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Year 191 (Roman numerals, CXCI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Apronianus and Bradua (or, less frequently, year 944 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 191 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


Events


By place


Parthia

* King Vologases IV of Parthia dies after a 44-year reign, and is succeeded by his son Vologases V of Parthia, Vologases V.


China

* A coalition of Chinese warlords from the east of Hangu Pass launches a Campaign against Dong Zhuo, punitive campaign against the warlord Dong Zhuo, who seized control of the central government in 189, and held the figurehead Emperor Xian of Han, Emperor Xian hostage. After suffering some defeats against the coalition forces, Dong Zhuo forcefully relocates the imperial capital from Luoyang to Chang'an. Before leaving, Dong Zhuo orders his troops to loot the tombs of the Han emperors, and then destroy Luoyang by fire, to leave behind nothing for the coalition. * Battle of Jieqiao: Yuan Shao narrowly defeats Gongsun Zan, in northern China.


By topic


Art

* c. 191–192 – The sculpture of Commodus as Hercules'', from Esquiline Hill, Rome, is made (it is now kept at Palazzo dei Conservatori, Ancient Rome, Rome).


Religion

* Serapion of Antioch, Serapion becomes Patriarch of Antioch.


Births

* Xin Xianying, Chinese noblewoman and advisor (d. 269)


Deaths

* Bruttia Crispina, Roman empress (executed) (b. 164) * Han Fu (warlord), Han Fu, Chinese governor and warlord * Hua Xiong, Chinese general (executed) * Qiao Mao, Chinese official and warlord * Sun Jian, Chinese general and warlord (b. 155) * Vologases IV of Parthia, Vologases IV, king of the Parthian Empire * Zhang Wen (Han dynasty), Zhang Wen, Chinese official and general


References

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