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Year 188 (CLXXXVIII) was a
leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year starting on Tuesday, Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are GF. The most recent year of su ...
of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century B ...
. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Fuscianus and Silanus (or, less frequently, year 941 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 188 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the
Anno Domini The terms (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , r ...
calendar era #REDIRECT Calendar era #REDIRECT Calendar era A calendar era is the period of time elapsed since one ''epoch'' of a calendar and, if it exists, before the next one. For example, it is the year as per the Gregorian calendar, which numbers its year ...
became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


Events


By place


Roman Empire

*
Publius Helvius Pertinax Pertinax (; Publius Helvius Pertinax; 1 August 126 – 28 March 193) was a Roman soldier and politician who ruled as Roman emperor The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial perio ...

Publius Helvius Pertinax
becomes pro-consul of
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', ...
from 188–189.


Japan

* Queen
Himiko , also known as , was a shaman Shamanism is a religious practice that involves a practitioner (shaman) interacting with what they believe to be a spirit world through altered states of consciousness An altered state of consciousness (ASC ...
(or Shingi Waō) begins her reign in
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
(until
248 __NOTOC__ Year 248 ( CCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on SaturdayA leap year starting on Saturday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Saturday Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday ...

248
).


Births

*
April 4 On the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the used by the and . The term often includes the established by the reforms of the and in the late 1stcenturyBC and sometimes includes any system dated by towards months' , , and in ...
Caracalla Caracalla ( ; 4 April 188 – 8 April 217), formally known as Antoninus (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus), was Roman emperor from 198 to 217. He was a member of the Severan dynasty, the elder son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna. Co-ruler ...

Caracalla
(or Antoninus), Roman emperor (d.
217 Year 217 ( CCXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
) * Lu Ji (or Gongji), Chinese official and politician (d.
219 __NOTOC__ Year 219 ( CCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , ...
) * Sun Shao, Chinese general of the
Eastern Wu Wu (Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous count ...
state (d.
241 Year 241 ( CCXLI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The m ...
)


Deaths

*
March 17 Events Pre-1600 *45 BC __NOTOC__ Year 45 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a c ...
Julian, pope and patriarch of
Alexandria Alexandria ( or ; ar, الإسكندرية ; arz, اسكندرية ; Coptic language, Coptic: Rakodī; el, Αλεξάνδρεια ''Alexandria'') is the List of cities and towns in Egypt, third-largest city in Egypt after Cairo and Giza, ...

Alexandria
*
Fa Zhen Fa Zhen (100–188), courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the East Asian cultural sphere The East ...
(or Gaoqing), Chinese scholar (b.
AD 100 __NOTOC__ AD 100 (Roman numerals, C) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was sometimes referred to as year 853 ''ab urbe condita'', i.e., 853 years since ...
) *
Lucius Antistius Burrus Lucius Antistius Burrus Adventus (–188 AD) was a Roman senator who lived in the 2nd century. He was one of the sons-in-law of the Emperor An emperor (from la, imperator, via fro, empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sovereignty, sovere ...
, Roman politician (executed) *
Ma Xiang Ma Xiang (died 188) was a self-declared Emperor of China, Yellow Turban Army, Yellow Turban rebel, warlord, and bandit leader who lived in the late 2nd century. Although operating after the main Yellow Turban Rebellion had been defeated, Ma prov ...

Ma Xiang
, Chinese rebel leader (approximate date) *
Publius Atilius Aebutianus Publius Atilius Aebutianus (died 188) was a prefect Prefect (from the Latin ''praefectus'', substantive adjectival form of ''praeficere'': "put in front", meaning in charge) is a Magistrate, magisterial title of varying definition, but essen ...
, Roman prefect (executed) *
Shusun Tong Shusun Tong (; died ca 188 BCE) was a Chinese politician and writer who served the Qin Dynasty, Qin and Western Han courts. He is known for organization of the first court worship for the Emperor Gaozu of Han (202 BCE), as well as for the custody ov ...
, Chinese official and ritual specialist *
Qiangqui Qiangqu (; r. 179–188 AD) was the Western Wise Prince, successor to Huzheng, and chanyu Chanyu () or Shanyu (), short for Chengli Gutu Chanyu (), was the title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in cer ...
, Chinese ruler of the southern
Xiongnu The Xiongnu (, ) were a tribal confederation A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign groups or states united for purposes of common action. Usually created by a treaty A treaty is a formal ...

Xiongnu


See also

*
Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninianus of Pacatianus, Roman usurper, usurper of Roman emperor Philip the Arab, Philip in 248. It reads ''ROMAE AETERANMIL ESIMOET PRIMO'', 'To eternal Rome, in its one thousand and first year.' ''Ab urbe condita'' ( ...
*
Roman numerals Roman numerals are a that originated in and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the . Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the . Modern style uses seven symbols, each with a ...


References

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