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Make-up
Cosmetics are constituted mixtures of chemical compound A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entity, molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one chemical element, element held together by chemical bonds. A homonuclear molecule, m ...s derived from either natural source A natural product is a chemical compound or chemical substance, substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature. In the broadest sense, natural products include any substance produced by life. Natural products can also be prepa ...s, or synthetically created ones.Schneider, Günther ''et al'' (2005). "Skin Cosmetics" in ''Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry'', Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Cosmetics have various purposes. Those designed for personal care Personal care or toiletries are consumer products A final good or consumer good is a final product In Production (economics), production, a final product, or ...
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Cosmetics
Cosmetics are constituted mixtures of chemical compound A chemical compound is a chemical substance A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can be ...s derived from either natural source A natural product is a chemical compound or chemical substance, substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature. In the broadest sense, natural products include any substance produced by life. Natural products can also be prepa ...s, or synthetically created ones.Schneider, Günther ''et al'' (2005). "Skin Cosmetics" in ''Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry'', Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Cosmetics have various purposes. Those designed for personal care Personal care or toiletries are consumer products A final good or consumer good is a final product In Production (economics), production, a final product, or f ...
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Foundation (cosmetics)
Foundation is a liquid, cream, or powder makeup applied to the face to create an even, uniform color to the complexion Complexion in humans is the natural color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the ..., cover flaws and, sometimes, to change the natural skin tone Afghan children with fair skin Human skin color ranges from the darkest brown to the lightest hues. Differences in skin color among individuals is caused by variation in pigment A pigment is a colored material that is completely or nearly i .... Some foundations also function as a moisturizer White petrolatum Moisturizer, or emollient, is a cosmetic preparation used for protecting, moisturizing, and lubricating the skin Skin is the layer of usually soft, flexible outer tissue covering the body of a vertebrate animal, with three main ..., suns ...
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Blush (cosmetics)
Rouge (; meaning "red" in French), also called blush or blusher, is a cosmetic Cosmetic may refer to: *Cosmetics, or make-up, substances to enhance the beauty of the human body, apart from simple cleaning *Cosmetic, an adjective describing beauty, aesthetics, or appearance, especially concerning the human body *Cosmetic, a top ... for coloring the cheeks in varying shades, or the lips red. It is applied as a powder or cream. History The Ancient Egyptian Ancient Egypt was a civilization of Ancient history, ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile, Nile River, situated in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistori ...s were known for their creation of cosmetics, particularly their use of rouge. Ancient Egyptian pictographs A pictogram, also called a pictogramme, pictograph, or simply picto, and in computer usage an computer icon, icon, is a graphic symbol that conveys its meaning through i ...
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Eye Shadow
Eye shadow (or eyeshadow) is a cosmetic Cosmetic may refer to: *Cosmetics, or make-up, substances to enhance the beauty of the human body, apart from simple cleaning *Cosmetic, an adjective describing beauty, aesthetics, or appearance, especially concerning the human body *Cosmetic, a top ... applied primarily to the eyelid An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects an eye Eyes are organs of the visual system The visual system comprises the sensory organ (the eye) and parts of the central nervous system (the retina containing photorecepto ...s to make the wearer's eyes stand out or look more attractive. Eye shadow can also be applied under eyes or to brow bones. Eye shadow can add depth and dimension to one's eyes, complement one's eye color, make one's eyes appear larger, or simply draw attention to the eyes. Eye shadow comes in many different colors and textures. It is usually made from a powder A powder is a dry, bulk solid Solid is o ...
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Lipstick
Lipstick is a cosmetic that applies color, texture, and protection to the lips Lips are a visible body part at the mouth of many animals, including humans. Lips are soft, movable, and serve as the opening for food intake and in the articulation of sound and speech. Human lips are a tactile sensory organ, and can be an e .... Many colors and types of lipstick exist. Some lipsticks are also lip balms, to add both color and hydration. Although the name originally applied to the baton (stick) of material within a tubular container usually around 10mm in diameter and 50mm in length, the term now generally relates to the material itself, regardless of method of application. History Early history Ancient Sumer Sumer ()The name is from Akkadian language, Akkadian '; Sumerian language, Sumerian ''kig̃ir'', written and ,approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land". means "native, local", iĝir NATIVE (7x: Old Babylonian)from ''The ...ian and Indus ...
