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Philipp Krementz
Philipp Krementz (1 December 1819 – 6 May 1899) was a German Roman Catholic Church, Catholic bishop, created Cardinal (Catholicism), Cardinal in 1893. Philipp Krementz was born, the son of a butcher, in Koblenz in 1837 and began to study theology in Bonn, which he continued in Munich in 1839. After his ordination on 27 August 1842 in Koblenz, he worked as a chaplain. In 1846 he worked as a religion teacher at the Knight's Academy in Bedburg. In January 1848 he became pastor of St. Castor in Koblenz and 1853 Dean of the Deanery in Koblenz. On 21 June 1859 he was appointed an honorary canon of Trier Cathedral, which he refused. In 1864 and 1867 he was on the list of candidates for the episcopal elections in Cologne and Trier. The chapter of Archcathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Andrew in Frombork, Frombork cathedral elected Krementz, who was favored by the Queen of Prussia and whom he knew personally, as Bishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese ...
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Cardinal (Catholicism)
Cardinals ( la, Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally "cardinal of the Holy Roman Church") are the most senior members of the clergy Clergy are formal leaders within established s. Their roles and functions vary in different religious traditions, but usually involve presiding over specific rituals and teaching their religion's s and practices. Some of the terms used for ind ... of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics Catholic Church by country, worldwide . As the wo ..., being second in precedence only to the Pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () or the Roman pontiff (), is the bishop of Diocese of Rome, Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state o .... They are appointe ...
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Footnotes
A note is a string of text placed at the bottom of a page (paper), page in a book or document or at the end of a chapter, volume or the whole text. The note can provide an author's comments on the main text or citations of a reference work in support of the text. Footnotes are notes at the foot of the page while endnotes are collected under a separate heading at the end of a chapter, volume, or entire work. Unlike footnotes, endnotes have the advantage of not affecting the layout of the main text, but may cause inconvenience to readers who have to move back and forth between the main text and the endnotes. In some editions of the Bible, notes are placed in a narrow column in the middle of each page between two columns of biblical text. Numbering and symbols In English, a footnote or endnote is normally flagged by a superscripted number immediately following that portion of the text the note references, each such footnote being numbered sequentially. Occasionally a number bet ...
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Clergy From Koblenz
Clergy are formal leaders within established religions. Their roles and functions vary in different religious traditions, but usually involve presiding over specific rituals and teaching their religion's doctrines and practices. Some of the terms used for individual clergy are clergyman, clergywoman, clergyperson, churchman (in churches), and cleric, while clerk in holy orders has a long history but is rarely used. In Christianity, the specific names and roles of the clergy vary by Christian denomination, denomination and there is a wide range of formal and informal clergy positions, including deacons, Elder (Christianity), elders, priests, bishops, preachers, pastors, presbyters, Minister (Christianity), ministers and the pope. In Islam, a religious leader is often known formally or informally as an imam, caliph, qadi, mufti, mullah, muezzin, or ayatollah. In the Judaism, Jewish tradition, a religious leader is often a rabbi (teacher) or hazzan (cantor). Etymology The ...
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Bishops Of Warmia
This is a list of Bishops and Prince-Bishops of the Diocese of Warmia ( pl, link=no, Diecezja warmińska, la, link=no, Dioecesis Varmiensis, german: link=no, Bistum Ermland), which was elevated to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Warmia, Archdiocese of Warmia in 1992. The Diocese, Bishopric was founded in 1243 as the Bishopric of Ermland, one of four bishoprics of State of the Teutonic Order, Teutonic Prussia. In 1356 it became an Imperial Prince-Bishopric under Emperor Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV, and from 1512 until 1930 it was an exemption (church), exempt diocese. From 1947 to 1972 the episcopal see was left vacant following the expulsion of the German population and the Bishop of Ermland from Prussia. The cathedral chapter, cathedral capitular canon (priest), canons elected vicar#Roman Catholic, capitular vicars for the time sede vacante, recognised by the Holy See. In 1972 the Holy See installed a new Polish diocese, which in 1992 was elevated to an archdio ...
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19th-century German Cardinals
The 19th (nineteenth) century began on January 1, 1801 (Roman numerals, MDCCCI), and ended on December 31, 1900 (Roman numerals, MCM). The 19th century was the ninth century of the 2nd millennium. The 19th century saw much social change; slavery was abolitionism, abolished, and the First Industrial Revolution, First and Second Industrial Revolutions (which also overlap with the 18th century, 18th and 20th century, 20th centuries, respectively) led to massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit and prosperity. The Gunpowder empires, Islamic gunpowder empires were formally dissolved and European imperialism brought much of South Asia, Southeast Asia and almost all of Africa under colonial rule. It was marked by the collapse of the Spanish Empire, Spanish, Zulu Kingdom, First French Empire, First French, Holy Roman Empire, Holy Roman and Mughal Empire, Mughal empires. This paved the way for the growing influence of the British Empire, the Russian Empire, the ...
