangchenjunga expedition led by Charles Evans.


June

*
June 7 Events Pre-1600 * 421 – Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia at Istanbul, Constantinople (Byzantine Empire). * 879 – Pope John VIII recognizes the Duchy of Croatia under Duke Branimir of Croatia, Branimir as an independent s ...
– The television quiz program ''
The $64,000 Question ''The $64,000 Question'' is an American game show broadcast in primetime on CBS-TV from 1955 to 1958, which became embroiled in the 1950s quiz show scandals. Contestants answered general knowledge questions, earning money which doubled as the que ...
'' premieres on
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
-TV in the United States, with
Hal March Hal March (born Harold Mendelson; April 22, 1920 – January 19, 1970) was an American comedian and actor. Early career In 1944, March first came to note as part of a comedy team with Bob Sweeney. The duo had their own radio show for a time, ...
as the host. *
June 11 Events Pre-1600 * 173 Year 173 ( CLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
Le Mans disaster The 1955 Le Mans disaster was a major crash that occurred on 11 June 1955 during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans, 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race at Circuit de la Sarthe in Le Mans, France. Large pieces of debris flew into the crowd, killing 83 spect ...
: Eighty-three people are killed and at least 100 are injured, after two race cars collide in the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans. *
June 13 Events Pre-1600 * 313 __NOTOC__ Year 313 ( CCCXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ire ...
Mir Mine, the first
diamond Diamond is a Allotropes of carbon, solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic. At Standard conditions for temperature and pressure, room temperature and pressure, another solid form of ...

diamond
mine in the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
, is discovered. *
June 16 Events Pre-1600 * 363 – Emperor Julian (emperor), Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal, Roman forces suffer several attacks from the Persians. * 632 – Yazdegerd III ascends the ...
– ''
Lady and the Tramp ''Lady and the Tramp'' is a 1955 American animated musicalMusicAL was a 24-hour Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeast Europe, Southea ...
'', the
Walt Disney Walter Elias Disney (; December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, writer, voice actor, and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of ...
company's 15th animated film, premieres in
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
. *
June 26 Events Pre-1600 * 4 – Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors ...
– The
Freedom Charter The Freedom Charter was the statement of core principles of the South African Congress Alliance The Congress Alliance was an anti-apartheid Apartheid (South African English: ; , segregation; lit. "aparthood") was a system of in ...
of the anti-
apartheid Apartheid (South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * B ...

apartheid
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
n
Congress Alliance The Congress Alliance was an anti-apartheid Apartheid (, especially South African English South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is perpendicular to the east and west. Etymo ...
is adopted, at a Congress of the People in
Kliptown Kliptown is a suburb of the formerly black township of Soweto in Gauteng, South Africa, located about 17 km south-west of Johannesburg. Kliptown is the oldest residential district of Soweto, and was first laid out in 1891 on land which formed ...
.


July

*
July 7 The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system. In the Chinese language, this term is used to denote the Ba ...
– The
New Zealand Special Air Service The New Zealand Special Air Service, abbreviated as 1 NZSAS Regt, was formed on 7 July 1955 and is the special forces unit of the New Zealand Army, closely modelled on the British Special Air Service (SAS). It traces its origins to the Second Wor ...
is formed. *
July 13 Events Pre-1600 *587 BC – Babylon's Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC), siege of Jerusalem ends following the destruction of Solomon's Temple. *1174 – William the Lion, William I of Scotland, a key Rebellion, rebel in the Revolt of 1173– ...
Ruth Ellis Ruth Ellis (9 October 1926 – 13 July 1955) was a British hostess. She was the last woman to be hanged in the United Kingdom after being convicted of the murder of her lover, David Blakely. During her childhood, Ellis' family moved from to , ...
is
hanged Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose A noose is a loop at the end of a rope in which the knot tightens under load and can be loosened without untying the knot. The knot can be used to secure a rope to a post, pole, or animal but ...

hanged
for murder in London, becoming the last woman ever to be executed in the United Kingdom. *
July 17 Events Pre-1600 * 180 – Scillitan Martyrs, Twelve inhabitants of Scillium (near Kasserine, modern-day Tunisia) in North Africa are executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world. *104 ...
** The
Disneyland The Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks Wonder Mountain at Canada's Wonderland An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for ...

Disneyland
theme park opens in
Anaheim, California Anaheim () is a city in Orange County, California, Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County ...
, an event broadcast on the
American Broadcasting Company The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American multinational commercial broadcast television network A television network or broadcaster is a telecommunications network A telecommunications network is a group of nodes intercon ...
television network. ** The first atomic-generated electrical power is sold commercially, partially powering
Arco, Idaho Arco is a city in Butte County, Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and W ...

Arco, Idaho
, from the U.S.
National Reactor Testing Station Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is one of the national laboratories of the United States Department of Energy The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the ...
; on July 18,
Schenectady, New York Schenectady () is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be de ...
, receives power from a prototype nuclear submarine reactor at Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory."1955". ''Houghton Mifflin Guide to Science & Technology''. * July 18 – Illinois Governor William Stratton signs the Loyalty Oath Act, that mandates all public employees take a loyalty oath to the State of Illinois and the United States or lose their jobs. * July 18–July 23, 23 – Geneva Summit (1955), Geneva Summit between the United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and France. * July 22 – In Long Beach, California (United States), Hillevi Rombin of
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that ...

Sweden
is crowned Miss Universe. * July 27 – El Al Flight 402 from Vienna (Austria) to Tel Aviv, via Istanbul, is shot down over Bulgaria. All 58 passengers and crewmen aboard the Lockheed Constellation are killed. * July 28 – The first Interlingua Congress is held in Tours, France, leading to the foundation of the Union Mundial pro Interlingua.


August

* August 1 – The prototype Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance aircraft first flies, in Nevada. * August 18 ** The First Sudanese Civil War begins. ** The first meeting of the Organization of Central American States ( es, Organización de Estados Centroamericanos, ODECA) is held, in Antigua Guatemala. * August 19 – Hurricane Diane hits the northeastern United States, killing over 200 people and causing over $1 billion in damage. * August 20 – Hundreds of people are killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria. * August 22 – Eleven schoolchildren are killed when their school bus is hit by a freight train in Spring City, Tennessee. * August 25 – The last Soviet Army forces leave Austria. * August 26 – Satyajit Ray's film ''Pather Panchali'' is released in India. * August 27 – The first edition of the ''Guinness Book of Records'' is published, in London. * August 28 – Black 14-year-old Emmett Till is lynching in the United States, lynched and shot in the head for allegedly grabbing and threatening a white woman in Money, Mississippi; his white murderers, Roy Bryant and J. W. Milam, are acquitted by an all-white jury.


