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Canton Of Switzerland
The 26 cantons of Switzerland (german: Kanton; french: canton; it, cantone; Sursilvan Sursilvan (; also ''romontsch sursilvan'' ; Sursilvan, Vallader Vallader (Vallader, Sursilvan, Puter, Surmiran, and Rumantsch Grischun: ''vallader'' ; Sutsilvan: ''valader'') is a variety of the Romansh language spoken in the Lower Engadine v ... and Surmiran Surmiran (Surmiran, Vallader, Sutsilvan, Rumantsch Grischun: ''surmiran''; Puter: ''surmiraun'') is a dialect of the Romansh language. It is spoken in Surmeir and in the Albula Valley in the Grisons, Grisons Canton, in Switzerland. The "Hail Mar ...: ''cantun''; Vallader Vallader (Vallader, Sursilvan, Puter, Surmiran, and Rumantsch Grischun: ''vallader'' ; Sutsilvan: ''valader'') is a variety of the Romansh language spoken in the Lower Engadine valley (''Engiadina Bassa'') of southeast Switzerland, between Mart ... and Puter: ''Chantun''; Sutsilvan Romansh (; sometimes also spelled Romansch and Rumantsch; Sursilvan ...
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Federated State
A federated state (which may also be referred to as a state, a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ..., a region, a canton Canton may refer to: Administrative division terminology * Canton (administrative division), territorial/administrative division in some countries, notably Switzerland * Township (Canada), known as ''canton'' in Canadian French Arts and entert ..., a land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mainly of Earth's crust, crustal components such a ..., a governorate A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations ...
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Treaty Of Westphalia
The Peace of Westphalia (german: Westfälischer Friede, ) is the collective name for two peace treaties A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of ... signed in October 1648 in the Westphalia Westphalia (; german: Westfalen ; nds, Westfalen ) is a region of northwestern Germany and one of the three historic parts of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has an area of and 7.9 million inhabitants. The territory of the region ...n cities of Osnabrück Osnabrück (; wep, Ossenbrügge; archaic ''Osnaburg'') is a city in the German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens ... and Münster Münster ( , ; nds, Mönster) is an independent ...
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Canton Of Zürich
The canton of Zürich (german: Kanton ) is a Swiss canton in the northeastern part of the country. With a population of (as of ), it is the most populous canton in the country. Its capital is the city of Zürich. The Languages of Switzerland, official language is German language, German. The local Swiss German dialect, called ''Züritüütsch'', is commonly spoken. In English the name of the canton and its capital is often written without an Umlaut (diacritic), umlaut. History Early history The prehistoric pile dwellings around Zürichsee comprise 11 of total 56 prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps in Switzerland, that are located around Lake Zürich in the Cantons of Switzerland, cantons of Canton of Schwyz, Schwyz, Canton of St. Gallen, St. Gallen and Zürich. Located on the shore of Lake Zürich, there are Freienbach–Hurden Rosshorn, Freienbach–Hurden Seefeld, Rapperswil-Jona/Hombrechtikon–Feldbach, Rapperswil-Jona–Technikum, Erlenbach–Winkel, Meilen–Roren ...
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Canton Of Appenzell Innerrhoden
Appenzell Innerrhoden (; in English sometimes Appenzell Inner-Rhodes) is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''Federal s .... It is composed of six districts. The seat of the government and parliament is Appenzell Appenzell is a historic cantons of Switzerland, canton in the northeast of Switzerland, and entirely surrounded by the canton of St. Gallen. Appenzell became independent of the Abbey of Saint Gall in 1403 and entered a league with the Old Swiss .... It is traditionally considered a "half-canton The 26 cantons of Switzerland (german: Kanton; french: canton; it, cantone; Sursilvan Sursilvan (; also ''romontsch sursilvan'' ; Sursilvan, Vallader Vallader (Vallader, Sursilvan, Puter, Surmiran, and Rumants ...
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Grisons
The Grisons or Graubünden, *german: (Kanton) Graubünden, Swiss Standard German Swiss Standard German (german: Schweizer Standarddeutsch), or Swiss High German (german: Schweizer Hochdeutsch or ''Schweizerhochdeutsch''), referred to by the Swiss as ''Schriftdeutsch'', or ''Hochdeutsch'', is the written form of one of four of ...: , German Standard German German Standard German, Standard German of Germany, or High German of Germany is the variety of Standard German Standard German, High German, or more precisely Standard High German (german: Standarddeutsch, , or, in Switzerland, ), is the standa ...: * Romansh: **Sursilvan Sursilvan (; also ''romontsch sursilvan'' ; Sursilvan, Vallader Vallader (Vallader, Sursilvan, Puter, Surmiran, and Rumantsch Grischun: ''vallader'' ; Sutsilvan: ''valader'') is a variety of the Romansh language spoken in the Lower Engadine v ...: ''(cantun) Grischun'' **Vallader Vallader (Vallader, Sursilvan Sursilvan (; also ''romont ...
