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King Hassan II
Hassan II ( ar, الحسن الثاني, translit=al-Ḥasan aṯ-ṯhānī;), with the prefix "Mulay" before his enthronement 9 July 1929 – 23 July 1999) was the King of Morocco from 1961 until his death in 1999. He was a member of the 'Alawi dynasty. He was the eldest son of Sultan Mohammed V, and his second wife, Lalla Abla bint Tahar. He was the first commander-in-chief of the Royal Armed Forces and was named crown prince in 1957. He was enthroned as king in 1961 following his father's death. Hassan's reign was marked by the start of the Western Sahara conflict and the Sand War. He was also the target of two failed coup d'états that were opposed to the absolute monarchy in Morocco: one in 1971 and the other in 1972. Hassan's conservative rule reportedly strengthened the 'Alawi dynasty's rule over Morocco and Western Sahara. He was accused of authoritarian practices and civil rights abuses, particularly during the Years of Lead. A truth commission was set up after his d ...
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Amir Al-Mu'minin
Amir al-Mu'minin ( ar, أَمِير ٱلْمُؤْمِنِين, amīr al-muʾminīn) is an Arabic title designating the supreme leader of an Islamic community. It is usually translated as "Commander of the Faithful", though sometimes also as "Prince of the Believers", a translation deriving from the fact that the word is used as a princely title in states ruled by the royalty or monarchies. However, according to orientalist historian H. A. R. Gibb, this translation is "neither philologically nor historically correct". History Historical usage The title derives from the common Arabic term designating a military commander, , and was used for Muslim military commanders already during the lifetime of Muhammad. In this capacity it was, for example, borne by the Muslim commander at the Battle of al-Qadisiyya. On his accession in 634, Umar ibn Khattab (), the Second Rashidun Caliph, was given the title. According to At-Tabaqat al Kubra, When Abu Bakr died, Muslims of the time said ...
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Lalla Latifa
Princess Lalla Latifa Amahzoune (; ar, لالة لطيفة أمحزون – born in 1941 a member of the Zayane tribe ( khouribga, Morocco), She is the widow of King Hassan II and the mother of Princess Lalla Meryem, King Mohammed VI, Princess Lalla Asma, Princess Lalla Hasna and Prince Moulay Rachid.(24 July 1999Morocco's King Hassan dies, aged 70 ''Independent Online (South Africa)''(27 March 1989)Royal Treat for Maggie ''Evening Times'' She is referred to using terms such as "mother of the royal children".Hughes, Stephen. (17 November 1975) ''People'' The privacy accorded to her in Morocco is so great that attempts to publish photos of her in the Moroccan newspaper ''Al Ayam'' were found to violate Moroccan law (in accord with a 1956 decree prohibiting publication of photos of the king and his family without authorization).(15 February 2009)Prohibido publicar fotos de la madre de Mohamed VI(Forbidden to publish photographs of Mohamed VI's mother), ''El País'' (in Spani ...
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University Of Bordeaux
The University of Bordeaux (French: ''Université de Bordeaux'') is a Lists of universities in France, public university based in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in Southern France, southwestern France. It has several campuses in the cities and towns of Bordeaux, Dax, Landes, Dax, Gradignan, Périgueux, Pessac, and Talence. There are also several smaller teaching sites in various other towns in the region, including in Bayonne. The University of Bordeaux counts more than 50,000 students, over 6,000 of which are international. It is a member of the Community of universities and higher education institutions of Aquitaine, ComUE d'Aquitaine university group. History Original formation In 286, a university had been created by the Romans. At this time, the city was an important administrative centre and the school had to train administrators. Only rhetoric and grammar were taught (including the study of classical texts). Modern university The original ''Université de Bordeaux'' was esta ...
