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Below, the events of
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
have the "WWII" prefix.


January

*
January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. __TO ...
– WWII: The Soviet Union announces that 22 German divisions have been encircled at
Stalingrad Volgograd (russian: Волгогра́д, Volgográd, a=ru-Volgograd.ogg, p=vəɫɡɐˈɡrat), geographical renaming, formerly Tsaritsyn (russian: Цари́цын, Tsarítsyn) (1589–1925), and Stalingrad (russian: Сталингра́д, Stal ...

Stalingrad
, with 175,000 killed and 137,650 captured. *
January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Alfred are defeated by a Danish invasio ...
** WWII: Greek-Polish athlete and saboteur
Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz ( el, Γεώργιος Ιβάνωφ-Σαϊνόβιτς, ''Georgios Ivanof-Sainovits''; Warsaw Warsaw ( ; pl, Warszawa ; see also Warsaw#Toponymy and names, other names) is the capital and List of cities and towns in ...
is executed by the Germans at
Kaisariani Kaisariani ( el, Καισαριανή) is a suburb and a municipality in the eastern part of the Athens agglomeration in Greece. Geography Kaisariani is located about southeast of Athens city centre, and of the Acropolis of Athens. The municipa ...

Kaisariani
. **
Culbert Olson Culbert is a personal name that seems to have originated in Europe. The earliest records for this surname are found in England, Scotland, and Ireland. The use of surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England, ...
, 29th
Governor of California The governor of California is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or ...
, is succeeded by
Earl Warren Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was an American politician and jurist who served as 30th governor of California The governor of California is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second h ...

Earl Warren
. *
January 11 Events Pre-1600 *532 __NOTOC__ Year 532 ( DXXXII) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday 1 January, and ends on Friday 31 Dece ...
** The United States and United Kingdom revise previously
unequal treaty Unequal treaty is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed between the Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last History of China#Imperial China, imperial Dynasties in Chinese history, dyn ...
relationships with the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the sout ...
. ** Italian-American anarchist
Carlo Tresca Carlo Tresca (March 9, 1879 – January 11, 1943) was an Italian-American newspaper editor, orator, and labor organizer who was a leader of the Industrial Workers of the World during the 1910s. He is remembered as a leading public opponent of fasc ...
is assassinated in New York City. *
January 13 Events Pre-1600 * – transfers the state to the free disposal of the Senate and the people. He receives Spain, Gaul, and Syria as his province for ten years. * – The break out, during the racing season at the in , as a result of ...
– Anti-
Nazi Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about th ...
protests in
Sofia Sofia ( ; bg, София, Sofiya, ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities and towns in Bulgaria, largest city of Bulgaria. It is situated in the Sofia Valley at the foot of the Vitosha mountain in the western parts of the country ...

Sofia
result in 200 arrests and 36 executions. *
January 14 Events Pre-1600 * – King marries . * – dies, ending the in Hungary. 1601–1900 * – The "", the first written that created a , is adopted in . * – The is fought in India between the s under and the Marathas. * &n ...
24 – WWII:
Casablanca Conference The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) or Anfa Conference was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca Casablanca ( ar, الدار البيضاء, ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; ber, ⴰⵏⴼⴰ, anfa) is the largest city of . Located in the cent ...
:
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
, President of the United States;
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, Winston Churchill in the Second World War, during the Second World War, ...

Winston Churchill
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; and Generals
Charles de Gaulle Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (; ; 22 November 18909 November 1970) was a French army officer and statesman who led against in and chaired the from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in . In 1958, he came out of retire ...
and
Henri Giraud Henri Honoré Giraud (18 January 1879 – 11 March 1949) was a French general and a leader of the Free French Forces Free France (french: France Libre) was the government-in-exile led by French general Charles de Gaulle during the World ...

Henri Giraud
of the
Free French forces Free France (french: France Libre) was the government-in-exile led by French general Charles de Gaulle during the World War II, Second World War. Established in London in June 1940 after the Fall of France, it continued fighting the Axis as ...
meet secretly at the Anfa Hotel in
Casablanca Casablanca ( ar, الدار البيضاء, ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; ber, ⴰⵏⴼⴰ, anfa) is the largest city of . Located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the , it is the second largest city in the region and the in the . Ca ...

Casablanca
,
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
, to plan the
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
European strategy for the next stage of the war. *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * – seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself , beginning a reign of only three months. * – King gives a commission to settle the province of (Canada) and provide for the spread of the "Holy Catholic faith". * & ...
** WWII:
Guadalcanal Campaign The Guadalcanal campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal Gua ...
Operation Ke was the largely successful withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal Guadalcanal (; indigenous name: ''Isatabu'') is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the Solomon Islands, located in the Western Pacific Ocean, south-we ...
:
Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of J ...

Japanese
forces begin to withdraw from
Guadalcanal Guadalcanal (; indigenous name: ''Isatabu'') is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the Solomon Islands, located in the Western Pacific Ocean, south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia. It is the largest island in the Solomon Isl ...

Guadalcanal
in the
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania, to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. It has a land area of , and a population of 652,858. Its capital, Honi ...
. ** The world's largest office building,
The Pentagon The Pentagon is the headquarters Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated. In the United States The United States of America ...
, headquarters of the
United States Department of War The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, al ...
, is dedicated in
Arlington, Virginia Arlington County is a County (United States), county in the Commonwealth of Virginia, often referred to simply as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia. The county is situated in Northern Virginia on the southwestern bank of the Potomac River direc ...
. *
January 16 Events Pre-1600 * – is granted the title by the , marking the beginning of the . * – General conquers , enlarging the domain of King of . * – : The , under King , conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the n garriso ...
Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ...

Iraq
declares war on the Axis powers. *
January 18 Events Pre-1600 * – Seven-year-old succeeds his maternal grandfather as . He dies ten months later. * – in fail. * – abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son . * – King marries , daughter of , uniting the ...
** WWII:
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovere ...
officials announce that the
Red Army The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army,) frequently shortened to Red Army, was the army and air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links= ...
has broken the
Wehrmacht The ''Wehrmacht'' (, ) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the German Army (1935–1945), ''Heer'' (army), the ''Kriegsmarine'' (navy) and the ''Luftwaffe'' (air force). The designation "''Wehrmacht ...
's
siege of Leningrad The siege of Leningrad (russian: links=no, блокада Ленинграда; german: links=no, Leningrader Blockade) was a prolonged military blockade A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material Materiel or matér ...
as part of
Operation Iskra Operation Iskra (russian: операция Искра , translation = Operation Spark), a Soviet military operation in January 1943 during World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a ...
, opening a narrow land corridor to the city.
Georgy Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (russian: Георгий Константинович Жуков; ; 1 December 1896 – 18 June 1974) was a Soviet and . He also served as , , and was a member of the (later Politburo). During the , Zhukov ...
is promoted to
Marshal of the Soviet Union Marshal of the Soviet Union (russian: Маршал Советского Союза, ) was the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union was created in 1935 and abolished in 1991. Forty-one people held thi ...

Marshal of the Soviet Union
. ** The first
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; pl, powstanie w getcie warszawskim; german: Aufstand im Warschauer Ghetto was the 1943 act of Jewish resistance during the Holocaust, Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto in Occupation of Poland (1939–1945), G ...
begins: several days engagement with the Germans limits the number of Jews deported at this time. *
January 21 Events Pre-1600 *763 – Following the Alid revolt of 762–763, Battle of Bakhamra between Alids and Abbasids near Kufa, the Alid rebellion ends with the death of Ibrahim, brother of Isa ibn Musa. *1525 – The Switzerland, Swiss Anab ...
– WWII: Pan Am Flight 1104
Pan American Airways Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passeng ...
Martin M-130 The Martin M-130 was a commercial flying boat designed and built in 1935 by the Glenn L. Martin Company in Baltimore, Maryland Baltimore ( , locally: ) is the List of municipalities in Maryland, most populous city in the U.S. state of Maryla ...
flying boat A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing of Ryanair makes a smoky landing at Bristol Airport (2016) lands on a moving trailer as part of an airshow. ...

flying boat
crashes about southwest of
Ukiah, California Ukiah ( ; formerly Ukiah City) is the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary an ...
. All 10 passengers and 9 crew aboard are killed, including Admiral
Robert H. English
Robert H. English
(at this time COMSUBPAC). *
January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contai ...
** WWII:
Battle of Buna–Gona The Battle of Buna–Gona was part of the New Guinea campaign in the Pacific war, Pacific Theatre during World War II. It followed the conclusion of the Kokoda Track campaign and lasted from 16 November 1942 until 22 January 1943. The battle was ...
: American and Australian forces secure control of the
territory of Papua The Territory of Papua comprised the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea New Guinea (; Hiri Motu: ''Niu Gini''; id, Papua, historically ) is the List of islands by area, world's second-largest island, and with an area of , ...

territory of Papua
. **
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
:
Round up of Marseille The Marseille roundup was the systematic deportation of the Jews of Marseille Marseille ( , also spelled in English as ''Marseilles''; , ; oc, Marselha ) is the Prefectures in France, prefecture of the Departments of France, department of Bou ...
begins – Over 4,000 Jews are detained in Nazi-occupied
Marseille Marseille ( , , ; also spelled in English as Marseilles; oc, Marselha ) is the of the and , France. Situated in the , it is located on the coast of the , part of the , near the mouth of the . Marseille is the second-largest city in Franc ...

Marseille
as part of "Action Tiger", before being transported to
extermination camp Nazi Germany used six extermination camps (german: Vernichtungslager), also called death camps (''Todeslager''), or killing centers (''Tötungszentren''), in Central Europe during World War II to systematically murder over 2.7 million peoplem ...
s in Poland. *
January 23 Events Pre-1600 * 393 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman ...
** WWII: British forces capture
Tripoli Tripoli (; ar, طرابلس, ; ber, ⵜⵔⵢⴱⵓⵍⵙ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Tripoli
from the
Italians Italians ( it, italiani ) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love for, or a strong attr ...
. **
Duke Ellington Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra A big band is a type of musical ensemble of jazz music that usually consists of ten or more musicians with fou ...

Duke Ellington
plays at New York City's
Carnegie Hall Carnegie Hall ( ); is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the New York City borough New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States citi ...

Carnegie Hall
for the first time. ** American critic and commentator
Alexander Woollcott Alexander Humphreys Woollcott (January 19, 1887 – January 23, 1943) was an American critic and commentator for ''The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction ...

Alexander Woollcott
suffers an eventually fatal heart attack, during a regular broadcast of the
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
Radio round-table program ''People's Platform''. *
January 27 Events Pre-1600 * 98 – Trajan Trajan ( ; la, Caesar Nerva Trajanus; 18 September 539/11 August 117) was from 98 to 117. Officially declared by the ''optimus princeps'' ("best ruler"), Trajan is remembered as a successful sol ...
– WWII: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against Germany:
Wilhelmshaven Wilhelmshaven (, ''Wilhelm's Harbour'') is a coastal town in Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state (''Land'') situated in Northern Germany, northwestern Germany. It is the ...
is the target. *
January 29 Events Pre-1600 * – is elected pope, after coming out of retirement to take over the from the deposed . * – Caliph is blinded and deposed by Emir , ruler of the . He is succeeded by as caliph of the . * – : defeats the ...
** Nazi German police arrest alleged
necrophiliac Necrophilia, also known as necrophilism, necrolagnia, necrocoitus, necrochlesis, and thanatophilia, is sexual attraction towards or a sexual act involving Cadaver, corpses. It is classified as a paraphilia by the World Health Organization (WHO) i ...
and
serial killer A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree. See, for example: ...
Bruno Lüdke. ** The
United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (Reserve) was the World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a World war, global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved World War II b ...
(MCWR) is created. *
January 29 Events Pre-1600 * – is elected pope, after coming out of retirement to take over the from the deposed . * – Caliph is blinded and deposed by Emir , ruler of the . He is succeeded by as caliph of the . * – : defeats the ...
30 – WWII:
Battle of Rennell Island The took place on 29–30 January 1943. It was the last major naval engagement between the United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors ...
– The
Imperial Japanese Navy The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai are the traditional forms of kanji are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system. They are used alongside the Japanese language, Japanese syllabic ...
resists the United States Navy's attempt to interrupt the withdrawal of Japanese forces from
Guadalcanal Guadalcanal (; indigenous name: ''Isatabu'') is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the Solomon Islands, located in the Western Pacific Ocean, south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia. It is the largest island in the Solomon Isl ...

