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Afonso Iii Of Portugal
Afonso III (; rare English alternatives: ''Alphonzo'' or ''Alphonse''), or ''Affonso'' (Archaic Portuguese), ''Alfonso'' or ''Alphonso'' (Portuguese-Galician languages, Portuguese-Galician) or ''Alphonsus'' (Latin), the Boulonnais (Portuguese language, Port. ''o Bolonhês''), List of Portuguese monarchs, King of Portugal (5 May 121016 February 1279) was the first to use the title ''King of Portugal and the Kingdom of Algarve, Algarve'', from 1249. He was the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal and his wife, Urraca of Castile, Queen of Portugal, Urraca of Castile; he succeeded his brother, King Sancho II of Portugal, who died on 4 January 1248. Early life Afonso was born in Coimbra. As the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal, he was not expected to inherit the throne, which was destined to go to his elder brother Sancho. He lived mostly in France, where he married Matilda, the heiress of Boulogne-sur-Mer, Boulogne, in 1238, thereby becoming Count of Boulogne, Mortain, ...
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King Of Portugal
This is a list of Portuguese monarchs who ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of Portugal, in 1139, to the deposition of the Portuguese monarchy and creation of the Portugal, Portuguese Republic with the 5 October 1910 revolution. Through the nearly 800 years in which Portugal was a monarchy, the kings held various other titles and pretensions. Two kings of Portugal, Ferdinand I and Afonso V, also claimed the crown of Castile. When the House of Habsburg came into power, the kings of Spain, kings of Naples, Naples, and kings of Sicily, Sicily also became kings of Portugal. The House of Braganza brought numerous titles to the Portuguese Crown, including United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves, King of Brazil and then ''de jure'' List of monarchs of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil. After the demise of the Portuguese monarchy, in 1910, Portugal almost restored its monarchy in a revolution known as the Monarchy of the North, though the attempted restoration only lasted ...
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Dammartin-en-Goële
Dammartin-en-Goële () is a Communes of France, commune in the Seine-et-Marne Departments of France, department in the Île-de-France (region), Île-de-France Regions of France, region in north-central France. It is around northeast of the centre of Paris. Geography It is well situated on a hill forming part of the plateau of la Goële, and is known as ''Dammartin-en-Goële'' to distinguish it from Dammartin-sur-Tigeaux, a small commune in the same department. It is around northeast of Charles de Gaulle Airport. History Dammartin is historically important as the seat of a county of which the holders played a considerable part in French history. The earliest recorded count of Dammartin was a certain Hugh, who made himself master of the town in the 10th century; but his dynasty was replaced by another family in the 11th century. Renaud I, Count of Dammartin, Reynald I, count of Dammartin (d. 1227), who was one of the coalition crushed by King Philip II of France, Philip Augustus ...
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Aumale
Aumale, formerly known as Albemarle," is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or with something, whether ... in the Seine-Maritime Seine-Maritime () is a department of France in the Normandy Normandy (; french: link=no, Normandie ; nrf, Normaundie; from Old French , plural of ''Normant'', originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is a ge ... department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ... in the Normandy Normandy (; french: link=no, Normandie ; nrf, Normaundie; from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( ...
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Mortain
Mortain () is a former commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typically hold a common social, politica ... in the Manche Manche (, ) is a coastal French department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and ... department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ... in Normandy Normandy (; french: link=no, Normandie ; nrf, Normaundie; from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance language of ...
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Count Of Boulogne
Count of Boulogne was a historical title in the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France; frm, Royaulme de France; french: link=yes, Royaume de France) is the historiographical name or Hyponymy and hypernymy, umbrella term given to various political entities of France in the Middle Ages .... The city of Boulogne-sur-Mer Boulogne-sur-Mer (; pcd, Boulonne-su-Mér; nl, Bonen; la, Gesoriacum or ''Bononia''), often called just Boulogne (, ), is a coastal city in Northern France. It is a sub-prefecture A subprefecture is an administrative division Administrat ... became the centre of the county of Boulogne The County of Boulogne was a county within the Kingdom of France during the 9th to 15th centuries, centred on the city of Boulogne-sur-Mer. It was ruled by the counts of Flanders in the 10th century, but a separate Count of Boulogne, House of Boul ... during the ninth century. Little is known of the early counts, but the first holder of the ti ...
