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Combining Character
In digital typography Desktop publishing (DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout software on a personal ("desktop") personal computer, computer. It was first used almost exclusively for print publications, but now it also assists in the creation of variou ..., combining characters are characters Character(s) may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * Character (novel), ''Character'' (novel), a 1936 Dutch novel by Ferdinand Bordewijk * Characters (Theophrastus), ''Characters'' (Theophrastus), a classical Greek set of char ... that are intended to modify other characters. The most common combining characters in the Latin script are the combining diacritical marks A diacritic (also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent) is a glyph The term glyph is used in typography Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language A written langua ... (including combining accents). U ...
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U Nieskładovaje Unicode
U, or u, is the twenty-first and sixth-to-last Letter (alphabet), letter of the ISO basic Latin alphabet and the fifth vowel letter of the English alphabet, modern English alphabet. Its name in English is English alphabet#Letter names, ''u'' (pronounced ), plural English alphabet#Letter names, ''ues''. The ligature ue with a connecting stroke became the ligature . The letter closed u became the letter . History The letter u ultimately comes from the Phoenician alphabet#Waw, Phoenician letter ''Waw (letter), waw'' by way of the letter y. See the letter y for details. During the late Middle Ages, two forms of 'v' developed, which were both used for its ancestor 'u' and modern 'v'. The pointed form 'v' was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form 'u' was used in the middle or end, regardless of sound. So whereas 'through' and 'excuse' appeared as in modern printing, 'have' and 'upon' were printed 'haue' and 'vpon', respectively. The first recorded use of 'u' and ...
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Dentolabial Consonant
In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants Place of articulation, articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth. Labiodental consonant in IPA The labiodental consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are: The IPA chart shades out ''labiodental lateral consonants''. This is sometimes read as indicating that such sounds are not possible. In fact, the fricatives and often have lateral airflow, but no language makes a distinction for centrality, and the allophony is not noticeable. The IPA symbol refers to a sound occurring in Swedish language, Swedish, officially described as similar to the velar consonant, velar fricative [x], but one dialectal variant is a rounded, velarized labiodental, less ambiguously rendered as . The labiodental click is an allophonic variant of the (bi)labial click. Occurrence The only common labiodental sounds to occur phoneme, phonemically are the fricatives and the approximant. The labiodental flap occurs phonemically in over ...
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Dotted Circle
The dotted circle, in Unicode , is a typographic character used to illustrate the effect of a combining mark, such as a diacritic mark. In Windows, it is possible to use the key combination {{Key press, Alt, 9676 to produce the character. Illustration A Unicode combining mark combines with a preceding character. When used as stand-alone, it would combine unintentionally with a preceding character (possibly a space): * Diacritic ̒ used alone between regular spaces * Diacritic ◌̒ used after a character Using the generic dotted circle character also shows the relative positioning of the diacritic. External links Dotted circle on fileformat.info References Diacritics Unicode Circles ...
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OpenType
OpenType is a format for scalable computer font A computer font (or font) is implemented as a digital data file containing a set of graphically related glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats. Although the term ''font'' first referred to a set of movable type, movable metal type piec ...s. It was built on its predecessor TrueType, retaining TrueType's basic structure and adding many intricate data structures for prescribing typographic 225px, Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using pieces that are stored in the type case">composing_stick.html" ;"title="Movable type being assembled on a composing stick">Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using ... behavior. OpenType is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, compu ...
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Umlaut (diacritic)
The diaeresis ( ; also known as the trema) and the umlaut () are two different diacritical mark A diacritic (also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent) is a glyph The term glyph is used in typography File:metal movable type.jpg, 225px, Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using pieces that ...s that (in modern usage) look alike. They both consist of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel A vowel is a syllabicSyllabic may refer to: *Syllable, a unit of speech sound, considered the building block of words **Syllabic consonant, a consonant that forms the nucleus of a syllable *Syllabary, writing system using symbols for syllables ...; when that letter is an ''i'' or a ''j'', the diacritic replaces the tittle A tittle or superscript dot is a small distinguishing mark, such as a diacritic in the form of a dot on a lowercase ''i'' or ''j''. The tittle is an integral part of the glyph of ''i'' and ''j'', but dot ...
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New High German
New High German (NHG) is the term used for the most recent period in the history of the German language German ( Standard High German: , ) is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe between Western Europe and Eastern Europe, based on a common History, historical, Society, social and cultu ..., starting in the 17th century. It is a loan translation of the German (). The most important characteristic of the period is the development of a standard written German, followed by the standardisation of the spoken language. For this reason, the term New High German (or simply High German) is also used as a synonym for modern standard German Standard High German (SHG), less precisely Standard German or High German (not to be confused with High German The High German dialects (german: hochdeutsche Mundarten), or simply High German (; not to be confused with Standard High German .... Periodisation The German term was ...
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Early New High German
Early New High German (ENHG) is a term for the period in the history of the German language generally defined, following Wilhelm Scherer Wilhelm Scherer (26 April 18416 August 1886) was a German philologist Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is the intersection of textual criticism, literary criticism, history, and linguistics (with espe ..., as the period 1350 to 1650. The term is the standard translation of the German (Fnhd., Frnhd.), introduced by Scherer. The term ''Early Modern High German'' is also occasionally used for this period (but the abbreviation EMHG is generally used for '' Early Middle High German''). Periodisation The start and end dates of ENHG are, like all linguistic periodisation Periodization is the process or study of categorizing the past into discrete, quantified named blocks of time.Adam Rabinowitz. It’s about time: historical periodization and Linked Ancient World Data'. Institute for the Study of ...
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Diacritics
A diacritic (also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent) is a glyph The term glyph is used in typography File:metal movable type.jpg, 225px, Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using pieces that are stored in the type case shown below it Typography is the art and technique of typesetting, arr ... added to a letter Letter, letters, or literature may refer to: Characters typeface * Letter (alphabet) A letter is a segmental symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, Object (philosophy ... or to a basic glyph. The term derives from the Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period (), and the period (). Ancient Greek was the language of an ... (, "distinguishing"), from (, "to distinguish"). The word ...
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Combining Grapheme Joiner
The combining grapheme joiner (CGJ), is a Unicode Unicode, formally the Unicode Standard, is an information technology Technical standard, standard for the consistent character encoding, encoding, representation, and handling of Character (computing), text expressed in most of the world's wri ... character that has no visible glyph and is "default ignorable" by applications. Its name is a misnomer and does not describe its function: the character does not join graphemes. Its purpose is to semantically ''separate'' characters that should ''not'' be considered digraphs Digraph may refer to: * Digraph (orthography) A digraph or digram (from the el, δίς ', "double" and ', "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography An orthography is a set of conventions for writing Writing is a m ... as well as to block canonical reordering of combining mark In digital typography Desktop publishing (DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout ...
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Disordered Speech
Speech disorders or speech impairments are a type of communication disorder where normal Manner of articulation, speech is disrupted. This can mean stuttering, lisp (speech), lisps, etc. Someone who is unable to speak due to a speech disorder is considered muteness, mute. Speech disorders affect roughly 11.5% of the US population. Speech is a complex process that requires precise timing, nerve and muscle control. The ability to understand language and produce speech is coordinated by the brain. A person who suffers from a stroke, an accident or birth defect may have speech and language problems. Classification Classifying speech into normal and disordered is more problematic than it first seems. By strict classification, only 5% to 10% of the population has a completely normal manner of speaking (with respect to all parameters) and healthy voice; all others suffer from one disorder or another. There are three different levels of classification when determining the magnitude and t ...
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