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Ernst Bernheim
Ernst Bernheim (19 February 1850 – 9 July 1942) was a German historian who is best known for an influential ''Lehrbuch der historischen Methode'' (1889) on historical method. Early life He was born in Hamburg as a son of merchant Louis Bernheim (later changed to Ludwig Bernheim, born 7 December 1815 in Fürstenberg, Lower Saxony, Fürstenberg) and Emma Simon (born 15 April 1834 in Kolberg) and from 1834 lived in Hamburg. On 16 April 1884, he married Amalie ("Emma") Henriette Jessen (born 18 September 1861 in Hamburg, died 9 July 1945 in Greifswald). They had a daughter and three sons.Staatsarchiv Hamburg, 741-2, Genealogische Sammlung, Bernheim Career Ernst attended the Johanneum from Easter 1862 and graduated with the Abitur on 22 September 1868. From 1868 to 1872, he studied history in Berlin, Heidelberg, and Straßburg He graduated with the grades Doctor of Philosophy, Dr. phil and Doctor of Laws#Germany, Dr jur. in Straßburg (1873, supervised by Georg Waitz) and Habilitati ...
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University Of Greifswald
The University of Greifswald (; german: Universität Greifswald), formerly also known as “Ernst-Moritz-Arnt University of Greifswald“, is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth Engli ... research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in va ... located in Greifswald Greifswald (), officially the University and Hanseatic City of Greifswald (german: Universitäts- und Hansestadt Greifswald, Low German: ''Griepswoold'') is a city in northeastern Germany. It is situated in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, at ..., Germany ) , image_map = , ...
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People Educated At The Gelehrtenschule Des Johanneums
A people is any plurality of persons considered as a whole. Used in politics and law it is a term to refer to the collective or community of an ethnic group, a nation, to the public or common people, common mass of people of a polity. As such it is a concept of human rights law, international law as well as constitutional law, particularly used for claims of popular sovereignty. Concepts Legal Chapter One, Article One of the Charter of the United Nations states that "peoples" have the right to self-determination. Though the mere status as peoples and the right to self-determination, as for example in the case of Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous peoples (''peoples'', as in all peoples of indigenous people, not merely all indigenous persons as in ''indigenous people''), does not automatically provide for independence, independent sovereignty. Particularly through international Indigenous peoples rights, it was defined what a people constitutes (e ...
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1942 Deaths
Year 194 (Roman numerals, CXCIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Septimius and Septimius (or, less frequently, year 947 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 194 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Events By place Roman Empire * Emperor Septimius Severus and Clodius Albinus, Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus Caesar become Roman Consuls. * Battle of Issus (194), Battle of Issus: Septimius Severus marches with his army (12 Roman legion, legions) to Cilicia and defeats Pescennius Niger, governor of Syria. Pescennius retreats to Antioch and is executed by Severus' troops. * Septimius Severus besieges Byzantium (194-196); the Defensive wall, city walls suffer extensive damage. China * Battle of Yan Province: Warlords Cao Cao and Lü B ...
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1850 Births
Year 185 (Roman numerals, CLXXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lascivius and Atilius (or, less frequently, year 938 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 185 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Events By place Roman Empire * Nobles of Britain demand that Emperor Commodus rescind all power given to Tigidius Perennis, who is eventually executed. * Pertinax, Publius Helvius Pertinax is made governor of Britain and quells a mutiny of the Roman Britain, British Roman legions who wanted him to become emperor. The disgruntled usurpers go on to attempt to assassinate the governor. * Tigidius Perennis, his family and many others are executed for conspiring against Commodus. * Commodus drains Ancient Rome, Rome's treasury to put on gladi ...
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Shaker Verlag
Shaker Verlag is a German publishing house located in Düren and Maastricht, established in 1986 by Dr. Chaled Shaker. Shaker Verlag is a publisher of scientific literature, especially monographs and dissertations. More than 20,000 booksShaker Verlag''25 Jahre wissenschaftliches Publizieren.''Retrieved 26 August 2010 are on stock, many of them in English, also sold as PDF-files for immediate download. In addition, more than 400 series have been published (publications by scientific institutions, research results as well as conference and congress proceedings of European events and meetings). In 2007, the subsidiary ''Shaker Media GmbH'' in Herzogenrath was formed to promote a hybrid solution combining the original publishing activity and modern Print on demand technology. In contrast to the main business, this company addresses the general book market. Similar to other Book on Demand services, anyone can upload a finished book without additional costs. Criticism Similarly to OmniS ...