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Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer (; pcd, Boulonne-su-Mér; nl, Bonen; la, Gesoriacum or ''Bononia''), often called just Boulogne (, ), is a coastal city in Northern France. It is a sub-prefecture A subprefecture is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names f ... of the department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ... of Pas-de-Calais Pas-de-Calais (, "strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation on both sides and through the strait in either .... Boulogne lies ...
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Kingdom Of Algarve
Kingdom may refer to: Monarchy * A type of monarchy * A realm ruled by: **A king, during the reign of a male monarch **A queen regnant, during the reign of a female monarch Taxonomy * Kingdom (biology), a category in biological taxonomy Arts and media Television * Kingdom (British TV series), ''Kingdom'' (British TV series), a 2007 British television drama starring Stephen Fry * Kingdom (American TV series), ''Kingdom'' (American TV series), a 2014 US television drama starring Frank Grillo * Kingdom (South Korean TV series), ''Kingdom'' (South Korean TV series), a 2019 South Korean television series *''Kingdom: Legendary War'', a 2021 South Korean television series Music * Kingdom (group), a South Korean boy group * Kingdom (Koda Kumi album), ''Kingdom'' (Koda Kumi album), 2008 * Kingdom (Bilal Hassani album), ''Kingdom'' (Bilal Hassani album), 2019 * Kingdom (Covenant Worship album), ''Kingdom'' (Covenant Worship album), 2014 * Kingdoms (LIYW album), ''Kingdoms'' (Life in Your ...
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List Of Portuguese Monarchs
This is a list of Portuguese monarchs who ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of Portugal The Kingdom of Portugal ( la, Regnum Portugalliae, pt, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy A monarchy is a form of government in which a person, the monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Hou ..., in 1139, to the deposition of the Portuguese monarchy and creation of the Portuguese Republic Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a whose mainland is located on the , in , and whose territory also includes the Atlantic s of the and . It features in and its Iberian portion is ... with the 5 October 1910 revolution. Through the nearly 800 years in which Portugal was a monarchy, the kings held various other titles and pretensions. Two kings of Portugal, Ferdinand I and Afonso V, also claimed the crown of Castile The Crown of Castile was a medieval polity in the ...
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Portuguese Language
Portuguese ( or, in full, ) is a Romance languages, Romance language of the Indo-European language family, originating in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Brazil, while having co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, and Macau. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (). As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese-based creole languages, Portuguese creole speakers is also found around the world. Portuguese is part of the Iberian Romance languages, Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Gallaecian language, Celtic phonology in its lexicon. With approximately 215 to 220 million native speakers and 50 million L2 speakers, Portuguese has approximat ...
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Latin
Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language in Italy, and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire, before eventually becoming a dead language in the modern linguistic definition. Latin has contributed List of Latin words with English derivatives, many words to the English language. In particular, Latin (and Ancient Greek) roots are used in English descriptions of theology, List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names, the sciences, List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes, medicine, and List of Latin legal terms, law. By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin. Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken at that time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like ...
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Portuguese-Galician Languages
Galician-Portuguese ( gl, galego-portugués or ', pt, galego-português or ), also known as Old Portuguese or as Medieval Galician when referring to the history of each modern language, was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ..., in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula , ** * Aragonese Aragonese or Aragones may refer to: * Something related to Aragon, an autonomous community and former kingdom in Spain * the Aragonese people, those originating from or living in the historical region .... Alternatively, it can be considered a historical period of the GalicianGalician may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Galicia (Spain) ** Galician language ** Galician people ...
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