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Royal College (Rabat)
The Royal College ( ''al-madrasa al-mawlawiya'', ) is an education establishment located inside the royal palace in Rabat. Since its foundation in 1942 during the French Protectorate, it has specialized in the education of princes and princesses of the Alaouite dynasty. Its director is Abdeljalil Lahjomri. History The Royal Academy was created in 1942 by Mohammed V under the French protectorate. This came after the monarch initially tried to send his son Hassan II to the in France but couldn't because of World War II. The school opens a class for each senior member of the Alaouite Royal family. It previously opened classes for Hassan II, Mohammed VI, Prince Moulay Rachid, Moulay Hassan, Crown Prince of Morocco, the daughters of Hassan II, Prince Moulay Ismail and Sharifa Lalla Soukaïna. Classes Class of Prince Moulay Hassan Some of the attendees: * Hassan II * Ahmed Reda Guedira * Ahmed Osman * Abdellah Gharnit * Prince Moulay Youssef Alaoui (son of Prince Moulay Idriss ...
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Dar Al-Makhzen (Fez)
The Dar al-Makhzen (, ber, ⵜⴰⴷⴰⵔⵜ ⵏ ⵎⴿⵣⵏ, lit=House of the Makhzen) or Royal Palace (, ber, ⵇⴰⴰⵔ ⵏ ⵎⴰⴿⵣⵏ) of Fez is the royal palace of the King of Morocco in the city of Fez, Morocco. Its original foundation dates back to the foundation of Fes el-Jdid ("New Fez"), the royal citadel of the Marinid dynasty, in 1276 CE. Most of the palace today dates from the Alaouite era (17th-20th centuries). The vast grounds are home to multiple private structures, patios, and gardens, but historically also included administrative offices and government tribunals. Today, the most publicly visible parts of the palace are its main entrances at the Old Mechouar (to the northeast) and the highly ornate 20th-century gates at ''Place des Alaouites'', near the Mellah (to the southwest). History Marinid foundation (13th century and after) The palace was founded and initially built, along with the rest of Fes el-Jdid, by the Marinid sultan Abu Yusuf Ya ...
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Mausoleum Of Mohammed V
The Mausoleum of Mohammed V ( ar, ضريح محمد الخامس) is a mausoleum located across from the Hassan Tower in Rabat, Morocco. It contains the tombs of the Moroccan king Mohammed V and his two sons, late King Hassan II and Prince Abdallah. History The mausoleum complex was designed by Vietnamese architect Cong Vo Toan using traditional forms with modern materials. The rich materials, as well as the deliberate use of historical crafts and motifs, is meant to not only pay tribute to Mohammed V but also to evoke his own efforts to encourage traditional craftsmanship as a means of promote a sense of Moroccan identity. Construction began in 1961 and involved renovations to the esplanade of the ruined Almohad-era mosque to which the Hassan Tower belonged. Construction was completed in 1971 and Mohammed V's body was transferred here that same year. His son Abdallah was buried here in 1983. Hassan II was buried here in 1999. Description The mausoleum stands on an elevate ...
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Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam () is the largest branch of Islam, followed by 85–90% of the world's Muslims. Its name comes from the word '' Sunnah'', referring to the tradition of Muhammad. The differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims arose from a disagreement over the succession to Muhammad and subsequently acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions. According to Sunni traditions, Muhammad left no successor and the participants of the Saqifah event appointed Abu Bakr as the next-in-line (the first caliph). This contrasts with the Shia view, which holds that Muhammad appointed his son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor. The adherents of Sunni Islam are referred to in Arabic as ("the people of the Sunnah and the community") or for short. In English, its doctrines and practices are sometimes called ''Sunnism'', while adherents are known as Sunni Muslims, Sunnis, Sunnites and Ahlus Sunnah. Sunni Islam is sometimes refe ...
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Lalla Abla Bint Tahar
Princess Lalla Abla bint Tahar (5 September 1909 – 1 March 1992) was the second wife of Mohammed V of Morocco. She was the daughter of ''Moulay'' Mohammed al-Tahar bin Hassan, a son of Sultan Hassan I of Morocco and twin brother of Sultan Moulay Yusef. She also had Glaoua origins, Abdessadeq el Glaoui explained in his 2004 publication that "Lalla Abla was chosen in the house Glaoui". She married her first cousin Sultan Mohammed V of Morocco in 1928 or 1926. Her elder sister Princess Lalla Hania bint Tahar married Sultan Mohammed Ben Aarafa of Morocco. She had five children: * Hassan II (9 July 1929 – 23 July 1999). * Lalla Aicha (17 June 1931 – 4 September 2011). * Lalla Malika (14 March 1933 – 28 September 2021). * Moulay Abdallah (30 July 1935 – 20 December 1983). * Lalla Nuzha (29 October 1940 – 2 September 1977). Her oldest sister, Lalla Hania bint Tahar, married Mohammed V's distant relative Mohammed Ben Aarafa, who claimed the Moroccan throne with ...
