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List Of Former United States District Courts
The following are former United States district courts, which ceased to exist because they were subdivided into smaller units. With the exception of California, each of these courts initially covered an entire U.S. state, and was subdivided as the jurisdictions which they covered increased in population. Two of the district courts—those of South Carolina and New Jersey—were subdivided but later recreated. Every change to the divisions and boundaries of these courts is effected by an act of the United States Congress, and for each such action, the statutory reference is identified. Alabama The United States District Court for the District of Alabama was created on April 21, 1820, by .Asbury Dickens, ''A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America'' (1852), p. 390.
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United States District Court
The United States district courts are the trial courts of the U.S. federal judiciary. There is one district court for each federal judicial district, which each cover one U.S. state or, in some cases, a portion of a state. Each district court has at least one courthouse, and many districts have more than one. District courts' decisions are appealed to the U.S. court of appeals for the circuit in which they reside, except for certain specialized cases that are appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit or directly to the U.S. Supreme Court. District courts are courts of law, equity, and admiralty, and can hear both civil and criminal cases. But unlike U.S. state courts, federal district courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, and can only hear cases that involve disputes between residents of different states, questions of federal law, or federal crimes. Unlike the U.S. Supreme Court, which was established by Article III of the Constitution, th ...
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United States District Court For The Eastern District Of Arkansas
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas (in case citations, E.D. Ark.) is a federal court in the Eighth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit). The District was established on March 3, 1851, with the division of the state into an Eastern and Western district. The United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Arkansas represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. the United States Attorney is Jonathan D. Ross. Organization of the court The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas is one of two federal judicial districts in Arkansas. Court for the District is held at Helena, Jonesboro, and Little Rock. Central Division comprises the following counties: Cleburne, Cleveland, Conway, Dallas, Drew, Faulkner, Grant, Jefferson, Lincoln, Lonoke, Perry, Pope, Prairie, Pulaski, Sa ...
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United States District Court For The Eastern District Of California
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California (in case citations, E.D. Cal.) is a federal court in the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit). The District was created on March 18, 1966, with the division of the Northern and Southern districts, leading to the creation of the Central and Eastern districts. The United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of California represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. the United States Attorney is Phillip Talbert. Organization of the court The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California is one of four federal judicial districts in California. Court for the District is held at the Robert E. Coyle U.S. Courthouse in Fresno and Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse in Sacramento. * Fresno Division comprises the following counties: Calaver ...
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Olin Wellborn
Olin Wellborn (June 18, 1843 – December 6, 1921) was a United States representative from Texas and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California. Education and career Born on June 18, 1843, in Cumming, Forsyth County, Georgia, Wellborn attended the common schools, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and graduated from Emory University in 1862. He enlisted in the Confederate States Army in 1861 and served throughout the American Civil War, attaining the rank of captain in Company B, Fourth Georgia Cavalry. At the close of the war he settled in Atlanta, Georgia. He studied law, was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Atlanta from 1866 to 1871. He continued private practice in Dallas, Texas starting in 1871. Congressional service Wellborn was elected as a Democrat from Texas's 3rd congressional district and Texas's 6th congressional district to the United States House of Representative ...
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Erskine Mayo Ross
Erskine Mayo Ross (June 30, 1845 – December 10, 1928) was an American attorney and jurist from California. He served as a United States circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and of the United States Circuit Courts for the Ninth Circuit and previously was a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California and a justice of the Supreme Court of California. Early life Ross was born in Belpre on June 30, 1845, in Culpeper County, Virginia. He attended the Virginia Military Institute, leaving school twice during the Civil War to assist the Confederate States Army and then returning for further training, graduating in 1864.Oscar T. Shuck, History of the Bench and Bar of California, page 657. Legal and judicial career in California In 1868, Ross moved to Los Angeles, California, and joined the law office of his uncle, Cameron E. Thom, a prominent lawyer and former state senator who would la ...
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Ogden Hoffman Jr
Ogden may refer to: Places Canada *Ogden, Calgary, in Calgary, Alberta *Ogden, Quebec, a small municipality in the Eastern Townships *Ogdensville, British Columbia or Ogden City, alternate names for gold rush-era Seymour Arm, British Columbia *Ogden, British Columbia, an unincorporated locality in the Bridge River Country of British Columbia * Ogden Point, a landmark breakwater, lighthouse and port facility in Victoria, British Columbia * Ogden, Nova Scotia England *Ogden, West Yorkshire United States *Ogden, Arkansas *Ogden, Illinois *Ogden, Indiana *Ogden, Iowa *Ogden, Kansas * Ogden, Missouri *Ogden, New York *Ogden, North Carolina *Ogden, Ohio *Ogden, Utah ''(The largest city with the name)'' **Ogden Intermodal Transit Center * Ogden, West Virginia *Ogden Township, Michigan * Mount Ogden, Utah *Ogden Avenue, Chicago, Illinois *Ogden Theatre, Denver, Colorado *The Ogden, a condominium tower in Las Vegas, Nevada Rivers *River Ogden, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom *Ogden Cr ...