Guadalcanal
, in the last major
naval battle Naval warfare is human combat in and on the sea, the ocean, or any other battlespace involving a major body of water such as a large lake or wide river. History Mankind has fought battles on the sea for more than 3,000 years. Even in the interi ...
of the
Guadalcanal Campaign The Guadalcanal campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal Gua ...
. *
January 29 Events Pre-1600 * – is elected pope, after coming out of retirement to take over the from the deposed . * – Caliph is blinded and deposed by Emir , ruler of the . He is succeeded by as caliph of the . * – : defeats the ...
31 – WWII:
Battle of Wau The Battle of Wau, 29 January – 4 February 1943, was a battle in the New Guinea campaign The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. During the initial phase in early 1942, t ...
– Australian forces, with United States support, resist a Japanese advance in the
New Guinea campaign The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. During the initial phase in early 1942, the Empire of Japan invaded the Australian-administered Mandated Territory of New Guinea (23 Jan ...
. *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 – Poland and the Holy Roman Empire conclude the Peace of Bautzen. *1287 – King Wareru founds the Hanthawaddy Kingdom, and proclaims independence from the Pagan Kingdom. 1601–1900 *1607 – An estimated ...
– WWII: German General
Friedrich Paulus Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus (23 September 1890 – 1 February 1957) was a German field marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it ...
is promoted to the rank of Field Marshal and instructed to fight to the death in
Stalingrad Volgograd (russian: Волгогра́д, Volgográd, a=ru-Volgograd.ogg, p=vəɫɡɐˈɡrat), geographical renaming, formerly Tsaritsyn (russian: Цари́цын, Tsarítsyn) (1589–1925), and Stalingrad (russian: Сталингра́д, Stal ...

Stalingrad
, while
Karl Dönitz Karl Dönitz (sometimes spelled Doenitz; ; 16 September 1891 24 December 1980) was a Nazi Germany, German admiral who briefly succeeded Adolf Hitler as head of state in May 1945, holding the position until the dissolution of the Flensburg Gover ...

Karl Dönitz
is promoted to Commander in Chief of the German Navy, replacing Erich Raeder.


February

*
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 Year 506 ( DVI) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its domini ...

February 2
– WWII: In Russia, the
Battle of Stalingrad In the Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 19422 February 1943), Nazi Germany, Germany and Axis powers, its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Volgograd#Stalingrad, Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia. Marked ...

Battle of Stalingrad
comes to an end, with the surrender of the German 6th Army. *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 (Roman numerals, MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Malik Shah (Rûm), Malik Sha ...
– WWII: The
Four Chaplains The Four Chaplains, also referred to as the "Immortal Chaplains" or the "Dorchester Chaplains", were four World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a World war, global war that lasted fr ...
of the U.S. Army are among those drowned when their ship, , is struck by a German
torpedo A modern torpedo is an underwater ranged weapon launched above or below the water surface, self-propelled towards a target, and with an explosive warhead designed to detonate either on contact with or in proximity to the target. Historically, su ...

torpedo
in the North Atlantic. *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * – in , Italy. * – , leader of a against the , declares himself emperor and establishes the .Volume 217 of ' recorded that An crowned himself emperor on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 1st year of the Zhide e ...
– Lt. General Frank M. Andrews is selected to command the U.S. armies in Europe, while General
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
is assigned command in North Africa. Andrews will serve only 3 months, before dying in an airplane crash. *
February 6 Events Pre-1600 * 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week A week is a time unit equal to seven days. It is the standard time period used for cycles of rest days in most parts of the world, mostly alongside—although not ...
– WWII: RCN corvette HMCS ''Louisburg'' is bombed and sunk off
Oran Oran ( ar, وَهران, Wahrān) is a major coastal city located in the north-west of . It is considered the second most important city of after the capital , due to its population, commercial, industrial, and cultural importance. It is from A ...

Oran
,
Algeria ) , image_map = Algeria (centered orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Algiers Algiers ( ; ar, الجزائر; Berber language, Berber: ''Dzayer;'' French language, French'': Alger'') is ...

Algeria
by Italian aircraft. *
February 7 Events Pre-1600 * 457 – Leo ILeo I may refer to: People * Pope Leo I (400–461), also known as Pope Saint Leo the Great * Leo I (emperor), Roman emperor from 457 to 474 * Leo I, Prince of Armenia (d. 1140) * Leo I, King of Armeni ...
– WWII: ** North Atlantic convoy SC 118 is attacked by
U-boat U-boats were naval submarines operated by Germany, particularly in the First First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number 1 (number), one (#1). First or 1st may also refer to: *World record, specifically the first instance of a particular a ...

U-boat
s, who sink 8 ships. ** In the United States, it is announced that shoe
rationing Rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, services, or an artificial restriction of demand. Rationing controls the size of the ration, which is one's allowed portion of the resources being distributed on a particular d ...
will go into effect in two days. *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
** WWII: The
Guadalcanal Campaign The Guadalcanal campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal Gua ...
in the
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania, to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. It has a land area of , and a population of 652,858. Its capital, Honi ...
ends with United States forces in command of
Guadalcanal Guadalcanal (; indigenous name: ''Isatabu'') is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the Solomon Islands, located in the Western Pacific Ocean, south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia. It is the largest island in the Solomon Isl ...

Guadalcanal
, the evacuation of Japanese forces in
Operation Ke was the largely successful withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal Guadalcanal (; indigenous name: ''Isatabu'') is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the Solomon Islands, located in the Western Pacific Ocean, south-we ...
having been completed two days earlier. ** WWII:
Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia The massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia ( pl, rzeź wołyńska, literally: ''Volhynian slaughter''; uk, Волинська трагедія, ''Volyn tragedy''), were carried out in German-occupied Poland German-occupied Poland ...
by the
Ukrainian Insurgent Army The Ukrainian Insurgent Army ( ua, Українська повстанська армія, УПА, ''Ukrayins'ka Povstans'ka Armiya'', abbreviated UPA) was a Ukrainian nationalist paramilitary and later Partisans (military), partisan formation. ...
begin, with the Parośla I massacre within the
Reichskommissariat Ukraine During World War II, Reichskommissariat Ukraine (abbreviated as RKU) was the civilian occupation regime (''Reichskommissariat'') of much of Nazi Germany, Nazi German-occupied Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukraine (which included adjacent a ...

Reichskommissariat Ukraine
. **
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: Rue Sainte-Catherine Roundup – The
Gestapo The (), abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of letters, or words taken from the full version of the word or phrase; for e ...

Gestapo
, directed by
Klaus Barbie Nikolaus “Klaus” Barbie (25 October 1913 – 25 September 1991) was a Nazi Nazism (), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus; ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of beliefs or philosophies attributed to a ...

Klaus Barbie
, arrest 86 Jews in
Lyon Lyon or Lyons (, , ; frp, Liyon, ) is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Rhône The Rhône ( , ; german: Rhone ; wae, Rotten ; it, Rodano ; frp, Rôno ; oc, ...

Lyon
. *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * 1258 – Mongol invasions The Mongol invasions and conquests took place during the 13th and 14th centuries, creating history's largest contiguous empire - The Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th cen ...
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (; 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, Quote: "... marks Gandhi as a hybrid cosmopolitan figure who transformed ... anti-colonial nationalist politics in the t ...

Mohandas Gandhi
(under arrest by forces of the
British Raj The British Raj (; from ''rāj'', literally, "rule" in Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the In ...

British Raj
in
Pune Pune (; ) is the seventh most populous city in India and the second-largest city in the state of Maharashtra Maharashtra (; , abbr. MH or Maha, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'' ...

Pune
as a member of the Quit India Movement) keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment. *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year sta ...
– WWII: Rostov-on-Don in Russia is liberated. *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year sta ...
–February 17, 17 – WWII: Battle of Sidi Bou Zid: In the Tunisia Campaign, German Panzer divisions commanded by Hans-Jürgen von Arnim are victorious over the United States Army. * February 16 – WWII: The Soviet Union reconquers Kharkov, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkov. * February 18 ** In a Sportpalast speech, ''Sportpalast'' speech in Berlin, German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels declares a "total war" against the Allies, tacitly admitting that Nazi Germany faces serious dangers. ** The Nazism, Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose German resistance to Nazism, German Resistance movement. * February 19–February 24, 24 – WWII: Battle of Kasserine Pass: German General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps and other Axis powers, Axis forces launch an offensive against
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
defenses in Tunisia; it is the United States' first major battle defeat of the war. On February 22, an Anglo-American force halts the German advance near Thala, Tunisia, Thala, forcing the Germans to retreat, US bombers harass the retreating Panzers. * February 20 ** American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to Censorship, censor movies. ** The Parícutin volcano begins to appear in a cornfield in Mexico. * February 21 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy ON 166 is attacked by
U-boat U-boats were naval submarines operated by Germany, particularly in the First First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number 1 (number), one (#1). First or 1st may also refer to: *World record, specifically the first instance of a particular a ...

U-boat
s, who sink eleven ships. * February 22 **WWII: RCN corvette HMCS Weyburn (K173), HMCS ''Weyburn'' sinks east of Gibraltar, after being naval mine, mined. **Members of the White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany. * February 23–February 24, 24 – Cavan Orphanage Fire: 35 girls and a cook from St Joseph's Orphanage, an Industrial Schools in Ireland, industrial school at Cavan, Ireland, are killed in a fire in their dormitories. A subsequent inquiry absolves the Poor Clares of blame. * February 27 – Smith Mine disaster: An explosion at Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, United States kills 74 coal miners. * February 28 – Operation Gunnerside: 6 Norwegians, led by Joachim Rønneberg, successfully attack the heavy water plant at Vemork.


March

* March – Exiled French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's self-illustrated children's novella, ''The Little Prince'', is published in New York City, the all-time List of best-selling books, best-selling book originating in French. * March–December – History of computing hardware: British prototype Mark I Colossus computer is constructed (the world's first totally ''electronic'' programmable computing device) to assist in cryptanalysis of German signals at Bletchley Park. * March 1 – Heinz Guderian becomes Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army (Wehrmacht), German Army. * March 1–March 2, 2 – WWII: Koriukivka massacre – 6,700 inhabitants of Koriukivka are murdered in the Ukraine, by a Nazi Germany, German SS unit. * March 2 – WWII: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships, then strafe survivors in the water. *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
– 173 people are killed in a crush, while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station, Bethnal Green, London. * March 4 – The 15th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Los Angeles. ''Mrs. Miniver'' wins the Academy Award for Best Picture, Best Picture Award. * March 4–March 6, 6 – WWII: Battle of Fardykambos – Greek partisans and armed civilians force the surrender of an Italian army battalion. * March 5 – The Gloster Meteor, the first
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
Fighter aircraft#Jet-powered fighters, jet fighter, makes its first flight, in England. * March 9–March 10, 10 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy SC 121 is attacked by
U-boat U-boats were naval submarines operated by Germany, particularly in the First First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number 1 (number), one (#1). First or 1st may also refer to: *World record, specifically the first instance of a particular a ...

U-boat
s sinking seven ships. * March 9 – Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey (14th government; Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister). * March 10 – Banco Bradesco is founded in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil. * March 12 – WWII: Italian occupation of Greece: The Italian occupying forces abandon the town of Karditsa to the partisans. On the same day, an Italian motorized column razes the village of Tsaritsani, burning 360 of its 600 houses and shooting 40 civilians. * March 13 –
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: Nazi Germany, Nazi German forces liquidate the Jews of the Kraków Ghetto, in Occupation of Poland (1939–45), Occupied Poland. * March 14 – WWII: British submarine HMS Thetis (N25), HMS ''Thunderbolt'' is sunk off Sicily by an Italian corvette, the second time this vessel has been lost with all hands. * March 15 – WWII: ** Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci (1939), Italian submarine ''Leonardo da Vinci'' sinks Canadian Pacific Railway, Canadian Pacific Ocean liner, liner RMS Empress of Canada (1920), RMS ''Empress of Canada'' off Sierra Leone. Nearly half of the 392 fatalities are Italian prisoners of war. ** German forces recapture Kharkov after four days of house-to-house fighting against
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovere ...
troops, ending the month-long Third Battle of Kharkov. * March 16–March 19, 19 – WWII: 22 ships from Convoys HX 229/SC 122 and one U-boat are sunk, in the largest North Atlantic U-boat "Wolfpack (naval tactic), wolfpack" attack of the war. * March 17 (Saint Patrick's Day) – Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, makes the speech "The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech, in Dublin Castle. * March 22 – WWII: Khatyn massacre – The entire population of Khatyn, Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces. * March 23 – The drugs Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany. * March 26 – WWII: Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands, the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese troops attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska. * March 27 – WWII: British Royal Navy escort carrier is destroyed by an accidental explosion in the Firth of Clyde, killing 379 of the crew of 528. * March 28 – In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600. * March 31 – Richard Rodgers, Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, Hammerstein's ''Oklahoma!'' opens on Broadway theatre, Broadway, heralds a new era in "integrated" stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic and goes on to be Broadway's longest-running musical up to this time (1948).


