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Specific Calendars
Specific may refer to: * Specificity (other) * Specific, a cure or therapy for a specific illness Law * Specific deterrence, focussed on an individual * Specific finding, intermediate verdict used by a jury in determining the final verdict * Specific jurisdiction over an out-of-state party, specific to cases that have a substantial connection to the party's in-state activity * Order of specific performance, court order to perform a specific act Economics, finance, and accounting * Asset specificity, the extent to which the investments made to support a particular transaction have a higher value to that transaction than they would have if they were redeployed for any other purpose * Specific identification (inventories), summing purchase costs of all inventory items * Specific rate duty, duty paid at a specific amount per unit * Specific risk, risk that affects a very small number of assets Psychology * Domain specificity, theory that many aspects of cognition are s ...
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Specificity (other)
Specificity may refer to: * Being specific (other) * Specificity (statistics), the proportion of negatives in a binary classification test which are correctly identified * Sensitivity and specificity, in relation to medical diagnostics * Specificity (linguistics), whether a noun phrase has a particular referent as opposed to referring to any member of a class * Specificity (symbiosis), the taxonomic range an organism associates with in a symbiosis * Particular, as opposed to abstract, in philosophy * Asset specificity, the extent that investments supporting a particular transaction have a higher value than if they were redeployed for any other purpose * Domain specificity, theory that many aspects of cognition are supported by specialized learning devices * Specificity theory, theory that pain is "a specific sensation, with its own sensory apparatus independent of touch and other senses" * Cascading Style Sheets#Specificity, determines which styles are applied to an html e ...
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Specific Name (botany)
A botanical name is a formal scientific name In taxonomy Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may also refer to a specific classification scheme. Originally used only ... conforming to the ''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants The ''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants'' (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical name A botanical name is a formal scientific name Science (from the Latin Latin (, ...'' (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen A cultigen (from the Latin ''cultus'' – cultivated, and ''gens'' – kind) or cultivated plant is a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans; it is the result of artificial selection This Chihuahua (dog), Chihuahua mixed ..., the additional cultivar A cultivar is a type of plant t ...
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Species (other)
A species is one of the basic units of biological classification. Species may also refer to: Films The Species film series * Species (franchise), ''Species'' (franchise) ** Species (film), ''Species'' (film), a 1995 science fiction/horror film ** ''Species II'', the sequel to ''Species'' ** ''Species III'', a direct-to-video sequel ** ''Species – The Awakening, Species: The Awakening'', a Sci-Fi channel direct-to-video sequel Music *Species (EP) by Japanese metal band Crossfaith *Species counterpoint, a relationship between two or more voices in music Other * Cloud species, in meteorology, the taxonomic rank below the genus level of cloud classification * Chemical species, a common name for atoms, molecules, molecular fragments, ions, etc. * Combinatorial species, an abstract, systematic method for analysing discrete structures in terms of generating functions * Mineral species, minerals that differ in chemical composition and/or crystal structure * Species, the forms (bread an ...
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Specific Integral
In calculus, the constant of integration, often denoted by C, is a constant term added to an antiderivative of a function f(x) to indicate that the indefinite integral of f(x) (i.e., the Set (mathematics), set of all antiderivatives of f(x)), on a connected set, connected domain, is only defined up to an additive constant. This constant expresses an ambiguity inherent in the construction of antiderivatives. More specifically, if a function f(x) is defined on an interval (mathematics), interval, and F(x) is an antiderivative of f(x), then the set of ''all'' antiderivatives of f(x) is given by the functions F(x) + C, where C is an arbitrary constant (meaning that ''any'' value of C would make F(x) + C a valid antiderivative). For that reason, the indefinite integral is often written as \int f(x) \, dx = F(x) + C, although the constant of integration might be sometimes omitted in lists of integrals for simplicity. Origin The derivative of any constant function is zero. Once one has f ...
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Specific Interval
In diatonic set theory a generic interval is the number of scale Step (music), steps between note (music), notes of a Set (music), collection or scale (music), scale. The largest generic interval (music), interval is one less than the number of scale members. (Johnson 2003, p. 26) A specific interval is the clockwise distance between pitch classes on the chromatic circle (interval class), in other words the number of half steps between note (music), notes. The largest specific interval (music), interval is one less than the number of "chromatic" pitches. In twelve tone equal temperament the largest specific interval is 11. (Johnson 2003, p. 26) In the diatonic collection the generic interval is one less than the corresponding diatonic interval: * Adjacent intervals, Major second, seconds, are 1 * Major third, Thirds = 2 * Perfect fourth, Fourths = 3 * Perfect fifth, Fifths = 4 * Major sixth, Sixths = 5 * Major seventh, Sevenths = 6 The largest generic interval in the dia ...
