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Iraqi Interim Government
The Iraqi Interim Government was created by the Multinational force in Iraq, United States and its coalition allies as a caretaker government to govern Iraq until the drafting of the Constitution of Iraq, new constitution following the January 2005 Iraqi parliamentary election, National Assembly election conducted on January 30, 2005. The Iraqi Interim Government itself took the place of the Coalition Provisional Authority (and the Iraq Interim Governing Council) on June 28, 2004, and was replaced by the Iraqi Transitional Government on May 3, 2005. Organization It was recognized by the U.S., the United Nations, the Arab League and several other countries as being the sovereignty, sovereign government of Iraq (see Iraqi sovereignty for more information). The U.S. retained significant de facto power in the country and critics contend that the government existed only at the pleasure of the United States and other coalition countries, whose military forces still remain in Iraq. The c ...
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Multinational Force In Iraq
Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whethe ..., a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force A Multinational force is a multinational operation which may be Defense (military), defensive, Offensive (military), offensive, or for peacekeeping purposes. In multinational operations, many countries form an alliance to carry them out. Multinatio ..., a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state A multinational state or a multinational union is a sovereign entity Sovereignty is the supreme authority within a territory. Sovereignty entails hierarchy within the state, as well as external autonomy for states. In any state, sovereignty ..., a sovereign state that comprises tw ...
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Iyad Allawi
Ayad Allawi ( ar, إياد علاوي ; born May 31, 1944) is an Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ...i politician. He served as Vice President of Iraq Iraq has had three vice presidents or deputy presidents serving concurrently. The office of Vice President was historically largely ceremonial but prestigious. In post-war Iraq, the Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates ... from 2014 to 2015 and from 2016 to 2018. Previously he was interim {{unreferenced, date=February 2017 An interim is a provisional or temporary intervening period of time. In projects, an interim report is often compiled to analyze how the project is proceeding, before its final completion. Interim analysis In ... Prime Minister of Iraq The prime minister of ...
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Shia Islam
Shia Islam or Shi'ism is the second largest branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who spe ... of Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling ...) is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that Muhammad is a Muhammad in Islam, messenger of God.Peters, F. E. 2009. "Allāh." In , ed .... It holds that the Islamic prophet Prophets in Islam ( ar, الأنبياء في الإسلام, translit=al-ʾAnbiyāʾ fī al-ʾIslām) are individuals in Islam who are ...
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Haaretz
''Haaretz'' ( , originally ''Ḥadshot Haaretz'' – , in English ''The Palestine News'') is an Israeli newspaper. It was founded in 1918, making it the longest running newspaper currently in print in Israel, and is now published in both Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites, Judeans and their ancestors. It is the o ... and English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ... in the Berliner format. The English edition is published and sold together with the ''International New York Times File:International-Herals-Tribune-26-August-2013.jpg, 225px, The front page of an issue of the ''Internat ...
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Green Left Weekly
''Green Left'', previously known as ''Green Left Weekly'', is an List of Australian newspapers, Australian socialist newspaper, written by progressive activists to "present the views excluded by the big business media". The newspaper was founded in 1990. Green Left is the de facto the newspaper of Socialist Alliance (Australia), Socialist Alliance. Overview The newspaper is an independent Australian source of local, national and international news, and provides left-wing analysis and debate. In an editorial in the first issue, Green Left Weekly stated: Although the newspaper was initiated by the Democratic Socialist Perspective, the newspaper has been supported by a variety of groups throughout its history. In the early 1990s, Australian Democrats senators Sid Spindler and Janet Powell supported and sponsored the newspaper. Subjects of particular importance to ''Green Left Weekly'' include workers rights, refugees, women's rights, global warming, environmental destruction, ...
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Paul Bremer
Lewis Paul Bremer III (born September 30, 1941) is an American diplomat. He led the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the United States, from May 2003 until June 2004. Early life and education Born on September 30, 1941 in Hartford, Connecticut, Bremer was educated at New Canaan Country School, Kent School, and Phillips Academy Andover. Bremer's father was president of the Christian Dior Perfumes Corporation in New York and his mother was a lecturer in art history at the University of Bridgeport. Bremer graduated from Yale University in 1963 and went on to earn an MBA from Harvard University in 1966. He later continued his education at the Paris Institute of Political Studies, Institut d'études politiques de Paris, where he earned a Certificate of Political Studies (CEP). Early career Foreign Service That same year he joined the United States Foreign Service, Foreign Service, which sent him first to Kabul, Kingdom of Afghanistan, ...