September

* September 2 – Under the guidance of Dr. Humphry Osmond, Christopher Mayhew ingests 400 mg of Mescaline, mescaline hydrochloride and allows himself to be filmed as part of a ''Panorama (TV series), Panorama'' special for BBC TV in the U.K. that is never broadcast. * September 3 – Little Richard records "Tutti Frutti (song), Tutti Frutti" in New Orleans; it is released in October. * September 6 – Istanbul pogrom: Istanbul's Greek minority is the target of a government-sponsored pogrom. * September 10 – The long-running Western (genre), Western television series ''Gunsmoke'' debuts, on the
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
network in the United States. * September 14 – Pope Pius XII elevates many of the Apostolic vicariates in Africa to Metropolitan Archdioceses. * September 15 – Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel ''Lolita'' is published in Paris, by Olympia Press. * September 16 ** The military coup to unseat President Juan Perón of Argentina is launched at midnight. ** A Soviet Navy Zulu-class submarine becomes the first to launch a ballistic missile. * September 18 – The United Kingdom formally annexes the uninhabited Atlantic island of Rockall. * September 19–September 21, 21 – President of Argentina Juan Perón is ousted in a military coup. * September 19 – Hurricane Hilda (1955), Hurricane Hilda kills about 200 people in Mexico. * September 22 – Commercial television starts in the United Kingdom with the Independent Television Authority's first ITV (TV network), ITV franchises beginning broadcasting in London, ending the BBC monopoly. * September 24 –
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
, President of the United States, suffers a coronary thrombosis while on vacation in Denver, Colorado. Vice President Richard Nixon, Nixon serves as Acting President while Eisenhower recovers. * September 30 – Actor James Dean is killed when his automobile collides with another car at a highway junction, near Cholame, California.


October

* October 2 – ''Alfred Hitchcock Presents'' debuts on the
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
TV network in the United States. * October 3 – ''The Mickey Mouse Club'' debuts on the American Broadcasting Company, ABC-TV network in the United States. * October 4 – The Reverend Sun Myung Moon is released from prison in Seoul, South Korea. * October 5 – Disneyland Hotel (California), Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in
Anaheim, California Anaheim () is a city in Orange County, California, Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County ...
. * October 11 – 70-mm film for projection is introduced, with the theatrical release of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical film, ''Oklahoma! (1955 film), Oklahoma!''. * October 14 – The Organization of Central American States secretariat is inaugurated. * October 20 – Disc jockey Bill Randle of WERE (Cleveland) is the key presenter of a concert at Brooklyn High School (Ohio), featuring Pat Boone and
Bill Haley & His Comets Bill Haley & His Comets were an American rock and roll band, founded in 1952 and continued until Haley's death in 1981. The band was also known as Bill Haley and the Comets and Bill Haley's Comets (and variations thereof). From late 1954 to lat ...
, and opening with
Elvis Presley Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor. Dubbed the " King of Rock and Roll", he is regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century. His energized interpreta ...

Elvis Presley
(Elvis's first filmed performance), for a documentary on Randle titled ''The Pied Piper of Cleveland''. * October 26 ** After the last Allies of World War II, Allied troops have left Austria, and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, the country declares its Neutral country, permanent neutrality. ** Ngo Dinh Diem, Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam to be a republic, with himself as its President (following the 1955 State of Vietnam referendum, State of Vietnam referendum on October 23), and forms the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. * October 27 – The film ''Rebel Without a Cause'', starring James Dean, is released in the United States. * October 29 – Italian battleship Giulio Cesare#Novorossiysk, Soviet battleship ''Novorossiysk'' explodes at moorings in Sevastopol Bay, killing 608 (the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
's worst naval disaster to date).


November

* November 1 ** Official start date of the Vietnam War between the North Vietnam, Democratic Republic of Vietnam and Republic of Vietnam; the north is allied with the Viet Cong. ** A time bomb explodes in the cargo hold of United Airlines Flight 629, a Douglas DC-6B, over Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and 5 crew members on board. * November 3 – The Rimutaka Tunnel opens on the New Zealand Railways Department, New Zealand Railways, at 5.46 mi (8.79 km), the longest in the Southern Hemisphere at this time. * November 15 – The Democratic Party (Japan, 1954), Democratic Party of Japan and Liberal Party (Japan, 1950), Japan Liberal Party merge to form the Liberal Democratic Party (Japan), Japan Liberal Democratic Party, beginning the "1955 System". * November 19 – C. Northcote Parkinson first propounds 'Parkinson's law', in ''The Economist''. * November 20 – Bo Diddley makes his television debut on Ed Sullivan's ''Toast Of The Town'' show for the CBS, CBS-TV network in the United States. * November 23 – The Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean are transferred from British to Australian control. * November 26 – The British Governor of
Cyprus Cyprus ; tr, Kıbrıs (), officially called the Republic of Cyprus,, , lit: Republic of Cyprus is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or poli ...

Cyprus
declares a state of emergency on the island. * November 27 – The Westboro Baptist Church holds its first service in Topeka, Kansas.


December

* December 1 – In
Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as i ...
, Rosa Parks refuses to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger, and is arrested, leading to the Montgomery bus boycott. * December 4 – The International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations is founded in Luxembourg. * December 5 ** The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge, to become the AFL–CIO. ** The Montgomery Improvement Association is formed in
Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as i ...
, by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and other Black ministers to coordinate the Montgomery bus boycott by Black people. * December 9 – Adnan Menderes of Democrat Party (Turkey, historical), DP forms the new government of Turkey (22nd government). * December 10 – 1955 Australian federal election: Robert Menzies' Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal/National Party of Australia, Country Coalition (Australia), Coalition Menzies Government (1949-66), Government is re-elected with a substantially increased majority, defeating the Australian Labor Party, Labor Party led by H. V. Evatt. This election comes in the immediate aftermath of the devastating Australian Labor Party split of 1955, split in the Labor Party, which leads to the formation of the Democratic Labor Party (historical), Democratic Labor Party. The DLP will preference against Labor, and keep the Coalition in office until 1972 Australian federal election, 1972. * December 14 ** The Tappan Zee Bridge (1955–2017), Tappan Zee Bridge over the Hudson River, in New York (state), New York State, opens to traffic. ** Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Finland, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and Sri Lanka join the United Nations simultaneously, after several years of moratorium on admitting new members that began during the Korean War. * December 20 – Cardiff is declared by the British Government as the capital of Wales. * December 22 – American cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio discovers the correct number of human chromosomes, forty-six. * December 31 ** General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make a profit of over 1 billion dollars in 1 year. ** Austria becomes independent, under terms of the May 15
Austrian State Treaty Austrian State Treaty with signatures of Dulles, Thompson, Pinay, Lalouette, and Leopold Figl, foreign minister of Austria The Austrian State Treaty (German: ) or Austrian Independence Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state. It w ...
.


