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Tiguex War
The Tiguex War was the first ''named'' war between European ethnic groups, Europeans and North American Indians, Native Americans in what is now the United States, although the Spanish Florida#De Soto expedition, De Soto expedition fought numerous battles earlier. It was fought in the winter of 1540-41 by the expedition of Francisco Vázquez de Coronado against the twelve or thirteen pueblos of Tiwa people, Southern Tiwa Indians as well as other Puebloan peoples, Puebloan tribes. These villages were along both sides of the Rio Grande, north and south of present-day Bernalillo, New Mexico, in what was called the Tiguex Province. Background The Coronado expedition had the primary motivation of finding the silk and spices of the Indies as well as gold, silver, and land for forced-labor encomienda estates. The Coronado expedition was huge in size, with about 350 Spaniard men-at-arms, a large number of spouses, slaves, and servants, and as many as 2,000 Mexican Indian allies, mostly ...
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Francisco Vázquez De Coronado
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (; 1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spain, Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542. Vázquez de Coronado had hoped to reach the Cities of Cíbola, often referred to now as the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. His expedition marked the first European sightings of the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River, among other landmarks. His name is often Anglicized as "Vasquez de Coronado" or just Coronado. Early life Vázquez de Coronado was born into a noble family in Salamanca, Spain, Salamanca, in 1510 as the second son of Juan Vázquez de Coronado y Sosa de Ulloa and Isabel de Luján. Juan Vázquez held various positions in the administration of the recently captured Emirate of Granada under Íñigo López de Mendoza y Quiñones, Íñigo López de Mendoza, its first Christian governor. Francisco Vázquez de C ...
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Purépecha People
The Purépecha or Tarascans (endonym pua, P'urhepecha ) are a group of indigenous peoples of Mexico, indigenous people centered in the northwestern region of Michoacán, Mexico, mainly in the area of the cities of Cherán and Pátzcuaro. They are also known by the pejorative "Tarascan", an exonym, applied by outsiders and not one they use for themselves. The Purepecha occupied most of Michoacán but also some of the lower valleys of both Guanajuato and Jalisco. Celaya, Acambaro, :es:Cerano, Cerano, and Yuriria, Yurirapundaro. Now, the Purepecha live mostly in the highlands of central Michoacán, around Lakes Lake Patzcuaro, Patzcuaro and Lake Cuitzeo, Cuitzeo. History Prehispanic history It was one of the major empires of the Pre-Columbian era. The capital city was Tzintzuntzan (Mesoamerican site), Tzintzuntzan. Purepecha architecture is noted for step pyramids in the shape of the letter "T". Pre-Columbian Purepecha artisans made feather mosaics that extensively used humming ...
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Sandia Pueblo
Sandia Pueblo (; TiwaTiwa and Tigua may refer to: * Tiwa Puebloans, an ethnic group of New Mexico, US * Tiwa (Lalung), an ethnic group of north-eastern India * Tiwa language (India), a Sino-Tibetan language of India * Tiwa languages, a group of Tanoan languages of the U ...: Tuf Shur Tia) is a federally recognized tribe This is a list of federally recognized tribes in the contiguous United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, ... of Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ... Pueblo people The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples, are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material, ...
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Pueblo Revolt
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680, also known as Popé's Rebellion or Popay's Rebellion, was an uprising of most of the indigenous Pueblo people The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples, are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material, and religious practices. Pueblo, which means "village" in Spanish, was a term originating with the Colonial Spanish ... against the Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (other), the name of several ... colonizers in the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México Santa Fe de Nuevo México ( en, Holy Faith of New Mexico; shortened as Nuevo México or Nuevo Méjico, and translated as New Mexico in English) was a Kingdom of the Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire ( es, link=no, Imperio Español), also k ..., larger than present-d ...
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Juan De Oñate
Juan de Oñate y Salazar (; 1550–1626) was a Spain, Spanish conquistador from New Spain, explorer, and List of Spanish governors of New Mexico, colonial governor of the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in the viceroyalty of New Spain. He led early Spanish expeditions to the Great Plains and Lower Colorado River Valley, encountering numerous indigenous tribes in their homelands there. Oñate founded settlements in the province, now in the Southwestern United States. Oñate is notorious for the 1599 Acoma Massacre. Following a dispute that led to the ambush and death of thirteen Spaniards at the hands of the Ácoma, including Oñate's nephew, Juan de Zaldívar (Spanish soldier), Juan de Zaldívar, Oñate ordered a brutal retaliation against Acoma Pueblo. The Pueblo was destroyed. Around 800–1000 Ácoma were killed. Of the 500 or so survivors, at a trial at Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico, Ohkay Owingeh, Oñate sentenced most to twenty years of forced "personal servitude" and a ...
