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January–March

*
January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , reducing the average year from 365 ...
– The biggest
Estonia Estonia ( et, Eesti ), officially the Republic of Estonia ( et, Eesti Vabariik, links=no), is a country in northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden ...

Estonia
n newspaper, ''
Postimees ''Postimees'' (''The Postman'') is an Estonia Estonia ( et, Eesti ), officially the Republic of Estonia ( et, Eesti Vabariik, links=no), is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from ...
'', is established by
Johann Voldemar Jannsen Johann Voldemar Jannsen ( in Vändra, Livonia Livonia ( liv, Līvõmō, et, Liivimaa, fi, Liivinmaa, German and Scandinavian languages: ', archaic German: ''Liefland'', nl, Lijfland, Latvian and lt, Livonija, pl, Inflanty, archaic Eng ...

Johann Voldemar Jannsen
. *
January 7 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– The partly French-owned
London General Omnibus Company The London General Omnibus Company or LGOC, was the principal bus trolleybus in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in ...
begins operating. *
January 9 Events Pre-1600 * 681 – Twelfth Council of ToledoThe Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig. One of its first actions was to release the population from the laws of Wamba and recognise Erwig, a ...
– The 7.9 Fort Tejon earthquake shakes
Central Central is an adjective In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign languag ...
and
Southern California Southern California (sometimes known as SoCal; es, Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California California is a in the . With over 39.3million resi ...

Southern California
, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (''Violent''). *
January 24 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire duri ...
– The
University of Calcutta The University of Calcutta (informally known as Calcutta University; CU) is a collegiate public state university located in Kolkata Kolkata ( or , ; also known as Calcutta , the official name until 2001) is the capital Capital mos ...

University of Calcutta
is established in
Calcutta Kolkata ( or , ; also known as Calcutta , the official name until 2001) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upperca ...
, as the first multidisciplinary modern university in
South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia Asia () is 's largest and most populous , located primarily in the and . It shares the continental of with the continent of and the continental landmass of with both Europe and . Asia cov ...

South Asia
. The
University of Bombay The University of Mumbai, informally known as Mumbai University (MU) is a collegiate public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totali ...
is also established in
Bombay Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay — the official name until 1995) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, ...

Bombay
,
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...

British India
, this year. *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 ( MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . According to the ...
– The National Deaf Mute College (later renamed
Gallaudet University Gallaudet University is a private university, private University charter#Federal, federally chartered research university for the education of the Hearing loss, deaf and hard of hearing. It is located in Washington, D.C., on a campus. Founded ...

Gallaudet University
) is established in Washington, D.C., becoming the first school for the advanced education of the deaf. *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * 62 – Earthquake An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth resulting from a sudden release of energy in the Earth Earth is the third planet from t ...
– The Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States is promulgated. *
March March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days ...

March
– The Austrian garrison leaves
Bucharest Bucharest ( , ; ro, București ) is the capital and largest city of Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), cente ...

Bucharest
. *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
** France and the United Kingdom formally declare war on China, in the
Second Opium War The Second Opium War (), also known as the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts ...
. ** The largest slave auction in United States history is held, dubbed ''The Weeping Time''. Over a 2-day period (starting
March 2 Events Pre-1600 * 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
), Pierce M. Butler sells 436 men, women, children, and infants, all of whom are kept in stalls meant for horses at a racetrack in
Savannah, Georgia Savannah ( ) is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country), a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia * Georgia (U.S. state), one of the states of the United States of America Georgia may al ...
, for weeks beforehand. *
March 4 Events Pre-1600 * AD 51 AD 51 ( LI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
James Buchanan James Buchanan Jr. ( ; April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 15th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the ...

James Buchanan
is
sworn in Traditionally an oath (from Old English, Anglo-Saxon ', also called plight) is either a utterance, statement of fact or a promise with wording relating to something considered sacred as a sign of verity. A common legal substitute for those who c ...
, as the 15th President of the United States. *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
– '' Dred Scott v. Sandford'': The
Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or Americ ...

Supreme Court of the United States
rules that Blacks are not citizens and slaves can not sue for freedom, driving the country further towards the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
(the ruling is not overturned until the 14th Amendment is adopted, in
1868 Events January–March * January 2 – British Expedition to Abyssinia: Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala, Robert Napier leads an expedition to free captive British officials and missionaries. * January 3 – The 1 ...

1868
). *
March 12 Events Pre-1600 *538 Year 538 ( DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague (or, less ...
Elizabeth Blackwell Elizabeth Blackwell (3 February 182131 May 1910) was a British physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, and the first woman on the Medical Register of the General Medical Council The General ...

