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Universal Character Set Characters
The Unicode Consortium The Unicode Consortium (legally Unicode, Inc.) is a 501(c)(3) A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the ... (UC) and the International Organisation for Standardisation The International Organization for Standardization (ISO ) is an international standard An international standard is a technical standard A technical standard is an established norm (social), norm or requirement for a repeatable technical task w ... (ISO) collaborate on the Universal Character Set The Universal Coded Character Set (UCS, Unicode) is a standard set of characters Character(s) may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * Character (novel), ''Character'' (novel), a 1936 Dutch novel by Ferdinand Bordewijk * Ch ... (UCS). The UCS is an international standard to map characters used in natural language, mathematic ...
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New Unicode Logo
New is an adjective referring to something recently made, discovered, or created. New or NEW may refer to: Music * New, singer of K-pop group The Boyz (South Korean band), The Boyz Albums and EPs * New (album), ''New'' (album), by Paul McCartney, 2013 * New (EP), ''New'' (EP), by Regurgitator, 1995 Songs * New (Daya song), "New" (Daya song), 2017 * New (Paul McCartney song), "New" (Paul McCartney song), 2013 * New (No Doubt song), "New" (No Doubt song), 1999 *"new", by Loona from ''Yves (single album), Yves'', 2017 *"The New", by Interpol from ''Turn On the Bright Lights'', 2002 Acronyms * Net economic welfare, a proposed macroeconomic indicator * Net explosive weight, also known as net explosive quantity * Network of enlightened Women, a conservative university women's organization * Next Entertainment World, a South Korean film distribution company Identification codes * Nepal Bhasa language ISO 639 language code * New Century Financial Corporation (NYSE stock abbrevia ...
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Apple Advanced Typography
Apple Advanced Typography (AAT) is Apple Inc Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ....'s computer technology for advanced font In metal A metal (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxim ... rendering, supporting internationalization In economics, internationalization or internationalisation is the process of increasing involvement of enterprises in international markets, although there is no agreed definition of internationalization. Internationalization is a crucial strategy ... and complex features for typographer File:metal movable type.jpg, 225px, Movable type being assembl ...
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OpenType
OpenType is a format for scalable computer font A computer font (or font) is implemented as a digital data file containing a set of graphically related glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats. Although the term ''font'' first referred to a set of movable type, movable metal type piec ...s. It was built on its predecessor TrueType, retaining TrueType's basic structure and adding many intricate data structures for prescribing typographic 225px, Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using pieces that are stored in the type case">composing_stick.html" ;"title="Movable type being assembled on a composing stick">Movable type being assembled on a composing stick using ... behavior. OpenType is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells Software, compu ...
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Mathematical Invisibles
Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as numbers (arithmetic and number theory), formulas and related structures (algebra), shapes and spaces in which they are contained (geometry), and quantities and their changes (calculus and mathematical analysis, analysis). There is no general consensus about its exact scope or epistemology, epistemological status. Most of mathematical activity consists of discovering and proving (by pure reasoning) properties of mathematical object, abstract objects. These objects are either abstractions from nature (such as natural numbers or "a line (mathematics), line"), or (in modern mathematics) abstract entities that are defined by their basic properties, called axioms. A proof (mathematics), proof consists of a succession of applications of some inference rule, deductive rules to already known results, including previously proved theorems, axioms and (in case of abstraction from nature) some basic properties that are conside ...
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Grapheme Joiners And Non-joiners
In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest functional unit of a writing system. The word ''grapheme'', coined in analogy with ''phoneme'', is derived , and the suffix ''-eme'' by analogy with ''phoneme'' and other names of emic units. The study of graphemes is called ''graphemics''. The concept of graphemes is abstract and similar to the notion in computing of a Character (computing), character. By comparison, a specific shape that represents any particular grapheme in a specific typeface is called a glyph. For example, the grapheme corresponding to the abstract concept of "the Arabic numeral one" has a distinct glyph with identical meaning (an allograph) in each of many typefaces (such as, for example, a serif form as in Times New Roman and a sans-serif form as in Helvetica). Conceptualization There are two main opposing grapheme concepts. In the so-called ''referential conception'', graphemes are interpreted as the smallest units of writing that correspond with sounds (more ...
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Han Characters
Chinese characters, also called ''hanzi'' (), are logogram In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign lang ...s developed for the writing of Chinese. They have been adapted to write other East Asian languages, and remain a key component of the Japanese writing system The modern Japanese writing system uses a combination of logographic In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language A language is a structured system of communication used by huma ... where they are known as ''kanji are a set of logographic In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (sp ...
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Tai Xuan Jing
The text ''Tài Xuán Jīng'' ("Canon of Supreme Mystery", ) was composed by the Confucian writer Yang Xiong (author), Yang Xiong (53 BCE-18 CE). The first draft of this work was completed in 2 BCE (in the decade before the fall of the Western Han dynasty). During the Jin dynasty (265–420), Jin dynasty, an otherwise unknown person named Fan Wang () salvaged the text and wrote a commentary on it, from which our text survives today. The ''Taixuanjing'' is a divinatory text similar to, and inspired by, the ''I Ching'' (''Yijing''). Whereas the ''I Ching'' is based on 64 binary hexagrams (sequences of six horizontal lines each of which may be broken or unbroken), the ''Taixuanjing'' employs 81 ternary tetragrams (sequences of four lines, each of which may be unbroken, broken once, or broken twice). Like the ''I Ching'' it may be consulted as an oracle by casting yarrow stalks or a six-faced die to generate numbers which define the lines of a tetragram, which can then be looked up i ...
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International Phonetic Alphabet
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semanti ...ic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin script Latin script, also known as Roman script, is an alphabetic writing system based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, derived from a form of the Cumae alphabet, Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet used by the Etruscan civilizat .... It was devised by the International Phonetic Association The International Phonetic Association (IPA; French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a ... in the late 19th century as a standardized repr ...
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ASCII
ASCII ( ), abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding Character encoding is the process of assigning numbers to graphical Graphics (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country ... standard for electronic communication. ASCII codes represent text in computers, telecommunications equipment Telecommunications equipment (also telecoms equipment or communications equipment) is a hardware which is used for the purposes of telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire ..., and other devices. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, although they support many additional characters. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a standards organization that oversees global ...
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Western World
The Western world, also known as the West, refers to various regions, nations and state (polity), states, depending on the context, most often consisting of the majority of Europe, Northern America, and Australasia.Western Civilization
Our Tradition; James Kurth; accessed 30 August 2011
The Western world is also known as the Occident (from the Latin word ''occidens'', "sunset, ''West''"), in contrast to the Orient (from the Latin word ''oriens'', "rise, East") or Eastern world. It might mean the Northern half of the Global North and Global South, North–South divide, the countries of the ''Global North'' (often equated with Developed country, developed countries).
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Character Encoding
Character encoding is the process of assigning numbers to graphical Graphics (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 millio ... characters Character(s) may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * Character (novel), ''Character'' (novel), a 1936 Dutch novel by Ferdinand Bordewijk * Characters (Theophrastus), ''Characters'' (Theophrastus), a classical Greek set of char ..., especially the written characters of human language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, based on speech and gesture (spoken language), Signed language, sign, or often Written language, writing. The structure of language is its grammar and the free components are i ..., allowing them to be stored, transmitted, and transformed using digital Digital usually refers to ...
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