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Templar Knights
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ( la, Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order (society), military order founded in 1118, and were headquartered on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem through 1128 when they went to meet with Pope Honorius II. They were recognized in 1139 by the papal bull ''Omne datum optimum'' of Pope Innocent II. The order was active until 1312, when it was perpetually suppressed by Pope Clement V by the bull ''Vox in excelso''. The Templars became a favored charity throughout Christendom, and grew rapidly in membership and power. Templar knights, in their distinctive white Mantle (vesture), mantles with a red Christian cross, cross, were amongst the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades. They were prominent in Christian finance, non-combatant members of the order, who made up as much as 90% of their ...
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Knights Templar Seal
The Grand Masters of the Knights Templar The grand master of the Knights Templar , colors = White mantle with a red cross , colors_label = Attire , march = , mascot = Two knights riding a ... during the later 12th and the 13th century used a double-sided seal Seal may refer to any of the following: Common uses * Pinniped Pinnipeds (pronounced ), commonly known as seals, are a widely range (biology), distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, List of semiaquatic tetrapods, semiaqu ... which showed a representation of The Dome of the Rock (or a circular dome of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, hy, Սուրբ Հարության տաճար, la, Ecclesia Sancti Sepulchri, am, የቅዱስ መቃብር ቤተክርስቲያን, he, כנסיית הקבר, ar, كنيسة القيامة is a church in ...) on one side, ...
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Siege Of Jerusalem (1187)
The siege of Jerusalem lasted from September 20 to October 2, 1187, when Balian of Ibelin Balian of Ibelin (french: Balian d'Ibelin; 1143 – 1193), also known as Barisan the Younger, was a crusader noble of the Kingdom of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem ( la, Regnum Hierosolymitanum; fro, Roiaume de Jherusalem), also known ... surrendered the city to Saladin Al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub ( ku, سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی, Selahedînê Eyûbî; ar, الناصر صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب, an-Nāṣir Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb; 11374 March 1193), better k .... Earlier that summer, Saladin had defeated the kingdom's army and conquered several cities. The city was full of refugees and had few defenders, and it fell to the besieging armies. Balian bargained with Saladin to buy safe passage for many, and the city came into Saladin's hands with limited bloodshed. Though Jerusalem fell, it was not the end of the Kingdo ...
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Jacques De Molay
Jacques de Molay (; c. 1240–1250 – 11 or 18 March 1314), also spelled "Molai",Demurger, pp. 1-4. "So no conclusive decision can be reached, and we must stay in the realm of approximations, confining ourselves to placing Molay's date of birth somewhere around 1244/5 – 1248/9, even perhaps 1240–1250." was the 23rd and last grand master Grandmaster or Grand Master may refer to: People * Grandmaster Flash, Joseph Saddler (born 1958), hip-hop musician and disc jockey * Grandmaster Melle Mel, Melvin Glover (born 1961), hip-hop musician * "Grandmaster Sexay", nickname for profession ... of the Knights Templar The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ( la, Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order (so ..., leading the order from 20 April 1292 until it was dissolved by order of Pope Clement V Pope Clement V ( la, Clemen ...
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Grand Masters Of The Knights Templar
The grand master Grandmaster or Grand Master may refer to: People * Grandmaster Flash, Joseph Saddler (born 1958), hip-hop musician and disc jockey * Grandmaster Melle Mel, Melvin Glover (born 1961), hip-hop musician * "Grandmaster Sexay", nickname for profession ... of the Knights Templar The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ( la, Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order (so ... was the supreme commander of the holy order, starting with founder Hugues de Payens Hugues de Payens or Payns ( 1070 – 24 May 1136) was the co-founder and first Grand Master of the Knights Templar , colors = White mantle with a red cross , colors_label = Attire , march ... in 1118. Some held the office for life while others resigned life in monasteries or diplomacy. Grand masters ...
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Hugues De Payens
Hugues de Payens or Payns ( 1070 – 24 May 1136) was the co-founder and first Grand Master of the Knights Templar , colors = White mantle with a red cross A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally. A cross of .... In association with Bernard of Clairvaux Bernard of Clairvaux ( la, Bernardus Claraevallensis; 109020 August 1153), venerated as Saint Bernard, was a Burgundian abbot, and a major leader in the revitalization of Benedictines, Benedictine monasticism through the nascent Order of Cisterci ..., he created the ''Latin Rule{{Knights Templar The Latin Rule was a document with 72 clauses attributed to Bernard de Clairvaux and Hugues de Payens. It is also known as the "Specific Behavior for the Templar Order". It outlines the ideal behavior of a knight. The rule borrowe ...'', the code of behavior for the Order. Name ...
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Reconquista
The ' (Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ... and Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (other), the name of several ... for "reconquest") was a period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula , ** * Aragonese language, Aragonese and Occitan language, Occitan: ''Peninsula Iberica'' ** ** * french: Péninsule Ibérique * mwl, Península Eibérica * eu, Iberiar penintsula also known as Iberia, is a peni ... of about 781 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania The Umayyad conquest of Hispania, also known as the Muslim conques ...