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Highlighter (cosmetics)
Highlighter is a type of cosmetic Cosmetic may refer to: *Cosmetics, or make-up, substances to enhance the beauty of the human body, apart from simple cleaning *Cosmetic, an adjective describing beauty, aesthetics, or appearance, especially concerning the human body *Cosmetic, a top ... product that reflects light. Often used for contouring Contouring is a makeup technique that uses cosmetics to define, enhance and sculpt the structure of the face or other body parts, such as breasts. Contouring is usually produced by placing a warm or cool toned color that is one or two shades dar ..., it can be applied to the face or other parts of the body to brighten the skin on a given area, create the perception of depth and angles. The product can come in a variety of forms, including powder, liquid, cream, gloss, solid stick and jelly. Highlighters became a significant tool among theater and film actors shooting or performing indoors, where natural light was not available to provide d ...
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Bronzer
Sunless tanning, also known as UV filled tanning, self tanning, spray tanning (when applied topical A topical medication is a medication that is applied to a particular place on or in the body. Most often topical administration means application to body surface area, body surfaces such as the human skin, skin or mucous membranes to treat ail ...ly), or fake tanning, refers to the effect of a suntan without the Sun. Sunless tanning involves the use of creams, lotions and sprays applied to the skin. The popularity of sunless tanning has risen since the 1960s after health authorities confirmed links between UV exposure (from sunlight or tanning bed Indoor tanning involves using a device that emits ultraviolet radiation Ultraviolet (UV) is a form of electromagnetic radiation In physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), physikḗ (epistḗmē), knowledge of ...s) and the incidence of skin cancer Skin cancers are cancer Cancer is ...
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Food And Drug Administration
The United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ... Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the Department of Health and Human Services The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, r .... The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease", prolonging life and improving quality of life Quality of life (QOL) is defined by the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a lis ... through the control and supervisi ...
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Toilet
A toilet is a piece of sanitary hardware that collects human urine and Human feces, feces, and sometimes toilet paper, usually for disposal. Flush toilets use water, while dry toilet, dry or non-flush toilets do not. They can be designed for a sitting position popular in Europe and North America with a toilet seat, with Accessible toilet, additional considerations for those with disabilities, or for a squatting posture more popular in Asia (see squat toilet). In urban areas, flush toilets are usually connected to a sewer system that leads to septic tanks in isolated areas. The waste is known as ''Blackwater (waste), blackwater'' and the combined effluent including other sources is sewage. Dry toilets are Pit latrine, connected to a pit, Container-based sanitation, removable container, Composting toilet, composting chamber, or other storage and treatment device, including urine diversion with a Urine-diverting dry toilet, urine-diverting toilet. The technology used for modern t ...
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Ingredient
An ingredient is a substance that forms part of a mixture In chemistry, a mixture is a material made up of two or more different chemical substances which are not chemically combined. A mixture is the physical combination of two or more substances in which the identities are retained and are mixed in th ... (in a general sense). For example, in cooking Cooking, cookery, or culinary arts is the art, science, and craft of using heat In thermodynamics Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that deals with heat, Work (thermodynamics), work, and temperature, and their relation to energy ..., recipe A recipe is a set of instructions that describes how to prepare or make something, especially a dish Dish, dishes or DISH may refer to: Culinary * Dish (food), something prepared to be eaten * Dishware, plates and bowls for eating, cutting bo ...s specify which ingredients are used to prepare a specific dish. Many commercial products Product may refer to: Business ...
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Cleanser
The term cleanser refers to a product that cleans or removes dirt or other substances. A cleanser could be a detergent A detergent is a surfactant Surfactants are compounds that lower the (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid. Surfactants may act as s, agents, , s, or s. The word "surfact ..., and there are many types of cleansers that are produced with a specific objective or focus. For instance a degreaserParts cleaning is essential to many industrial processes, as a prelude to surface finishing or to protect sensitive components. Electroplating is particularly sensitive to part cleanliness, since molecular layers of oil can prevent adhesion ... or carburetor A carburetor (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, ...
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Shampoo
Shampoo () is a hair care Hair care is an overall term for hygiene Hygiene is a series of practices performed to preserve health Health, according to the World Health Organization, is "a state of complete physical, Mental health, mental and social well-being and no ... product, typically in the form of a viscous The viscosity of a fluid In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually Deformation (mechanics), deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress, or external force. Fluids are a Phase (matter), phase of matter and include liquids, Gas, ... liquid, that is used for cleaning hair Hair is a protein filament In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Ph .... Less commonly, shampoo is available in bar form, like a bar of soap. Shampoo is used by applying it to wet hair, massagin ...
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