Elizabeth Blackwell
opens a hospital, the
New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children NewYork-Presbyterian Lower Manhattan Hospital is a nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, ...
. *
March 14 Events Pre-1600 *1074 Year 1074 (Roman numerals, MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Norman mercenari ...
Youssef Bey Karam Youssef Bey "Bey" ( ota, بك “''Beik''”, chg, بك “''Bek''”, tk, beg, uz, bek, kz, бек, tt, bäk, sq, beu, bs, beg, fa, بیگ “''Beigh''” or “''Beg''”, tg, бе, ar, بيه “''Beyeh''”) is a Turkic Turkic ...

Youssef Bey Karam
is assigned, by the people of
Ehden Ehden ( ar, اٍهدن, : ܐܗܕ ܢ ) is a mountainous town in the heart of the northern mountains of and on the southwestern slopes of Mount Makmal in the . Its residents are the people of , as it is within the . Geography The mountain town is l ...
and
Bsharri Bsharri ( ar, بشرّي ''Bšarrī''; syr, ܒܫܪܝ; also Romanized ''Becharre'', ''Bcharre'', ''Bsharre'', (''Bcharre El Arez بشرّي الارز'') is a town at an altitude of about to . It is located in the Bsharri District of the Nort ...

Bsharri
, to be the region's ruler. *
March 23 Events Pre-1600 *1400 Year 1400 ( MCD) was a leap year starting on ThursdayA leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Thursday Thursday is the day of the week between Wednes ...
Elisha Otis Elisha Graves Otis (August 3, 1811 – April 8, 1861) was an American industrialist, founder of the Otis Elevator Company Otis Worldwide Corporation ( branded as the Otis Elevator Company, its former legal name) is an American company that de ...
' first
elevator An elevator (North American English North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety (linguistics), variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada. Because of their related histories and ...

elevator
is installed (at 488
Broadway Broadway may refer to: Theatre * Broadway Theatre (disambiguation) * Broadway theatre, theatrical productions in professional theatres near Broadway, Manhattan, New York City, U.S. ** Broadway (Manhattan), the street **Broadway Theatre (53rd Str ...
, New York City).


April–June

*
April 4 On the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the used by the and . The term often includes the established by the reforms of the and in the late 1stcenturyBC and sometimes includes any system dated by towards months' , , and in ...
– The
Anglo-Persian War The Anglo–Persian War or Anglo-Iranian War (Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran, historically called ''Persia'' in the English language ** Persians, Persian people, the majority ethnic group in Iran, not to be conflated ...
ends. *
April 18 Events * – King is murdered in by a group led by his , Ealdred and Wada. The ''patrician'' is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. * – The of the current is laid. * – is crowned as of Poland. * – Trial of be ...
– '' The Spirits' Book'' (''Le Livre des Esprits''), one of the ''Five Fundamental Works of
Spiritism Spiritism, a branch of Spiritualism Spiritualism is a religious movement based on the belief that the spirit In folk beliefIn folkloristics, folk belief or folk-belief is a broad genre of folklore that is often expressed in narratives ...

Spiritism
'', is published by French educator
Allan Kardec Allan Kardec () is the ''nom de plume'' of the French educator, translator and author Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (; 3 October 1804 – 31 March 1869). He is the author of the five books known as the Spiritist Codification, and is the fo ...

Allan Kardec
. *
May 5 This day marks the approximate midpoint of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the March equinox). Events Pre-1600 * – The begins. * – Rebel barons renounce their al ...
October 17 Events Pre-1600 * 690 __NOTOC__ Year 690 ( DCXC) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman cale ...
The Art Treasures of Great Britain exhibition is held in
Manchester Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguis ...

Manchester
, one of the largest such displays of all time. *
May 10 Events Pre-1600 * 28 BC – A sunspot Sunspots are temporary celestial event, phenomena on the Sun's photosphere that appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas. They are regions of reduced surface temperature caused by concentr ...
Indian Rebellion of 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion ...

Indian Rebellion of 1857
: The 3rd Light Cavalry of the
British East India Company The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or (after 1707) the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Com ...
's army rebels against its British officers, thus beginning the rebellion. *
May 11 Events Pre-1600 * 330 – Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Sc ...
Indian Rebellion of 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion ...

