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Military Academy
A military academy or service academy is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps. It normally provides education in a military environment, the exact definition depending on the country concerned. Three types of academy exist: pre-collegiate-level institutions awarding academic qualifications, university-level institutions awarding bachelor's-degree-level qualifications, and those preparing Officer Cadets for Commissioned officer, commissioning into the armed services of the state. A naval academy is either a type of military academy (in the broad word sense, sense of that term) or is distinguished from one (in the narrow sense). In U.S. usage, the Military, Naval and the Air Force Academy serve as military academies under the categorization of United States service academies, service academies in that country. History The first military academies were established in the 18th century to provide future officers for technically spec ...
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Charleville-Mézières
or ''Carolomacérienne'' Charleville-Mézières () is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or with something, whether ... in northern France, capital of the Ardennes The Ardennes ( ; french: Ardenne ; nl, Ardennen ; german: Ardennen; wa, Årdene ; lb, Ardennen ), also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes, is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges. Geologi ... department in the Grand Est region. Charleville-Mézières is located on the banks of the river Meuse. History Charleville and Mézières were originally separate communities on opposite banks of the Meuse, about from one another. Charleville was founded by Charles Gonzaga, the 8th duke of Mantua, in 1606. Its inhabitants were known as Carolopolitans (' or ''Carolopoli ...
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High Wycombe
High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to the late 15th centuries, similarl ... in Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, B ..., England. Lying in the valley of the River Wye The River Wye ( cy, Afon Gwy) is the Longest rivers of the United Kingdom, fourth-longest river in the UK, stretching some from its source on Plynlimon in mid Wales to the Severn estuary. For much of its length the river forms part of Wales-E ... surrounded by the Chiltern Hills The Chiltern Hills or the Chilterns, is a chalk escarpment ...
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John Le Marchant (British Army Cavalry Officer)
Major-General John Gaspard Le Marchant (9 February 1766 – 22 July 1812) was one of the finest British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependenc ... cavalry commanders of his generation; he was also an intellectual soldier who had a great influence on the efficient functioning of the army he served in. He was instrumental in the process which produced the first British military academy and staff college; and he saw active service in the French Revolutionary Wars The French Revolutionary Wars (french: Guerres de la Révolution française) were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution. They pitted French First Republic, France against Gre ... and the Peninsular War The Peninsular War (1807–1814) ...
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Royal Military College, Sandhurst
The Royal Military College (RMC), founded in 1801 and established in 1802 at Great Marlow Great Marlow is a civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their co ... and High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town in Buckinghamshire, England. Lying in the valley of the River Wye, Buckinghamshire, River Wye surrounded by the Chiltern Hills, it is west-northwest of Charing Cross in Lon ... in Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, B ..., England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It sh ...
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Ancien Régime
The '' Storming of the Bastille'' on 14 July 1789, later taken to mark the end of the ''Ancien Régime''; watercolour by Jean-Pierre Houël The Ancien Régime (; ; literally "old rule"), also known as the Old Regime, was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (''circa'' 15th century) until the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers to the period that began with the Estates General of 1789 and ended in coup of 18 Brumaire, November 1799 with the formation of the French Consulate. Many of its ideas are considered fundamental principles ... of 1789, which abolished the feudal Feudalism, also known as the feudal system, was a combination of the legal, economic, military, and cultural customs that flourished in Medieval Europe between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society arou ... system of the French nobility The French nobility (french: la noblesse) was a privileged ...
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École Spéciale Militaire De Saint-Cyr
The École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is the foremost French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consistin ... military academy A military academy or service academy ( in the United States) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps. It normally provides education in a military environment, the exact definition depending on ... – often referred to as Saint-Cyr () – located in Coëtquidan in Guer Guer () is a Communes of France, commune in the Morbihan Departments of France, department in Brittany (administrative region), Brittany in north-western France. It is located at the edge of the famous Brocéliande Forest, which is the setting of ..., Morbihan ...
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Prussian Military Academy
, constructed 1845/25 by Karl Friedrich Schinkel when it was the United Artillery and Engineering School (1883) Image:Berlin Kriegsministerium Lageplan ZfB.jpg, 250px, Lageplan der Kriegsakademie mit dem Lehrgebäude an der Dorotheenstraße und dem aufgrund der vornehmen Lage 1878/79 zu Dienstwohnungen umgebauten Teil Unter den Linden The Prussian Staff College, also Prussian War College (german: Preußische Kriegsakademie) was the highest military facility of the Kingdom of Prussia to educate, train, and develop general staff officers. Location It originated with the ''Akademie für junge Offiziere der Infanterie und Kavallerie'' (Academy for young officers of the infantry and cavalry) in 1801, later becoming known as the Allgemeine Kriegsschule (General War-School). It was officially re-founded by Gerhard von Scharnhorst in Berlin Berlin ( , ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its ...
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Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic Wars, European powers formed into various coalitions. It produced a period of French domination over most of continental Europe. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its French Revolutionary Wars, resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the War of the Third Coalition, Third Coalition (1805), the War of the Fourth Coalition, Fourth (1806–07), the War of the Fifth Coalition, Fifth (1809), the War of the Sixth Coalition, Sixth (1813–14), and the Hundred Days, Seventh (1815). The war was the biggest and bloodiest war in history until the First World War, and also witnessed the largest and bloodiest land and ...
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Norwegian Army
The Norwegian Army ( no, Hæren) is the land warfare Ground warfare or land warfare is the process of military operations eventuating in combat that takes place predominantly on the battlespace land surface of the planet. Land warfare is categorized by the use of large numbers of combat personne ... service branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces. The Army is the oldest of the Norwegian service branches, established as a modern military organization under the command of the King of Norway in 1628. The Army participated in various continental wars during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries as well, both in Norway and abroad, especially in World War II (1939–1945). It constitutes part of the Norwegian military contribution as a charter member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1949. History Creation of the Norwegian Army After the Kalmar War broke out in 1611, the Christian IV of Denmark, Danish-Norwegian king, Christian IV tried to revive the leidang, wit ...
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Norwegian Military Academy
The Norwegian Military Academy (''Krigsskolen''), in Oslo, educates officers of the Norwegian Army and serves as the King's Royal Guard. The academy was established in 1750, and is the oldest institution for higher education in Norway. The current commandant is Colonel Erlend Bekkestad. History The Commander-in-Chief of the Norwegian armed forces, Hans Jacob Arnold Jensen, sent a request to the Frederick V of Denmark, King of Denmark-Norway in 1750 to establish a school of mathematics in Christiania, Norway, Christiania. The King determined, through the Royal Resolution of 16 December 1750, to establish ''Den frie matematiske skole'' (The Free Mathematical School). It was the first institution offering higher education in Norway, but it did not give any extensive military education. The students were recruited from the officer corps or from nobles in military service. After a reorganization in 1804, the school became an officer school and an independent unit with its own command. ...
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Russian Empire
The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. The Empire lasted until the Russian Republic, Republic was proclaimed by the Russian Provisional Government, Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917. The list of largest empires, third-largest empire in history, at one point stretching over three continents—Europe, Asia, and North America—the Russian Empire was surpassed in size only by the British Empire, British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire coincided with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Ottoman Empire, Qajar Iran, Persia, and Qing China. By 1914, the Russian Empire spanned 22,800,000 square kilometers, with a populaion of over 175 million people, roughly 9% ...
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