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Specific Creation
Creationism is the religious belief that nature, and aspects such as the universe, Earth, life, and humans, originated with supernatural acts of Creation myth, divine creation.#Gunn 2004, Gunn 2004, p. 9, "The ''Concise Oxford Dictionary'' says that creationism is 'the belief that the universe and living organisms originated from specific acts of divine creation.'" In its broadest sense, creationism includes a wikt:continuum, continuum of religious views,#Stewart 2010, Haarsma 2010, p. 168, "Some Christians, often called 'Young Earth creationists,' reject evolution in order to maintain a semi-literal interpretation of certain biblical passages. Other Christians, called 'progressive creationists,' accept the scientific evidence for some evolution over a long history of the earth, but also insist that God must have performed some miracles during that history to create new life-forms. Intelligent design, as it is promoted in North America is a form of progressive creation. Still o ...
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SPECIFIC
Specific may refer to: * Specificity (other) * Specific, a cure or therapy for a specific illness Law * Specific deterrence, focussed on an individual * Specific finding, intermediate verdict used by a jury in determining the final verdict * Specific jurisdiction over an out-of-state party, specific to cases that have a substantial connection to the party's in-state activity * Order of specific performance, court order to perform a specific act Economics, finance, and accounting * Asset specificity, the extent to which the investments made to support a particular transaction have a higher value to that transaction than they would have if they were redeployed for any other purpose * Specific identification (inventories), summing purchase costs of all inventory items * Specific rate duty, duty paid at a specific amount per unit * Specific risk, risk that affects a very small number of assets Psychology * Domain specificity, theory that many aspects of cognition are s ...
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Physical Quantity
A physical quantity is a physical property of a material or system that can be Quantification (science), quantified by measurement. A physical quantity can be expressed as a ''value'', which is the algebraic multiplication of a ''numerical value'' and a Unit of measurement, ''unit''. For example, the physical quantity mass can be quantified as ''n'' kilogram, kg, where ''n'' is the numerical value and kg is the unit. A physical quantity possesses at least two characteristics in common. One is numerical magnitude and the other is the unit in which it is measured. Symbols and nomenclature International recommendations for the use of symbols for quantities are set out in ISO/IEC 80000, the IUPAP red book and the IUPAC green book. For example, the recommended symbol for the physical quantity ''mass'' is ''m'', and the recommended symbol for the quantity ''electric charge'' is ''Q''. Subscripts and indices Subscripts are used for two reasons, to simply attach a name to the quantity ...
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Specific Quantity
{{unreferenced, date=April 2019 In the natural sciences Natural science is a Branches of science, branch of science concerned with the description, understanding and prediction of Phenomenon, natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer ..., including physiology Physiology (; ) is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. ... and engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more speciali ..., a specific quantity generally refers to a physical quantity A physical quantity is a physical property of a material or system that can be ...
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Specific Pathogen Free
Specific-pathogen-free (SPF) is a term used for laboratory animals that are guaranteed free of particular pathogens. Use of SPF animals ensures that specified diseases do not interfere with an experiment. For example, absence of respiratory pathogens such as influenza is desirable when investigating a drug's effect on lung function. Practical Completely germ-free The animals can be born through a caesarian section then special care taken so the newborn does not acquire infections, such as use of sterile isolation units with a positive pressure differential to keep all outside air and pathogens from entering. Everything that needs to be inserted into the isolator, such as food, water and equipment needs to be completely sterilized and disinfected, and inserted through an airlock that can be disinfected before opening from the inside. A disadvantage is that any contact with pathogens may be fatal. This is because the animals have no protective Microbiota, bacterial microbiota ...
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Specific Immunity
The adaptive immune system, also referred as the acquired immune system, is a subsystem of the immune system that is composed of specialized, systemic cells and processes that eliminate pathogens or prevent their growth. The acquired immune system is one of the two main immunity (medical), immunity strategies found in vertebrates (the other being the innate immune system). Like the innate system, the adaptive immune system includes both humoral immunity components and cell-mediated immunity components and destroys invading pathogens. Unlike the innate immune system, which is pre-programmed to react to common broad categories of pathogen, the adaptive immune system is highly specific to each particular pathogen the body has encountered. Adaptive immunity creates immunological memory after an initial response to a specific pathogen, and leads to an enhanced response to future encounters with that pathogen. Antibody, Antibodies are a critical part of the adaptive immune system. A ...
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