Rhombohedral
In geometry, a rhombohedron (also called a rhombic hexahedron or, inaccurately, a rhomboid) is a threedimensional figure with six faces which are rhombi. It is a special case of a parallelepiped where all edges are the same length. It can be used to define the rhombohedral lattice system, a honeycomb with rhombohedral cells. A cube is a special case of a rhombohedron with all sides square. In general a ''rhombohedron'' can have up to three types of rhombic faces in congruent opposite pairs, ''C''''i'' symmetry, order 2. Four points forming nonadjacent vertices of a rhombohedron necessarily form the four vertices of an orthocentric tetrahedron, and all orthocentric tetrahedra can be formed in this way. Rhombohedral lattice system The rhombohedral lattice system has rhombohedral cells, with 6 congruent rhombic faces forming a trigonal trapezohedron: : Special cases by symmetry * Cube: with Oh symmetry, order 48. All faces are squares. * Trigonal trapezohedron (also c ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Rhombohedral Lattice System
In crystallography, the hexagonal crystal family is one of the six crystal families, which includes two crystal systems (hexagonal and trigonal) and two lattice systems (hexagonal and rhombohedral). While commonly confused, the trigonal crystal system and the rhombohedral lattice system are not equivalent (see section crystal systems below). In particular, there are crystals that have trigonal symmetry but belong to the hexagonal lattice (such as αquartz). The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice, and is the union of the hexagonal crystal system and the trigonal crystal system. There are 52 space groups associated with it, which are exactly those whose Bravais lattice is either hexagonal or rhombohedral. __TOC__ Lattice systems The hexagonal crystal family consists of two lattice systems: hexagonal and rhombohedral. Each lattice system consists of one Bravais l ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Rhombohedron
In geometry, a rhombohedron (also called a rhombic hexahedron or, inaccurately, a rhomboid) is a threedimensional figure with six faces which are rhombi. It is a special case of a parallelepiped where all edges are the same length. It can be used to define the rhombohedral lattice system, a honeycomb with rhombohedral cells. A cube is a special case of a rhombohedron with all sides square. In general a ''rhombohedron'' can have up to three types of rhombic faces in congruent opposite pairs, ''C''''i'' symmetry, order 2. Four points forming nonadjacent vertices of a rhombohedron necessarily form the four vertices of an orthocentric tetrahedron, and all orthocentric tetrahedra can be formed in this way. Rhombohedral lattice system The rhombohedral lattice system has rhombohedral cells, with 6 congruent rhombic faces forming a trigonal trapezohedron: : Special cases by symmetry * Cube: with Oh symmetry, order 48. All faces are squares. * Trigonal trapezohedron (also c ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Rhombohedral
In geometry, a rhombohedron (also called a rhombic hexahedron or, inaccurately, a rhomboid) is a threedimensional figure with six faces which are rhombi. It is a special case of a parallelepiped where all edges are the same length. It can be used to define the rhombohedral lattice system, a honeycomb with rhombohedral cells. A cube is a special case of a rhombohedron with all sides square. In general a ''rhombohedron'' can have up to three types of rhombic faces in congruent opposite pairs, ''C''''i'' symmetry, order 2. Four points forming nonadjacent vertices of a rhombohedron necessarily form the four vertices of an orthocentric tetrahedron, and all orthocentric tetrahedra can be formed in this way. Rhombohedral lattice system The rhombohedral lattice system has rhombohedral cells, with 6 congruent rhombic faces forming a trigonal trapezohedron: : Special cases by symmetry * Cube: with Oh symmetry, order 48. All faces are squares. * Trigonal trapezohedron (also c ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Parallelepiped
In geometry, a parallelepiped is a threedimensional figure formed by six parallelograms (the term '' rhomboid'' is also sometimes used with this meaning). By analogy, it relates to a parallelogram just as a cube relates to a square. In Euclidean geometry, the four concepts—''parallelepiped'' and ''cube'' in three dimensions, ''parallelogram'' and ''square'' in two dimensions—are defined, but in the context of a more general affine geometry, in which angles are not differentiated, only ''parallelograms'' and ''parallelepipeds'' exist. Three equivalent definitions of ''parallelepiped'' are *a polyhedron with six faces ( hexahedron), each of which is a parallelogram, *a hexahedron with three pairs of parallel faces, and *a prism of which the base is a parallelogram. The rectangular cuboid (six rectangular faces), cube (six square faces), and the rhombohedron (six rhombus faces) are all specific cases of parallelepiped. "Parallelepiped" is now usually pronounced ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Honeycomb (geometry)
In geometry, a honeycomb is a ''space filling'' or '' close packing'' of polyhedral or higherdimensional ''cells'', so that there are no gaps. It is an example of the more general mathematical ''tiling'' or ''tessellation'' in any number of dimensions. Its dimension can be clarified as ''n''honeycomb for a honeycomb of ''n''dimensional space. Honeycombs are usually constructed in ordinary Euclidean ("flat") space. They may also be constructed in nonEuclidean spaces, such as hyperbolic honeycombs. Any finite uniform polytope can be projected to its circumsphere to form a uniform honeycomb in spherical space. Classification There are infinitely many honeycombs, which have only been partially classified. The more regular ones have attracted the most interest, while a rich and varied assortment of others continue to be discovered. The simplest honeycombs to build are formed from stacked layers or ''slabs'' of prisms based on some tessellations of the plane. In particula ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Spacefilling Polyhedra