April

* April 3 – Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim is rescued by Brazilian fishermen after being adrift for 130 days. * April 13 – WWII: Radio Berlin announces the discovery by
Wehrmacht The ''Wehrmacht'' (, ) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the German Army (1935–1945), ''Heer'' (army), the ''Kriegsmarine'' (navy) and the ''Luftwaffe'' (air force). The designation "''Wehrmacht ...
of mass graves of Poles killed by Soviets in the Katyn massacre. * April 19 ** History of lysergic acid diethylamide: Albert Hofmann self-administers the psychedelic drug LSD (which he first synthesized in 1938) for the first time in history and records the details of his experience. **
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: The
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; pl, powstanie w getcie warszawskim; german: Aufstand im Warschauer Ghetto was the 1943 act of Jewish resistance during the Holocaust, Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto in Occupation of Poland (1939–1945), G ...
begins when Nazi troops enter the Warsaw Ghetto to round up remaining Jews. * April 21 – WWII: ** Aberdeen, Scotland, experiences its worst bombing, with 125 people killed. ** The first German Tiger I tank is captured in North Africa by British forces. * April 25 – Easter occurs on the latest possible date (last time 1886; next time 2038) in the Western Christianity, Western Christian Church. * April 26 – The Easter Riots occur in Uppsala, Sweden. * April 27 – The U.S. Federal Writers' Project ceases operation.


May

* May 6 – WWII: Six U-boats are sunk, after sinking 12 ships from Convoy ONS 5, in the last major North Atlantic U-boat "Wolfpack (naval tactic), wolfpack" attack of the war. * May 9–May 12, 12 – Japanese troops carry out the Changjiao massacre in Changjiao, Hunan, China. * May 11 – WWII: American troops invade Attu Island, Attu in the Aleutian Islands, in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces. * May 12 – The Washington Conference (1943), Third Washington Conference ("Trident") begins in Washington, D.C., with
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
and
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, Winston Churchill in the Second World War, during the Second World War, ...

Winston Churchill
taking part. * May 13 – WWII: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
forces. * May 14 ** AHS Centaur, Australian Hospital Ship ''Centaur'' is sunk off the coast of Queensland by , killing 268 of the 332 medical personnel and civilian crew aboard. ** The 358th Bombardment Squadron, 303d Bombardment Group Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress variants#B-17F, B-17F ''Hell's Angels'' is the first USAAF bomber to complete 25 missions. * May 15 – The Comintern is dissolved in Moscow. * May 16–May 17, 17 – WWII: Operation Chastise (the 'Dambuster Raid') takes place: No. 617 Squadron RAF use bouncing bombs to breach German dams in the Ruhr Valley. * May 16 – Holocaust: The
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; pl, powstanie w getcie warszawskim; german: Aufstand im Warschauer Ghetto was the 1943 act of Jewish resistance during the Holocaust, Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto in Occupation of Poland (1939–1945), G ...
ends. 13,000 Jews have been killed in the ghetto and almost all the remaining 50,000 residents are deported to Majdanek concentration camp, Majdanek and Treblinka extermination camps. * May 17 – WWII: ** The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the computer ENIAC. ** The ''Memphis Belle (aircraft), Memphis Belle's'' crew becomes the first aircrew in the 8th Air Force to complete its 25-mission tour of duty. The aircraft and crew are the first to return to the U.S. intact for a War Bond drive. * May 19 –
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, Winston Churchill in the Second World War, during the Second World War, ...

Winston Churchill
addresses a joint session of the United States Congress. * May 23 – WWII: The battleship is commissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. * May 27 – The port city of Maizuru is founded in Japan. * May 29 – Norman Rockwell's illustration of 'Rosie the Riveter' first appears, on the cover of ''The Saturday Evening Post''. * May 30 –
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: Dr. Josef Mengele begins his position as a medical officer in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.


June

* June 1 – BOAC Flight 777, a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s; all 17 persons aboard perish, including actor Leslie Howard (actor), Leslie Howard. * June 3 ** The Zoot Suit Riots erupt between military personnel and Mexican-American youths in East Los Angeles. ** The French Committee of National Liberation (''Comité Français de Libération Nationale'', CFLN) is formed with headquarters in Algiers and Generals
Charles de Gaulle Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (; ; 22 November 18909 November 1970) was a French army officer and statesman who led against in and chaired the from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in . In 1958, he came out of retire ...
and
Henri Giraud Henri Honoré Giraud (18 January 1879 – 11 March 1949) was a French general and a leader of the Free French Forces Free France (french: France Libre) was the government-in-exile led by French general Charles de Gaulle during the World ...

Henri Giraud
as co-presidents. * June 4 – A military 1943 Argentine coup d'état, coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo. * June 8 – WWII: Japanese battleship Mutsu, Japanese battleship ''Mutsu'' is destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion, in Hashirajima anchorage. * June 8–June 9, 9 – WWII: Battle of Porta: The Royal Italian Army is defeated by the Greek People's Liberation Army. * June 20–June 23, 23 – The Detroit race riot of 1943 in the United States kills 34 people (25 African Americans, 9 whites), wounds hundreds more and damages and destroys property worth millions. * June 21 – WWII: British saboteurs blow up the strategically significant railway viaduct at Asopos, Greece. * June 22 – WWII: The 45th Infantry Division (United States), U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division lands in North Africa, prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco. * June 30 – The United States Civilian Conservation Corps is abolished. * June (late) –
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: The last trainload of Jewish prisoners is moved from Bełżec extermination camp in Occupation of Poland (1939–45), Occupied Poland (for gassing at Sobibór extermination camp, Sobibór), and for the remainder of the year the Nazism, Nazis make efforts to obliterate the site.


July

* July 1 – The United States Women's Army Corps (WAC) is converted to full status. * July 4 – 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash: The aircraft carrying General Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile, crashes, killing him and 15 others, leading to Władysław Sikorski's death controversy, a lasting controversy over the circumstances. * July 5 – WWII: ** Battle of Kursk – The largest tank battle in history begins. ** A fleet sets sail for the Allied invasion of Sicily. ** The National Bands Agreement is concluded in Greece. * July 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara. * July 10 ** (0245 GMT (4:45 a.m. local time)) – WWII: Allied invasion of Sicily – The
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
invasion of Axis powers, Axis-controlled Europe begins, with landings on the island of Sicily off mainland Italy by the Seventh United States Army and the Eighth Army (United Kingdom), British Eighth Army, including the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. **
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: Jedwabne pogrom – At least 340 Polish Jews are marched to a local barn, locked inside and subsequently burned to death. * July 11 – WWII: ** United States Army forces make an assault on Piano Lupo, just outside Gela, Sicily. **
Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia The massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia ( pl, rzeź wołyńska, literally: ''Volhynian slaughter''; uk, Волинська трагедія, ''Volyn tragedy''), were carried out in German-occupied Poland German-occupied Poland ...
by the
Ukrainian Insurgent Army The Ukrainian Insurgent Army ( ua, Українська повстанська армія, УПА, ''Ukrayins'ka Povstans'ka Armiya'', abbreviated UPA) was a Ukrainian nationalist paramilitary and later Partisans (military), partisan formation. ...
within the
Reichskommissariat Ukraine During World War II, Reichskommissariat Ukraine (abbreviated as RKU) was the civilian occupation regime (''Reichskommissariat'') of much of Nazi Germany, Nazi German-occupied Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukraine (which included adjacent a ...

Reichskommissariat Ukraine
(Volhynia) peak. * July 12 – WWII: Main engagement of the Battle of Prokhorovka – The
Wehrmacht The ''Wehrmacht'' (, ) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the German Army (1935–1945), ''Heer'' (army), the ''Kriegsmarine'' (navy) and the ''Luftwaffe'' (air force). The designation "''Wehrmacht ...
and the
Red Army The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army,) frequently shortened to Red Army, was the army and air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links= ...
fight to a draw in one of the largest tank battles in military history. * July 19 – WWII: Rome is bombed by the Allies of World War II, Allies, for the first time in the war. * July 24 – WWII: Operation Gomorrha: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night; American planes bomb the city by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 42,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings. * July 25 – Benito Mussolini, Fascist Prime Minister of Italy since 1922, is arrested after the Grand Council of Fascism withdraws its support. "Il Duce" is replaced by General Pietro Badoglio.


August

* August 1 – Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploiești, Ploiești, Romania. * August 2 – WWII: John F. Kennedy's PT boat Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109, ''PT-109'' is run down by Japanese destroyer Japanese destroyer Amagiri (1930), ''Amagiri''. * August 4 – WWII: The aircraft carrier is launched at Newport News, Virginia. * August 5 – WWII: ** United States Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) are formed, consolidating the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS) and Women Airforce Service Pilots (WFTD). ** John F. Kennedy and crew are found by
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania, to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. It has a land area of , and a population of 652,858. Its capital, Honi ...
coastwatchers Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana, with their dugout canoe. * August 6 – WWII: Battle of Vella Gulf: Americans defeat a Japanese convoy off Kolombangara, as the United States Army, U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia. * August 14 ** WWII: Rome is declared an open city by the Italian government, with Italy offering to demilitarize the capital, in return for an Allied agreement not to bomb the city further. ** The Quebec Conference, 1943, Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City; Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, Winston Churchill in the Second World War, during the Second World War, ...

Winston Churchill
and
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
. * August 17 – WWII: ** The Seventh United States Army, Seventh U.S. Army, under General George S. Patton, meets the Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Eighth British Army under Field marshal (United Kingdom), Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, B. L. Montgomery in Messina, Sicily, completing the Allied invasion of Sicily. ** Operation Hydra (1943), Operation Hydra: The British Royal Air Force sets out to bomb the Peenemünde Army Research Center, to disrupt the German V-weapons programme. * August 21 – 1943 Australian federal election: John Curtin's Australian Labor Party, Labor Curtin Government, Government defeats the National Party of Australia, Country/United Australia Party, UAP Coalition (Australia), Coalition, led by former Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister Arthur Fadden. Labor achieves its greatest ever electoral result, including winning every seat (except one) outside of the eastern states. Notably, this election marked the first time that a woman has been elected to both the Australian Senate, Senate and the Australian House of Representatives, House of Representatives. Fadden will step down from the Opposition leadership, handing it over to Robert Menzies, who will go on to dissolve the UAP and form the Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal Party shortly after. * August 23 – WWII: The Battle of Kursk ends, with a strategic defeat for the German forces. * August 24 – Heinrich Himmler is named Reichminister of the Interior in Germany. * August 26 – WWII: Louis Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia. * August 28 – WWII: King Boris III of Bulgaria dies under suspicious circumstances; his 6-year-old son, Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Simeon II, ascends to the throne. * August 29 – WWII: Denmark in World War II, Occupation of Denmark – Germany dissolves the Danish government, after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities.


September

* September 3 – WWII: Allied invasion of Italy ** Armistice of Cassibile: The Kingdom of Italy surrenders to the Allies of World War II, Allies in a document signed on Sicily but not made public at this time. ** Operation Baytown: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces under General Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, Bernard Montgomery, for the first time in the war. * September 5 – WWII: The 503rd Parachute Regiment (under American General Douglas MacArthur) lands and occupies Nadzab, just east of the port city of Lae, in northeastern Papua New Guinea. * September 7 – Gulf Hotel fire: A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas kills 55. * September 8 ** WWII: United States General
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies of World War II, Allies. ** WWII: Frascati air raid: The USAAF bombs the German General Headquarters for the Mediterranean zone. ** The first classes commence at Grace University in Omaha, Nebraska. * September 9 – Bertolt Brecht's play ''Life of Galileo'' () receives its first theatrical production, at the Schauspielhaus Zürich. * September 12 – WWII: Gran Sasso raid – German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in ''Unternehmen Eiche'' ("Operation Oak"). * September 16 – WWII: Salerno Mutiny – Soldiers of the British Army's X Corps (United Kingdom), X Corps refuse postings to new units. * September 17 – WWII: Villefranche-de-Rouergue Mutiny – A group of pro-Yugoslav Partisans, Partisan soldiers, led by Ferid Džanić and others within the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), training in Occupied France, rise against Nazi Germany, Nazi German troops in the Division; the revolt is rapidly suppressed. * September 21–September 26, 26 – WWII: Massacre of the Acqui Division – German soldiers of the 1st Mountain Division (Wehrmacht) kill over 5,100 Italian military internees resisting disarmament on the Greek island of Cephalonia. * September 22–October 2 – WWII: Landing at Scarlet Beach on the Huon Peninsula of New Guinea by Allied forces, the first time Australian troops have made an opposed amphibious landing since the Gallipoli Campaign of 1915. * September 23 – WWII: The Italian Social Republic ("Republic of Salò") is founded in northern Italy as a puppet state of Nazi Germany. * September 27 – WWII: Four days of Naples begins: a popular uprising drives German occupying forces from the city.


