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Kyrgyz Republic
Kyrgyzstan,, pronounced or the Kyrgyz Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and the People's Republic of China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's seven million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The Kyrgyz language is closely related to other Turkic languages. Kyrgyzstan's history spans a variety of cultures and empires. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, Kyrgyzstan has been at the crossroads of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road along with other commercial routes. Inhabited by a succession of tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically fallen under larger domination. Turkic nomads, who trace their ancestry to many Turkic states. It was first established as the Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate later in the 13th ...
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Kyrgyzstan (instrumental)
Kyrgyzstan,, pronounced or the Kyrgyz Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and the People's Republic of China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's seven million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The Kyrgyz language is closely related to other Turkic languages. Kyrgyzstan's history spans a variety of cultures and empires. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, Kyrgyzstan has been at the crossroads of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road along with other commercial routes. Inhabited by a succession of tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically fallen under larger domination. Turkic nomads, who trace their ancestry to many Turkic states. It was first established as the Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate later in the 13 ...
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Languages Of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is one of four former Soviet republics in Central Asia to have Russian as a de jure official language. The Kyrgyz language was adopted as the official language in 1991. After pressure from the Russian and other minorities in the country, the republic adopted Russian as an official language as well in 1997, to become an officially bilingual country. Official languages The languages of government in Kyrgyzstan are Russian as the official and interethnic language and Kyrgyz as the state/national language. Kyrgyz is a Turkic language of the Kipchak branch, closely related to Kazakh, Karakalpak, and Nogay Tatar. It was written in the Arabic alphabet until the twentieth century. Latin script was introduced and adopted in 1928, and was subsequently replaced on Stalin's orders by Cyrillic script in 1941. As a result of the pending language reform in neighboring Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan will be the only independent Turkic-speaking country in a few years that exclusively ...
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National Anthem Of The Kyrgyz Republic
The National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic ( ky, Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни, Kyrgyz respublikasynyn mamlekettik gimni) is the title of the current national anthem of Kyrgyzstan, adopted on 18 December 1992 by a resolution of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan (known as the "Jogorku Kenesh"). The music was composed by and , and the words were written by and . Initially, the anthem consisted of three verses and a chorus; however, by the resolution of the Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic N 2648-V of 27 December 2012, the second verse was excluded. History Written by Jalil Sadykov and Shabdanbek Kuluyev and composed by Nasyr Davlesov and Kalyy Moldobasanov, the anthem was adopted on 18 December 1992 by a resolution of the Jogorku Kenesh. In the 2000s, several public figures began initiatives to change the lyrics of the anthem. They considered the meaning of the word бейкуттук (''beyquttuq'', "serenity", "calmness" ...
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Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate
The Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate ( ky, Улуу Кыргыз Дөөлөтү, Uluu Kyrgyz Döölötü; ) was a Turkic empire that existed for about a century between the early 9th and 10th centuries. It ruled over the Yenisei Kyrgyz people, who had been located in southern Siberia since the 6th century. By the 9th century, the Kyrgyz had asserted dominance over the Uyghurs who had previously ruled the Kyrgyz. The empire was established as a khaganate from 840–1207 (367 Years). The khaganate's territory at its height would briefly include parts of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, China and Mongolia. After the 10th century, there was little information on the Yenisei Kyrgyz. It is believed the khaganate had survived in its traditional homeland until 1207. History The earliest records of Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate were written during the Tang dynasty. The Kyrgyz did not keep reliable written records during this period. Before 202 BCE, Xiongnu chanyu Modun conquered the Kyrgyzes –then ...
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History Of Kyrgyzstan
The history of the Kyrgyz people and the land now called Kyrgyzstan goes back more than 3,000 years. Although geographically isolated by its mountainous location, it had an important role as part of the historical Silk Road trade route. Turkic people, Turkic nomads, who trace their ancestry to many List of Turkic dynasties and countries, Turkic states such as the First Turkic Khaganate, First and Second Turkic Khaganates, have inhabited the country throughout its history. In the 13th century, Kyrgyzstan was conquered by the Mongol Empire, Mongols; subsequently it regained independence but was invaded by Kalmyks, Manchu people, Manchus, and Uzbeks. In 1876, it became part of the Russian Empire, remaining in the USSR as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic after the Russian Revolution. Following Mikhael Gorbachev's democratic reforms in the USSR, in 1990 pro-independence candidate Askar Akayev was elected president of the SSR. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence fr ...