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New York Times
''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of Serial (publishing), serial published, publications that appear in a new edition on a regular schedule. The most ... based in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from , or NYC for short, is the in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over , New York City is also the major city in the United States. Located at the s ... with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of any newspaper, and has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record upThe headquarters of '' Le Figaro'', France's centre-right newspaper of record, in Paris. A newspaper of record is a major newspaper with large circulation whose editorial and news-gathering func ...
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Lakhdar Brahimi
Lakhdar Brahimi (Algerian Arabic, Algerian pronunciation: ; ar, الأخضر الإبراهيمي; '; born 1 January 1934) is an Algerian United Nations diplomat who served as the United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy to Syria until 14 May 2014. He was Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Algeria), Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria from 1991 to 1993. He is also a member of The Elders (organization), The Elders, a group of world leaders working for global peace. Brahimi is a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, the first global initiative to focus specifically on the link between exclusion, poverty and law. He has also been a Member of the Global Leadership Foundation since 2008, an organization which works to promote good governance around the world. He is currently a distinguished senior fellow at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and a governing board member of the Stockholm Internati ...
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Law Of Administration For The State Of Iraq For The Transitional Period
The Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period ( ar, قانون إدارة الدولة للفترة الانتقالية), also called the Transitional Administrative Law or TAL, was Iraq's provisional constitution following the 2003 Iraq War. It was signed on March 8, 2004 by the Iraqi Governing Council. It came into effect on June 28, 2004 following the official transfer of power from the Coalition Provisional Authority (a division of the United States Department of Defense) to a sovereign Iraqi government. The law remained in effect until the formation of the government in May 2006, when it was superseded by the Constitution of Iraq, permanent constitution that had been approved by referendum on October 15, 2005. The TAL was principally drafted by a ten-man committee appointed by the Presidency of George W. Bush, Bush Administration with advice from the United States and United Nations personnel. Preamble and articles The preamble begins: The peop ...
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Midhat Mahmoud
Midhat (also spelled Medhat, Mitat, or Mithat) (Arabic مدحت) is a masculine given name of Arabic origin. Particularly, in Pakistan Midhat is used as a girl name. The name means 'Praise' or 'Eulogy'. Persons with the given name Midhat * Midhat Pasha (1822–1884), Ottoman grand vizier * Medhat Abdel-Hady (born 1974), Egyptian footballer * Midhat Frashëri (1880–1949), Albanian diplomat, writer and politician * Midhat J. Gazalé (born 1929), Egyptian international telecommunications and space consultant * Midhat Mursi (1953–2008), Egyptian chemist * Mithat Sancar (born 1963), Turkish politician * Mithat Demirel (born 1978), Basketball player * Mithat Bayrak (1929–2014) Turkish wrestler * Mithat Yasar (born 1986) Turkish football player * Mithat Ertug (1904–unknown) Turkish football player Persons with the last name Midhat * Dalal Midhat-Talakić (born 1981), Bosnian female singer References {{given name ...
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Ghazi Mashal Ajil Al-Yawer
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawar ( ar, غازي مشعل عجيل الياور, born 1958) is an Iraqi politician. He was the Vice President of Iraq, vice president under the Iraqi Transitional Government in 2006, and was interim president of Iraq under the Iraqi Interim Government from 2004 to 2005. He also served as the Iraqi Governing Council, president of the Governing Council of Iraq in 2004. Al-Yawar was originally a member of the Iraqi Governing Council created following the United States, US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq. In 2004 he was appointed by the council to serve as interim President of Iraq following the 28 June return of Iraqi sovereignty from the Coalition Provisional Authority. Early life and education Born in Mosul, Iraq in 1958, al-Yawar completed his primary and secondary education in Iraq. He then went on to study in King Fahd University for Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) for two years before completing his BSc in civil engineering in the UK. Al-Yawar enrolled in an E ...
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President Of Iraq
The president of Iraq is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional ch ... of Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ... and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ... and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions ...
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