World population

* World population: 2,755,823,000 ** Africa: 246,746,000 ** Asia: 1,541,947,000 ** Europe: 575,184,000 ** South America: 190,797,000 ** North America: 186,884,000 ** Oceania: 14,265,000


Births


January

* January 1 ** Mario Andreacchio, Australian film director ** Mary Beard (classicist), Mary Beard, English classicist ** Precious (wrestling), Precious, Canadian professional wrestling valet ** Mulatu Teshome, Ethiopian politician and 8th President of Ethiopia ** Bonnie Arnold, American film producer * January 4 – Mark Hollis (musician), Mark Hollis, English musician (d. 2019) *
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
– Mamata Banerjee, Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal * January 6 – Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– Belinda Meuldijk, Dutch actress * January 8 – Mike Reno, Canadian musician * January 9 ** Michiko Kakutani, American literary critic ** J. K. Simmons, American actor * January 10 ** Michael Schenker, German guitarist (Scorpions (band), Scorpions, UFO (band), UFO, Michael Schenker Group) ** Jimmy Vivino, American guitarist * January 12 – Kerry-Lynne Findlay, Canadian politician * January 13 ** Paul Kelly (Australian musician), Paul Kelly, Australian musician ** Jay McInerney, American writer * January 15 ** Andreas Gursky, German photographer ** Enrico Mentana, Italian journalist * January 16 – Mary Karr, American poet *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– Steve Earle, American musician *
January 18 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
** Kevin Costner, American actor, producer and director ** Frankie Knuckles, American disk jockey and record producer (d. 2014) ** Marilyn Mazur, Danish percussionist * January 19 ** Sir Simon Rattle, English orchestral conductor **Paul Rodriguez (actor), Paul Rodriguez, Mexican-American comedian and actor * January 20 – Wyatt Knight, American actor (d. 2011) * January 21 – Jeff Koons, American artist *
January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that conta ...
– Sonja Morgenstern, German figure skater *
January 25 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ru ...
– Olivier Assayas, French film director * January 26 ** Björn Andrésen, Swedish actor ** Eddie Van Halen, Dutch-American rock musician (Van Halen) (d. 2020) ** Lucía Méndez, Mexican film actress * January 27 ** John Roberts, Chief Justice of the United States ** Ratnottama Sengupta, Indian journalist *
January 28 Events Pre-1600 * 98 – On the death of Nerva, Trajan is declared Roman emperor in Cologne, the seat of his government in lower Germany. *814 – The death of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, brings about the accession of h ...
** Vinod Khosla, Indian-born American venture capitalist ** Nicolas Sarkozy, 23rd President of France * January 29 ** Rachid Mouffouk, Algerian sculptor ** Femi Pedro, Deputy Governor of Lagos State, Nigeria * January 30 – Mychal Thompson, Bahamian basketball player


February

* February 1 – Hans Werner Olm, German television and film comedian * February 2 – Leszek Engelking, Polish poet, writer and translator * February 3 ** Mike Horner, American pornographic film actor ** Kirsty Wark, Scottish television presenter * February 4 – Joseph D. Kernan, American military officer, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence * February 5 – Melanie Johnson, British politician * February 6 ** Michael Pollan, American journalist ** Irinej Dobrijević, American-born Serbian Bishop of Australia and New Zealand * February 7 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor (d. 2017) * February 8 ** Janusz Cisek, Polish historian (d. 2020) ** Jim Neidhart, American professional wrestler (d. 2018) ** John Grisham, American novelist ** Ethan Phillips, American actor ** Xu Bing, Chinese artist *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
– Charles Shaughnessy, English actor *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * – : to the Mongols, bringing the to an end. * – In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in , murders , sparking the revolution in the . * – The breaks out in , England, leaving 63 scholars and pe ...
** Chris Adams (wrestler), Chris Adams, English wrestler and judoka (d. 2001) ** Pablo Borges Delgado, Cuban artist ** Jim Cramer, American television personality ** Greg Norman, Australian golfer * February 12 ** David Owen Brooks, American convicted murderer (d. 2020) ** Bill Laswell, American bass guitarist * February 13 – Hank Risan, American scientist * February 14 ** Guillermo Francella, Argentine actor ** Mitsuhisa Taguchi, Japanese footballer (d. 2019) * February 15 ** Janice Dickinson, American model, photographer, author and talent agent ** Christopher McDonald, American actor *
February 16 Events Pre-1600 * 1249 – André de Longjumeau, Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire. *1270 – Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in ...
– Bradley Byrne, American business attorney and politician, Alabama * February 17 – Mo Yan, Chinese writer * February 18 – Cheetah Chrome, American musician *
February 19 Events Pre-1600 * 197 – Emperor Septimius Severus defeats Roman usurper, usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies. *356 – The anti-paganism policy of Constantius II forbids the wo ...
** Jeff Daniels, American actor ** Siri Hustvedt, American novelist * February 20 – Mack Wilberg, American composer * February 21 – Kelsey Grammer, American actor and comedian *
February 22 Events Pre-1600 *1316 Year 1316 ( MCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday 1 January, and ends on Friday 31 December. Its ...
– David Axelrod (political consultant), David Axelrod, American political analyst * February 23 ** Howard Jones (musician), Howard Jones, British pop keyboardist and singer-songwriter ** Flip Saunders, American basketball coach (d. 2015) *
February 24 Events Pre-1600 *484 __NOTOC__ Year 484 ( CDLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calend ...
** Deborah Coyne, Canadian constitutional lawyer ** Steve Jobs, American businessman and founder of Apple Inc. (d. 2011) ** Alain Prost, French four-time Formula 1 world champion * February 25 – Leann Hunley, American television actress * February 27 – Grady Booch, American software engineer * February 28 – Gilbert Gottfried, American actor and comedian


March

* March 1 ** Sir Timothy Laurence, English vice admiral and second husband of Anne, Princess Royal ** Denis Mukwege, Congolese gynecologist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate *
March 2 Events Pre-1600 * 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
– Shoko Asahara, Japanese cult leader (Aum Shinrikyo) (d. 2018) * March 3 – Kent Derricott, Canadian TV personality in Japan * March 4 – Dominique Pinon, French actor *
March 5 Events Pre-1600 * 363 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout hist ...
** Julien Dray, French politician ** Penn Jillette, American magician and comedian (Penn & Teller) * March 6 ** Wendy Boglioli, American Olympic gold medallist swimmer (1976) ** Jay Ilagan, Filipino actor (d. 1992) ** Cyprien Ntaryamira, Burundian politician, 5th President of Burundi (d. 1994) ** Alberta Watson, Canadian actress (d. 2015) *
March 7 Events Pre-1600 *161 – Marcus Aurelius and L. Commodus (who changes his name to Lucius Verus) become joint emperors of Rome on the death of Antoninus Pius. *1138 – Konrad III, Konrad III von Hohenstaufen was elected king of Germany ...
** Michael Jan Friedman, American novelist and comic book writer ** Tommy Kramer, American football player * March 8 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981) * March 9 ** Ornella Muti, Italian actress ** Franco Uncini, Italian motorcycle racer * March 10 ** Yousra, Egyptian actress and singer ** Marianne Rosenberg, German singer * March 11 – Nina Hagen, German pop singer * March 12 – Richard Martini, American film director * March 13 ** Bruno Conti, Italian football player ** Gail Grandchamp, American female boxer ** Glenne Headly, American actress of film, stage and television (d. 2017) * March 14 – Stephen R. Bissette, American comics artist * March 15 ** Robert Kabbas, Egyptian-born Australian Olympic silver medallist weightlifter (1984) ** Dee Snider, American rock singer (Twisted Sister) * March 16 ** Bruno Barreto, Brazilian film director ** Jiro Watanabe, Japanese former world super flyweight champion boxer *
March 17 Events Pre-1600 *45 BC __NOTOC__ Year 45 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a c ...
** Cynthia McKinney, American politician, activist ** Gary Sinise, American actor, producer and director * March 18 ** Carlos Enrique Trinidad Gómez, Guatemalan Roman Catholic prelate (d. 2018) ** Guillermo Dávila, Venezuelan actor and singer ** Dwayne Murphy, American baseball player *
March 19 Sometimes the March equinox The March equinox or northward equinox is the equinox An equinox is the instant of time when the plane of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to ha ...
** Pino Daniele, Italian music artist (d. 2015) ** Bruce Willis, American actor ** Simon Yam, Hong Kong actor *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
** Eric Schiller, American chess player and author (d. 2018) ** Mariya Takeuchi, Japanese singer-songwriter * March 21 ** Jair Bolsonaro, Brazilian congressman and politician, 38th President of Brazil ** Philippe Troussier, French football coach ** Bärbel Wöckel, East German sprinter * March 22 ** Lena Olin, Swedish actress ** Pete Sessions, American politician ** Valdis Zatlers, 7th President of Latvia * March 23 ** Moses Malone, American basketball player (d. 2015) ** Susan Schwab, American politician, who served under President George W. Bush as United States Trade Representative * March 24 ** Celâl Şengör, Turkish geologist ** Kim Johnston Ulrich, American actress * March 25 – Wendy Larry, American head coach of the Old Dominion University Lady Monarchs women's basketball team * March 26 – Danny Arndt, Canadian ice hockey player * March 27 – Mariano Rajoy, Prime Minister of Spain * March 28 – Reba McEntire, American country singer and actress * March 29 ** Earl Campbell, American football player ** Margaret I. Cuomo, American radiologist ** Brendan Gleeson, Irish actor ** Christopher Lawford, American author, actor and activist (d. 2018) ** Marina Sirtis, English actress * March 30 ** Marilou Diaz-Abaya, Filipina film director (d. 2012) ** Randy VanWarmer, American singer-songwriter (d. 2004) ** Humberto Vélez, Mexican voice actor * March 31 ** Philip Dimitrov, Bulgarian politician ** Angus Young, lead guitarist of Australian rock group AC/DC