October

* October 1 – WWII: United States forces enter liberated Naples. * October 3 – WWII: Nazi
Wehrmacht The ''Wehrmacht'' (, ) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the German Army (1935–1945), ''Heer'' (army), the ''Kriegsmarine'' (navy) and the ''Luftwaffe'' (air force). The designation "''Wehrmacht ...
forces commit the Lyngiades massacre in northwest Greece as an arbitrary reprisal. * October 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella. * October 7 – WWII: The 1943 Naples post-office bombing, Naples post-office bombing kills 100. * October 10 ** WWII: Double Tenth incident (Japanese occupation of Singapore): The Japanese military police, the Kempeitai, arrest and torture more than 50 civilians and civilian internees, on false suspicion of their involvement in a raid on Singapore Harbour during Operation Jaywick. ** The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky (Soviet Union), Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky is instituted in the Soviet Union. * October 13 – WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies of World War II, Allies and declares war on Germany. * October 14 ** WWII: During the Second Raid on Schweinfurt, the United States Eighth Air Force suffers so many losses, that it loses air supremacy over Germany for several months. **
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: Uprising in Sobibór extermination camp; about half the inmates escape. Three days later, the camp is closed. ** José P. Laurel takes the oath of office as President of the Philippines (Second Philippine Republic). * October 16 – The Holocaust: Raid of the Ghetto of Rome – Over a thousand Jews are rounded up in Rome by the
Gestapo The (), abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of letters, or words taken from the full version of the word or phrase; for e ...

Gestapo
; only 16 will survive their deportation to Auschwitz concentration camp. The public silence of Pope Pius XII and the Raid of the Ghetto of Rome, Pope Pius XII on the raid becomes a matter of historical controversy. * October 17 – WWII: ** The last commerce raider, German auxiliary cruiser Michel, German auxiliary cruiser ''Michel'', is sunk off Japan by United States submarine USS Tarpon (SS-175), ''Tarpon''. ** The Burma Railway is completed between Bangkok, Thailand and Yangon, Rangoon, Burma (modern-day Myanmar) () by the Empire of Japan, to support its forces in the Burma campaign, using the forced labour of Asian civilians and
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
Prisoners of war. * October 18 – Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as President of the Republic of China, Chairman of the National Government of China. * October 19 – WWII: Allied aircraft sink the German-controlled cargo ship in the Mediterranean, killing over 2,000 people, mostly Italian military internees. * October 20–October 28, 28 – WWII: Italian Campaign – Battle of Ortona: Canadian infantry defeat elite German paratroops. * October 21 – Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from
Gestapo The (), abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of letters, or words taken from the full version of the word or phrase; for e ...

Gestapo
imprisonment. * October 22 – WWII: Bombing of Kassel in World War II: The British Royal Air Force delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of Kassel; at least 10,000 are killed and 150,000 are made homeless. * October 24 – WWII: British Royal Navy destroyer is sunk by a mine in the Aegean Sea, with the loss of 119 of the ship's company and 134 troops. * October 30 ** WWII: Signing of Moscow Declarations: the Declaration of the Four Nations on general security, by the United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union and Republic of China; and the Declarations on Italy, Austria and Atrocities by the first three governments. ** The Merrie Melodies animated cartoon ''Falling Hare'', one of the only Short film, shorts with Bugs Bunny getting out-smarted, is released in the United States.


November

* November 1 – WWII: Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville Island in the
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania, to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. It has a land area of , and a population of 652,858. Its capital, Honi ...
. * November 2 – WWII: ** Battle of Empress Augusta Bay off Bougainville Island: American and Japanese ships fight to a draw. ** WWII: British troops in Italy reach the Garigliano River. * November 3–November 4, 4 –
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: ''Aktion Erntefest'' ("Operation Harvest Festival") – The largest single day massacre of Jews in the entire war takes place when over 43,000 Jews are shot-gunned to death by the SS, the ''Ordnungspolizei'' and the "Trawniki men" (Ukrainian collaborators) in ''Sonderdienst'' formations at the Majdanek concentration camp, Majdanek, Trawniki concentration camp, Trawniki and Poniatowa concentration camp, Poniatowa concentration camps in the General Government territory of occupied Poland. * November 5 – WWII: First Bombing of the Vatican – Four bombs are dropped on the neutral Vatican City; the aircraft responsible is never certainly identified. * November 9
An agreement
for the foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration is signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C. * November 10 – The Lübeck martyrs, four men of religion, are executed for supposedly treasonable views. * November 14 – Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert, over
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
Radio. The event receives front-page coverage in ''The New York Times'' the following day. * November 15 – Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Romani people, Gypsies be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in Nazi concentration camps." * November 16 – WWII: ** After flying from Britain, 160 American bombers Norwegian heavy water sabotage, strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway. ** A Japanese submarine sinks the surfaced U.S. submarine , near Chuuk Lagoon (Truk). * November 18 – WWII: Battle of Berlin (RAF campaign), Battle of Berlin – The British Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin with 440 planes, causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators. * November 19 –
The Holocaust The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide Genocide is the attempted destruction of a people, usually defined as an ethnic An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify wi ...
: Inmates of Janowska concentration camp, near Lwów (at this time in History of Poland (1939–45), German-occupied Poland), stage a failed uprising, after which the SS liquidates the camp, resulting in at least 6,000 deaths. * November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll, Tarawa and Makin (islands), Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati from 1979) and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns. * November 22–November 26, 26 – WWII: Cairo Conference ("Sextant") – President of the United States
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, Winston Churchill in the Second World War, during the Second World War, ...

Winston Churchill
and Chairman of the National Government of China Chiang Kai-shek meet at Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan in the Pacific War. * November 22 – Lebanon gains independence, upon the ending of the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, French Mandate. * November 23 – The Deutsches Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße, in the Berlin district of Charlottenburg, is destroyed in an air raid (it is reopened in 1961, as the Deutsche Oper Berlin). * November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George, between Buka Island, Buka and New Ireland (island), New Ireland. * November 26 – WWII: British troopship HMT Rohna, HMT ''Rohna'' is sunk off the north African coast by a ''Luftwaffe'' Henschel Hs 293 radio controlled glide bomb, killing 1,015. * November 28 – WWII: Tehran Conference: U.S. President
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
, British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, Winston Churchill in the Second World War, during the Second World War, ...

Winston Churchill
and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, to discuss war strategy. On November 30, they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation Overlord. * November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.


December

* December 2 – WWII: Bari#The 1943 chemical warfare disaster, Bari chemical warfare disaster: A surprise Luftwaffe air raid on Bari, Italy sinks 28
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
ships in the harbor, including the American Liberty ship , releasing its secret cargo of mustard gas bombs, inflating the number of casualties. * December 3 ** In reprisal for an act of sabotage, the SS and
Gestapo The (), abbreviated An abbreviation (from Latin ''brevis'', meaning ''short'') is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of letters, or words taken from the full version of the word or phrase; for e ...

Gestapo
execute 100 Warsaw Tramway workers. ** Edward R. Murrow delivers his classic "Orchestrated Hell" broadcast over
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
Radio, describing a Royal Air Force nighttime bombing raid on Berlin. * December 4 ** WWII: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito, Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government-in-exile. ** With unemployment figures falling fast due to WWII-related employment, U.S. President
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
closes the Works Progress Administration. ** WWII: Bolivia declares war on Romania and Hungary. * December 7 – Chiara Lubich starts the humanitarian Focolare Movement in Trento, Italy. * December 13 – WWII: Massacre of Kalavryta – The occupying 117th Jäger Division (Wehrmacht) machine-guns all adult males from Kalavryta, Greece, subsequently burning the town. * December 15 – WWII: American and Australian forces begin the Battle of Arawe as a diversion before a larger landing at Cape Gloucester (Papua New Guinea), Cape Gloucester on New Britain, in Papua New Guinea. * December 20 – A military coup is staged in Bolivia. * December 24 – WWII: U.S. General
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American military officer An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term " ...
becomes Supreme Allied Commander Europe. He establishes the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force in London. * December 26 – WWII: Battle of the North Cape – German battleship Scharnhorst, German battleship ''Scharnhorst'' is torpedoed and sunk in a night action north of the Arctic Circle by British battleship HMS Duke of York (17), HMS ''Duke of York'' and her escorts with the loss of all but 36 of the German crew of 1,943 (including Admiral Erich Bey); this is the war's last action between big-gun capital ships of Britain and Germany. * December 30 – Subhas Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India. * December 31 - The Times Square Ball in Times Square, New York City isn't dropped a second time. Instead, there was a moment of silence at midnight, followed by the sound of bells playing from sound trucks at the base of One Times Square.


Date unknown

* Bengal famine of 1943, Bengal Famine. * History of the cooperative movement: Father José María Arizmendiarrieta sets up a polytechnic school at Mondragón in the Spanish Basque Country (predecessor of the University of Mondragón), which inspires creation of the Mondragon Corporation. * Arana Hall, a residential college of the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, is founded. * Jacques-Yves Cousteau co-invents, with Émile Gagnan, the first commercially successful open circuit type of Scuba set, scuba diving equipment, the Aqua-lung. * Martin Noth's groundbreaking work of Old Testament scholarship, , is published.


Births


January

*
January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. __TO ...
** Jimmy Hart, American wrestling manager ** Stanley Kamel, American actor (d. 2008) ** Don Novello (aka "Father Guido Sarducci"), American comedian ** Ronald Perelman, American banker, businessman, investor and philanthropist * January 2 – Barış Manço, Turkish singer, television personality (d. 1999) *
January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Alfred are defeated by a Danish invasio ...
– Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer * January 5 – James Goldstein, LA businessman, NBA basketball aficionado * January 6 – Terry Venables, English footballer and manager * January 7 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese leukemia, atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955) * January 9 ** Freddie Starr, British comedian, singer (d. 2019) ** Scott Walker (singer), Scott Walker, American-born singer, composer and record producer (d. 2019) * January 10 – Jim Croce, American surburbia musician (d. 1973) *
January 11 Events Pre-1600 *532 __NOTOC__ Year 532 ( DXXXII) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday 1 January, and ends on Friday 31 Dece ...
– Jim Hightower, American radio host, author *
January 13 Events Pre-1600 * – transfers the state to the free disposal of the Senate and the people. He receives Spain, Gaul, and Syria as his province for ten years. * – The break out, during the racing season at the in , as a result of ...
– Richard Moll, American actor *
January 14 Events Pre-1600 * – King marries . * – dies, ending the in Hungary. 1601–1900 * – The "", the first written that created a , is adopted in . * – The is fought in India between the s under and the Marathas. * &n ...
** Charles W. Daniels, American judge (d. 2019) ** Mariss Jansons, Latvian conductor (d. 2019) ** José Luis Rodríguez (singer), José Luis Rodríguez, Venezuelan singer ** Ralph M. Steinman, Canadian immunologist, cell biologist and Nobel laureate (d. 2011) ** Holland Taylor, American actress *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * – seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself , beginning a reign of only three months. * – King gives a commission to settle the province of (Canada) and provide for the spread of the "Holy Catholic faith". * & ...
** Kirin Kiki, Japanese actress (d. 2018) ** Dame Margaret Beckett, British politician * January 17 ** Daniel Brandenstein, American astronaut ** René Préval, 2nd Prime Minister of Haiti, 38th and 40th President of Haiti (d. 2017) *
January 18 Events Pre-1600 * – Seven-year-old succeeds his maternal grandfather as . He dies ten months later. * – in fail. * – abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son . * – King marries , daughter of , uniting the ...
** Paul Freeman (actor), Paul Freeman, English actor ** Kay Granger, American politician * January 19 ** Janis Joplin, American rock singer (d. 1970) ** Princess Margriet of the Netherlands *
January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contai ...
** Tamás Cseh, Hungarian composer, singer and actor (d. 2009) ** Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress (d. 2015) * January 24 ** Janice Raymond, American second-wave feminist activist ** Sharon Tate, American actress, model and murder victim (d. 1969) * January 25 ** Roy Black (singer), Roy Black, German singer (d. 1991) ** Tobe Hooper, American film director (d. 2017)


February

*
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 Year 506 ( DVI) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its domini ...

