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Whip Pan
A whip pan is a type of pan shot in which the camera pans so quickly that the picture blurs into indistinct streaks. It is commonly used as a transition between shots, and can indicate the passage of time or a frenetic pace of action. Much like the natural wipe, the whip pan, also known as the flash pan, offers a very convenient and visually interesting motivation to transition from one shot to another. This technique is used liberally by directors Anatole Litvak, Sam Raimi, Damien Chazelle, Wes Anderson and Edgar Wright. It is also frequently seen in 1970s martial arts movies. In Victor Lewis-Smith's satirical series '' TV Offal'' it was used frequently either as a means of transitioning between wildly different subjects, or as punctuation to a particularly scathing joke at someone's expense. See also * Saccadic eye movement A saccade ( , French for ''jerk'') is a quick, simultaneous movement of both eyes between two or more phases of fixation in the same direction.Cassin ...
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Panning (camera)
In cinematography and photography panning means swivelling a still or video camera horizontally from a fixed position. This motion is similar to the motion of a person when they turn their head on their neck from left to right. In the resulting image, the view seems to "pass by" the spectator as new material appears on one side of the screen and exits from the other, although perspective lines reveal that the entire image is seen from a fixed point of view. The term ''panning'' is derived from ''panorama'', suggesting an expansive view that exceeds the gaze, forcing the viewer to turn their head in order to take everything in. Panning, in other words, is a device for gradually revealing and incorporating off-screen space into the image. Panning should never be confused with tracking or "travelling," in which the camera is not just swivelled but is physically displaced left or right, generally by being rolled parallel to its subject. In video technology, panning refers to the ...
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Anatole Litvak
Anatoly Mikhailovich Litvak (russian: Анатолий Михайлович Литвак; 21 May 1902 – 15 December 1974), better known as Anatole Litvak, was a Ukrainian-born American filmmaker who wrote, directed, and produced films in various countries and languages. He began his theatrical training at age 13 in Petrograd, Russia (now again known as St. Petersburg). Litvak was notable for directing little-known foreign actors to early fame and is believed to have contributed to several actors winning Academy Awards. In 1936 he directed ''Mayerling'', a film which made French actors Charles Boyer and Danielle Darrieux international stars. He returned Swedish star Ingrid Bergman to popularity with American audiences in 1956 with ''Anastasia'', in which she won her second Oscar. He directed Olivia de Havilland to an Academy Award nomination for ''The Snake Pit'' (1948). He directed Jean Gabin in his screen debut and directed Elia Kazan in his earliest acting role, ''City fo ...
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Sam Raimi
Samuel M. Raimi ( ; born October 23, 1959) is an American filmmaker. He is best known for directing the ''Spider-Man'' trilogy (2002–2007) and the ''Evil Dead'' franchise (1981–present). He also directed the 1990 superhero film ''Darkman'', the 1995 revisionist western '' The Quick and the Dead'', the 1998 neo-noir crime-thriller '' A Simple Plan'', the 2000 supernatural thriller film '' The Gift'', the 2009 supernatural horror film '' Drag Me to Hell'', and the 2013 Disney fantasy film ''Oz the Great and Powerful''. His films are known for their highly-dynamic visual style, inspired by comic books and slapstick comedy. Raimi has also produced several successful television series, including '' Hercules: The Legendary Journeys'' and its spin-off '' Xena: Warrior Princess''. He founded the production company Renaissance Pictures in 1979 and Ghost House Pictures in 2002. His latest film, the Marvel Cinematic Universe film '' Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness,'' was ...
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Damien Chazelle
Damien Sayre Chazelle (; born January 19, 1985) is an American film director, screenwriter and producer. He is known for his films '' Whiplash'' (2014), '' La La Land'' (2016), and '' First Man'' (2018). For ''Whiplash'', he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. His biggest commercial success came with ''La La Land'', which was nominated for 14 Academy Awards, winning six including Best Director, making him the youngest person to win the award at age 32. He has since directed the Netflix limited series '' The Eddy'' (2020) and the period comedy-drama film ''Babylon'' (2022). Early life and education Chazelle was born in Providence, Rhode Island to a Catholic family."La La Land's Jewish composer nominated for Oscar"
'' Connecticut Jew ...