Indian Rebellion of 1857
: Indian combatants capture
Delhi Delhi (; ''Dillī''; ''Dillī''; ''Dêhlī''), officially the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, is a city and a of containing , the capital of India. * * * Straddling the river, but primarily its western or right bank, Delhi ...

Delhi
from the British East India Company. *
May 15 Events Pre-1600 * 221 __NOTOC__ Year 221 ( CCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional d ...
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
financial group
financial group
,
Banco Santander Banco Santander, S.A., doing business as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for a particular ...

Banco Santander
founded in
Cantabria Cantabria (, also , ) is an autonomous community in northern Spain with Santander, Cantabria, Santander as its capital city. It is recognized as a Nationalities and regions of Spain, historic community and is bordered on the east by the Basque ...
, Spain. *
May 28 Events Pre-1600 *585 BC The year 585 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 169 ''Ab urbe condita'' . The denomination 585 BC for this year has been used since the early med ...
– Banco de Bilbao, as predecessor of
BBVA Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A. (), better known by its initialism BBVA, is a Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine ...
was founded in Spain. *
June 6 The date is most famously associated with D-Day on Tuesday, 6 June 1944, when the Allies of World War II, Western Allies carried out Normandy landings, landing and airborne operations in Normandy to begin Operation Overlord during World War II ...
Sophia of Nassau Sophia of Nassau (Sophia Wilhelmine Marianne Henriette; 9 July 1836 – 30 December 1913) was List of Swedish consorts, Queen of Sweden and List of Norwegian consorts, Norway as the wife of King Oscar II. She was Queen of Sweden for 35 years, ...
marries the future King
Oscar II Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik; 21 January 1829 – 8 December 1907) was King of Sweden The monarchy of Sweden concerns the monarchical head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state ...

Oscar II
of
Sweden–Norway Sweden and Norway or Sweden–Norway ( sv, Svensk-norska unionen; no, Den svensk-norske union(en)), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and known as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate Monarchy, kingdoms o ...
. *
June 12 Events Pre-1600 * 910 – Battle of Lechfeld (910), Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Francia, East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors. *1240 – At ...
– American mercenary
William WalkerWilliam Walker may refer to: Arts * William Walker (engraver) (1791–1867), mezzotint engraver of portrait of Robert Burns * William Sidney Walker (1795–1846), English Shakespearean critic * William Walker (composer) (1809–1875), American Bapt ...

William Walker
is overthrown as ruler of
Nicaragua Nicaragua (; ), officially the Republic of Nicaragua (), is the largest Sovereign state, country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean Sea, Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and th ...

Nicaragua
, by Honduran general Florencio Xatruch. *
June 20 In the Northern Hemisphere The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of c ...
– The
Victoria and Albert Museum The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in l ...

Victoria and Albert Museum
in London is officially opened by
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
. *
June 26 Events Pre-1600 * 4 – Augustus Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors ...
– At a ceremony in London,
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
awards the first 66
Victoria Cross The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest and most prestigious award of the British honours system The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals' personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom The United ...

Victoria Cross
es to
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...

British
troops, for actions during the
Crimean War The Crimean War, , was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which Russian Empire, Russia lost to an alliance of Second French Empire, France, the Ottoman Empire, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, ...
.


July–September

*
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
November 19 Events Pre-1600 * 461 – Libius Severus is declared emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The real power is in the hands of the ''magister militum'' Ricimer. * 636 – The Rashidun Caliphate defeats the Sasanian Empire at the Battle of ...
Indian Rebellion of 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion ...

Indian Rebellion of 1857
:
Siege of Lucknow The Siege of Lucknow was the prolonged defence of the The Residency, Lucknow, Residency within the city of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. After two successive relief attempts had reached the city, the defenders and civilians were ...
. *
July 15 Events Pre-1600 *484 BC – Dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux in ancient Rome *AD 70, 70 – Titus and his armies Siege of Jerusalem (AD 70), breach the walls of Jerusalem. (17th of Tammuz in the Hebrew calendar). * 756 &nda ...
Indian Rebellion of 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion ...