April

*
April 1 It is the first day of the second quarter of the year, and the midway point of the first half of the year. Events * 33 – According to one historian's account, Jesus Christ Jesus, likely from he, יֵשׁוּעַ, translit=Yē ...

April 1
– Ockie Oosthuizen, South African rugby union player (d. 2019) * April 2 ** Sirindhorn, Princess Royal of Thailand ** Chellie Pingree, Democratic politician, Maine's 1st congressional district * April 3 – Mick Mars, American rock guitarist (Mötley Crüe) *
April 5 Events * 823 – Lothair I Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''f ...
– Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist *
April 6 Events *46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica, Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Cato the Younger, Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) at the Battle of Thapsus. * 402 – Stilicho defeats the Visi ...
– Michael Rooker, American actor * April 7 ** Bruno Zaremba, French footballer (d. 2018) ** Grace Hightower, American philanthropist, actress and singer ** Gregg Jarrett, American lawyer turned journalist ** Akira Nishino (footballer), Akira Nishino, Japanese soccer player and manager ** Werner Stocker (actor), Werner Stocker, German actor (d. 1993) * April 8 ** Kane Hodder, American actor ** Barbara Kingsolver, American fiction writer * April 9 – Kate Heyhoe, American food writer *
April 10 Events * 428 __NOTOC__ Year 428 ( CDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday A leap year starting on Sunday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its ...
– Philip J. Hanlon, American mathematician and computer science, List of presidents of Dartmouth College, 18th President of Dartmouth College *
April 11 Events * 491 __NOTOC__ Year 491 ( CDXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or ...
– Kevin Brady, American politician, Texas's 8th congressional district *
April 12 Events * 240 – Shapur I Shapur I (also spelled Shabuhr I; pal, 𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩, Šābuhr ) was the second of . The dating of his reign is disputed, but it is generally agreed that he ruled from 240 to 270, with his ...
– Fred Ryan, Chief Executive Officer of The Washington Post * April 13 ** Steve Camp, American Christian musician ** Hideki Saijo, Japanese singer and actor (d. 2018) *
April 14 Events *43 BC __NOTOC__ Year 43 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year tha ...
– Don Roos, American screenwriter *
April 15 Events * 769 __NOTOC__ Year 769 ( DCCLXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 769 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the An ...
** Tommy Castro, American blues guitarist ** Dodi Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d.
1997
1997
) ** Jeff Golub, American jazz guitarist (d. 2015) *
April 16 Events *AD 73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Roman Empire, Romans after several months of siege, ending the First Jewish–Roman War. *1346 – Stefan Dušan, "the Mighty", is crowned Emperor of the Serbs at Skopje, Serbian ...
** Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg ** DJ Kool Herc, Jamaican American DJ *
April 17 Events *1080 – Harald III of Denmark dies and is succeeded by Canute IV of Denmark, Canute IV, who would later be the first Dane to be canonization, canonized. *1349 – The rule of the Bavand dynasty in Mazandaran is brought to an ...
** Bolland & Bolland, Rob Bolland, Dutch musician, songwriter and music producer (Bolland & Bolland) ** Pete Shelley, English singer-songwriter, musician (Buzzcocks) (d. 2018) ** Dave VanDam, American voice actor and impressionist (d. 2018) *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
– Bobby Castillo, American baseball player (d. 2014) * April 20 – Rotimi Fani-Kayode, Nigerian-born British photographer (d. 1989) * April 21 ** Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer and songwriter ** Toninho Cerezo, Brazilian footballer and coach * April 23 ** Judy Davis, Australian actress ** Ludovikus Simanullang, Indonesian Roman Catholic bishop (d. 2018) ** Fumi Hirano, Japanese voice actress and essayist ** Tony Miles, English chess player (d. 2001) * April 24 ** Margaret Moran, British politician and criminal ** John de Mol, Dutch media tycoon * April 25 ** Karon O. Bowdre, United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. ** John Nunn, English chess player and mathematician ** Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor * April 26 – Chen Daoming, Chinese actor * April 27 ** James Risen, American Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter and author ** Eric Schmidt, American software engineer and businessman, CEO of Google (2001-2011) ** Jing Yidan, Chinese former television host * April 28 ** Saeb Erekat, Palestinian diplomat (d. 2020) ** Eddie Jobson, English musician * April 29 ** Richard Epcar, American voice actor ** Kate Mulgrew, American actress ** Yūko Tanaka, Japanese actress * April 30 – Zlatko Topčić, Bosnian writer and screenwriter


May

* May 2 ** Willie Miller, Scottish footballer ** Donatella Versace, Italian designer ** Dave Winer, American software pioneer * May 4 ** Avram Grant, Israeli football manager ** Robert Ellis Orrall, American singer *
May 6 Events Pre-1600 * – Spanish and German troops ; many scholars consider this the end of the . * – The commences, in which forces attempt to retake the city of from the Spanish. * – King orders be placed in every church. I ...

