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Ghazi Mashal Ajil Al-yawer
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawar ( ar, غازي مشعل عجيل الياور, born 1958) is an Iraqi politician. He was the Vice President of Iraq, vice president under the Iraqi Transitional Government in 2006, and was interim president of Iraq under the Iraqi Interim Government from 2004 to 2005. He also served as the Iraqi Governing Council, president of the Governing Council of Iraq in 2004. Al-Yawar was originally a member of the Iraqi Governing Council created following the United States, US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq. In 2004 he was appointed by the council to serve as interim President of Iraq following the 28 June return of Iraqi sovereignty from the Coalition Provisional Authority. Early life and education Born in Mosul, Iraq in 1958, al-Yawar completed his primary and secondary education in Iraq. He then went on to study in King Fahd University for Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) for two years before completing his BSc in civil engineering in the UK. Al-Yawar enrolled in an E ...
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President Of Iraq
The president of Iraq is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional ch ... of Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ... and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ... and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions ...
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King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM or UPM) ( ar, جامعة الملك فهد للبترول و المعادن, – short: ar, جامعة البترول ) is a public university in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Among List of universities and colleges in Saudi Arabia, Saudi universities, its science, engineering, business and management programs are the most highly regarded in the country as well as in the whole region. The university is ranked fourth, by the American National Academy of Inventors, among top 100 worldwide universities for granting US Utility Patents in 2018. And Stanford University has recently released a list of the top 2 percent of the most-cited scientists in various disciplines. The exhaustive list has 159,683 researchers, of which more than 60 researchers are professors currently employed at KFUPM. History KFUPM is the premier university in Saudi Arabia and in the whole Middle East and North Africa region. KFUPM was established on 23 September 1 ...
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High Capabilities Co
High may refer to: People with the name * High (surname) Science, technology and economics * Height * High (atmospheric), a high-pressure area * High (computability), a quality of a Turing degree, in computability theory * High (technical analysis), or top, an event in market-price fluctuations of a security * High (tectonics), in geology an area where relative tectonic uplift took or takes place * Substance intoxication, also known by the slang description "being high" * Sugar high, a misconception about the supposed psychological effects of sucrose * High wheeler, a kind of car Arts, entertainment, and media Music Groups and labels * The High, British rock band Albums * High (Flotsam and Jetsam album), ''High'' (Flotsam and Jetsam album) * High (New Model Army album), ''High'' (New Model Army album) * High (The Blue Nile album), ''High'' (The Blue Nile album) Songs * High (David Hallyday song), "High" (David Hallyday song) * High (Feeder song), "High" (Feeder song) * High ...
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London
London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowercase (or more formally ''minusc ... and largest city The United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, ... of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east and the to the south. The country cover ... and the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Tel ...
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Al Zaman
''Zaman'' (, literally "time" or "era"), sometimes stylized as ZAMAN, was a daily newspaper in Turkey. ''Zaman'' was a major, high-circulation daily before government seizure on 4 March 2016 (the circulation was around 650,000 as of February 2016). It was founded in 1986 and was the first Turkish daily to go online in 1995. It contains national (Turkish), international, business, and other news. It also has many regular columnists who cover current affairs, interviews, and a culture section. The newspaper originally supported the Justice and Development Party (Turkey), Justice and Development Party (AKP), but became increasingly critical of that party and its leader, Turkish president and former prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, particularly after the AKP closed the 2013 corruption scandal in Turkey, 2013 December investigation into corruption. On 4 March 2016, in what activists and international media groups criticized as another blow to press freedom in Turkey, control of ...
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Shammar
The tribe of Shammar ( ar, شَمَّر, Šammar) is a tribal Arab The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, : , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, : , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an mainly inhabiting the . In modern usage the term refers to those who originate from an Arab co ... Qahtanite The terms Qahtanite and Qahtani ( ar, قَحْطَانِي; Arabic transliteration, transliterated: Qaḥṭānī) refer to Arab people, Arabs who originate from South Arabia. Qahtan Britannica Online Encyclopedia, 2009. notes "Qahtan are divid ... confederation, descended from the ancient Yemeni tribe of Tayy , location = 2nd century CE–10th century: Jabal Tayy and Syrian Desert The Syrian Desert ( ar, بادية الشام, ''Bādiyah Ash-Shām''), also known as the Syrian steppe, the Jordanian steppe, or the Badia, is a region of desert ... as they originated in Yemen before migrating into present day Saudi Arabia. It is one of the l ...
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King Fahd University For Petroleum And Minerals
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM or UPM) ( ar, جامعة الملك فهد للبترول و المعادن, – short: ar, جامعة البترول ) is a public university in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Among List of universities and colleges in Saudi Arabia, Saudi universities, its science, engineering, business and management programs are the most highly regarded in the country as well as in the whole region. The university is ranked fourth, by the American National Academy of Inventors, among top 100 worldwide universities for granting US Utility Patents in 2018. And Stanford University has recently released a list of the top 2 percent of the most-cited scientists in various disciplines. The exhaustive list has 159,683 researchers, of which more than 60 researchers are professors currently employed at KFUPM. History KFUPM is the premier university in Saudi Arabia and in the whole Middle East and North Africa region. KFUPM was established on 23 September 1 ...
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2003 Invasion Of Iraq
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the Second Gulf War or the Third Gulf War by those who consider the Iran–Iraq War the first Gulf War. The war was also called the Second Iraq War referring to the Gulf War as the first Iraq war. The p .... The invasion phase began on 19 March 2003 (air) and 20 March 2003 (ground) and lasted just over one month, including 26 days of major combat operations, in which a combined force of troops from the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ..., the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synony ...
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United States
The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continen .... It consists of 50 states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ..., a federal district A federal district is a type of administrative division of a federation, usually under the direct control of a federal government and organized sometimes with a single municipal body. Federal districts often include Capital districts and territori ..., five major unincorporate ...
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Iraqi Interim Government
The Iraqi Interim Government was created by the Multinational force in Iraq, United States and its coalition allies as a caretaker government to govern Iraq until the drafting of the Constitution of Iraq, new constitution following the January 2005 Iraqi parliamentary election, National Assembly election conducted on January 30, 2005. The Iraqi Interim Government itself took the place of the Coalition Provisional Authority (and the Iraq Interim Governing Council) on June 28, 2004, and was replaced by the Iraqi Transitional Government on May 3, 2005. Organization It was recognized by the U.S., the United Nations, the Arab League and several other countries as being the sovereignty, sovereign government of Iraq (see Iraqi sovereignty for more information). The U.S. retained significant de facto power in the country and critics contend that the government existed only at the pleasure of the United States and other coalition countries, whose military forces still remain in Iraq. The c ...
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President Of Iraq
The president of Iraq is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional ch ... of Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ... and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ... and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions ...
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Iraqi Transitional Government
The Iraqi Transitional Government was the government of Iraq from May 3, 2005, when it replaced the Iraqi Interim Government, until May 20, 2006, when it was replaced by the Government of Iraq from 2006, first permanent government. On April 28 it was approved by the transitional Council of Representatives of Iraq, Iraqi National Assembly, which had been January 2005 Iraqi legislative election, elected in January 2005. It operated under the Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period, and its main functions were to draft a permanent Constitution of Iraq and to form a transitional government. Organization Executive Although the President is the chief of military and head of state, the Prime Minister is the head of government who exercises most executive powers. The President and both deputies (collective the ''Presidency Council of Iraq'') are elected by the Assembly with a two-thirds majority. They then propose the Prime Minister from the largest party, ...
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