Indian Rebellion of 1857
: The second massacre at
Kanpur Kanpur ( ), is a metropolitan city in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or internatio ...
takes place. *
July 18 Events Pre-1600 *477 BC __NOTOC__ Year 477 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Pulvillus and Lanatus (or, less frequently, year 277 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antonin ...
** The Utah Expedition leaves
Fort Leavenworth Fort Leavenworth is a United States Army installation located in Leavenworth County, Kansas Leavenworth County (county code LV) is located in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known ...
, effectively beginning the
Utah War The Utah War (1857–1858), also known as the Utah Expedition, Utah Campaign, Buchanan's Blunder, the Mormon War, or the Mormon Rebellion was an armed confrontation between Mormon Mormons are a religious Religion is a social system, ...
. **
Prison hulk A prison ship, often more accurately described as a prison hulk The Hulk is a fictional superhero A superhero or superheroine is a stock character that possesses Superpower (ability), ''superpowers'', abilities beyond those of ordin ...
s are used for the last time in the United Kingdom. *
August 20 Events *AD 14 __NOTOC__ AD 14 (Roman numerals, XIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Pompeius and Appuleius (or, le ...
– The ''
Dunbar Dunbar () is a town on the North Sea The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Great Britain (specifically England and Scotland), Norway, Jutland (in Denmark), Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Hauts-de-France (in France). ...
'' wrecks near the entrance to
Sydney Harbour Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour Middle Harbour (or ''Warring-Ga''), a semi–mature tide (U.S.), low tide occurs roughly at moonrise and high tide with a high Moon, corresponding to the simple ...

Sydney Harbour
, Australia, with the loss of 121 lives. *
August 28 Events * 475 – The Roman Empire, Roman general Orestes (father of Romulus Augustulus), Orestes forces western Roman Emperors, Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna. * 489 – Theodoric the Great, Theodoric, kin ...
– The
Matrimonial Causes Act "Matrimonial Causes Act" is a stock short title In certain jurisdictions, including the United Kingdom and other Westminster Westminster is a district in Central London Central London (also known less commonly as London city centre) is the ...
makes divorce without
parliamentary A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy Democracy ( gr, δημοκρατία, ''dēmokratiā'', from ''dēmos'' 'people' an ...
approval legal in the United Kingdom. *
September September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically ...

September
– The
Panic of 1857 The Panic of 1857 was a financial panic in the United States caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy. Because of the invention of the telegraph by Samuel F. Morse in 1844, the Panic of 1857 was ...
begins: Speculation in U.S. railroad shares, and the collapse on
August 24 Events *367 __NOTOC__ Year 367 ( CCCLXVII) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an ...
of the New York City branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company, following widespread
embezzlement Embezzlement is the act of withholding asset In financial accounting Financial accounting is the field of accounting Accounting or Accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial and non financial informa ...
, trigger a financial crisis which will extend to Europe. *
September 11 Between the years Anno Domini, AD 1900 and 2099, September 11 of the Gregorian calendar is the Egyptian intercalary month, leap day of the Coptic calendar, Coptic and Ethiopian calendars. These leap days occur in the years immediately before ...
– The
Mountain Meadows massacre The Mountain Meadows Massacre (September 7–11, 1857) was a series of attacks that resulted in the mass murder of at least 120 members of the Baker–Fancher party, Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train. The massacre occurred in southern Utah a ...

Mountain Meadows massacre
occurs in
Utah Utah ( , ) is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. Utah is a landlocked U.S. state bordered to its east by Colorado, to its northeast by Wyoming, to its north by Idaho, to its so ...

Utah
. *
September 12 Events Pre-1600 *490 BC __NOTOC__ Year 490 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Camerinus and Flavus (or, less frequently, year 264 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoni ...
– The sinks off the coast of
North Carolina North Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily news ...

North Carolina
, with the loss of 425 lives. *
September 20 Events Pre-1600 *1058 Year 1058 ( MLVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calend ...
– In India, British forces recapture
Delhi Delhi (; ''Dillī''; ''Dillī''; ''Dêhlī''), officially the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, is a city and a of containing , the capital of India. * * * Straddling the river, but primarily its western or right bank, Delhi ...

Delhi
, compelling the surrender of
Bahadur Shah II Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II ( fa, ) (born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad) (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the twentieth and last Mughal emperors, Mughal emperor. He was the second son of and became the succes ...

Bahadur Shah II
, the last
Mughal emperor The Mughal (or Moghul) emperors built and ruled the Mughal Empire The Mughal, Mogul, or Moghul Empire was an early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, ...
.


October–December

*
October 13 Events Pre-1600 * 54 – Roman emperor Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was Roman emperor from AD 41 to 54. Born to Nero Claudius Drusus and Anton ...
Panic of 1857 The Panic of 1857 was a financial panic in the United States caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy. Because of the invention of the telegraph by Samuel F. Morse in 1844, the Panic of 1857 was ...
: New York banks close, and do not reopen until
December 12 Events Pre-1600 * 627 __NOTOC__ Year 627 ( DCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 Dec ...
. *
October 24 Events Pre-1600 *AD 69 AD 69 ( LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year th ...
Sheffield F.C., the world's first
association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport A team sport includes any sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain ...
team, is founded in
Sheffield Sheffield is a and in , England. The name derives from the which runs through the city. It is a part of , although some southern suburbs have been annexed from . It is situated east of , south of and north of . It is the largest settlement ...