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'Alawi Dynasty
The Alawi dynasty ( ar, سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين, translit=sulālat al-ʿalawiyyīn al-fīlāliyyīn) – also rendered in English as Alaouite, Alawid, or Alawite – is the current Moroccan royal family and reigning dynasty. They are an Arab sharifian dynasty and claim descent from the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandson, Hasan ibn Ali. Their ancestors originally migrated to the Tafilalt region, in present-day Morocco, from Yanbu on the coast of the Hejaz in the 12th or 13th century. The dynasty rose to power in the 17th century, beginning with Mawlay al-Sharif who was declared sultan of the Tafilalt in 1631. His son Al-Rashid, ruling from 1664 to 1672, was able to unite and pacify the country after a long period of regional divisions caused by the weakening of the Saadi Dynasty. His brother Isma'il presided over a period of strong central rule between 1672 and 1727, one of the longest reigns of any Moroccan sultan. After Isma'il's death ...
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Prince Moulay Rachid Of Morocco
Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, also known as Prince Moulay Rachid ben al-Hassan, ( ar, الأمير مولاي رشيد بن الحسن; born ) is a member of the Alawi dynasty. He was the youngest male child of the late King Hassan II and his wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. He holds a doctorate in international politics and serves Morocco as a diplomat, including attending the state funeral of Queen Elizabeth II. He is currently second in the line of succession to the Moroccan throne. Early life and education Prince Moulay Rachid is the second son and fifth child of King Hassan II and his wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. Prince Moulay Rachid has one older brother, King Mohammed VI, and three sisters, Princess Lalla Meryem, Princess Lalla Asma and Princess Lalla Hasna. After primary and secondary studies at the Royal College in Rabat and obtaining the Baccalauréat in June 1989, he entered Mohammed V University in Rabat to start his higher studies in law. In May 1993, Prince Moulay ...
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Princess Lalla Hasna Of Morocco
Princess Lalla Hasna of Morocco ( ar, الأميرة لالة حسناء, born 19 November 1967 in Rabat) is the youngest daughter of King Hassan II and his wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. She is sister to the current king, Mohammed VI and Prince Moulay Rachid. Biography She was educated at the Royal College (Rabat). Since her childhood, Princess Hasna has been interested in social and cultural activities, with special emphasis to environmental issues in Morocco. In 1999 she launched the national campaign for the protection of the environment and gave the prize for the most beautiful and cleanest beach in Morocco. To shore up her work, the Mohammed VI Foundation for the protection of the environment was created in 2001 and chaired by Princess Hasna. She presides over the governing board of the foundation and regularly pays on the terrain visits to sensitize the population about environmental issues. In 2002, Princess Lalla Hasna set up the prize of young reporters for the envir ...
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Princess Lalla Asma Of Morocco
Princess Lalla Asma of Morocco ( ar, الأميرة لالة أسماء, born 29 September 1965, Rabat) is the second daughter and third eldest child of Hassan II of Morocco and his wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. Biography She was educated at the Royal College (Rabat). Lalla Asma got married in a private ceremony to Khalid Bouchentouf on 5 November 1986, a businessman and General Director of S.E.V.A.M. (Société d’exploitation de verreries au Maroc). He is a son of Hajj Belyout Bouchentouf, mayor of Casablanca from 1976-1994. Their wedding was officially celebrated in Marrakesh on June 6, 7 and 8, 1987. They have two children, a son and a daughter: * ''Moulay'' Yazid Bouchentouf (born 25 July 1988). * ''Lalla'' Nuhaila Bouchentouf (born 29 May 1992). She married Ali El Hajji on 14 February 2021 in Rabat. Patronages She is Honorary President in Morocco of: * Society for the Protection of Animals Abroad (SPANA). * Lalla Asma Foundation for Deaf Children. Honours National ...
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