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Fall Of Ruad
The fall of Ruad in 1302 was one of the culminating events of the Crusades in the Eastern Mediterranean. When the garrison on the tiny Arwad, Isle of Ruad fell, it marked the loss of the last Crusades, Crusader outpost on the coast of the Levant. In 1291, the Crusaders had lost their main power base at the coastal city of Siege of Acre (1291), Acre, and the Muslim Mamluks had been systematically destroying any remaining Crusader ports and fortresses since then, forcing the Crusaders to relocate their dwindling Kingdom of Jerusalem to the island of Cyprus. In 1299–1300, the Cypriots sought to retake the Syrian port city of Tartus, Tortosa, by setting up a staging area on Ruad, two miles (3 km) off the coast of Tortosa. The plans were to Franco-Mongol alliance, coordinate an offensive between the forces of the Crusaders, and those of the Ilkhanate (Mongol Persia). However, though the Crusaders successfully established a bridgehead on the island, the Mongols did not arrive, and ...
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Siege Of Acre (1291)
The siege of Acre (also called the fall of Acre) took place in 1291 and resulted in the Crusaders The Crusades were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The term refers especially to the Eastern Mediterranean campaigns in the period between 1095 and 1271 that h ... losing control of Acre The acre is a of land area used in the and systems. It is traditionally defined as the area of one by one (66 by 660 feet), which is exactly equal to 10 square chains, of a square mile, or 43,560 square feet, and approximately 4,047 m ... to the Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo), Mamluks. It is considered one of the most important battles of the period. Although the crusading movement continued for several more centuries, the capture of the city marked the end of further crusades to the Levant. When Acre fell, the Crusaders lost their last major stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. They still ...
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Fall Of Tripoli (1289)
The Fall of Tripoli was the capture and destruction of the Crusader state The Crusader states were feudal polities created by the Latin Catholic leaders of the First Crusade through conquest and political subterfuge. Four states were established: the county of Edessa (1097–1150); the principality of Antioch ..., the County of Tripoli The County of Tripoli (1109–1289) was the last of the Crusader states The Crusader states were feudal polities created by the Latin Catholic leaders of the First Crusade The First Crusade (1096–1099) was the first of a series ... (in what is modern-day Lebanon Lebanon ( , ar, لُبْنَان, translit=lubnān, ), officially the Republic of Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part ...), by the Muslim Mamluk Mamluk ( ar, مملوك, mamlūk (singular), , ''mamālīk'' (plural), translate ...
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Siege Of Safed (1266)
The siege of Safed (13 June – 23 July 1266) was part of the campaign of the Mamlūk sultan Baybars I Al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari ( ar, الملك الظاهر ركن الدين بيبرس البندقداري, ''al-Malik al-Ẓāhir Rukn al-Dīn Baybars al-Bunduqdārī'') (1223/1228 – 1 July 1277), of Turkic peoples, Tu ... to reduce the Kingdom of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem ( la, Regnum Hierosolymitanum; fro, Roiaume de Jherusalem; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middl .... The castle of Safed Safed (Sephardic HebrewSephardi Hebrew (or Sepharadi Hebrew) is the pronunciation system for Biblical Hebrew language, Biblical Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Sephardi Jewish practice. Its phonology was influenced by contact languages such ... belonged to the Knights Templar The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and o ...
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Battle Of Legnica
The Battle of Legnica ( pl, bitwa pod Legnicą), also known as the Battle of Liegnitz (german: Schlacht von Liegnitz) or Battle of Wahlstatt (german: Schlacht bei Wahlstatt), was a battle between the Mongol Empire and combined European forces that took place at the village of Legnickie Pole (''Wahlstatt''), approximately southeast of the city of Legnica in the Duchy of Silesia on 9 April 1241. A combined force of Poles and Moravian people, Moravians under the command of Duke of Silesia, Duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia, supported by feudal nobility and a few knights from Military order (society), military orders sent by Pope Gregory IX, attempted to halt the First Mongol invasion of Poland, Mongol invasion of Poland. The battle took place two days before the Mongol victory over the Kingdom of Hungary, Hungarians at the much larger Battle of Mohi. Historical disputations As with many historical battles, the exact details of force composition, tactics, and the actual course ...
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Siege Of Al-Dāmūs
The Siege of Al-Dāmūs was a battle of the Reconquista that occurred in the year 1210. The forces of the Kingdom of Aragon, together with auxiliary forces of the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller, were pitted against the defending forces of the Almohad Caliphate, Almohades. The Christians, Christian forces defeated the Muslim defenders. This battle was significant because in taking the castle at Ademuz, the Christian forces riled their Muslim opponents to initiate a grand offensive that would eventually culminate in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. This offensive, in turn, marked the end of the Islamic domination of the region and the beginning of Christian rule in the province. Context In 1210, the Almohad Caliphate, Almohad Empire, who controlled the Balearic Islands (conquered in 1203), launched a great incursion into the Catalonia, Catalan coast led by Abubola the Elder.Antoni Rovira i Virgili, Història Nacional de Catalunya, volumen IV, pág. 458-9 The Muslim f ...
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