Sheffield
, England. *
November 1 Events Pre-1600 * 365 – The Alemanni The Alemanni (also ''Alamanni''; ''Suebi'' "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribe This list of ancient s is an inventory of ancient Germanic cultures, tribal groupings and other allia ...
– The ''Indus Valley Region'' (i.e.,
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
''Region'') is incorporated into Southern Asia as part of
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...

British India
, for the next 90 years. *
November 30 Events Pre-1600 * 977 Year 977 ( CMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, ...
President of Mexico The president of Mexico ( es, link=no, Presidente de México), officially the president of the United Mexican States ( es, link=no, Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is ...
Ignacio Comonfort Ignacio Gregorio Comonfort de los Ríos (; 12 March 1812 – 13 November 1863), known as Ignacio Comonfort, was a Mexican politician and soldier. He became President of Mexico in 1855 after the outbreak of the Plan of Ayutla, Revolution of Ayutl ...

Ignacio Comonfort
is succeeded by
Félix María Zuloaga Félix María Zuloaga Trillo (31 March 1813 – 11 February 1898) was a Mexican general and a Conservative leader in the War of Reform. In the late 1850s and early 1860s, Zuloaga served as unconstitutional interim conservative president of ...
. *
December December is the twelfth and the final month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, t ...
– The
Reform War The War of Reform ( es, Guerra de Reforma) in Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any gro ...
in
Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organi ...
begins. *
December 16 Events Pre-1600 * 714 – Pepin of Herstal Pepin II (c. 635 – 16 December 714), commonly known as Pepin of Herstal, was a Frankish Frankish may refer to: * Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples ...
– The 7.0 Basilicata earthquake shakes the
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies ( nap, Regno d’ ’e Ddoje Sicilie; scn, Regnu dî Dui Sicili; it, Regno delle Due Sicilie; es, Reino de las Dos Sicilias) was a kingdom located in Southern Italy from 1816 to 1860. The kingdom was the larg ...
(Southern Italy) with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (''Extreme''), killing about 10,000 people. *
December 20 Events Pre-1600 *AD 69 AD 69 (Roman numerals, LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Galba, Augustus and Titus ...
– Emperor
Franz Joseph I of Austria Franz Joseph I or Francis Joseph I (german: Franz Josef Karl, hu, Ferenc József Károly, hr, Franjo Josip Karlo, cs, František Josef Karel, 18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) was Emperor of Austria The Emperor of Austria ( German: '' Kaise ...

Franz Joseph I of Austria
issues a decree, ''Es ist Mein Wille'', which leads to the demolition of the
city walls A defensive wall is a fortification A fortification is a military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically officially authorize ...

city walls
of
Vienna Vienna ( ; german: Wien ; bar, Wean, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian ) is the Capital city, national capital, largest city, and one of States of Austria, nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's List of cities and towns in Austria, mos ...

Vienna
, allowing the construction of the
Ringstraße The (german: Ringstraße, lit. ''ring road'') is a circular grand boulevard that serves as a ring road A ring road (also known as circular road, beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop, bypass or orbital) is a road or a series o ...
. *
December 31 It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day Saint Sylvester's Day, also known as Silvester or the Feast of Saint Sylvester, is the day of the feast of Pope Sylvester I, a saint who served as pope (bishop of Rome) fro ...
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
chooses
Ottawa Ottawa (, ; Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are ...

Ottawa
as the capital of Canada.


Date unknown

* The first commercial
tea plantation Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured or fresh leaves A leaf (plural leaves) is the principal lateral appendage of the vascular plant plant stem, stem, usually borne above ground and speci ...

tea plantation
in the
British Raj The British Raj (; from ''rāj'', literally, "rule" in Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the In ...

British Raj
is opened in the Mulnicherra Estate in
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. * The
Mormons Mormons are a religious Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. Different re ...
abandon
Las Vegas Las Vegas (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambi ...
. *
Kuala Lumpur , anthem = ''Maju dan Sejahtera'' , image_map = , map_caption = , pushpin_map = Malaysia#Southeast Asia#Asia , pushpin_map_caption = , coordinates = , su ...