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Millard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800March 8, 1874) was the 13th president of the United States, serving from 1850 to 1853; he was the last to be a member of the Whig Party while in the White House. A former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Upstate New York, Fillmore was elected as the 12th vice president of the United States in 1848, and succeeded to the presidency in July 1850 upon the death of U.S. President Zachary Taylor. Fillmore was instrumental in the passing of the Compromise of 1850, a bargain that led to a brief truce in the battle over the expansion of slavery. He failed to win the Whig nomination for president in 1852 but gained the endorsement of the nativist Know Nothing Party four years later and finished third in the 1856 presidential election. Fillmore was born into poverty in the Finger Lakes area of New York State, and his parents were tenant farmers during his formative years. Though he had little formal schooling, he rose from poverty b ...
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Supreme Court Of The United States
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States. It has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all U.S. Federal tribunals in the United States, federal court cases, and over State court (United States), state court cases that involve a point of Law of the United States, federal law. It also has Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of the United States, original jurisdiction over a narrow range of cases, specifically "all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party." The court holds the power of Judicial review in the United States, judicial review, the ability to invalidate a statute for violating a provision of the Constitution of the United States, Constitution. It is also able to strike down presidential directives for violating either the Constitution or statutory law. However, it may act only within the context of a case in an area of law ove ...
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United States District Court For The Southern District Of New York
The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (in case citations, S.D.N.Y.) is a federal trial court whose geographic jurisdiction encompasses eight counties of New York State. Two of these are in New York City: New York (Manhattan) and Bronx; six are in Downstate: Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. Appeals from the Southern District of New York are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit). Because it covers Manhattan, the Southern District of New York has long been one of the most active and influential federal trial courts in the United States. It often has jurisdiction over America's largest financial institutions and prosecution of white-collar crime and other federal crimes. Because of its age and influence, it is sometimes colloquially called the "Mother C ...
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37th Parallel North
The 37th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 37 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. At this latitude the Sun is visible for 14 hours, 42 minutes during the summer solstice and 9 hours, 37 minutes during the winter solstice. The 37th parallel north is roughly the northern limit of the visibility of Canopus, the second-brightest star of the night sky. Along with the 37th parallel south, it is the latitude at which solar irradiance is closest to the planetary average,See Nadeau, Alice and McGhee, Richard; ‘A simple formula for a planet's mean annual insolation by latitude’; ''Icarus'', volume 291, 15 July 2017, pp. 46-50 with higher solar irradiance equatorward and lower poleward. Around the world Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastward, the parallel 37° north passes through: : United States In the United States, the pa ...
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Daniel Ringo
Daniel Ringo (October 27, 1803 – September 3, 1873) was a justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court, and later a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Arkansas, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas and the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas. Education and career Born on October 27, 1803, in Cross Plains, Kentucky, Ringo moved to Arkadelphia, Arkansas, in 1820, and became deputy clerk of the district court, and in 1825, clerk.Fay Hempstead, ''Historical Review of Arkansas'' (1911)p. 443-44 Ringo read law in 1830, and entered private practice in Washington, Arkansas. In 1833 he moved to Little Rock, Arkansas Territory (State of Arkansas from June 15, 1836). where he continued to practice law until 1836. In 1836 was elected to the Arkansas Supreme Court, drawing the long term of eight years. He was chief justice until 1844, when he was defeated for re-election. One evaluati ...
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Benjamin Johnson (judge)
Benjamin Johnson (January 22, 1784 – October 2, 1849) was a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Arkansas. Education and career Born on January 22, 1784, in Johnson Station (now Great Crossing) in what is now Scott County, District of Kentucky, Virginia (now Kentucky), Johnson read law. He entered private practice in Georgetown, Kentucky. He was a planter in Scott County, Kentucky. He was a Judge of the Kentucky Circuit Court. He was a Judge of the Superior Court of Arkansas Territory from 1821 to 1836. Federal judicial service Following the admission of the State of Arkansas to the Union on June 15, 1836, Johnson was nominated by President Andrew Jackson on June 27, 1836, to the United States District Court for the District of Arkansas, to a new seat authorized by 5 Stat. 50. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 29, 1836, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on October 2, 1849, d ...
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