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Supreme Council (Kyrgyzstan)
The Supreme Council ( ky, Жогорку Кеңеш, Zhogorku Kengesh, ; russian: Верховный Совет, ''Verkhovny Sovet'') is the unicameral Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic. It was known as the Supreme Soviet of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic until 1991. The parliament has 90 seats with members elected for a five-year term by two methods: party-list proportional voting (54 seats) and first-past-the-post voting (36 seats). History During Soviet rule, it was known as the Supreme Soviet of the Kirghiz SSR. From 1991, when Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union, until October 2007, when the Constitution was changed in a referendum, the Supreme Council consisted of the Legislative Assembly (''Мыйзам Чыгаруу Жыйыны'', ''Mıyzam Chıgharuu Zhıyını'', the upper house) and the Assembly of People's Representatives (''Эл Окулдор Жыйыны'', ''El Öküldör Zhıyını'', lower house) with 60 and 45 members, respectiv ...
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Nurlanbek Shakiev
Nurlanbek Turgunbekovich Shakiev ( ky, Нурланбек Тургунбекович Шакиев; born 13 May 1977) is a Kyrgyz politician. He is a member of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan and a deputy from the Ata-Zhurt Kyrgyzstan faction. References Kyrgyzstani legislators 1977 births Living people {{Kyrgyzstan-politician-stub ...
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List Of Speakers Of The Supreme Council Of Kyrgyzstan
Speakers of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan, the unicameral parliament, have been: References {{DEFAULTSORT:Speakers of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan Government of Kyrgyzstan Chairmen of the Supreme Council (Kyrgyzstan) Politics of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan,, pronounced or the Kyrgyz Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and the People's Republic of China to the east ...
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Akylbek Japarov
Japarov Üsönbek uulu Aqılbek ( ky, Жапаров Үсөнбек уулу Акылбек, romanised: Japarov Üsönbek uulu Aqılbek; born 14 September 1964) is a Kyrgyz politician serving as Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan since 12 October 2021. He replaced Ulukbek Maripov, who had been appointed to the new role by President Sadyr Japarov on 5 May 2021. Aqılbek is also concurrently the Head of the Presidential Administration under President Japarov. Coming from an economic and engineering background, Japarov had previously served in several mostly economic roles under the Aqayev and Baqıyev governments, including as Minister of Economy and Finance from 26 March 2005 to 27 December 2007 under Baqıyev after the Tulip Revolution. Early life and career Japarov was born on 14 September 1964 in Balykchy, Issyk-Kul Region, to Usenbek Japarov, a doctor, and Begayim Sarynzhieva, an engineer. Japarov graduated from 40th Anniversary of Komsomol secondar ...
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Chairman Of The Cabinet Of Ministers Of Kyrgyzstan
russian: Председатель Кабинета министров Киргизской Республики , insignia = Emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg , insigniasize = 125px , insigniacaption = Emblem of Kyrgyzstan , nativename = , image = Акылбек Жапаров (19-11-2021).jpg , imagesize = 200px , incumbent = Akylbek Japarov , incumbentsince = 12 October 2021 , style = Mr. Chairman (informally) His Excellency (international correspondence) , member_of = Cabinet Security Council , residence = Ala Archa State Residence, Bishkek , appointer = President of Kyrgyzstan , termlength = , formation = 21 January 1991 (prime minister)2021 (modern post) , abolished = , inaugural = Nasirdin Isanov (modern post: Ulukbek Maripov) , website = , salary = 870 000 som annually The chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan (russian: Председатель Кабинета министров Киргизской Республики; ky, Кыргыз Ре� ...
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Sadyr Japarov
Sadyr Nurgojoyevich Japarov (sometimes Zhaparov) (; ky, Садыр Нургожо уулу Жапаров, translit=Sadyr Nurghozho uulu Zhaparov; born 6 December 1968) is a Kyrgyz politician who has served as the president of Kyrgyzstan since 28 January 2021. He had previously served as the acting prime minister of Kyrgyzstan in the 2020 interim government following the resignation of Sooronbay Jeenbekov on 15 October 2020 amidst electoral protests. Japarov also became acting president of Kyrgyzstan after Jeenbekov's resignation but resigned himself on 14 November 2020. On 10 January 2021, Japarov was elected president. Early life and education Japarov was born in Keng-Suu, a village in the Tüp District in what was then the Kirghiz SSR within the Soviet Union, in the family of Nurgozho and Kadic Japarov. After finishing his middle school education in 1986, he joined the Kyrgyz National Academy of Physical Culture and Sport. In 1987, Japarov was drafted into the Soviet A ...
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President Of Kyrgyzstan
The president of Kyrgyzstan, officially the president of the Kyrgyz Republic (russian: Президент Киргизской Республики; ky, Кыргыз Республикасынын Президенти), is the head of state and head of government of the Kyrgyz Republic. The president directs the executive branch of the national government, is the commander-in-chief of the Kyrgyz military and also heads the National Security Council. The president, according to the constitution, "is the symbol of the unity of people and state power, and is the guarantor of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of an individual and citizen." The office of president was established in 1990 replacing the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet that existed, in different forms, from 1936 whilst the country was known as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic. The first popularly elected officeholder was Askar Akayev, who served from October 1990 until 24 March 2005. In July 2005, K ...
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