Kuala Lumpur
, the future capital of
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions ...

Malaysia
, is founded as a tin mining settlement. *
La Tène culture The La Tène culture (; ) was a European Iron Age In Europe, the Iron Age is the last stage of the prehistoric period and the first of the protohistoric periods,The Junior Encyclopædia Britannica: A reference library of general knowledge ...
artifacts are discovered in Switzerland, by Hansli Kopp. *
Illinois State University Illinois State University (ISU) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English ...
, the first public university in
Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspape ...

Illinois
, is established in
Normal, Illinois Normal is a town in McLean County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the town's population was 52,497. Normal is the smaller of two principal municipalities of the Bloomington–Normal Metropolitan Statis ...

Normal, Illinois
. *
Bucharest Bucharest ( , ; ro, București ) is the capital and largest city of Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), cente ...

Bucharest
becomes the world's first city to have its streets illuminated by
kerosene lamp A kerosene lamp (also known as a paraffin lamp in some countries) is a type of lighting Lighting or illumination is the deliberate use of light Light or visible light is electromagnetic radiation within the portion of the electrom ...

kerosene lamp
s. * American politician William Daniel proposes the
Local Option A local option is the ability of local political jurisdictions, typically counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publish ...
for
Prohibition Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture Manufacturing is the production of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that st ...
. * American composer
James Lord Pierpont James Lord Pierpont (April 25, 1822 – August 5, 1893)Lewis, DaveJames Pierpont Biography, AllMusic, retrieved December 16, 2011 was a New England-born songwriter, arranger, organist, Confederate States of America, Confederate States soldier, and ...

James Lord Pierpont
composes "
Jingle Bells "Jingle Bells" is one of the best-known and most commonly sung American songs in the world. It was written by James Lord Pierpont (1822–1893) and published under the title "The One Horse Open Sleigh" in the autumn of 1857. It has been claimed ...

Jingle Bells
", originally entitled "The One Horse Open Sleigh". * Suzumoto
Vaudeville Vaudeville (; ) is a of born in France at the end of the 19th century. A vaudeville was originally a comedy without psychological or moral intentions, based on a comical situation: a dramatic composition or light poetry, mixed with songs or b ...
Theater officially opens in Ueno region,
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Edo
(modern-day
Tokyo Tokyo (Japanese language, Japanese: , ''Tōkyō'' ), historically known in the west as Tokio and officially the Tokyo Metropolis (, ''Tōkyō-to''), is capital of Japan, the capital and most populous Prefectures of Japan, prefecture of Japan ...

Tokyo
) in Japan.


Births


January–March

*
January 2 Events Pre-1600 *AD 69, 69 – The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor. * 366 – The Alemanni cross the frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading the Roman Em ...
Uryū Sotokichi, Japanese admiral (d.
1937 Events January * January – February – The Ohio River flood of 1937 takes place, leaving 1 million people homeless and 385 people dead. * January 1 – Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua. * January 11 – Th ...

1937
) *
January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Alfred are defeated by a Danish invasio ...
Émile Courtet, French caricaturist, animator (d.
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
) *
January 12 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubikon at the head of the 13th Legion. Civil war between the former allies, Caesar and Pompey, is now inevitable. *475 – List of Byzantine emperors, Byzantine Emperor Zeno (emper ...
** Knut Ångström, Swedish physicist (d.
1910 Events January * January 10 Events Pre-1600 *49 BC __NOTOC__ Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus (or, less frequently, year 705 ...
) ** Léon de Witte de Haelen, Belgian general (d.
1933 Events January * January January is the first month of the year in the Julian calendar, Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year' ...
) * January 13 – Anastasios Papoulas, Greek general (d. 1935) * January 18 – Otto von Below, German general (d. 1944) * January 26 – The 12th Dalai Lama of Tibet (d. 1875) * January 31 – George Jackson Churchward, British chief mechanical engineer of the Great Western Railway(d.
1933 Events January * January January is the first month of the year in the Julian calendar, Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year' ...
) * February 1 – Lucy Wheelock, American early childhood education pioneer within the kindergarten movement (d. 1946) * February 13 – Almanzo Wilder, Almanzo James Wilder, American writer (d. 1949) * February 18 – Dmitry Shcherbachev, Russian general (d. 1932) * February 22 ** Robert Baden-Powell, English founder of the Scouting movement (d. 1941) ** Heinrich Hertz, German physicist (d. 1894) *
March 4 Events Pre-1600 * AD 51 AD 51 ( LI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
**Constantin Coandă, Romanian general and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1932) **Aleksei Evert, Russian general (d. 1918 or 1926) *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
– George Dayton, American businessman, founder of Target Corporation (d.
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
) * March 7 ** Genevieve Stebbins, American performer of the Delsarte system of expression (d. 1934) ** Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1940) * March 13 – Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, British general (d. 1932) * March 15 – Christian Michelsen, 1st Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1925) * March 21 – Hunter Liggett, American general (d. 1935) * March 22 – Paul Doumer, President of France (d. 1932) * March 26 – Théodore Tuffier, French surgeon (d. 1929) * March 27 ** Ella Hepworth Dixon, English author and editor (d. 1932) ** Karl Pearson, English statistician (d. 1936) * March 30 – Léon Charles Thévenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)


