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Alice Springs Telegraph Station
The Alice Springs Telegraph Station is located within the Alice Springs Telegraph Station Historical Reserve, four kilometres north of the Alice Springs town centre in the Northern Territory of Australia. Established in 1872 to relay messages between Darwin, Northern Territory, Darwin and Adelaide, it is the original site of the first European settlement in central Australia. It was one of twelve stations along the Overland Telegraph Line. History The Aranda people, Arrernte people of central Australia have inhabited in the Arrernte (area), Alice Springs region for thousands of years. European exploration of central Australia began in 1860. John McDouall Stuart successfully crossed the continent from north to south on his third attempt in 1863. He passed through the MacDonnell Ranges through Brinkley Bluff, although the terrain was considered to be too rough for the Overland Telegraph Line. The site of the Alice Springs Telegraph Station was first recorded by surveyor William ...
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Alice Springs Telegraph Station 3
Alice may refer to: * Alice (name), most often a feminine given name, but also used as a surname Literature * Alice (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland), Alice (''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland''), a character in books by Lewis Carroll * Alice series, ''Alice'' series, children's and teen books by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor * Alice (Hermann book), ''Alice'' (Hermann book), a 2009 short story collection by Judith Hermann Computers * Alice (computer chip), a graphics engine chip in the Amiga computer in 1992 * Alice (programming language), a functional programming language designed by the Programming Systems Lab at Saarland University * Alice (software), an object-oriented programming language and IDE developed at Carnegie Mellon * Alice mobile robot * Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity, an open-source chatterbot * Matra Alice, a home micro-computer marketed in France * Alice, a brand name used by Telecom Italia for internet and telephone services Video games * ''Alice: ...
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The Advertiser (Adelaide)
''The Advertiser'' is a daily tabloid format Tabloid may refer to: * Tabloid journalism, a type of journalism * Tabloid (newspaper format), a newspaper with compact page size ** Chinese tabloid * Tabloid (paper size), a North American paper size * Tabloid (film), ''Tabloid'' (film), a 2010 d ... newspaper published in the city of Adelaide Adelaide ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually ..., South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral .... First published as a broadsheet named ''The South Australian Advertiser'' on 12 July 1858,
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Half-caste
Half-caste is a term used for individuals of multiracial descent. It is derived from the term ''caste Caste is a form of social stratification Social stratification refers to a society's categorization Categorization is the ability and activity to recognize shared features or similarities between the elements of the experience of the ...'', which comes from the Latin ''castus'', meaning pure, and the derivative Portuguese and Spanish word ''casta'', meaning race. Terms such as ''half-caste'', ''caste'', ''quarter-caste'' and ''mix-breed'' were used by colonial officials in the British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ... during their classification of indigenous populations Indigenous peoples, also referred to as First people, Aboriginal ...
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Aboriginal Reserve
An Aboriginal reserve, also called simply reserve, was a government-run settlement for Aboriginal Australians Aboriginal Australians are the various Indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often capitalized when referred to relating to specific ..., created under various state and federal legislation. Along with missions Mission may refer to: Religion *Mission (station) A religious mission or mission station is a location for missionary work, in particular Christian missions. History Historically, missions have been religious communities used to spread ... and other institutions, they were used from the 19th century to the 1960s to keep Aboriginal people separate from the white Australian population, for various reasons perceived by the government of the day. The Aboriginal reserve laws gave governments much power over all aspects of Aboriginal people’s ...
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Jay Creek, Northern Territory
Jay Creek is in the MacDonnell Ranges west of Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Alice Springs in the Northern Territory in Australia. It was a Aboriginal reserve, government reserve for Aboriginal Australians which for a time in the late 1920s and early 1930s included 45 children from a home named "The Bungalow"(37 of whom were under the age of 12) temporarily housed in a corrugated iron shed with a superintendent and matron housed separately in two tents. Jay Creek was home to the Western Arrernte people. In 1937 Jay Creek was declared as one of three permanent camps or Aboriginal reserve, reserves for the Alice Springs Aboriginal population. It was intended a buffer between the semi-nomadic people living in far western regions and the more sophisticated inhabitants of Alice Springs and environs, in particular for the non-working, aged and infirm around Alice. References

{{coord, -23.750, 133.517, region:AU_type:landmark, format=dms, display=title Ghost towns in t ...