May 6
– Tom Bergeron, American television host *
May 7 Events Pre-1600 * 351 – The Jewish revolt against Constantius Gallus In 351–352 the Jews of Roman Palaestina revolted against the rule of Constantius Gallus, brother-in-law of Emperor Constantius II Flavius Julius Constantius ( ...
– Peter Reckell, American actor * May 8 ** Betsy Baker, American actress ** Meles Zenawi, 10th Prime Minister of Ethiopia and 3rd President of Ethiopia (d. 2012) * May 9 ** Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (d.
1991 It was the final year of the Cold War The Cold War was a period of tension between the and the and their respective allies, the and the , which began following . Historians do not fully agree on its starting and ending points, bu ...
) ** Anne Sofie von Otter, Swedish mezzo-soprano * May 10 ** Chris Berman, American sports broadcaster ** Mark David Chapman, American murderer of musician John Lennon *
May 14 Events Pre-1600 *1027 Year 1027 () was a (link will display the full calendar) of the . Events By place Europe * – crowns (the Elder) and his wife as and Empress, respectively, in in . , King of Denmark and England, a ...
** Big Van Vader, American professional wrestler and football player (d. 2018) ** Dave Hoover, American comic book artist and animator (d. 2011) ** Robert Tapert, American television producer *
May 15 Events Pre-1600 * 221 __NOTOC__ Year 221 ( CCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional d ...
** Mohamed Brahmi, Tunisian politician (assassinated 2013) ** Lee Horsley, American film, television and theater actor ** Hege Skjeie, Norwegian political scientist and feminist (d. 2018) * May 16 ** Olga Korbut, Soviet gymnast ** Olli Kortekangas, Finnish composer ** Jack Morris, American baseball player ** Hazel O'Connor, British rock musician ** Richard Phillips (merchant mariner), Richard Phillips, American merchant mariner and captain of the ''MV Maersk Alabama'' ** Debra Winger, American actress * May 17 – Bill Paxton, American actor (d. 2017) * May 18 – Chow Yun-fat, Hong Kong actor * May 19 ** Mark Staff Brandl, American and Swiss artist and art historian ** James Gosling, Canadian software engineer ** Th. Emil Homerin, American theologian * May 20 ** Diego Abatantuono, Italian actor ** Steve George (keyboardist), Steve George, American keyboardist and singer ** Zbigniew Preisner, Polish film composer * May 22 ** Chalmers "Spanky" Alford, American jazz guitarist (d. 2008) ** Iva Davies, Australian singer and musician; lead singer of Icehouse (band), Icehouse ** Dale Winton, English radio DJ and television presenter (d. 2018) * May 24 – Rosanne Cash, American entertainer *
May 25 Events * 567 BC – Servius Tullius Servius Tullius was the Roman mythology, legendary sixth king of Rome, and the second of its Etruscan civilization, Etruscan dynasty. He reigned from 578 to 535 BC. Roman and Greek sources describe his ...
– Connie Sellecca, American actress * May 26 – Doris Dörrie, German actress and screenplay writer * May 27 – Richard Schiff, American actor and comedian * May 29 ** John Hinckley Jr., attempted assassin of Ronald Reagan ** Mike Porcaro, American bass guitarist (Toto (band), Toto) (d. 2015) * May 30 ** Brian Kobilka, American physiologist ** Paresh Rawal, Indian actor ** Colm Tóibín, Irish novelist * May 31 ** Tommy Emmanuel, Australian guitarist ** Susie Essman, American actress ** Lynne Truss, English writer


June

* June 1 – Chiyonofuji Mitsugu, Japanese sumo wrestler (58th Yokozuna grand champion) (d. 2016) * June 2 – Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian * June 3 – Daniel Filmus, Argentine politician, member of the Chamber of Deputies of Argentina * June 4 – Mary Testa, American film actress * June 5 – Fernando Borrego Linares, Cuban singer and songwriter (aka Polo Montañez) * June 6 ** Sandra Bernhard, American comedian, actress, author and singer ** Chris Nyman, American baseball player ** Sam Simon, American filmmaker (d. 2015) *
June 7 Events Pre-1600 * 421 – Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia at Istanbul, Constantinople (Byzantine Empire). * 879 – Pope John VIII recognizes the Duchy of Croatia under Duke Branimir of Croatia, Branimir as an independent s ...
** Jo Gilbert, English film producer and casting director (d. 2018) ** Bob Beatty, American football coach ** Tim Richmond, American race car driver (d. 1989) * June 8 ** Duke Aiona, 10th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii ** Tim Berners-Lee, English computer scientist and World Wide Web inventor ** Griffin Dunne, American actor and director * June 10 ** Floyd Bannister, American baseball player ** Andrew Stevens, American actor, producer and director *
June 11 Events Pre-1600 * 173 Year 173 ( CLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– Yuriy Sedykh, Ukrainian hammer thrower * June 12 – William Langewiesche, American author *
June 13 Events Pre-1600 * 313 __NOTOC__ Year 313 ( CCCXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ire ...
– John E. Jones III, American justice * June 14 ** Tito Rojas, Puerto Rican salsa singer and songwriter (d. 2020) ** Kim Lankford, American actress, businesswoman and horse wrangler ** Paul O'Grady (also known as "Lily Savage"), English talk show host and comedian * June 15 ** István Levente Garai, Hungarian physician and politician (d. 2018) ** Polly Draper, American actress, screenwriter, playwright, producer and director ** David A. Kennedy, son of Robert F. Kennedy (d. 1984) *
June 16 Events Pre-1600 * 363 – Emperor Julian (emperor), Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal, Roman forces suffer several attacks from the Persians. * 632 – Yazdegerd III ascends the ...
– Laurie Metcalf, American actress * June 18 – Sandy Allen, American, world's tallest woman (d. 2008) * June 20 – Tor Nørretranders, Danish author * June 21 ** Aloysius Amwano, Nauruan politician ** Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer ** Jean-Pierre Mader, French singer-songwriter ** Leigh McCloskey, American actor ** Michel Platini, French retired football player and President of UEFA * June 22 – Choi Kyoung-hwan, South Korean politician; Prime Minister of South Korea * June 23 ** Jean Tigana, Malian-French international footballer ** Glenn Danzig, American rock singer (Misfits (band), The Misfits, Samhain, Danzig (band), Danzig) * June 24 – Nobuhiro Kiyotaki, Japanese economist and professor * June 25 – Víctor Manuel Vucetich, Mexican footballer and manager *
June 26 Events Pre-1600 * 4 – Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors ...
** Gedde Watanabe, American actor and comedian ** Yoko Gushiken, Japanese former WBA light flyweight champion boxer * June 27 – Isabelle Adjani, French actress * June 30 – Egils Levits, President of Latvia