April–June

* April 5 – Alexander of Battenberg, first Prince of Bulgaria (d. 1893) * April 14 ** Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, youngest child of
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
(d. 1944) ** Victor Horsley, English physician, surgeon (d. 1916) * April 22 – Paul Dresser, American songwriter (d. 1906) * April 23 – Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919) * April 30 – Walter Simon (philanthropist), Walter Simon, German philanthropist (d. 1920) * May 7 – William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (d. 1930) *
May 10 Events Pre-1600 * 28 BC – A sunspot Sunspots are temporary celestial event, phenomena on the Sun's photosphere that appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas. They are regions of reduced surface temperature caused by concentr ...
– Viktor Graf von Scheuchenstuel, Austro-Hungarian general (d.
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
) * May 13 – Ronald Ross, English physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1932) *
May 15 Events Pre-1600 * 221 __NOTOC__ Year 221 ( CCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional d ...
– Williamina Fleming, Scottish astronomer (d. 1911) * May 19 – John Jacob Abel, American pharmacologist (d.
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
) * May 24 – Richard Mansfield, Anglo-American stage actor (d. 1907) * May 27 – Theodor Curtius, German chemist (d. 1928) *
May 28 Events Pre-1600 *585 BC The year 585 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 169 ''Ab urbe condita'' . The denomination 585 BC for this year has been used since the early med ...
** Annie Maria Barnes, American author of children's literature (unknown year of death) ** Robert C. Hilliard, American stage actor (d. 1927) * May 31 – Pope Pius XI (d. 1939) * June 2 ** Urban Jacob Rasmus Børresen, Norwegian admiral and industry leader (d. 1943) ** Edward Elgar, English composer (d. 1934) ** Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919) * June 8 – Lawrence Marston, American actor, playwright and film director (d. 1939) * June 10 – Caroline Louise Dudley (later Mrs. Leslie Carter), American stage actress (d.
1937 Events January * January – February – The Ohio River flood of 1937 takes place, leaving 1 million people homeless and 385 people dead. * January 1 – Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua. * January 11 – Th ...

1937
) *
June 12 Events Pre-1600 * 910 – Battle of Lechfeld (910), Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Francia, East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors. *1240 – At ...
– Kate Lester, English stage & silent screen actress (d. 1924) * June 16 – Arthur Arz von Straußenburg, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1935) *
June 20 In the Northern Hemisphere The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of c ...
– Mary Gage Day, American physician (d. 1935) * June 30 – Friedrich von Ingenohl, German admiral (d.
1933 Events January * January January is the first month of the year in the Julian calendar, Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year' ...
)


July–September

*
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
– Martha Hughes Cannon, American politician (d. 1932) * July 5 – Clara Zetkin, German-born Marxist theorist, activist and women's rights advocate (d.
1933 Events January * January January is the first month of the year in the Julian calendar, Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year' ...
) * July 11 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist (Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scales) (d. 1911) * July 14 – Vittorio Ranuzzi de' Bianchi, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1927) * July 22 – Shams-ul-haq Azeemabadi, Indian Islamic scholar (d. 1911) * July 23 – Carl Meinhof, German linguist (d. 1944) * July 24 ** Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943) ** Juan Vicente Gómez, President of Venezuela (d. 1935) * July 25 – Nat Goodwin, American actor (d. 1919) * July 28 – Ballington Booth, British-born American Salvation Army officer, co-founder of Volunteers of America (d. 1940) * July 30 ** Lucy Bacon, California Impressionist painter (d. 1932) ** Thorstein Veblen, American economist (d. 1929) * August 8 – Henry Fairfield Osborn, American geologist, paleontologist and eugenist (d. 1935) * August 14 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (d. 1922) * August 15 – Albert Ballin, German shipping magnate, owner of the Hamburg America Line (d. 1918) * August 16 – Ioan Popovici (divisional general), Ioan Popovici, Romanian general (d. 1956) * August 18 – Sergei Sheydeman, Russian general (d. 1922) * August 27 – Oskar von Hutier, German general (d. 1934) * September 5 – Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian scientist, inventor (d. 1935) * September 8 – Georg Michaelis, 6th Chancellor of Germany (German Reich), Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936) * September 13 – Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate manufacturer (d. 1945) * September 15 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States and 10th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1930) * September 18 – John Hessin Clarke, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1945) *
September 20 Events Pre-1600 *1058 Year 1058 ( MLVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calend ...
– Antoine de Mitry, French general (d. 1924) * September 28 – Lewis Bayly (Royal Navy officer), Lewis Bayly, British admiral (d.
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
)