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The Bungalow
The Bungalow was an institution for Aboriginal Australian, Aboriginal children established in 1914 in Alice Springs in the Northern Territory of Australia. It existed at several locations in Alice Springs (then called Stuart), Jay Creek, Northern Territory, Jay Creek and the Alice Springs Telegraph Station. Background From 1911 the Commonwealth Government gained control of the Northern Territory from South Australia. It then came under the jurisdiction of the Department of External Affairs. In July 1913, Senior Constable Robert Stott in Stuart (now Alice Springs) wrote to the Secretary of the Department of External Affairs Atlee Hunt describing the need for a government school in the town. In January 1914, the Administrator of the Northern Territory, J.A. Gilruth, visited Stuart. He also stated his belief that the government should provide a school, noting that "there would be eleven school-age white children, four quadroons and some half caste children" who should receive some s ...
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Daily Standard
''The Daily Standard'' was a newspaper published in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 1912 to 1936. The newspaper was closely affiliated with the Australian Labor Party (Queensland Branch). The newspaper was published from its first edition on Tuesday, 10 December 1912 through to its 7322nd edition on Tuesday, 7 July 1936. One of its strongest supporters was Richard Sumner who actively promoted and put up his personal assets as a financial guarantee for it. Sumner was a board member for many years and chairman for several years. The editors of ''The Daily Standard'' included: * Walter Russell Crampton Contributors to ''The Daily Standard'' included: * Walter Russell Crampton, sometimes under the pseudonym of Jack Aster * Henry Tardent, agricultural editor 1913–1929 Digitisation The paper has been digitised as part of the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program of the National Library of Australia. External links * Notes {{DEFAULTSORT:Daily Standard N ...
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High Court Of Australia
The High Court of Australia is Australia's apex court The supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, apex court, and high (or final) court of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisio .... It exercises original Originality is the aspect of created or invented works as being new or novel, and thus replica, reproductions, clones, forgery, forgeries, or derivative works. An original work is one not received from others nor one copied from or based upon the ... and appellate jurisdiction Appellate jurisdiction is the power of an appellate court An appellate court, commonly called an ''appeals court'', ''court of appeals'' (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United State ... on matters specified within Australia's Constitution. The High Court was established following passage of the ''Judiciary Act ...
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The Argus (Melbourne)
''The Argus'' was an Australian daily morning newspaper in Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ... from 1846 to 1957. It was considered to be the general Australian newspaper of record A newspaper of record is a major newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of Serial (publishing), serial published, publications that appear ... for this period. Widely known as a conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aest ... newspaper for most of its h ...
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The Observer (Adelaide)
''The Observer'', previously ''The Adelaide Observer'', was a Saturday newspaper published in Adelaide Adelaide ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually ..., South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ... from July 1843 to February 1931. Virtually every issue of the newspaper (under both titles) has been digitised and is available online through the National Library of Australia The National Library of Australia (NLA), formerly the Commonwealth National Library and Commonwealth Parliament Library, is the largest reference library A library is a collection o ...
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Port Augusta
Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a ... in South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral .... Formerly a seaport A port is a maritime Maritime may refer to: Geography * Maritime Alps, a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps * Maritime Region, a region in Togo * Maritime Southeast Asia * The Maritimes, the Canadian provinces of ..., it is now a road traffic and railway junction A junction, in the context of rail transport Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of tr ...
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Arltunga
Arltunga is a deserted gold rush town located in the Northern Territory of Australia in the locality of Hart, Northern Territory, Hart about east of Alice Springs. It is of major historical significance as the first major European settlement in Central Australia. Early Indigenous history The Karolinga and Aldolanda people, now known as the Aranda people, East Aranda people are thought to have occupied the Arltunga and surrounding region for up to 20,000 years. An early map drawn by Ted Strehlow, TGH Strehlow identifies at least thirty significant cultural sites in the region surrounding Arltunga, including water sources that would have supported early mining in the region. While much mythological ceremonial information remains sacred, it is widely known that the Kulaia serpent inhabits all places containing water. When Strehlow camped just south of Arltunga in 1935, he recorded other Eastern Aranda kangaroo, native cat and rain ceremonies and songs. While most of the East Aran ...
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