February 2
– Erkan Geniş, Turkish artist *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 (Roman numerals, MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Malik Shah (Rûm), Malik Sha ...
** Blythe Danner, American actress ** Dennis Edwards, American soul, R&B singer (d. 2018) ** Eric Haydock, British musician (d. 2019) * February 4 – Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * – in , Italy. * – , leader of a against the , declares himself emperor and establishes the .Volume 217 of ' recorded that An crowned himself emperor on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 1st year of the Zhide e ...
** Nolan Bushnell, American video game pioneer ** Michael Mann (director), Michael Mann, American film director, writer and producer ** Craig Morton, American football player *
February 7 Events Pre-1600 * 457 – Leo ILeo I may refer to: People * Pope Leo I (400–461), also known as Pope Saint Leo the Great * Leo I (emperor), Roman emperor from 457 to 474 * Leo I, Prince of Armenia (d. 1140) * Leo I, King of Armeni ...
– Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007) * February 8 – Creed Bratton, American actor, musician *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
** Joe Pesci, American actor (''Goodfellas'') ** Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * 1258 – Mongol invasions The Mongol invasions and conquests took place during the 13th and 14th centuries, creating history's largest contiguous empire - The Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th cen ...
– Walter B. Jones Jr., American politician (d. 2019) * February 11 – Mohammad Rafiquzzaman, Bangladeshi lyricist * February 12 – Wacław Kisielewski, Polish pianist (d. 1986) *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year sta ...
– Maceo Parker, American musician (James Brown, P-Funk) * February 15 – Elke Heidenreich, German author, TV presenter and journalist * February 18 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian and actor * February 19 ** Homer Hickam, American aerospace engineer and writer ** Tim Hunt, British biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine * February 20 ** Moshe Cotel, American composer, pianist (d. 2008) ** Antonio Inoki, Japanese professional wrestler ** Mike Leigh, British film director * February 21 ** David Geffen, American record executive, film producer ** Lyudmila Ulitskaya, Russian novelist * February 22 ** Horst Köhler, President of Germany, President of the Federal Republic of Germany ** Eduard Limonov, Russian writer, poet, publicist, and political dissident (d. 2020) * February 23 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player, coach * February 24 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer * February 25 ** Boediono, Indonesian economist, 11th Vice President of Indonesia ** George Harrison, English singer, guitarist (The Beatles) (d. 2001) * February 26 ** Bill Duke, American actor, director ** Bob Hite, American singer, musician (Canned Heat) (d. 1981) ** Darcus Howe, Trinidadian-born British civil rights activist (d. 2017) * February 27 – Morten Lauridsen, American composer * February 28 – Donnie Iris, American rock singer, guitarist (The Jaggerz, Wild Cherry (band), Wild Cherry, Donnie Iris, Donnie Iris and the Cruisers)


March

* March 1 ** Gil Amelio, American entrepreneur ** Joo Hyun, South Korean actor ** Richard H. Price, American physicist * March 2 ** Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer (d. 2005) ** Tony Meehan, British drummer (''The Shadows'') (d. 2005) ** Peter Straub, American author *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
– Trond Mohn, Norwegian billionaire * March 4 ** Lucio Dalla, Italian singer, songwriter (d. 2012) ** Zoltán Jeney, Hungarian composer * March 5 ** Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, Nigerian Army major general (d. 1997) ** Lucio Battisti, Italian singer, songwriter (d. 1998) * March 8 ** Lynn Redgrave, English-American actress (d. 2010) ** Susan Clark, Canadian actress (''Webster (TV series), Webster'') * March 9 ** Bobby Fischer, American chess player (d. 2008) ** Charles Gibson, American television journalist * March 11 - Ma'ruf Amin, Indonesian Islamic cleric and 13th Vice President of Indonesia * March 12 – Ratko Mladic, Serbia military leader * March 13 – André Téchiné, French film director * March 14 ** Anita Morris, American actress, singer and dancer (d. 1994) ** Leroy "Sugarfoot" Bonner, American guitarist (''Ohio Players'') (d. 2013) * March 15 ** David Cronenberg, Canadian film director ** Sly Stone, African-American singer (''Sly and the Family Stone'') * March 16 ** Helen Armstrong (violinist), Helen Armstrong, American violinist (d. 2006) ** Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005) * March 18 ** Kevin Dobson, American actor ** Lowrell Simon, American singer (d. 2018) * March 19 ** Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020) ** Mario Monti, 54th Prime Minister of Italy * March 20 ** Gerard Malanga, American poet, photographer ** Douglas Tompkins, American conservationist, businessman (d. 2015) * March 21 ** Luigi Agnolin, Italian football referee (d. 2018) ** István Gyulai, Hungarian sports official (d. 2006) ** Vivian Stanshall, British comedy writer, artist, broadcaster and musician (d. 1995) ** Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha * March 22 ** George Benson, African American guitarist, singer and songwriter ** Keith Relf, British rock musician (d. 1976) * March 23 – Lee May, American baseball player (d. 2017) * March 24 – Kate Webb, New Zealand-born Australian war correspondent (d. 2007) * March 25 – Paul Michael Glaser, American actor * March 26 – Bob Woodward, American journalist * March 28 – Conchata Ferrell, American actress (d. 2020) * March 29 ** Eric Idle, English comedian, actor, author, and musician (''Monty Python's Flying Circus'') ** John Major, British politician, 70th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom ** Vangelis, Greek musician, composer (''Chariots of Fire'', ''Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, Cosmos'') * March 30 ** Jay Traynor, American singer (''Jay and the Americans'') (d. 2014) ** Dennis Etchison, American author and editor (d. 2019) * March 31 ** Motiur Rahman Nizami, Bangladeshi politician, convicted war criminal (d. 2016) ** Christopher Walken, American actor


April

* April 2 – Caterina Bueno, Italian singer (d. 2007) * April 3 – Hikaru Saeki, Japanese admiral, the first female flag officer, star officer of the Japan Self-Defense Forces *April 4 – Isabel-Clara Simó, Spanish journalist and writer (d. 2020) * April 5 ** Jean-Louis Tauran, French cardinal (d. 2018) ** Max Gail, American actor (''Barney Miller'') * April 6 − Susan Tolsky, American actress and voice actress * April 8 ** Miller Farr, American football player ** Jack O'Halloran, American boxer and actor * April 10 ** Andrzej Badeński, Polish athlete (d. 2008) ** Margaret Pemberton, English writer * April 11 – Harley Race, American professional wrestler, promoter and trainer (d. 2019) * April 13 – Doreen Tracey, British-born American actress (d. 2018) * April 15 ** Robert Lefkowitz, American physician and biochemist ** Mighty Sam McClain, American singer, songwriter (d. 2015) * April 16 – Petro Tyschtschenko, German businessman * April 17 – Bobby Curtola, Canadian singer (d. 2016) * April 19 – Claus Theo Gärtner, German actor * April 20 – John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor * April 21 – Napsiah Omar, Malaysian educator, politician (d. 2018) * April 22 ** Louise Glück, American poet, 12th US Poet Laureate, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature ** Gabriel López Zapiain, Mexican footballer (d. 2018) * April 23 ** Dominik Duka, Czech Roman Catholic bishop, theologian ** Gail Goodrich, American basketball player ** Fighting Harada, Japanese boxer ** Frans Koppelaar, Dutch painter ** Hervé Villechaize, French-born actor (''Fantasy Island'') (d. 1993) * April 24 – Richard Sterban, American singer (''The Oak Ridge Boys'') * April 25 ** Alan Feduccia, American paleornithologist ** James G. Mitchell, Canadian computer scientist * April 26 – Gary Wright, American singer, songwriter, musician and composer * April 28 – John Oliver Creighton, John O. Creighton, American astronaut * April 29 – Sir Ian Kershaw, English historian * April 30 ** Frederick Chiluba, Zambian politician, 2nd President of Zambia (d. 2011) ** Bobby Vee, American singer (d. 2016)


May

* May 1 **Ian Dunn (activist), Ian Dunn, Scottish gay and paedophile rights activist (d. 1998) **Vassal Gadoengin, Nauruan politician (d. 2004) * May 2 – Mustafa Nadarević, Yugoslav and Bosnian actor and comedian (d. 2020) * May 3 – Jim Risch, American politician * May 5 – Michael Palin, English comedian, actor, and television presenter (''Monty Python's Flying Circus'') * May 6 – Grange Calveley, British writer, artist * May 7 – Orlando Ramírez (footballer), Orlando Ramírez, Chilean footballer (d. 2018) * May 8 – Danny Whitten, American musician (d. 1972) * May 10 – Richard Darman, American federal government official, businessman (d. 2008) * May 13 – Kurt Trampedach, Danish artist (d. 2013) * May 14 ** Jack Bruce, British musician, songwriter (d. 2014) ** Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, 5th President of Iceland * May 16 – Dan Coats, American politician and diplomat * May 17 ** Mark W. Olson, American economist, politician (d. 2018) ** Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, King of Malaysia * May 20 – Imata Kabua, Marshallese politician, 2nd List of Presidents of the Marshall Islands, President of the Marshall Islands (d. 2019) * May 22 – Betty Williams (Nobel laureate), Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2020) * May 24 – Gary Burghoff, American actor (''M*A*S*H'') * May 25 – Jessi Colter, American singer, composer * May 26 – Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee * May 27 ** Bruce Weitz, American actor ** Cilla Black, English singer, entertainer (d. 2015) * May 29 – Ion Ciubuc, Moldovan politician (d. 2018) * May 30 – James Chaney, African-American civil rights worker (d. 1964) * May 31 ** Sharon Gless, American actress ** Joe Namath, American football player


June

* June 1 ** Kuki Gallmann, Kenyan writer, poet ** Richard Goode, American pianist ** Lorrie Wilmot, South African cricketer (d. 2004) * June 2 – Ilayaraaja, Indian composer * June 3 ** John Burgess (host), John Burgess, Australian game show host, actor ** Billy Cunningham, American basketball player and coach * June 4 – Joyce Meyer, Christian author, speaker * June 6 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005) * June 7 ** Chan Hung-lit, Hong Kong actor (d. 2009) ** Nikki Giovanni, African-American poet, writer, commentator, activist and educator ** Ken Osmond American actor (d. 2020) * June 8 ** Colin Baker, British actor ** Şahan Arzruni, Armenian pianist * June 11 – Henry Hill, American gangster (d. 2012) * June 13 – Malcolm McDowell, English actor * June 14 – Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician * June 15 ** Johnny Hallyday, French pop singer, actor (d. 2017) ** Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, 23rd Prime Minister of Denmark * June 16 ** Raymond Ramazani Baya, Congolese politician (d. 2019) ** Joan Van Ark, American actress * June 17 ** Newt Gingrich, American politician, author and historian ** Barry Manilow, American pop musician * June 18 – Barry Evans (actor), Barry Evans, English actor (d. 1997) * June 21 – Marika Green, French-Swedish actress * June 22 ** Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor ** J. Michael Kosterlitz, Scottish-born condensed matter physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate * June 23 ** Patrick Bokanowski, French filmmaker ** James Levine, American conductor (d. 2021) ** Vint Cerf, American internet pioneer * June 26 ** John Beasley (actor), John Beasley, American actor ** Warren Farrell, American educator, activist and author on gender issues * June 27 – Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player * June 28 ** Jens Birkemose, Danish painter ** Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate * June 29 ** Maureen O'Brien, British actress ** Leopold Grausam, Austrian footballer ** Frank Zweerts, Dutch field hockey player * June 30 ** Cees Kurpershoek, Dutch sailor ** Daniel Kablan Duncan, Ivorian politician ** Florence Ballard, African-American singer, founder of The Supremes (d. 1976) ** Dieter Kottysch, West German Olympic boxer (d. 2017) ** Dani Litani, Israeli musician and actor