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Archbishops Of Cologne
The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop representing the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne, Archdiocese of Cologne of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and was ''ex officio'' one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Elector of Cologne, from 1356 to 1801. Since the early days of the Catholic Church, there have been ninety-four bishops and archbishops of Cologne. Seven of these ninety-four retired by resignation, including four resignations which were in response to impeachment. Eight of the bishops and archbishops were coadjutor bishops before they took office. Seven individuals were appointed as coadjutors freely by the Pope. One of the ninety-four moved to the Roman Curia, Curia, where he became a cardinal. Additionally, six of the archbishops of Cologne were chairmen of the German Bishops' Conference. Cardinal Rainer Woelki has been the Archbishop of Cologne since his 2014 transfer from Berlin, wher ...
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1899 Deaths
Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , reducing the average year from 365 ... ** Spanish rule ends in Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ..., concluding 400 years of the Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire ( es, link=no, Imperio Español), also known as the Hispanic Monarchy ( es, link=no, Monarquía Hispánica) or the Catholic Monarchy ( es, link=no, Monarquía Católica) during the Early Modern period, was a colonial empire ... in the Americas. ** Queens Queens is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. stat ...
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1819 Births
Events January–March * January 2 – The Panic of 1819 The Panic of 1819 was the first widespread and durable financial crisis A financial crisis is any of a broad variety of situations in which some financial assets suddenly lose a large part of their nominal value. In the 19th and early 20th cent ..., the first major peacetime financial crisis A financial crisis is any of a broad variety of situations in which some financial assets suddenly lose a large part of their nominal value. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many financial crises were associated with banking panics, and man ... in the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ..., begins. * January 25 – Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – J ...
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Cardinals Created By Pope Leo XIII
Pope Leo XIII (r. 1878–1903) created 147 Cardinal (Catholicism), cardinals in 27 papal consistory, consistories held at roughly annual intervals. With his appointments he approached but did not exceed the limit on the size of the College of Cardinals set at 70 in 1586. The size of the college was 64 at the beginning and end of Leo XIII's 25-year papacy. With 147 additions to a body of fewer than 70, Leo had, as one observer phrased it, "renewed the Sacred College more than twice". The largest group of fourteen new cardinals, with two more kept secret, was announced on 16 January 1893. Nine of Leo's cardinals were created ''in pectore'' and only announced at a later consistory. Those announced at his first consistory included his brother Pope Pius X, Giuseppe Pecci. In 1893, he elevated to cardinal Giuseppe Sarto, who succeeded him as Pope Pius X in 1903. The cardinals he created included brothers Serafino Vannutelli, Serafino and Vincenzo Vannutelli in 1887 and 1889 and cousins L ...
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Georg Kopp
Georg von Kopp (25 July 1837 – 4 March 1914) was a German cardinal (Catholicism), Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishopric of Fulda, Bishop of Fulda (1881–87) and Prince-Bishop of Breslau (1881–1914). He was known for his anti-Polish views and pursued the Germanization of Polish Catholics in his dioceses. Biography Kopp was born in Duderstadt in the Kingdom of Hanover. He was the son of a weaver (occupation), weaver and attended the Gymnasium (school), gymnasium at Hildesheim. In 1856 he became a telegraph operator in the employ of the Hanoverian government. From 1858 to 1861, he studied theology and in 1862 entered the priesthood. He rose rapidly in his profession and in 1872 was made vicar-general at Hildesheim and three years later bishop of Fulda. He worked to bring about a better understanding between the German government and the papal curia. After his election to the House of Lords he obtained a mitigation of the anti-Catholic provisions which char ...
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Fulda Conference
The German Bishops' Conference (german: Deutsche Bischofskonferenz) is the episcopal conference of the Bishop (Catholic Church), bishops of the Roman Catholic (term), Roman Catholic Church, Catholic dioceses in Germany. Members include diocesan bishops, coadjutors, auxiliary bishops, and diocesan administrators. History The first meeting of the German bishops took place in Würzburg in 1848, and in 1867 the ''Fulda Conference of Bishops'' ("next to the grave of St. Boniface") was established, which reorganized as German Bishops' Conference in 1966. The annual autumn conference of the German bishops still takes place in Fulda, while the meeting in spring is held at alternating places. After the construction of the Berlin Wall the ordinary (Catholic Church), ordinaries in the East German Democratic Republic (GDR) were inhibited to participate in the ''Fulda Conference of Bishops''. In 1974 the GDR formally suggested talks with the Holy See. As one of the outcomes the ''Berlin Confer ...
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Hubert Theophil Simar
Hubert is a Germanic given name, Germanic masculine given name, from ''hug'' "mind" and ''beraht'' "bright". It also occurs as a surname. Saint Hubertus, Hubertus or Hubert (c. 656 – 30 May 727) is the patron saint of hunters, mathematicians, opticians, and metalworkers. People with the given name Hubert This is a small selection of articles on people named Hubert; for a comprehensive list see instead . *Hubert Aaronson (1924–2005), F. Mehl University Professor at Carnegie Mellon University *Hubert Adair (1917–1940), World War II Royal Air Force pilot *Hubert Boulard, a French comics creator who is unusually credited as "Hubert" *Theresa May#Early life, family, and education, Hubert Brasier (1917–1981), a Church of England clergyman, more famously the father of UK Prime Minister Theresa May *Hubert Chevis (1902–1931), a lieutenant in the Royal Artillery of the British Army who died of strychnine poisoning in June 1931 *Hubert Henry Davies, Hubert Davies, British pla ...
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