July

* July 1 ** Sanma Akashiya, Japanese comedian and actor ** Nikolai Demidenko, Russian born British classical pianist ** Christian Estrosi, French sportsman and politician ** Li Keqiang, Premier of the People's Republic of China ** Lisa Scottoline, American novelist ** Keith Whitley, American country music singer (d. 1989) * July 2 ** Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor ** Stephen Walt, American political scientist ** Sylvie Le Noach, French swimmer ** Randy Burchell, Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender ** Chau Giang, Vietnamese-born American professional poker player ** Proceso Alcala, Filipino politician * July 3 ** Bruce Altman, American actor ** John Cramer (announcer), John Cramer, American game show announcer ** Matt Keough, American baseball player * July 4 – Víctor Reymundo Nájera, Mexican politician * July 5 ** Sebastian Barry, Irish playwright, novelist and poet ** Shannon Bell, Canadian performance philosopher ** Mia Couto, Mozambican writer ** Muhammad Aslam Khan Raisani, Pakistani politician ** Henry Lee Summer, American singer *
July 7 The terms 7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system. In the Chinese language, this term is used to denote the Ba ...
** Paul Bahoken, Cameroonian footballer ** Rolf Saxon, American actor ** Ludo Vika, Dominican actress * July 8 ** Vladislava Milosavljević, Serbian actress ** Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress * July 9 ** Lindsey Graham, American politician, lawyer, United States Army, U.S. Army soldier, United States Senate, U.S. Senator (Republican Party (United States), R-South Carolina, Sc.) and unsuccessful 2016 United States presidential election, 2016 presidential candidate ** Fred Norris, American radio personality ** Jimmy Smits, American actor * July 10 ** Andrea Bruce, Jamaican athlete ** Vinnie Curto, American professional boxer ** Ray Goff, American football player and coach ** Dan Newhouse, American politician * July 11 ** Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean politician and neurosurgeon ** Søren Sætter-Lassen, Danish actor * July 12 ** Timothy Garton Ash, English modern historian ** Nina Gunke, Swedish actress ** Tadashi Miyazawa, Japanese voice actor *
July 13 Events Pre-1600 *587 BC – Babylon's Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC), siege of Jerusalem ends following the destruction of Solomon's Temple. *1174 – William the Lion, William I of Scotland, a key Rebellion, rebel in the Revolt of 1173– ...
– Yoshitaka Tamba, Japanese actor * July 14 – Ramon Jimenez Jr., Filipino attorney * July 15 ** Didier Etumba, Congolese Army general ** Željko Burić, Croatian politician and doctor ** Pooran Prakash, Indian politician * July 16 ** Saw Swee Leong, Malaysian badminton player ** Ritva Elomaa, Finnish professional female bodybuilding champion, pop singer and politician ** Patrick Bernasconi, French business executive ** Janet Huckabee, American politician ** Zohar Argov, Israeli singer (d. 1987) *
July 17 Events Pre-1600 * 180 – Scillitan Martyrs, Twelve inhabitants of Scillium (near Kasserine, modern-day Tunisia) in North Africa are executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world. *104 ...
** Fei Yu-ching, Taiwanese singer-songwriter ** Sylvie Léonard, French-Canadian actress ** Alvin Slaughter, American gospel singer-songwriter and worship leader ** Janina Buzūnaitė-Žukaitienė, Lithuanian painter, poet, creator of accessories and metal sculptures * July 18 ** Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor ** György Matolcsy, Hungarian politician and economist ** Sergey Zimov, Russian geophysicist and creator of Pleistocene Park * July 19 – Karen Cheryl, French singer, actress, radio and television presenter *July 20 – Edgar Zambrano, Venezuelan lawyer and politician * July 21 ** Adrienne King, American actress ** Dannel Malloy, American politician ** Howie Epstein, American musician and producer (d. 2003) ** Béla Tarr, Hungarian film director * July 22 ** Gbenga Bareehu Ashafa, Nigerian politician ** Willem Dafoe, American actor * July 25 – Iman (model), Iman, Somalian model * July 26 ** Michele Pillar, American Christian musician ** Asif Ali Zardari, 11th President of Pakistan * July 27 – Allan Border, Australian cricketer * July 31 – Jakie Quartz, French singer


August

* August 1 – Paul Shrubb, English professional footballer, coach and scout (d. 2020) * August 2 ** John Battaglia, American convicted murderer (d. 2018) ** Caleb Carr, American writer * August 3 ** Corey Burton, American voice actor ** Roger Gifford, Lord Mayor of London 2013 * August 4 ** Gerrie Coetzee, South African boxer, 1983-1984 World Boxing Association, WBA heavyweight champion. ** Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, director and screenwriter * August 6 ** Gordon J. Brand, English golfer ** Ron Davis (pitcher), Ron Davis, American baseball player ** Earl "Chinna" Smith, Earl Smith, Jamaican Reggae guitarist * August 7 ** Wayne Knight, American actor and comedian ** Vladimir Sorokin, Russian writer * August 8 – Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter * August 9 – Doug Williams (quarterback), Doug Williams, American football quarterback * August 10 – Mel Tiangco, Filipina television anchor, journalist and humanitarian * August 12 ** Heintje Simons, Dutch singer and actor ** Gish Jen, American fiction writer * August 13 – Daryl (magician), Daryl, American magician (d. 2017) * August 14 – Gillian Taylforth, English television actress * August 17 – Richard Hilton, American businessman * August 19 ** Peter Gallagher, American actor ** Terry Harper (baseball), Terry Harper, American baseball player ** Apisai Ielemia, 10th Prime Minister of Tuvalu * August 20 – Agnes Chan, Hong Kong-born TV personality in Japan * August 22 ** Chiranjeevi, Indian actor ** Gordon Liu, Chinese actor * August 23 – David Learner, British actor, Stephen M.Papuzek * August 24 – Mike Huckabee, American politician, Governor and 2008 Presidential candidate * August 25 – John McGeoch, Scottish musician (d. 2004) * August 27 ** Laura Fygi, Dutch singer ** Diana Scarwid, American actress ** Sergey Khlebnikov, Soviet speed skater (d. 1999) * August 30 ** Mayumi Muroyama, Japanese manga artist ** Andy Pask, English bass player and composer (Landscape (band), Landscape) ** Helge Schneider, comedian, jazz musician and multi-instrumentalist, author, film and theatre director * August 31 – Edwin Moses, American athlete


September

* September 1 ** Billy Blanks, American martial artist; inventor of the Tae Bo exercise program ** Bruce Foxton, English musician * September 2 ** Robert C. Duncan (astrophysicist), Robert Duncan, American astrophysicist ** Claus Kleber, German television journalist ** Natalya Petrusyova, Soviet speed skater ** Michelle Yim, Hong Kong actress * September 4 ** David Broza, Israeli singer-songwriter and activist ** Teodor Frunzeti, Romanian general ** Hiroshi Izawa, Japanese actor * September 6 – Raymond Benson, American author * September 7 – Efim Zelmanov, Russian mathematician * September 9 ** Edward Hibbert, English-American actor and literary agent ** John Kricfalusi, Canadian cartoonist ** Ivan Smirnov (guitar player), Ivan Smirnov, Russian composer and guitar player (d. 2018) * September 12 – Peter Scolari, American actor and comedian * September 13 – Dan Ghica-Radu, Romanian general * September 15 ** Željka Antunović, Croatian politician ** Brendan O'Carroll, Irish actor and comedian ** Bruce Reitherman, American filmmaker and voice actor ** Renzo Rosso, Italian clothing designer * September 16 ** Janet Ellis, British children's TV presenter ** Robin Yount, American baseball player * September 17 ** Marina Lima, Brazilian singer and songwriter ** Charles Martinet, American voice-actor * September 18 – Bob Papenbrook, American voice actor (d. 2006) * September 19 – Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer and musician (d. 2006) * September 21 – Richard Hieb, American astronaut * September 24 – Shinbo Nomura, Japanese manga artist * September 25 ** Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German football player ** Zucchero Fornaciari, Italian singer-songwriter * September 28 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician * September 29 ** Joe Donnelly, American politician ** Gwen Ifill, American journalist (d. 2016) * September 30 ** Janet Arceo, Mexican actress, TV presenter, announcer, director and businesswoman (Doña Eduviges in ''El Chavo del Ocho'') ** Andy Bechtolsheim, German electrical engineer and Co-founder of Sun Microsystems.