July

* July 1 ** Freddie Lewis, American basketball player ** Hassan Mohamed Ali Wariiri, Somali judge ** Jeff Wayne, American musician * July 2 ** Kenny Cameron, Scottish footballer ** Lauri Peters, American actress, dancer, singer, drama teacher and author * July 3 ** Judith Durham, Australian singer ** Kurtwood Smith, American actor (''That '70s Show'') ** Norman Thagard, American astronaut * July 4 ** Conny Bauer, Konrad "Conny" Bauer, German trombonist ** Geraldo Rivera, American reporter, talk show host **Alan Wilson (musician), Alan Wilson, American musician (Canned Heat) (d. 1970) * July 5 ** István Gáli, Hungarian boxer ** Curt Blefary, American baseball player (d. 2001) ** Robbie Robertson, Canadian musician (''The Band'') * July 6 ** Kim Kye-gwan, North Korean diplomat ** Tamara Sinyavskaya, Russian mezzo-soprano ** Rosemary Forsyth, Canadian-American actress, model ** Muhammad Iqbal Gujjar, Pakistani politician * July 7 ** Jürgen Geschke, German track cyclist ** M. Karathu, Malaysian football player, manager ** Robert East (actor), Robert East, Welsh theatre, TV actor ** Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007) ** Miguel Vila Luna, Dominican architect, painter (d. 2005) * July 8 ** Guido Marzulli, Italian painter ** Carmine Preziosi, Italian road bicycle racer * July 9 ** Suzanne Rogers, American actress ** Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (d. 1970) * July 10 ** Arthur Ashe, African-American tennis player (d. 1993) ** Inonge Mbikusita-Lewanika, Zambian politician * July 11 ** Edna Madzongwe, Zimbabwean politician ** Tom Holland (director), Tom Holland, American screenwriter, actor and filmmaker ** Luciano Onder, Italian journalist * July 12 ** Christine McVie, British musician (''Fleetwood Mac'') ** Walter Murch, American film editor, sound designer * July 14 ** George Thomas Coker, United States Navy commander ** Harold Wheeler (musician), Harold Wheeler, American orchestrator, composer, conductor, arranger, record producer and music director ** David Burden, British Army officer * July 15 – Jocelyn Bell Burnell, British astrophysicist * July 16 ** Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (d. 1990) ** Jimmy Johnson (American football coach), Jimmy Johnson, American football coach, television analyst ** Lim Zoong-sun, North Korean football player * July 17 ** Shlomo Ben-Ami, Israeli diplomat, politician and historian ** Alfredo Mantica, Italian politician * July 18 – Jerry Chambers, American basketball player * July 19 ** Carla Mazzuca Poggiolini, Italian journalist and politician ** David Griffin (actor), David Griffin, British actor ** Han Sai Por, Singaporean sculptor ** Rowshan Ershad, Bangladesh politician * July 20 ** Christopher Murney, American actor, vocal artist ** Wendy Richard, British actress (d. 2009) * July 21 ** Michael Caton, Australian actor, comedian and television presenter ** Edward Herrmann, American actor (d. 2014) ** Henry McCullough, Northern Irish musician (''Paul McCartney & Wings'') (d. 2016) ** Bob Shrum, American political consultant * July 22 ** Kay Bailey Hutchison, American attorney, television correspondent, politician and diplomat ** Barka Sy, Senegalese sprinter ** Nils Utsi, Norwegian actor, stage and film director (d. 2019) * July 23 ** Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (d. 2007) ** Bob Hilton, American game show announcer, host ** Tony Joe White, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (d. 2018) ** Larry Manetti, American actor **Zvonimir Vujin, Serbian amateur boxer (d. 2019) *July 24 - John Bryson, American businessman and Former 37th US Secretary of Commerce (2011–12) * July 25 – Erika Steinbach, German politician * July 26 – Mick Jagger, English rock singer (''The Rolling Stones'') * July 27 – Mary Love, African-American soul, gospel singer (d. 2013) * July 28 ** Mike Bloomfield, American guitarist and composer (d. 1981) ** Bill Bradley, American basketball player and politician ** Richard Wright (musician), Richard Wright, British musician (d. 2008) * July 29 – Bob Brunning, British musician (d. 2011) * July 30 – Giovanni Goria, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1994)


August

* August 2 – Max Wright, American actor (d. 2019) * August 3 ** Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson, Princess Christina of Sweden ** Clarence Wijewardena, Sri Lankan musician (d. 1996) * August 4 ** Vicente Álvarez Areces, Spanish politician (d. 2019) ** Barbara Saß-Viehweger, German politician, lawyer and civil law notary ** Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper * August 5 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005) * August 6 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (d. 1991) * August 8 – Luc Rosenzweig, French journalist (d. 2018) * August 9 – Ken Norton, African-American boxer, actor (d. 2013) * August 10 – Frédéric Kyburz, Swiss judoka (d. 2018) * August 11 ** Abigail Folger, American heiress, murder victim (d. 1969) ** Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general, leader and 10th President of Pakistan * August 13 – Roberto Micheletti, President of Honduras * August 15 – Glória Maria, Brazilian journalist, reporter and television host * August 17 ** Robert De Niro, American actor ** Yukio Kasaya, Japanese ski jumper * August 18 ** Martin Mull, American actor and comedian ** Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer * August 19 – Edwin Hawkins, African-American gospel musician, pianist (d. 2018) * August 20 – Sylvester McCoy, British actor * August 21 **Clydie King, American musician (d. 2019) **Marie-Thérèse Schins, Dutch writer * August 22 – Nahas Angula, Prime Minister of Namibia * August 23 – Pino Presti, Italian bassist, arranger, composer, conductor, record producer * August 27 – Tuesday Weld, American actress * August 28 ** Surayud Chulanont, Thai politician, 24th Prime Minister of Thailand ** Lou Piniella, American baseball player, manager ** Jihad Al-Atrash, Lebanese actor, voice actor * August 29 – Arthur B. McDonald, Canadian astrophysicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate * August 30 ** Tal Brody, American-born Israeli basketball player ** Robert Crumb, R. Crumb, American artist, illustrator ** Altovise Davis, American entertainer (d. 2009) ** Jean-Claude Killy, French skier * August 31 – Leonid Ivashov, Russian general


September

* September 5 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician, former DSWD Secretary (d. 2007) * September 6 ** Harris Hines, American judge (d. 2018) ** Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist, molecular biologist and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine ** Roger Waters, English musician (''Pink Floyd'') * September 7 – Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer * September 9 – Art LaFleur, American actor * September 10 ** Daniel Truhitte, American actor ** Neale Donald Walsch, American author (''Conversations with God'') * September 11 ** Mickey Hart, American percussionist and musicologist (''Grateful Dead'') ** Jaime Thorne León, Peruvian politician (d. 2018) ** Gilbert Proesch, Italian-born artist (''Gilbert and George'') ** Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist * September 13 – Mildred D. Taylor, American writer * September 14 ** Irwin Goodman, Finnish singer (d. 1991) ** Tunde Idiagbon, Nigerian Army major general (d. 1999) * September 16 ** Tadamasa Goto, Japanese yakuza boss ** Oskar Lafontaine, German politician * September 18 – Nina Wayne, American actress * September 19 – Joe Morgan, American baseball player (d. 2020) * September 20 – Sani Abacha, Nigerian Army officer and dictator (d. 1998) * September 21 **Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer **David Hood, American session bassist and trombone player **Mathew Prichard, British philanthropist, the only child of literary guardian Rosalind Hicks and the only grandchild of author Agatha Christie * September 22 – Toni Basil, American musician, video artist (''Mickey'') * September 23 ** Ernie Ackerley, British footballer (d. 2017) ** Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer, songwriter * September 28 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998) * September 29 ** Wolfgang Overath, German footballer ** Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize * September 30 ** Johann Deisenhofer, German biochemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate ** Ian Ogilvy, British-American actor


October

* October 1 ** Jerry Martini, American musician ** Naushad Ali (cricketer), Naushad Ali, Pakistani cricketer ** Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director * October 2 ** Franklin Rosemont, American poet (d. 2009) ** Henri Szeps, Australian actor * October 3 – Jeff Bingaman, American politician * October 4 – Buddy Roemer, American politician, investor and banker * October 5 ** Bonnie Bryant (golfer), Bonnie Bryant, American golfer ** Ben Cardin, American politician * October 6 – Michael Durrell, American actor * October 7 – Oliver North, American military officer, military historian, political commentator, author and television host * October 8 ** Chevy Chase, American comedian, actor (''Saturday Night Live'') ** R. L. Stine, American novelist (''Goosebumps'') * October 11 ** John Nettles, English actor, writer ** Gene Watson, American country singer * October 12 **Jeffrey R. MacDonald, American physician and United States Army Officer **Köbi Kuhn, Swiss footballer and manager (d. 2019) * October 14 ** Lois Hamilton, American model, actress and artist (d. 1999) ** Mohammad Khatami, 5th President of Iran ** Lance Rentzel, American football player * October 15 – Penny Marshall, American actress, director and producer (d. 2018) * October 18 ** Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician ** Christine Charbonneau, Canadian francophone singer, songwriter (d. 2014) * October 20 – Noreen Corcoran, American child actress, director (d. 2016) * October 22 – Catherine Deneuve, French actress * October 24 ** Theodor Stolojan, 54th Prime Minister of Romania ** José E. Serrano, American politician * October 25 – Roy Lynes, English keyboardist * October 27 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor (d. 2019) * October 28 – Cornelia Froboess, German actress * October 29 – Don Simpson, American film producer, screenwriter and actor (d. 1996)


November

* November 1 – Jacques Attali, French economist * November 3 – Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician (d. 2011) * November 4 ** Sundar Popo, Indo-Trinidadian Chutney music, chutney musician (d. 2000) ** Chuck Scarborough, American news anchor * November 5 ** Friedman Paul Erhardt, German-American pioneering television chef (d. 2007) ** Sam Shepard, American playwright, actor (d. 2017) * November 7 ** Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic ** Nasirdin Isanov, 1st Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (d. 1991) ** Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician (''Big Yellow Taxi'') ** Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate * November 8 – Martin Peters, English footballer (d. 2019) * November 11 – Doug Frost (swimming coach), Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach * November 12 – Wallace Shawn, American actor * November 13 ** Roberto Boninsegna, Italian footballer ** Jay Sigel, American golfer * November 14 ** Peter Norton, American software engineer, businessman ** Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero, Rafael Leonardo Callejas, President of Honduras (d. 2020) * November 17 – Lauren Hutton, American actress, model * November 19 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990) * November 20 ** Mie Hama, Japanese actress ** Marek Tomaszewski, Polish pianist * November 21 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy * November 22 ** Peter Adair, American filmmaker (d. 1996) ** Yvan Cournoyer, Canadian ice hockey player ** Billie Jean King, American tennis player ** William Kotzwinkle, American novelist, screenwriter ** Fouad Siniora, 32nd Prime Minister of Lebanon * November 23 – Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo * November 24 ** Dave Bing, American mayor, longtime National Basketball Association, NBA player ** Kuniwo Nakamura, 6th President of Palau (d. 2020) * November 25 – Dante Caputo, Argentine diplomat, politician (d. 2018) * November 26 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer * November 28 – Randy Newman, American musician * November 30 – Terrence Malick, American film director


December

* December 2 ** Wayne Allard, American politician ** William Wegman (photographer), William Wegman, American photographer * December 5 ** Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate ** Nicolae Văcăroiu, 55th Prime Minister of Romania * December 8 ** José Carbajal (Uruguayan musician), José Carbajal, Uruguayan singer, composer and guitarist (d. 2010) ** Larry Martin, American paleontologist (d. 2013) ** Jim Morrison, American rock musician (''The Doors'') (d. 1971) ** Bodo Tümmler, German Olympic middle-distance runner * December 11 – John Kerry, American politician, 68th U.S. Secretary of State * December 12 ** Dickey Betts, American guitarist, singer, songwriter and composer (''The Allman Brothers Band'') ** Gianni Russo, American actor ** Phyllis Somerville, American actress (d. 2020) ** Grover Washington, Jr., African-American saxophonist (d. 1999) * December 13 ** David W. Huff, American rock singer, guitarist of (''David and the Giants'') ** Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player * December 14 ** Britt Allcroft, British television producer, creator of ''Thomas & Friends'' ** António Simões, Portuguese footballer * December 15 – Lucien den Arend, Dutch sculptor * December 16 – Steven Bochco, American television producer (d. 2018) * December 17 ** Pak Doo-ik, North Korean footballer ** Ron Geesin, British musician, songwriter (''Pink Floyd'') ** Rick Nolan, American politician * December 18 – Keith Richards, English rock guitarist, songwriter (''The Rolling Stones'') * December 19 ** Sam Kelly, English actor (d. 2014) ** Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006) ** Jimmy Mackay, Australian football player (d. 1998) * December 20 – Jacqueline Pearce, English screen actress (d. 2018) * December 21 – Jack Nance, American actor (d. 1996) * December 22 – Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist * December 23 ** Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (d. 1987) ** Harry Shearer, American actor, comedian and screenwriter ** Queen Silvia of Sweden, Queen consort of Sweden * December 24 ** Tarja Halonen, 11th President of Finland ** James A. Johnson (politics), James A. Johnson, American business leader, philanthropist * December 25 – Hanna Schygulla, German actress * December 27 – Sam Hinds, 3-Time Prime Minister of Guyana * December 28 ** Keith Floyd, British chef (d. 2009) ** Chas Hodges, English musician and singer (d. 2018) ** Craig MacIntosh, American illustrator ** Billy Chapin, American Child Actor (d.2016) ** Richard Whiteley, English television presenter (d. 2005) * December 31 ** John Denver, American musician (d. 1997) ** Sir Ben Kingsley, British actor (''Gandhi'') ** Pete Quaife, English musician, artist and author (''The Kinks'') (d. 2010)