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Quivira
Quivira is a place named by Spanish conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1541, for the mythical Seven Cities of Gold that he never found. The location of Quivira is believed by most authorities to be in central Kansas near present-day Lyons, Kansas, Lyons extending northeast to Salina, Kansas, Salina. The Quivirans were the forebears of the modern Wichita (tribe), Wichita and Caddoan nations, such as the Pawnee people, Pawnee and Arikara. The Indigenous city of Etzanoa, which flourished between 1450 and 1700, is thought to be part of Quivira. Expedition In 1540, Spaniard Francisco Vásquez de Coronado led a large expedition north from Mexico to search for wealth and the Zuni-Cibola Complex, Seven Cities of Cibola. Instead of wealth, he found Indigenous farmers living in an array of communities and villages in what are today Arizona and New Mexico. These were the Apache, Navajo people, Navajo, Hopi, Zuni people, Zuni, and Rio Grande Pueblo Indians, Pueblo nations of t ...
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Tewa
The Tewa are a linguistic group of Pueblo In the Southwestern United States The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural list of regions of the United States, region of the United States that generally inc ... Native Americans Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ... who speak the Tewa language Tewa is a Tanoan language Tanoan , also Kiowa–Tanoan or Tanoan–Kiowa, is a family of languages spoken by indigenous peoples in present-day New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Most of the languages – Tiwa languages, Tiwa (Taos, Pic ... and share the Pueblo culture. Their homelands are on or near the Rio Grande in New Mexico north of Santa Fe, New Mexico, Santa Fe. They compri ...
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Keres People
#REDIRECTKeres peopleThe Keres people are one of the Pueblo In the Southwestern United States, Pueblo (capitalized) refers to the Native tribes of Puebloans having fixed-location communities with permanent buildings. The Spanish explorers of northern New Spain use ...
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Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo (or Pueblo de Taos) is an ancient pueblo In the Southwestern United States The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural list of regions of the United States, region of the United States that generally inc ... belonging to a Taos-speaking (TiwaTiwa and Tigua may refer to: * Tiwa Puebloans, an ethnic group of New Mexico, US * Tiwa (Lalung), an ethnic group of north-eastern India * Tiwa language (India), a Sino-Tibetan language of India * Tiwa languages, a group of Tanoan languages of the U ...) Native American tribe of Puebloan people The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples, are Native Americans in the United States, Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material, and religious practices. Pueblo, which means "village" in Spanish, was a term o .... It lies about north of the modern city of Taos, New Mexico Taos is a town in Taos County in ...
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Acoma Pueblo
Acoma Pueblo () is a Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ... pueblo In the Southwestern United States The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural list of regions of the United States, region of the United States that generally inc ... approximately west of Albuquerque, New Mexico Albuquerque ( , ), ; kee, Arawageeki; tow, Vakêêke; zun, Alo:ke:k'ya; apj, Gołgéeki'yé. abbreviated as ABQ, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico ) , population_demonym = New Mexican ( es, Neomexicano, Neomejica ..., in the United States. Four communities make up the village of Acoma Pueblo: Sky City (Old Acoma), Acomita, Anzac, and McCartys. These communit ...
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Pecos National Historical Park
Pecos National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park in San Miguel County, New Mexico, San Miguel and Santa Fe County, New Mexico, Santa Fe Counties, New Mexico. The park, operated by the National Park Service, encompasses thousands of acres of landscape infused with historical elements from prehistoric archaeological ruins to 19th-century ranches, to a battlefield of the American Civil War. Its largest single feature is Pecos Pueblo also known as Cicuye Pueblo, a Native American community abandoned in historic times. First a state monument in 1935, it was made Pecos National Monument in 1965, and greatly enlarged and renamed in 1990. Two sites within the park, the pueblo and the Glorieta Pass Battlefield, are National Historic Landmarks. Features Pecos National Historical Park's main unit is located in western San Miguel County, about east of Santa Fe, New Mexico, Santa Fe and just south of Pecos, New Mexico, Pecos. Pecos Pueblo The main unit of the p ...
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Pecos Pueblo Land Grant
Pecos may refer to: Places * Pecos River, rises near Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States * Pecos, Texas, a city in Reeves County, Texas, United States * Pecos County, Texas, named for the Pecos River ** Pecos Spring, a spring * Pecos, New Mexico, a village, United States * Pecos National Historical Park, a National Historical Park in the U.S. state of New Mexico * Trans-Pecos, a region of Texas, United States Ships * USS Pecos, USS ''Pecos'', the name of two ships of the United States Navy * USNS Pecos (T-AO-197), USNS ''Pecos'' (T-AO-197), a U.S. Navy fleet replenishment oiler in service since 1989 Other uses * Pecos Bill, a mythical American cowboy * Pecos Classification, a division of all known Ancient Pueblo Peoples culture into chronological phases * Pecos League, an independent professional baseball league headquartered in Houston * Oryx/Pecos, a proprietary operating system developed by Bell Labs beginning in 1978, consisting of a kernel (Oryx) and the associated processes r ...
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