October

* October 1 – P. B. Abdul Razak, Indian politician (d. 2018) * October 2 – Philip Oakey, English synth-pop singer-songwriter (The Human League) * October 3 – Tommy Wiseau, American film director and actor, known for the 2003 "dark comedy" ''The Room'' * October 4 – Dane Sorensen, New Zealand rugby league player * October 5 ** Bart D. Ehrman, American religious studies scholar and writer, specialist in textual criticism ** Jean-Jacques Lafon, French singer-songwriter ** Caroline Loeb, French singer and actress * October 7 ** Clinton Bennett, British scholar of religions, specialist in the study of Islam ** Yo-Yo Ma, French-born Chinese American cellist * October 8 ** Bill Elliott, American racing driver ** Darrell Hammond, Comedian (''Saturday Night Live'') * October 12 – Pat DiNizio, American singer-songwriter (The Smithereens) (d. 2017) * October 13 – Sergei Shepelev, Russian ice hockey player * October 15 ** James B. Aguayo-Martel, Mexican-born physician, surgeon, scientist and inventor ** Kulbir Bhaura, Indian-born British field hockey player ** Tanya Roberts, American actress (d. 2021) ** Emily Yoffe, American journalist and advice columnist * October 17 – Tyrone Mitchell, American murderer (d. 1984) * October 18 ** Hiromi Go, Japanese singer ** Timmy Mallett, English television presenter * October 19 ** Lonnie Shelton, American basketball player (d. 2018) ** LaSalle Ishii, Japanese television personality ** Roland Dyens, French classical guitarist and composer (d. 2016) ** Dan Gutman, American writer * October 20 ** Tony Hanson, American basketball player (d. 2018) ** Thomas Newman, American composer * October 21 ** Yasukazu Hamada, Japanese politician ** Rich Mullins, American Christian musician (d.
1997
1997
) * October 24 ** Karen Austin, American actress ** Katherine Knight, Australian mariticide * October 25 ** Glynis Barber, South African-born British actress ** Gale Anne Hurd, American film and television producer * October 28 ** Bill Gates, American businessman and co-founder of Microsoft ** Indra Nooyi, Indian business executive * October 29 ** Kevin DuBrow, American rock singer (d. 2007) ** Roger O'Donnell, English rock keyboardist ** Etsuko Shihomi, Japanese actress * October 30 – Jeremy Black (historian), Jeremy Black, British historian * October 31 – Eduardo V. Manalo, 3rd Executive Minister (''Tagapamahalang Pangkalahatan'') of the ''Iglesia ni Cristo'' (Church of Christ)


November

* November 1 – Joe Arroyo, Colombian salsa and tropical music singer (d. 2011) * November 2 – Chris Burnett, American saxophone player, composer, veteran of US military jazz bands and band leader * November 3 ** Howard Michaels, American businessman (d. 2018) ** Teresa De Sio, Italian singer-songwriter ** Phil Simms, American football player ** Yukihiko Tsutsumi, Japanese film director * November 4 ** Rita Bhaduri, Indian actress (d. 2018) ** Alhaj Moulana Ghousavi Shah, Moulana Ghousavi Shah, Sufi teacher and author, Secretary General of The Conference of World Religions ** Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland *
November 5 Events Pre-1600 *1138 Year 1138 ( MCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
** Pedro Brieger, Argentine journalist and sociologist. ** Kris Jenner, American television personality ** Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst and commentator * November 6 – Maria Shriver, American television journalist, host; First Lady of California * November 7 ** Al Attles, American basketball player and coach ** Norbert Eder, German footballer (d. 2019) ** Paul Romer, American economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences laureate ** Detlef Ultsch, German judo athlete * November 9 – Karen Dotrice, Guernsey-born child actress * November 10 – Roland Emmerich, German film director * November 11 – Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan * November 13 – Whoopi Goldberg, African-American actress and comedian * November 14 ** Koichi Nakano, Japanese bicycle racer ** Jack Sikma, American basketball player * November 17 ** Peter Cox (musician), Peter Cox, English singer-songwriter (Go West (band), Go West) ** Bill Macatee, American sports broadcaster ** Yolanda King, African-American actress and activist (d. 2007) * November 19 – Dianne de Leeuw, Dutch figure skater * November 20 – Ray Ozzie, American computer programmer * November 21 ** Kyle Gann, American composer and music critic ** Cedric Maxwell, American basketball player * November 22 – George Alagiah, Ceylonese-born British newsreader, journalist and television news presenter * November 23 ** Steven Brust, American fantasy author ** Peter Douglas, American television and film producer ** Ludovico Einaudi, Italian pianist and composer ** Mary Landrieu, American politician, U.S. Senator from Louisiana * November 24 ** Sir Ian Botham, English cricketer ** Najib Mikati, Lebanese politician, 2-Time Prime Minister of Lebanon * November 25 – Bruno Tonioli, film, music video and theater choreographer * November 26 – **Tracy Hickman, American author **Jelko Kacin, Slovenian politician, Member of the European Parliament * November 27 – Bill Nye, American science presenter and public television host * November 28 – Alessandro Altobelli, Italian football player * November 29 – Howie Mandel, Canadian actor and game show host * November 30 ** Michael Beschloss, American historian ** Kevin Conroy, American voice actor ** Billy Idol, born William Broad, British rock musician


December

* December 3 ** Melody Anderson, Canadian actress and social worker ** Steven Culp, American actor ** Warren Jeffs, American criminal ** Andrea Romano (voice director), Andrea Romano, American retired casting director, voice director, and voice actress * December 4 – Maurizio Bianchi, Italian musician * December 7 – Priscilla Barnes, American actress * December 12 – Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek politician and businesswoman * December 13 – Manohar Parrikar, Indian politician (d. 2019) * December 14 – Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (d.
1991 It was the final year of the Cold War The Cold War was a period of tension between the and the and their respective allies, the and the , which began following . Historians do not fully agree on its starting and ending points, bu ...
) * December 16 – Xander Berkeley, American actor * December 17 – Brad Davis (basketball), Brad Davis, American basketball player * December 21 – Jane Kaczmarek, American actress * December 23 ** Keith Comstock, American baseball player ** Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet ** Stefan Arngrim, Canadian actor * December 24 ** Mizuho Fukushima, Japanese politician ** Clarence Gilyard, American actor and college professor * December 27 – Barbara Olson, American television commentator (d. 2001) * December 28 – Liu Xiaobo, Chinese literary critic and human rights activist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 2017) * December 31 – Jim Tracy (baseball), Jim Tracy, American baseball player and manager


Deaths


January

* January 1 – Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Indian scientist (b. 1894) * January 2 – José Antonio Remón Cantera, 19th President of Panama (assassinated) (b. 1908) * January 6 – Yevgeny Tarle, Soviet historian (b. 1874) * January 11 – Rodolfo Graziani, Italian general (b. 1882) * January 15 ** Johannes Baader, German artist (b. 1875) ** Yves Tanguy, French painter (b. 1900) * January 21 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880) *
January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that conta ...
– Jonni Myyrä, Finnish-American athlete (b. 1892) * January 24 – Ira Hayes, U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (b. 1923) * January 29 – Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1903) * January 31 – John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)


February

* February 3 - Vasily Blokhin, Soviet executioner (b. 1895) * February 6 – Constantin Argetoianu, 41st Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1871) * February 11 – Ona Munson, American actress (b. 1903) * February 12 ** Thomas J. Moore, Irish-American film actor (b. 1883) ** S. Z. Sakall, Hungarian actor (b. 1883) * February 20 – Oswald Avery, American physician and medical researcher (b. 1877) * February 23 – Paul Claudel, French poet, dramatist, and diplomat (b. 1868)