Deaths


January

* January 2 ** Qazim Koculi, Albanian politician, acting Prime Minister of Albania (murdered) (b. 1887) ** Wilhelm Lorenz, German general (died of wounds) (b. 1894) * January 3 – Bid McPhee, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1859) *
January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Alfred are defeated by a Danish invasio ...
** Emperor Hàm Nghi of Vietnam (b. 1872) **
Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz ( el, Γεώργιος Ιβάνωφ-Σαϊνόβιτς, ''Georgios Ivanof-Sainovits''; Warsaw Warsaw ( ; pl, Warszawa ; see also Warsaw#Toponymy and names, other names) is the capital and List of cities and towns in ...
, Greek-born Polish athlete, resistance member (executed) (b. 1911) ** Kate Price (actress), Kate Price, Irish-born American actress (b. 1872) * January 5 – George Washington Carver, African-American botanist (b. c. 1864) * January 7 ** George Washington Crile, founder of the Cleveland Clinic (b. 1864) ** Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born American electrical engineer, inventor (b. 1856) * January 8 – Richard Hillary, Australian-born British Battle of Britain Supermarine Spitfire, Spitfire pilot, author (killed on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1919) * January 9 – R. G. Collingwood, English philosopher, historian and archaeologist (b. 1889) * January 10 – Lewis Hall, American soldier (killed on active service) (b. 1895) *
January 11 Events Pre-1600 *532 __NOTOC__ Year 532 ( DXXXII) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday 1 January, and ends on Friday 31 Dece ...
– Agustín Pedro Justo, Argentinian military officer, diplomat and politician, 23rd President of Argentina (b. 1876) * January 12 – Jan Campert, Dutch journalist, writer (in Neuengamme concentration camp) (b. 1902) *
January 13 Events Pre-1600 * – transfers the state to the free disposal of the Senate and the people. He receives Spain, Gaul, and Syria as his province for ten years. * – The break out, during the racing season at the in , as a result of ...
** Henner Henkel, German tennis champion (killed in action) (b. 1915) ** Xavier Martinez, Mexican-born American painter (b. 1869) ** Else Ury, German writer, children's book author (b. 1877) *
January 14 Events Pre-1600 * – King marries . * – dies, ending the in Hungary. 1601–1900 * – The "", the first written that created a , is adopted in . * – The is fought in India between the s under and the Marathas. * &n ...
– Laura E. Richards, American author (b. 1850) *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * – seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself , beginning a reign of only three months. * – King gives a commission to settle the province of (Canada) and provide for the spread of the "Holy Catholic faith". * & ...
– Eric Knight, American author (b. 1897) *
January 16 Events Pre-1600 * – is granted the title by the , marking the beginning of the . * – General conquers , enlarging the domain of King of . * – : The , under King , conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the n garriso ...
– Sir William Arbuthnot Lane, 1st Baronet, British surgeon (b. 1856) * January 17 ** Jane Avril, French dancer (b. 1868) ** Taj al-Din al-Hasani, Syrian politician, 6th Prime Minister of Syria and 6th President of Syria (b. 1885) *
January 18 Events Pre-1600 * – Seven-year-old succeeds his maternal grandfather as . He dies ten months later. * – in fail. * – abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son . * – King marries , daughter of , uniting the ...
– Urban Jacob Rasmus Børresen, Norwegian admiral and industry leader (b. 1857) * January 19 – William Pettigrew (missionary), William Pettigrew, British Christian missionary (b. 1869) * January 20 ** Giacomo Benvenuti, Italian composer (b. 1885) ** Baron Max Wladimir von Beck, former Minister-President of Austria (b. 1854) *
January 21 Events Pre-1600 *763 – Following the Alid revolt of 762–763, Battle of Bakhamra between Alids and Abbasids near Kufa, the Alid rebellion ends with the death of Ibrahim, brother of Isa ibn Musa. *1525 – The Switzerland, Swiss Anab ...
** Aimo Cajander, 7th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1879) ** Konstantinos Davakis, Greek army officer (died of wounds) (b. 1897) ** Robert Henry English, American admiral (killed in aviation accident) (b. 1888) *
January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contai ...
– Gyula Peidl, 23rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1873) *
January 23 Events Pre-1600 * 393 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman ...
Alexander Woollcott Alexander Humphreys Woollcott (January 19, 1887 – January 23, 1943) was an American critic and commentator for ''The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction ...

Alexander Woollcott
, American critic (b. 1887) * January 26 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian, Soviet botanist, geneticist (b. 1887) *
January 29 Events Pre-1600 * – is elected pope, after coming out of retirement to take over the from the deposed . * – Caliph is blinded and deposed by Emir , ruler of the . He is succeeded by as caliph of the . * – : defeats the ...
** Henriette Caillaux, French murderer, socialite and wife of former French prime minister (b. 1874) ** Vladimir Kokovtsov, 4th Prime Minister of Russia, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire (b. 1853)


February

* February 1 – Foy Draper, American Olympic athlete (killed in action) (b. 1911) *
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 Year 506 ( DVI) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its domini ...

February 2
** Alfred Cavendish, British general (b. 1859) ** Ganga Singh, Maharaja of Bikaner (b. 1880) * February 4 ** Frank Calder, British-born Canadian ice hockey executive, first National Hockey League president (b. 1877) ** Senjūrō Hayashi, Japanese army commander, politician and 22nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1876) *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * – in , Italy. * – , leader of a against the , declares himself emperor and establishes the .Volume 217 of ' recorded that An crowned himself emperor on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 1st year of the Zhide e ...
** Sim Gokkes, Dutch composer (in Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1897) ** W. S. Van Dyke, American director (b. 1889) *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
** Eustace Fiennes, British soldier, politician (b. 1864) ** Dmitry Kardovsky, Soviet painter, illustrator (b. 1866) *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * 1258 – Mongol invasions The Mongol invasions and conquests took place during the 13th and 14th centuries, creating history's largest contiguous empire - The Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th cen ...
** Sverre Granlund, Norwegian general (b. 1918) ** James T. Powers (actor), James T. Powers, American actor (b. 1862) * February 11 – Bess Houdini, American wife of Harry Houdini (b. 1876) *
February 14 Events Pre-1600 *748 __NOTOC__ Year 748 ( DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on MondayA leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year sta ...
– David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862) * February 15 – Charles Bennett (actor), Charles Bennett, American actor (b. 1889) * February 16 – Paul Ranous Greever, American politician (b. 1891) * February 18 – Reginald Pinney, Sir Reginald Pinney, British army general (b. 1863) * February 19 – Jan Piekałkiewicz, Polish economist, statistician and politician (b. 1892) * February 20 ** Ernest Guglielminetti, Swiss physician (b. 1862) ** Donald Haines, American actor (b. 1919) * February 22 ** Tamara Drasin, Russian-born American singer, actress (b. 1905) ** Christoph Probst, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1919) ** Ben Robertson (journalist), Ben Robertson, American novelist, journalist and war correspondent (b. 1903) ** Hans Scholl, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1918) ** Sophie Scholl, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1921) * February 23 ** Edward Heaton-Ellis, Sir Edward Heaton-Ellis, British vice-admiral (b. 1868) ** Grigory Kravchenko, Soviet test pilot and air force general (killed in action) (b. 1912) ** Karl Leopold von Möller, German officer, journalist, author and politician (b. 1886) * February 26 – Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official (killed in action) (b. 1892) * February 27 – Maria Josefa Karolina Brader, Swiss Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1860)


March

* March 2 – Gisela Januszewska, Austrian physician (in Theresienstadt concentration camp) (b. 1867) *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
– Rafael López Nussa, Puerto Rican physician (b. 1885) * March 6 – Jimmy Collins, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1870) * March 8 ** Alma del Banco, German painter (suicide) (b. 1862) ** Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo, Indonesian independence leader (b. 1886) * March 9 – Otto Freundlich, German painter, sculptor (killed in Majdanek concentration camp) (b. 1878) * March 10 – Tully Marshall, American character actor (b. 1864) * March 12 ** Czesława Kwoka, Polish Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (killed in Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1928) ** Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869) * March 13 – Jaap Nunes Vaz, Dutch journalist, writer and editor (killed in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1906) * March 14 – Mervyn Herbert, Viscount Clive, British peer, army officer (killed on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1904) * March 19 – Frank Nitti, Italian-born American gangster (suicide) (b. 1886) * March 20 ** Lizika Jančar, Slovene Partisan, national hero (killed by militia) (b. 1919) ** Heinrich Zimmer, German-born Indologist, historian (pneumonia) (b. 1890) * March 22 – Hans Woellke, German Olympic athlete (killed by partisans) (b. 1911) * March 27 – George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, British politician, 5th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1882) * March 28 ** Ben Davies (tenor), Ben Davies, British tenor (b. 1858) ** Lorenzo Gasparri, Italian admiral (killed on active service in accidental explosion) (b. 1894) ** Edward Heron-Allen, British polymath, lawyer, scientist and scholar (b. 1871) ** Robert W. Paul, British film director (b. 1869) ** Sergei Rachmaninoff, Soviet composer (b. 1873) * March 30 – Maria Restituta Kafka, German Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (executed) (b. 1894) * March 31 – Pavel Milyukov, exiled Russian politician, founder and leader of the Constitutional Democratic Party (b. 1859)


April

* April 1 – Vahida Maglajlić, Yugoslav partisan, national hero (killed in combat) (b. 1907) * April 3 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893) * April 5 – W. G. Howard Gritten, British barrister, writer and conservative politician (b. 1870) * April 6 – Alexandre Millerand, French politician, 41st Prime Minister of France and 11th President of France (b. 1859) * April 7 – Auguste Audollent, French historian, archaeologist (b. 1864) * April 8 ** Harry Baur, French actor (b. 1880) ** Itamar Ben-Avi, Israeli activist (b. 1882) ** Tomás Garrido Canabal, Mexican politician, revolutionary (b. 1891) ** Otto and Elise Hampel, German anti-Nazi resistance members (executed) (b. 1897 & 1903) ** Richard Sears (tennis), Richard Sears, American tennis champion (b. 1861) * April 9 – Philip Slier, Dutch Jewish typesetter (in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1923) * April 11 – Kim Myeong-sik, Korean independence activist (b. 1890) * April 13 – Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer (b. 1888) * April 16 – Carlos Arniches, Spanish playwright (b. 1866) * April 18 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884) * April 21 – Rihard Jakopič, Yugoslav painter (b. 1869) * April 24 ** Kenneth Whiting, United States Navy officer, submarine and naval aviation pioneer (b. 1881) ** Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord, German general (b. 1878) * April 30 ** Eddy Hamel, American footballer (b. 1902; killed in Auschwitz) ** Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, creator of Ido (language), Ido and Novial languages (b.1860) ** Beatrice Webb, British sociologist, economist, historian and social reformer (b. 1858)


May

* May 1 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader, founder of Brunstad Christian Church (b. 1871) * May 3 – Frank Maxwell Andrews, American general (plane crash) (b. 1884) * May 4 ** Cesira Ferrani, Italian soprano (b. 1863) ** Saverio Marotta, Italian naval officer (killed in action) (b. 1911) * May 5 ** Grzegorz Bolesław Frąckowiak, Polish Roman Catholic priest, martyr and blessed (executed) (b. 1911) ** Gordon Hewart, 1st Viscount Hewart, British politician, judge (b. 1870) * May 7 – Fethi Okyar, Turkish diplomat, politician and 2nd Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1880) * May 8 – Miroslav Šalom Freiberger, Yugoslav rabbi, writer and spiritual leader (killed at Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1903) * May 14 ** George, Crown Prince of Saxony, Catholic priest (b. 1893) ** Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, author and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854) * May 15 – Horst Hannig, German Luftwaffe fighter ace (b. 1921) * May 17 ** Johanna Elberskirchen, German feminist (b. 1864) ** Montagu Love, British actor (b. 1877) * May 19 – Kristjan Raud, Soviet painter, drawer (b. 1865) * May 20 – John Stone Stone, American physicist, inventor (b. 1869) * May 22 – Helen Taft, First Lady of the United States (b. 1861) * May 24 – Johannes Orasmaa, Estonian army general (in labour camp) (b. 1890) * May 25 – Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, 1st Prime Minister of Syria, 2-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1864) * May 26 – Edsel Ford, American businessman, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1893) * May 27 – Gordon Coates, 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1878) * May 29 – Yasuyo Yamasaki, Imperial Japanese Army officer (killed in action) (b. 1891) * May 31 ** Prince Georg of Bavaria, Catholic priest (b. 1880) ** Helmut Kapp, German Gestapo official (killed by partisans)