In geometry, a honeycomb is a ''space filling'' or ''close packing'' of polyhedron, polyhedral or higherdimensional ''cells'', so that there are no gaps. It is an example of the more general mathematical ''tiling'' or ''tessellation'' in any number of dimensions. Its dimension can be clarified as ''n''honeycomb for a honeycomb of ''n''dimensional space. Honeycombs are usually constructed in ordinary Euclidean geometry, Euclidean ("flat") space. They may also be constructed in nonEuclidean geometry, nonEuclidean spaces, such as #Hyperbolic honeycombs, hyperbolic honeycombs. Any finite uniform polytope can be projected to its circumsphere to form a uniform honeycomb in spherical space. Classification There are infinitely many honeycombs, which have only been partially classified. The more regular ones have attracted the most interest, while a rich and varied assortment of others continue to be discovered. The simplest honeycombs to build are formed from stacked layers or ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Zonohedron
In geometry, a zonohedron is a convex polyhedron that is centrally symmetric, every face of which is a polygon that is centrally symmetric (a zonogon). Any zonohedron may equivalently be described as the Minkowski sum of a set of line segments in threedimensional space, or as the threedimensional projection of a hypercube. Zonohedra were originally defined and studied by E. S. Fedorov, a Russian crystallographer. More generally, in any dimension, the Minkowski sum of line segments forms a polytope known as a zonotope. Zonohedra that tile space The original motivation for studying zonohedra is that the Voronoi diagram of any lattice forms a convex uniform honeycomb in which the cells are zonohedra. Any zonohedron formed in this way can tessellate 3dimensional space and is called a primary parallelohedron. Each primary parallelohedron is combinatorially equivalent to one of five types: the rhombohedron (including the cube), hexagonal prism, truncated octahedron, rhombic ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Rhombus
In plane Euclidean geometry, a rhombus (plural rhombi or rhombuses) is a quadrilateral whose four sides all have the same length. Another name is equilateral quadrilateral, since equilateral means that all of its sides are equal in length. The rhombus is often called a "diamond", after the diamonds suit in playing cards which resembles the projection of an octahedral diamond, or a lozenge, though the former sometimes refers specifically to a rhombus with a 60° angle (which some authors call a calisson after the French sweet – also see Polyiamond), and the latter sometimes refers specifically to a rhombus with a 45° angle. Every rhombus is simple (nonselfintersecting), and is a special case of a parallelogram and a kite. A rhombus with right angles is a square. Etymology The word "rhombus" comes from grc, ῥόμβος, rhombos, meaning something that spins, which derives from the verb , romanized: , meaning "to turn round and round." The word was used both by E ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Prismatoid Polyhedra
In geometry, a prismatoid is a polyhedron whose vertices all lie in two parallel planes. Its lateral faces can be trapezoids or triangles. If both planes have the same number of vertices, and the lateral faces are either parallelograms or trapezoids, it is called a prismoid. Volume If the areas of the two parallel faces are and , the crosssectional area of the intersection of the prismatoid with a plane midway between the two parallel faces is , and the height (the distance between the two parallel faces) is , then the volume of the prismatoid is given by V = \fracB. E. Meserve, R. E. Pingry: ''Some Notes on the Prismoidal Formula''. The Mathematics Teacher, Vol. 45, No. 4 (April 1952), pp. 257263 (This formula follows immediately by integrating the area parallel to the two planes of vertices by Simpson's rule, since that rule is exact for integration of polynomials of degree up to 3, and in this case the area is at most a quadratic function in the height.) Prismatoid famili ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Lists Of Shapes
Lists of shapes cover different types of geometric shape and related topics. They include mathematics topics and other lists of shapes, such as shapes used by drawing or teaching tools. Mathematics * List of mathematical shapes * List of twodimensional geometric shapes ** List of triangle topics ** List of circle topics * List of curves * List of surfaces * List of polygons, polyhedra and polytopes ** List of regular polytopes and compounds Elsewhere * Solid geometry, including table of major threedimensional shapes * Boxdrawing character * Cuisenaire rods (learning aid) * Geometric shape * Geometric Shapes (Unicode) * Glossary of shapes with metaphorical names * List of symbols * Pattern Blocks Pattern Blocks are a set of mathematical manipulatives developed in the 1960s. The six shapes are both a play resource and a tool for learning in mathematics, which serve to develop spatial reasoning skills that are fundamental to the learning of ... (learning aid) {{DEFAULT ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Prism (geometry)
In geometry, a prism is a polyhedron comprising an polygon base, a second base which is a translated copy (rigidly moved without rotation) of the first, and other faces, necessarily all parallelograms, joining corresponding sides of the two bases. All crosssections parallel to the bases are translations of the bases. Prisms are named after their bases, e.g. a prism with a pentagonal base is called a pentagonal prism. Prisms are a subclass of prismatoids. Like many basic geometric terms, the word ''prism'' () was first used in Euclid's Elements. Euclid defined the term in Book XI as “a solid figure contained by two opposite, equal and parallel planes, while the rest are parallelograms”. However, this definition has been criticized for not being specific enough in relation to the nature of the bases, which caused confusion among later geometry writers. Oblique prism An oblique prism is a prism in which the joining edges and faces are ''not perpendicular'' to the base ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Tetrahedra
In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners. The tetrahedron is the simplest of all the ordinary convex polyhedra and the only one that has fewer than 5 faces. The tetrahedron is the threedimensional case of the more general concept of a Euclidean simplex, and may thus also be called a 3simplex. The tetrahedron is one kind of pyramid, which is a polyhedron with a flat polygon base and triangular faces connecting the base to a common point. In the case of a tetrahedron the base is a triangle (any of the four faces can be considered the base), so a tetrahedron is also known as a "triangular pyramid". Like all convex polyhedra, a tetrahedron can be folded from a single sheet of paper. It has two such nets. For any tetrahedron there exists a sphere (called the circumsphere) on which all four vertices lie, and anothe ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 