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Ben Chifley
Joseph Benedict Chifley (; 22 September 1885 – 13 June 1951) was an Australian politician who served as the 16th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1945 to 1949. He was leader of the Australian Labor Party, Labor Party from 1945 until his death. Chifley was born in Bathurst, New South Wales. He joined the New South Wales Government Railways, state railways after leaving school, eventually qualifying as an engine driver. He was prominent in the trade union movement before entering politics, and was also a director of ''The National Advocate''. After several previous unsuccessful candidacies, Chifley was elected to parliament 1928 Australian federal election, in 1928. In 1931, he was appointed Minister for Defence (Australia), Minister for Defence in the government of James Scullin. He served in cabinet for less than a year before losing his seat at the 1931 Australian federal election, 1931 election, which saw the government suffer a landslide defeat. After his elector ...
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The Right Honourable
The Right Honourable (abbreviation An abbreviation (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Re ...: The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific An honorific is a title that conveys esteem, courtesy, or respect for position or rank when used in addressing or referring to a person. Sometimes, the term "honorific" is used in a more specific sense to refer to an honorary academic title. It i ... style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style, the features that make a building or structure historically identifiable * Design, the process of creating something * Fashion, a prevailing mode of clothing ... traditionally applied to certain persons and collective bodies in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, c ...
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George Pearce
Sir George Foster Pearce Royal Victorian Order, KCVO (14 January 1870 – 24 June 1952) was an Australian politician who served as a Australian Senate, Senator for Western Australia from 1901 to 1938. He began his career in the Australian Labor Party, Labor Party but later joined the National Labor Party, the Nationalist Party of Australia, Nationalist Party, and the United Australia Party; he served as a cabinet minister under prime ministers from all four parties. Pearce was born in Mount Barker, South Australia. He left school at the age of 11 and trained as a carpenter, later moving to Western Australia and becoming involved in the Australian labour movement, union movement. He helped establish the Labor Party there, and 1901 Australian federal election, in 1901 – aged 31 – was elected to the new Parliament of Australia, federal parliament. Pearce was elevated to cabinet in 1908, under Andrew Fisher, and served in each of Fisher's three governments. He continued on in ca ...
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Patrician Brothers
The Patrician Brothers, or Brothers of Saint Patrick, are an Ireland, Ireland-based Roman Catholic religious congregation, congregation for the religious and literary education of youth and the instruction of the faithful in Christian piety. History In 1788, Daniel Delany became Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin. The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1791 (31 George III. c. 32) reduced some of the political, educational, and economic disabilities that applied to Roman Catholics. It admitted Catholics to the practice of law, permitted the exercise of their religion, and the existence of their schools. Delany was all too aware that due to the effects of the penal laws, much of the Catholic population was illiterate and poor, and suffered from poverty, hunger and drunkenness. Delany saw education in the basic faith and traditions of the Catholic Church as a basic step. In 1783, Daniel Delany, established the Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament at his parish in Tullow. Two years later, he fo ...
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Limekilns, New South Wales
Limekilns is a rural locality in the Central West (New South Wales), Central West region of New South Wales. The closest major town is Bathurst, New South Wales, Bathurst, and the local government areas of Australia, local government area is the Bathurst Regional Council. Limekilns had a population of 111 people at the time of the 2016 Australian census.2016 Census QuickStats: Limekilns
Retrieved 2 January 2018.
Ben Chifley, the Prime Minister of Australia from 1945 to 1949, lived with his grandfather in Limekilns between the ages of five and thirteen. Another notable resident was Daniel Clyne, a Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. A book about the area, written by Col Ferguson and titled ''The History of Limekilns'', was published in 2017.< ...
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Elizabeth Chifley
Elizabeth "Lizzie" Gibson Chifley (1 August 1886 – 9 September 1962) was the wife of Ben Chifley, the Prime Minister of Australia from 1945 to 1949.D. Day (2001) 'Chifley', HarperCollins, Australia Chifley was born Elizabeth Gibson McKenzie in Bathurst, New South Wales, to George and Isabella McKenzie. She was the eldest of their two daughters, Lizzie and Annie. The family was moderately well-off, Scottish and Presbyterian. She was active in local civic organisations and the church, but does not appear to have been active or interested in the labour movement or politics.Elizabeth Chifley
''Australia's Prime Ministers'', National Archives of Australia.
She and Ben Chifley, an engine driver like her father, had known each other since their youth, but their romance did not commence until 1912 when they were ...