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Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt Ghetto was established by the SS during World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ... in the fortress town of Terezín, located in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia; cs, Protektorát Čechy a Morava; its territory was called by the Nazis ("the rest of Czechia"). was a partially annexed upCivilians and coalition military forces wave Kuwaiti and Saudi Arabian ... (a German-occupied region of Czechoslovakia , , yi, טשעכאסלאוואקיי, , common_name = Czechoslovakia , life_span = 1918–19391945–1992 , p1 = Austria-Hungary , image_p1 = , s1 = Czech Re ...). Theresienstadt served two main ...
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History Of Pomerania (1933-1945)
The history of Pomerania starts shortly before 1000 AD with ongoing conquests by newly arrived Polans (western), Polans rulers. Before that, the area was recorded nearly 2000 years ago as Germania, and in modern-day times Pomerania is split between Germany and Poland. The name ''Pomerania'' comes from the Slavic languages, Slavic ''po more'', which means ''Land at the Sea''. Settlement in the area started by the end of the Vistula Glacial Stage, about 13,000 years ago. Archeological traces have been found of various cultures during the Stone Age, Stone and Bronze Age, of Vistula Veneti, Veneti and Germanic peoples during the Iron Age and, in the Middle Ages, Slavs, Slavic tribes and Vikings.Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde, RGA 25 (2004), p.422From the First Humans to the Mesolithic Hunters in the Northern German Lowlands, Current Results and Trends - THOMAS TERBERGER. From: Across the western Baltic, edited by: Keld Møller Hansen & Kristoffer Buck Pedersen, 2006, , Syd ...
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German Citizenship
German nationality law is the law governing the acquisition, transmission and loss of German citizenship. The law is based on a mixture of the principles of ''jus sanguinis ( , , ; 'right of blood') is a principle of nationality law by which citizenship is determined or acquired by the nationality or ethnicity of one or both parents. Children at birth may be citizens of a particular state if either or both of th ...'' and ''jus soli ''Jus soli'' ( , , ; meaning "right of soil"), commonly referred to as birthright citizenship, is the right of anyone born in the territory of a state to nationality or citizenship. ''Jus soli'' was part of the English common law, in contrast ...''. In other words, one usually acquires German citizenship if a parent is a German citizen, irrespective of place of birth, or by birth in Germany to parents with foreign nationality if certain requirements are fulfilled. Naturalization is also possible for foreign nationals after six to eight ye ...
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Nuremberg Laws
The Nuremberg Laws (german: link=no, Nürnberger Gesetze, ) were antisemitic Antisemitism (also spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. A person who holds such positions is called an antisemite. Antisemitism is generally considered to be a form of racism. An ... and racist Racism is the belief that groups of humans possess different behavioral traits corresponding to inherited attributes and can be divided based on the superiority Superior may refer to: *Superior (hierarchy), something which is higher in a hi ... laws that were enacted in Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ... on 15 September 1935, at a special meeting of the Reichstag is a German word generally meaning p ...
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Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Nazi Germany, Germany from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler's rise to power, He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Chancellor of Germany, Chancellor in 1933 and then assuming the title of in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated European theatre of World War II, World War II in Europe by invasion of Poland, invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust, the genocide of Holocaust victims, about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims. Hitler was born in Austria – then part of Austria-Hungary – and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his Military career of Adolf Hitler, service in the German Army in World War I. In 1919, he joined the German Workers' Party (DAP), the pr ...
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Nazi Era
Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was the German state The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (german: Land (state), plural (states); commonly informally / federated state, plural / federated states). Since the Germany, Germa ... between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator , the Kingdom of Italy, Italian dictator from 1922 to 1943 and Adolf Hitler, the Nazi Germany, German dictator from 1933 to 1945 A di ... and the Nazi Party The Nazi Party, officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (german: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP), was a far-right ...
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