March

* March 3 – Katharine Drexel, American Roman Catholic foundress and saint (b. 1858) * March 8 – William C. deMille, American screenwriter and director (b. 1878) * March 9 – Matthew Henson, American explorer (b. 1866) * March 11 – Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1881) * March 12 – Charlie Parker, American saxophonist (b. 1920) * March 16 – Nicolas de Staël, Russian painter (b. 1914) *
March 19 Sometimes the March equinox The March equinox or northward equinox is the equinox An equinox is the instant of time when the plane of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to ha ...
– Mihály Károlyi, 1st President of Hungary and 20th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1875) * March 23 – Arthur Bernardes, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875) * March 24 – John W. Davis, American politician, diplomat, and lawyer (b. 1873)


April

* April 7 – Theda Bara, American film actress (b. 1885) *
April 10 Events * 428 __NOTOC__ Year 428 ( CDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday A leap year starting on Sunday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its ...
– Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French Jesuit priest, philosopher, paleontologist and geologist (b. 1881) * April 13 – Peyton C. March, United States Army general (b. 1864) *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
– Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879) * April 24 – Alfred Polgar, Austrian-born journalist (b. 1873) * April 25 – Constance Collier, stage and screen actress; acting coach (b. 1878)


May

* May 2 – Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie, 10th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1872) * May 4 ** Louis Charles Breguet, French aircraft designer and builder and early aviation pioneer (b. 1880) ** George Enescu, Romanian composer (b. 1881) * May 10 – Tommy Burns (Canadian boxer), Tommy Burns, American boxer (b. 1881) * May 16 – James Agee, American writer (b. 1909) * May 18 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (b. 1875) * May 19 – Concha Espina, Spanish writer (b. 1869) * May 26 – Alberto Ascari, Italian race-car driver (accident) (b. 1918) * May 29 – Rudolf Klein-Rogge, German actor (b. 1885) * May 30 – Bill Vukovich, American race-car driver (accident) (b. 1918)


June

* June 3 – Barbara Graham, American criminal (executed) (b. 1923) * June 10 – Margaret Abbott, American golfer (b. 1878) *
June 11 Events Pre-1600 * 173 Year 173 ( CLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– Walter Hampden, American actor (b. 1879) *
June 13 Events Pre-1600 * 313 __NOTOC__ Year 313 ( CCCXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ire ...
- Walter Braemer, German Nazi war criminal (b. 1883) * June 17 – Carlyle Blackwell, American actor (b. 1884) *
June 26 Events Pre-1600 * 4 – Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors ...
– Engelbert Zaschka, German helicopter pioneer (b. 1895) * June 29 – Max Pechstein, German painter (b. 1881)


July

* July 9 ** Don Beauman, British race car driver (b. 1928) ** Adolfo de la Huerta, 38th President of Mexico (b. 1881) *July 10 - Frank Hamer, American law enforcement officer and Texas Ranger Division, Texas Ranger (b. 1884) *
July 13 Events Pre-1600 *587 BC – Babylon's Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC), siege of Jerusalem ends following the destruction of Solomon's Temple. *1174 – William the Lion, William I of Scotland, a key Rebellion, rebel in the Revolt of 1173– ...
**
Ruth Ellis Ruth Ellis (9 October 1926 – 13 July 1955) was a British hostess. She was the last woman to be hanged in the United Kingdom after being convicted of the murder of her lover, David Blakely. During her childhood, Ellis' family moved from to , ...
, British-born murderer, last woman to be executed in the United Kingdom (b. 1926) ** Stanley Price, American film and television actor (b. 1892) * July 20 – Calouste Gulbenkian, Armenian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1869) * July 23 – Cordell Hull, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1871) * July 25 – Isaak Dunayevsky, Soviet film composer and conductor (b. 1900) * July 31 – Robert Francis (actor), Robert Francis, American actor (b. 1930)


August

* August 1 – William Hamilton (athlete), William Hamilton, American Olympic athlete (b. 1883) * August 2 ** Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Bavarian military leader and last Bavarian crown prince (b. 1869) ** Wallace Stevens, American poet (b. 1879) * August 5 – Carmen Miranda, Portuguese-born Brazilian singer and actress (b. 1909) * August 11 – Frank Seiberling, American inventor, co-founder of Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company (b. 1859) * August 12 ** Thomas Mann, German novelist, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875) ** James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887) * August 17 – Fernand Léger, French painter and sculptor (b. 1881) * August 28 – Emmett Till, American murder victim (b.
1941 Events Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix. January * January–August – In the first phase of mass killings under the Action T4 program, 10,072 men, women and children with mental and physical disabilities are ...
)


September

* September 20 – Robert Riskin, American screenwriter (b. 1897) * September 23 – Martha Norelius, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1908) * September 30 ** Michael Chekhov, Russian actor, theatre director, and writer (b. 1891) ** James Dean, American actor (accident) (b. 1931)


October

* October 4 – Alexander Papagos, Greek Field Marshal (b. 1883) * October 7 – Rodolphe Seeldrayers, German journalist and administrator, 4th President of FIFA (b. 1876) * October 9 ** Theodor Innitzer, Cardinal Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1875) ** Alice Joyce, American actress (b. 1890) * October 13 ** Manuel Ávila Camacho, 45th President of Mexico (b. 1897) ** Alexandrina Maria da Costa, Portuguese Roman Catholic mystic, victim soul and blessed (b. 1904) * October 17 – Dimitrios Maximos, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1873) * October 18 – José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher (b. 1883) * October 19 – John Hodiak, American actor (b. 1914) * October 25 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese leukemia, atomic bomb sickness victim (b. 1943) * October 27 – Juan de Dios Martínez, 23rd President of Ecuador (b. 1875)


November

* November 1 – Dale Carnegie, American writer and lecturer (b. 1888) * November 4 – Cy Young, American baseball player (Cleveland Spiders) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1867) *
November 5 Events Pre-1600 *1138 Year 1138 ( MCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
– Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883) * November 7 – Tom Powers, American actor (b. 1890) * November 12 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer and architect (b. 1878) * November 14 – Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (b. 1896) * November 15 – Lloyd Bacon, American actor and director (b. 1889) * November 17 ** James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer (b. 1894) ** Helmuth Weidling, German general (b. 1891) * November 22 – Shemp Howard, American actor and comedian (The Three Stooges) (b. 1895) * November 27 – Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (b. 1892)


December

* December 5 – Jirō Minami, Japanese general and Governor-General of Korea (1936-1942) (b. 1874) * December 6 – Honus Wagner, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1874) * December 8 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher (b. 1885) * December 13 – António Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1874) * December 15 – Otto Braun, German politician, former Minister President of the Free State of Prussia (b. 1872) * December 18 – Anna Murray Vail, American botanist (b. 1863) * December 21 – Garegin Nzhdeh, Armenian statesman (b. 1886) * December 24 – Nana Bryant, American actress (b. 1888)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Willis Eugene Lamb and Polykarp Kusch * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – Vincent du Vigneaud * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Halldór Laxness, Halldór Kiljan Laxness * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – not awarded


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:1955 1955,