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Canton Of Basel-Stadt
Canton may refer to: Administrative division terminology * Canton (administrative division) A canton is a type of administrative division of a country. In general, cantons are relatively small in terms of area and population when compared with other administrative divisions such as county, counties, Department (administrative division), ..., territorial/administrative division in some countries, notably Switzerland * Township (Canada) The term township ''Township'' refers to various kinds of settlements or administrative subdivisions in different countries. While a ''township'' may be associated with an urban area, this tends to be an exception to the rule. In Australia ..., known as ''canton'' in Canadian French Arts and entertainment * Canton (band)Canton is an Italian Italo disco Italo disco (various capitalized, and sometimes hyphenated as Italo-disco) is a music genre which originated in Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( i ...
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Swiss Federal Constitution
The Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation (SR 10, german: Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (BV), french: Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse (Cst.), it, Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera (Cost.), rm, ) of 18 April 1999 (SR 101) is the third and current federal constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ... of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_title1 = Fe .... It establishes the ''Swiss Confederation'' as a federal republic A federal republic is a federation A federatio ...
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Canton Of Bern
The canton of Bern or Berne (german: Kanton Bern; french: canton de Berne) is one of the Canton of Switzerland, 26 cantons forming the Switzerland, Swiss Confederation. It is composed of ten districts and its capital city is Bern. The bear is the heraldic symbol of the canton, displayed on a red-yellow background. Bern is the second-largest canton by both surface area and population. Located in west-central Switzerland, it is surrounded by eleven cantons. It borders the canton of Jura and the canton of Solothurn to the north. To the west lie the canton of Neuchâtel, the canton of Fribourg and canton of Vaud. To the south lies the canton of Valais. East of the canton of Bern lie the cantons of Canton of Uri, Uri, Canton of Nidwalden, Nidwalden, Canton of Obwalden, Obwalden, Canton of Lucerne, Lucerne and Canton of Aargau, Aargau. The geography of the canton includes a large share of all three natural regions of Switzerland: the Jura Mountains (the Bernese Jura), the Swiss Plateau ...
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Jurassic Question
Jura separatism (french: séparatisme jurassien) is a regionalism (politics), regionalist Autonomism (political doctrine), autonomist movement in the Bernese Jura of Switzerland. The "Jura question" (french: question jurassienne, links=no; german: Jurafrage, links=no) is the question of secession of the Jura region from canton of Berne, Berne, implemented partially as three of seven districts formed the Canton of Jura in 1979, while the remaining four opted to remain with Berne. History Historically, the conflict originates with the Congress of Vienna (1815), where the Jura Mountains, Jurassic territories of the Prince-Bishopric of Basel were given to Berne. The "Jurassic question" was a topic in Swiss politics between 1947 and 1974. In 1947, a separatist ''Comité de Moutier'' was formed. By 1949, the separatist movement was officially constituted as the ''Rassemblement jurassien''. In 1952, the opposing anti-separatist side was constituted as the ''Union des patriotes ju ...
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Canton Of Jura
The Republic and Canton of Jura (french: République et canton du Jura), less formally the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura ( , ), is the newest (founded in 1979) of the 26 Swiss cantons, located in the northwestern part of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_title1 = Fe .... The capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowercase (or more formally ''minusc ... is Delémont. It shares borders with the canton of Basel-Landschaft Basel-Landschaft (; german: (Kanton) Basel-Landschaft ) or Basle-Country, ; it, Cantone di Basilea Campagna ; rm, chantun Basilea-Champagna . informally known as Basella ...
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Old Swiss Confederacy
The Old Swiss Confederacy or Swiss Confederacy (Modern German New High German (NHG) is the term used for the most recent period in the history of the German language German (: , ) is a mainly spoken in . It is the most widely spoken and or co-official language in , , , , and the province of . It ...: ; historically , after the Reformation The Reformation (alternatively named the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a major movement within Western Christianity in 16th-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Catholic Church and in ... also , "Confederation of the Swiss Swiss may refer to: * the adjectival form of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial ...") was a loose confederation A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is ...
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