October–December

* October 2 **Martinus Theunis Steyn, Boer lawyer, politician and statesman, sixth and last President of the Orange Free State (1896-1902) (d. 1916) **A. E. Waite, British occultist (d. 1942) * October 5 – Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, Irish language writer (d. 1942) * October 14 – Joseph Rucker Lamar, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1916) *
October 24 Events Pre-1600 *AD 69 AD 69 ( LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year th ...
– Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894) * October 27 – Ernst Trygger, 19th Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1943) * November 5 ** Joseph Tabrar, British songwriter (d. 1931) ** Ida Tarbell, American journalist (d. 1944) * November 9 – Dorothea Rhodes Lummis Moore, American physician (d. 1942) * November 14 – Mihail Savov, Bulgarian general (d. 1928) * November 15 – Mikhail Alekseyev, Russian general (d. 1918) * November 17 – George Marchant, English-born inventor, manufacturer and philanthropist (d. 1941) * November 26 – Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913) * November 27 – Charles Scott Sherrington, English physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952) * November 28 – King Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1885) * November 29 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911) * December 3 – Joseph Conrad, Polish-British novelist (d. 1924) * December 4 – Julia Evelyn Ditto Young, American poet and novelist (d. 1915)


Date unknown

* Marguerite Merington, English-born American author (d. 1951)


Deaths


January–June

* January 27 – Dorothea Lieven, Baltic-German diplomat in Russian services (b. 1785) * February 10 – David Thompson (explorer), David Thompson, British-Canadian explorer (b. 1770) * February 15 – Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (b. 1804) * February 16 – Elisha Kent Kane, American explorer of the Arctic regions (b. 1820) * March 9 – Dominic Savio, Italian adolescent saint (b. 1842) * March 11 – Manuel José Quintana, Spanish poet (b. 1772) * April 8 – Mangal Pandey, Indian soldier (b. 1827) * May 2 – Alfred de Musset, French poet (b. 1810) *
May 11 Events Pre-1600 * 330 – Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Sc ...
– Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal, private detective (b. 1775) * May 13 – Parley P. Pratt, early American Latter Day Saint movement leader (murdered) (b. 1807) * May 23 – Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789) * May 29 – Agustina de Aragón, Spanish heroine (b. 1786) * June 30 – Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)


July–December

* July 4 – Henry Montgomery Lawrence, British soldier, statesman (b. 1806) *
July 15 Events Pre-1600 *484 BC – Dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux in ancient Rome *AD 70, 70 – Titus and his armies Siege of Jerusalem (AD 70), breach the walls of Jerusalem. (17th of Tammuz in the Hebrew calendar). * 756 &nda ...
– Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (b. 1791) * July 19 – Stefano Franscini, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1796) * July 29 – Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French naturalist, ornithologist (b. 1803) * August 3 – Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804) * August 29 – Stephen Cassin, United States Navy officer (b. 1783) * September 3 – John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784) * September 5 – Auguste Comte, French philosopher (b. 1798) * November 12 ** Manuel Oribe, 2nd President of Uruguay (b. 1792) ** Maximilian Spinola, Italian entomologist (b. 1780) * November 26 – Joseph von Eichendorff, German poet (b. 1788) * December 3 – Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (b. 1777) * December 15 – Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer (b. 1773) * December 27 – Lucien Baudens, French military surgeon (b. 1804)


Date unknown

* Eduard von Feuchtersleben, Austrian mining engineer and writer (b. 1798) * Ludwik Gorzkowski, Polish politician, physicist and revolutionary activist (b. 1811) * Elizabeth Philpot, British paleontologist (b. 1780)


References

# {{DEFAULTSORT:1857 1857,