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Wes Anderson
Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American filmmaker. His films are known for their eccentricity and unique visual and narrative styles. They often contain themes of grief, loss of innocence, and dysfunctional families. Cited by some critics as a modern-day example of the work of an auteur, three of Anderson's films have appeared in BBC Culture's 2016 poll of the greatest films since 2000. He gained acclaim for his early work ''Bottle Rocket'' (1996), and '' Rushmore'' (1998). During this time he often collaborated with Luke Wilson and Owen Wilson and founded his production company American Empirical Pictures, which he currently runs. He then received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for ''The Royal Tenenbaums'' (2001). His next films included '' The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou'' (2004), ''The Darjeeling Limited'' (2007), and his first stop-motion film '' Fantastic Mr. Fox'' (2009) for which he received an Academy Award for Bes ...
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Edgar Wright
Edgar Howard Wright (born 18 April 1974) is an English filmmaker. He is known for his fast-paced and kinetic, satirical genre films, which feature extensive utilisation of expressive popular music, Steadicam tracking shots, dolly zooms and a signature editing style that includes transitions, whip pans and wipes. He began making independent short films before making his first feature film '' A Fistful of Fingers'' in 1995. Wright created and directed the comedy series '' Asylum'' in 1996, written with David Walliams. After directing several other television shows, Wright directed the sitcom ''Spaced'' (1999–2001), which aired for two series and starred frequent collaborators Simon Pegg and Nick Frost. In 2004, Wright directed the zombie comedy ''Shaun of the Dead,'' starring Pegg and Frost, the first film in Wright's ''Three Flavours Cornetto'' trilogy. The film was co-written with Pegg—as were the next two entries in the trilogy, the buddy cop film ''Hot Fuzz'' (2007) ...
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Martial Arts Movies
Martial arts films are a subgenre of action films that feature numerous martial arts combat between characters. These combats are usually the films' primary appeal and entertainment value, and often are a method of storytelling and character expression and development. Martial arts are frequently featured in training scenes and other sequences in addition to fights. Martial arts films commonly include hand-to-hand combat along with other types of action, such as stuntwork, chases, and gunfights. Sub-genres of martial arts films include kung fu films, wuxia, karate films, and martial arts action comedy films, while related genres include gun fu, jidaigeki and samurai films. History Asian films are known to have a more minimalist approach to film based on their culture. Some martial arts films have only a minimal plot and amount of character development and focus almost exclusively on the action, while others have more creative and complex plots and characters along with action scene ...
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Victor Lewis-Smith
Victor Lewis-Smith (12 May 1957 – 10 December 2022) was a British film, television and radio producer, a television and restaurant critic, a satirist and newspaper columnist. He was executive producer of the ITV1 Annual National Food & Drink Awards. He was an alumnus of the University of York and received an honorary doctorate from the University of Westminster in November 2008. Early life and personal life Lewis-Smith was born in 1957, the son of a neurosurgeon, and grew up in Chadwell Heath, Essex, although according to ''The Telegraph'', he "never knowingly gave an interview discussing his parents, background or childhood." He was married to Virginia Stewart Duff. He worked for Radio Medway before going on to study music at the University of York, where he presented the "bizarre student TV show" ''Intimate Freshness'' under the name "Damien Filth". During his time as a student he was arrested, convicted and fined £20 for causing a public disturbance after climbin ...
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TV Offal
''TV Offal'' is a satirical British television comedy sketch/archive series that ran on Channel 4 from October 1997 to June 1998. It was written and narrated by comedian and writer Victor Lewis-Smith, who shared writing duties with Paul Sparks. It ran for seven episodes (including the pilot), and is probably best known for first airing the uncensored Rainbow sketch on national television, as well as the "Gay Daleks" sketches. The series covered generally obscure, rare or offensive excerpts of television footage from numerous media archives, usually accompanied by Lewis-Smith's biting commentary and cynical approach to what was being shown. Lewis-Smith used a variety of categories on the show to accompany a particular selection of programme footage. The show was also characterised by its musical score of campy jingles introducing the regular segments. These were produced in the 1980s style by the Dallas-based radio ID company JAM Creative Productions. The programme was made by A ...
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Saccadic Eye Movement
A saccade ( , French for ''jerk'') is a quick, simultaneous movement of both eyes between two or more phases of fixation in the same direction.Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. ''Dictionary of Eye Terminology''. Gainesville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990. In contrast, in smooth pursuit movements, the eyes move smoothly instead of in jumps. The phenomenon can be associated with a shift in frequency of an emitted signal or a movement of a body part or device. Controlled cortically by the frontal eye fields (FEF), or subcortically by the superior colliculus, saccades serve as a mechanism for fixation, rapid eye movement, and the fast phase of optokinetic nystagmus. The word appears to have been coined in the 1880s by French ophthalmologist Émile Javal, who used a mirror on one side of a page to observe eye movement in silent reading, and found that it involves a succession of discontinuous individual movements. Function Humans and many animals do not look at a scene in f ...
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