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Industrial Labor Party
The Industrial Labor Party or Heffron Labor Party was a short-lived but influential political party active in New South Wales between 1936 and 1939. It was a splinter group of the Australian Labor Party (New South Wales Branch), Labor Party (ALP) and was formed by Bob Heffron after he and Carlo Lazzarini attempted to depose the Leader of the Australian Labor Party in New South Wales, party leader Jack Lang (Australian politician), Jack Lang (who had been Premier of New South Wales 1925-27 and again 1930-32). Both Heffron and Lazzarini subsequently lost their party endorsements for the 1938 New South Wales state election, 1938 election. At the 1938 election the ILP stood candidates in 6 of the 90 seats and won 3.7% of the popular vote. Heffron and Lazzarini retained their seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, Legislative Assembly. The party was successful at two subsequent by-elections in the seats of Electoral district of Hurstville, Hurstville, won by Clive Evatt, a ...
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Australian Capital Territory
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT), known as the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) until 1938, is a federal territory A federal territory is an area under the direct and usually exclusive jurisdiction of a federation's central or national government. A federal territory is an area that is part of a federation but not part of any federated state A federated ... of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ... containing the Australian capital city of Canberra Canberra ( ) is the capital city of Australia. Founded following the Federation of Australia, federation of the colonies of Australia as the seat of government for the new nation, it is Australia's largest inland city and the List of citie ... and some surrounding township A township is a ...
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Canberra
Canberra ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the holding primary status in a , , , , or other , usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a that physically encompasses the government's offices and meeting places; the status as capital is ... of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma .... Founded following the federation of the colonies of Australia as the seat of government for the new nation, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. Unusual among Australian cities, it is an entirely planned city File:Abuja, Federal Capital Territory 3.jpg, 250px, Abuja, in Nigeria, which was built mainly in the 1980s, was the fastest growing city in the world between 2000 and 2010, with an ...
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Colony Of New South Wales
The Colony of New South Wales was a colony In political science, a colony is a territory subject to a form of foreign rule. Though dominated by the foreign colonizers, colonies remain separate from the administration of the original country of the colonizers, the ''metropole, metropol ... of the British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ... from 1788 to 1901, when it became a State State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ... of the Commonwealth of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign Sovereign is a ...
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Bathurst, New South Wales
Bathurst is a city in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. It is about west-northwest of Sydney and is the seat of the Bathurst Region, Bathurst Regional Council. Bathurst is the oldest inland settlement in Australia and had a population of 37,191 Estimated resident population, 30 June 2019. at June 2019. Bathurst is often referred to as the Gold Country as it was the site of the first gold discovery and where the first gold rush occurred in Australia. Today education, tourism and manufacturing drive the economy. The internationally known racetrack Mount Panorama is a landmark of the city. Bathurst has a historic city centre with many ornate buildings remaining from the gold rush period of the mid to late 19th century. The median age of the city's population is 35 years; which is particularly young for a regional centre (the state median is 38), and is related to the large education sector in the community. The city has had moderate population growth of 1.29% y ...
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Arthur Manning
Arthur Gibson Manning (1 January 1872 – 3 April 1947) was an Australian politician who served in the Australian House of Representatives, House of Representatives from 1922 to 1928, representing the Division of Macquarie for the Nationalist Party of Australia, Nationalist Party. He was previous a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1917 to 1920. Early life Manning was born in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, to pastoralists Frederick and Jane Belle Manning. He was educated in public schools in Wagga and Yass, New South Wales, Yass before purchasing grazing land in Narrabri and West Wyalong; he married Florence Hogarth in 1899, a union which produced no children. He became a vocal proponent for the rights of farmers, serving as president of the Australian Meat Council and on the boards of the Farmers and Settlers' Association and the Graziers' Association. Member of parliament At the 1917 New South Wales state election, 1917 state election, Manning won the Ele ...
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Tony Luchetti
Anthony Sylvester Luchetti, Order of Australia, AM (27 May 1904 – 11 July 1984) was a long serving Australian Australian House of Representatives, federal member of parliament. Born of Italy, Italian/Ireland, Irish parentage in Lowther, New South Wales, Luchetti was educated in the Catholic school system before working in jobs as varied as miner and journalist. Involved in the Australian Labor Party (ALP) from an early age, Luchetti was elected to the Lithgow City Council and served on the New South Wales ALP Executive from 1929 to 1931. Luchetti developed a close friendship with the local federal Member of Parliament, the future Prime Ministers of Australia, Prime Minister Ben Chifley, and served as Chifley's campaign manager for the electoral Division of Macquarie for two elections. However, following a split in the New South Wales Labor ranks led by New South Wales Premier of New South Wales, Premier Jack Lang (Australia), Jack Lang, Luchetti, a Lang supporter, stood aga ...
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