June

* June 1 ** István Bárczy, Hungarian politician (b. 1866) ** Leslie Howard, British actor (aircraft shot down) (b. 1893) * June 2 – Nile Kinnick, American athlete, Heisman Trophy winner (died on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1918) * June 3 – Osgood Hanbury, British pilot (killed on active service) (b. 1917) * June 4 ** Francesco Pianzola, Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1881) ** Kermit Roosevelt, American explorer, author (suicide) (b. 1889) * June 10 – Sultan Abdelaziz of Morocco (b. 1878) * June 11 – Heisuke Abe, Japanese general (b. 1886) * June 12 – Hans Junkermann (actor), Hans Junkermann, German actor (b. 1872) * June 26 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist, physician (b. 1868) * June 28 – Pietro Porcelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1872) * June 30 – Kristian Kristiansen (explorer), Kristian Kristiansen, Norwegian explorer (b. 1865)


July

* July 2 – Alice Mary Dowd, American educator and poet (b. 1855) * July 4 ** Cevat Abbas Gürer, Turkish army officer (b. 1887) ** Gordon Sidney Harrington, Canadian politician (b. 1883) ** Zofia Leśniowska, Polish army officer (aviation accident) (b. 1912) ** Władysław Sikorski, Polish prime minister in exile (aviation accident) (b. 1881) ** Charles Stevenson (actor), Charles Stevenson, American silent film actor (b. 1887) * July 5 ** Leonardo Ferrulli, Italian pilot (killed in action) (b. 1918) ** Kazimierz Junosza-Stępowski, Polish actor (b. 1880) * July 6 ** Teruo Akiyama, Japanese admiral (killed in action) (b. 1891) ** Nazaria Ignacia March Mesa, Spanish-born Roman Catholic religious sister, canonized (b. 1889) * July 8 ** Jean Moulin, French resistance fighter (injuries from suicide attempt in custody) (b. 1899) ** Sir Harry Oakes, American-born British gold mine owner (murdered) (b. 1874) * July 11 – Eugen Lovinescu, Romanian critic, academic and novelist (b. 1881) * July 12 ** Shunji Isaki, Japanese admiral (killed in action) (b. 1892) ** Cecilia Loftus, Scottish-born actress (b. 1876) * July 13 ** Lorenzo Barcelata, Mexican composer (b. 1898) ** Marianna Biernacka, Polish Roman Catholic religious sister, martyr and blessed (killed) (b. 1888) ** Luz Long, German long jump athlete (killed in action) (b. 1913) ** Alexander Schmorell, Russian-born German White Rose resistance member, Orthodox Church passion bearer and saint (executed) (b. 1917) * July 14 – Mariya Borovichenko, Soviet medical officer (killed in action) (b. 1925) * July 16 – Saul Raphael Landau, Polish Jewish lawyer, journalist, publicist and Zionist activist (b. 1870) * July 19 ** Martin Faust (actor), Martin Faust, American film actor (b. 1886) ** Giuseppe Terragni, Italian architect (b. 1904) * July 20 ** Maria Gay, Spanish opera singer (b. 1879) ** Charles Hazelius Sternberg, American fossil collector and paleontologist (b. 1850) * July 21 ** José Jurado de la Parra, Spanish journalist, poet and playwright (b. 1856) ** Charley Paddock, American sprinter (aviation accident) (b. 1900) ** Louis Vauxcelles, French art critic (b. 1870) ** Theodor von Guérard, German jurist, politician (b. 1863) * July 23 – Mario Nicolis di Robilant, Italian general (b. 1855) * July 26 – Luis Barros Borgoño, Chilean politician (b. 1858) * July 28 – Charles Granval, French actor (b. 1882) * July 29 – William Ewart Hart, Australian aviator, dentist (b. 1885) * July 30 – Max Eitingon, Belarusian-German medical doctor and psychoanalyst (b. 1881) * July 31 **Zdzisław Lubomirski, Polish aristocrat, landowner, lawyer, politician and activist (b. 1865) **James MacLachlan, British flying ace (b. 1919) **Hedley Verity, British cricketer (b. 1905) **Rodger Young, American soldier, remembered in the song "The Ballad of Rodger Young" (killed in action) (b. 1918)


August

* August 1 – Martyrs of Nowogródek, Polish nuns, martyrs and blessed (executed) (b. 1888–1916) **Lin Sen, Chinese chairman of the National Government of China (b. 1868) * August 5 ** Iosif Apanasenko, Soviet commander (killed in action) (b. 1890) ** Eva-Maria Buch, German resistance leader (executed) (b. 1921) * August 9 ** Franz Jägerstätter, Austrian conscientious objector, martyr and blessed (executed) (b. 1907) ** Chaim Soutine, Russian-born painter (b. 1893) * August 12 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857) * August 14 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1871) * August 18 – Hans Jeschonnek, German general (suicide) (b. 1899) * August 21 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857) * August 22 – Virgilio Dávila, Puerto Rican poet, educator, businessman and politician (b. 1869) * August 24 ** Ettore Muti, Italian Fascist politician (shot while under arrest) (b. 1902) ** Simone Weil, French philosopher (b. 1909) * August 26 – Ted Ray (golfer), Ted Ray, British golfer (b. 1877) * August 27 ** William de Burgh (philosopher), William de Burgh, British philosopher (b. 1866) ** Constantin Prezan, Romanian general, Marshal of Romania (b. 1861) * August 28 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894) * August 29 – Baba Nand Singh ji, Punjabi Sikh religious leader, saint (b. 1870) * August 31 – Gustav Bachmann, German naval officer, admiral (b. 1860)


September

* September 1 – Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880) * September 2 – Marsden Hartley, American modernism, American Modernist artist (b. 1877) * September 6 – Reginald McKenna, British Chancellor of the Exchequer 1915–1916 (b. 1863) * September 7 ** Géza Grünwald, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1910) ** Karlrobert Kreiten, German pianist (executed) (b. 1916) * September 8 – Julius Fučík (journalist), Julius Fučík, Czech resistance fighter (executed) (b. 1903) * September 9 ** Carlo Bergamini (admiral), Carlo Bergamini, Italian admiral (killed in action) (b. 1888) ** Salvatore John Cavallaro, American naval officer (killed in action) (b. 1920) ** Federico Martinengo, Italian pilot (killed in action) (b. 1899) * September 13 ** David Bacon (actor), David Bacon, American film actor (b. 1914) ** Ugo Cavallero, General of the Italian Army (suicide) (b. 1880) * September 17 – (killed in Ponary massacre) ** Kazimierz Pelczar, Polish oncologist, academic (b. 1894) ** Mieczysław Witold Gutkowski, Polish lawyer (b. 1893) * September 19 – Germaine Cernay, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1900) * September 23 ** Elinor Glyn, British writer, critic (b. 1864) ** Ernst Trygger, Swedish professor, politician and 19th Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1857) * September 26 - Henri Fertet, French Resistance fighter (b. 1926) * September 28 ** Sam Ruben, American chemist (b. 1913) ** Filippo Illuminato, Italian partisan, Gold Medal of Military Valour (b. 1930) * September 27 – Willoughby Hamilton, Irish tennis player (b. 1864) * September 29 – Mariano Goybet, French army general (b. 1861) * September 30 – Adolf Paul, Swedish novelist, playwright (b. 1863)


October

* October 2 ** Carlos Blanco Galindo , 32nd President of Bolivia (b. 1882) ** Muhamed Hadžiefendić, Yugoslav army officer (killed by partisans) (b. 1898) * October 4 – Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish general (murdered) (b. 1906) * October 5 – Leon Roppolo, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1902) * October 6 – Ignaz Trebitsch-Lincoln, Hungarian adventurer (b. 1879) * October 7 – Prince Christoph of Hesse (aviation accident) (b. 1901) * October 8 **Marianne Golz, Austrian-born opera singer, World War II resistance member (executed) (b. 1895) **Wilhelm Hegeler, German novelist (b. 1870) * October 9 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865) * October 12 – Max Wertheimer, Austro-Hungarian psychologist (b. 1880) * October 14 ** Rudolf Beckmann, German SS officer (Sobibór uprising) (b. 1910) ** Siegfried Graetschus, German SS officer (Sobibór uprising) (b. 1916) ** Johann Niemann, German SS officer (Sobibór uprising) (b. 1913) * October 15 – William Penhallow Henderson, American painter, architect and furniture designer (b. 1877) * October 18 – Margaret Bartholomew, American Civil Air Patrol officer (aviation accident on mission) (b. 1903) * October 19 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864) * October 21 – Dudley Pound, Sir Dudley Pound, British admiral (b. 1877) * October 22 – William Reginald Hall, British admiral (b. 1870) * October 23 ** André Antoine, French actor (b. 1858) ** Ben Bernie, American jazz violinist (b. 1891) ** Antonio Legnani, Italian admiral (automobile accident) (b. 1888) ** Franceska Mann, Polish dancer (killed in Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1917) * October 24 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, Canadian poet, lawyer (b. 1912) * October 28 – Aurel Stein, Sir Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born British archaeologist (b. 1862) * October 30 – Max Reinhardt, Austrian director (b. 1873)


November

* November 5 ** Samad Abdullayev, Soviet army officer (killed in action) (b. 1920) **Frank Campeau, American actor (b. 1864) ** Idhomene Kosturi, Albanian politician, acting Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1873) * November 7 – Dwight Frye, American character actor (b. 1899) * November 9 – Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia (b. 1877) * November 10 – Blessed Lubeck martyrs, German Roman Catholic priests (executed): ** Johannes Prassek (b. 1911) ** Eduard Müller (martyr), Eduard Müller (b. 1911) ** Hermann Lange (b. 1912) ** Karl Friedrich Stellbrink (b. 1894) * November 13 – Maurice Denis, French painter (b. 1870) * November 14 – Gurie Grosu, Romanian Eastern Orthodox Church, Orthodox priest and metropolitan (b. 1877) * November 19 – Baruch Lopes Leão de Laguna, Dutch painter (b. 1864) * November 22 ** Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (b. 1895) ** Keiji Shibazaki, Japanese admiral (killed in action) (b. 1894) * November 23 – Charles Ray (actor), Charles Ray, American actor (b. 1891) * November 24 ** France Balantič, Yugoslav poet (killed in action) (b. 1921) ** Doris Miller, African-American sailor, Pearl Harbor survivor (killed in action) (b. 1919) ** Henry M. Mullinnix, American admiral (killed in action) (b. 1892) * November 25 – Renato Cialente, Italian film actor (b. 1897) * November 26 ** Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (pilot), Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1909) ** Kiyoto Kagawa, Japanese admiral (killed in action) (b. 1895) ** Edward O'Hare, Edward "Butch" O'Hare, American fighter pilot (killed in action) (b. 1914) * November 28 – Aleksander Hellat, Soviet politician (b. 1881) * November 29 – Zsolt Harsányi, Hungarian author, dramatist, translator and writer (b. 1887)


December

* December 1 ** Antonio de Viti de Marco, Italian economist (b. 1858) ** Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, historian (b. 1862) * December 2 – Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, novelist, journalist and activist (killed in action as war correspondent) (b. 1902) * December 6 – G. O. Smith, English sportsman (b. 1872) * December 7 – Hamilton Lamb, Australian politician, soldier (in Japanese POW camp) (b. 1900) * December 8 – Donald Mackintosh (bishop), Donald Mackintosh, British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1876) * December 9 ** George Cooper (actor), George Cooper, American silent film actor (b. 1892) ** Georges Dufrénoy, French post-impressionist painter (b. 1870) * December 10 – Charles Belcher (actor), Charles Belcher, American film actor (b. 1872) * December 13 – Erich Garske, German political activist (executed) (b. 1907) * December 14 – John Harvey Kellogg, American physician, nutritionist (b. 1852) * December 15 – Fats Waller, African-American jazz pianist (pneumonia) (b. 1904) * December 18 – Hector Gray, British Royal Air Force officer (executed in Japanese Prisoner of War camp) (b. 1911) * December 20 – Edward L. Beach Sr., American naval officer, author (b. 1867) * December 22 – Beatrix Potter, British children's author, illustrator (b. 1866) * December 23 – Frederic Fisher, Sir Frederic Fisher, British admiral (b. 1851) * December 25 – William Irving (actor), William Irving, German-born American film actor (b. 1893) * December 26 – Erich Bey, German admiral (killed in action) (b. 1898) * December 27 ** Rupert Julian, New Zealand actor, director (b. 1879) ** Creelman MacArthur, Canadian businessman, politician (b. 1874) * December 30 – Hobart Bosworth, American film actor, director, writer and producer (b. 1867)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Otto Stern * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – George de Hevesy * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – Carl Peter Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – not awarded * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – not awarded


References

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