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Group (military Aviation Unit)
A group is a military aviation unit, a component of military organization and a military formation. The terms group and wing differ significantly from one country to another, as well as between different branches of a national defence force. Air groups vary considerably in size and status, but generally take two forms: * A unit of two to four squadrons, commanded by a lieutenant colonel, colonel, commander, naval captain or an equivalent rank. The United States Air Force (USAF), ''groupes'' of the French ''Armée de l'air'', ''gruppen'' of the German ''Luftwaffe'', United States Marine Corps Aviation, British Fleet Air Arm and some other naval air services usually follow this pattern. * A larger formation, often comprising more than 10 squadrons, commanded by a major general, brigadier general, commodore, rear admiral, air commodore or air vice-marshal. The air forces of many Commonwealth countries, such as the British Royal Air Force (RAF), follow this pattern. In such cases, t ...
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Military Aviation
Military aviation comprises military aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of conducting or enabling aerial warfare, including national airlift (air cargo) capacity to provide logistical supply to forces stationed in a war theater or along a front. Airpower includes the national means of conducting such warfare, including the intersection of transport and warcraft. Military aircraft include bombers, fighters, transports, trainer aircraft, and reconnaissance aircraft. History The first military uses of aviation involved lighter-than-air balloons. During the Battle of Fleurus in 1794, the French observation balloon ''l'Entreprenant'' was used to monitor Austrian troop movements. The use of lighter-than-air aircraft in warfare became prevalent in the 19th century, including regular use in the American Civil War. Lighter-than-air military aviation persisted until shortly after World War II, gradually being withdrawn from various roles as heavier-than-air aircraft imp ...
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Commodore (rank)
Commodore is a senior naval rank used in many navies which is equivalent to brigadier and air commodore that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral. It is either regarded as the most junior of the flag officers rank or may not hold the jurisdiction of a flag officer at all depending on the officer's appointment. Non-English-speaking nations often use the rank of flotilla admiral, counter admiral, or senior captain as an equivalent, although counter admiral may also correspond to ''rear admiral lower half'' abbreviated as RDML. Traditionally, "commodore" is the title for any officer assigned to command more than one ship at a time, even temporarily, much as "captain" is the traditional title for the commanding officer of a single ship even if the officer's official title in the service is a lower rank. As an official rank, a commodore typically commands a flotilla or squadron of ships as part of a larger task force or naval fleet commanded by an admiral. A commodo ...
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General
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines. The term ''general'' is used in two ways: as the generic title for all grades of general officer and as a specific rank. It originates in the 16th century, as a shortening of ''captain general'', which rank was taken from Middle French ''capitaine général''. The adjective ''general'' had been affixed to officer designations since the late medieval period to indicate relative superiority or an extended jurisdiction. Today, the title of ''general'' is known in some countries as a four-star rank. However, different countries use different systems of stars or other insignia for senior ranks. It has a NATO code of OF-9 and is the highest rank currently in use in a number of armies, air forces, and marine organizations. General officer ranks The various grades of general officer are at the top of the military rank structure. Lower-ranking officers in land-centric ...
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Italian Air Force
"With valour to the stars" | colours = | colours_label = | march = ''Marcia di Ordinanza dell'Aeronautica Militare'' (Ordinance March of the Air Force) by Alberto Di Miniello | mascot = | anniversaries = 28 March (Air Force Day) | equipment = | equipment_label = | battles = | decorations = 1 Cavalier Cross of the Military Order of Savoy 3 Cavalier Crosses of the Military Order of Italy 2 Gold Medals of Military Valor 1 Gold Medal of Aviation Valor 5 Silver Medals of Military Valor 2 Silver Medals of Civil Valor 1 War Cross of Military Valor 1 Silver Medal of Merit of the Italian Red Cross 1 Gold Medal of Benemerited Public Honor 1 Gold Medal of Merit for Public Health | battle_honours = | battle_honours_label = | flying_hours = | website = | commander1 = Lieutenant General Alberto Rosso | commander1_label = Chief of Staff of Military Aviation | notable_commanders = | identification_symbol = | identification_symbol_label = Roundel | aircraft_attack = Panavia ...
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German Air Force
"Always in action" | colours = | colours_label = | march = | mascot = | anniversaries = | equipment = | equipment_label = | battles = * Operation Deliberate Force * Kosovo War * War in Afghanistan * Military intervention against ISIL * Northern Mali conflict | decorations = | battle_honours = | battle_honours_label = | flying_hours = | website = | commander1 = ''Generalleutnant'' Ingo Gerhartz | commander1_label = Inspector of the Air Force | commander2 = ''Generalleutnant'' Ansgar Rieks | commander2_label = Deputy Inspector of the Air Force | commander3 = ''Generalmajor'' Wolfgang Ohl | commander3_label = Chief of Staff | notable_commander ...
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United States Marine Corps
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is the maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations through combined arms, implementing its own infantry, armor, artillery, aerial and special operations forces. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. The Marine Corps has been part of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834 with its sister service, the United States Navy. The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers. The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a ser ...
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United States Navy
), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en|"Not for self but for country") (unofficial). | colors = Blue and gold  | colors_label = Colors | march = "Anchors Aweigh" | mascot = | equipment = List of U.S. Navy equipment | equipment_label = | start_date = 27 March 1794()(''As current service'') ---- 13 October 1775()(''As Continental Navy'') ---- | battles = | anniversaries = 13 October | decorations = Presidential Unit Citation Navy Unit Commendation Meritorious Unit Commendation | battle_honours = | website = | commander1 = President Joe Biden | commander1_label = Commander-in-Chief | commander2 = Lloyd Austin | commander2_label = Secretary of Defense | commander3 ...
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Wing (military Aviation Unit)
In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command. In most military aviation services, a wing is a relatively large formation of planes. In Commonwealth countries a wing usually comprises three squadrons, with several wings forming a group (around 10 squadrons). Each squadron will contain around 20 planes. Commonwealth usage Origins On its establishment in 1912, the British Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was intended to be an inter-service, combined force of the British Army and Royal Navy. Given the rivalry that existed between the army and navy, new terminology was used, in order to avoid marking the corps out as having an army or navy ethos. While the term "wing" had been used in the cavalry, its more general use predominated. Accordingly, the word "wing", with its allusion of flight, was chosen as the term of subdivision and the corps was split into a "Military Wing" (i.e. an army wing) and a "Naval Wing". Each wing consisted of a number of squadrons (the term "squadron" already ...
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Geschwader
This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that have been or are used by the German military. Ranks and translations of nicknames for vehicles are included. Also included are some general terms from the German language found frequently in military jargon. Some terms are from the general German cultural background, others are given to show a change that was made before or after the Nazi era. Some factories that were the primary producers of military equipment, especially tanks, are also given. Glossary A * A-Stand – forward defensive gunner's position on aircraft. * abgeschossen – shot down; destroyed by means of firing. * Abschnitt – sector, district. * Ablösungsdivision – relief division (1917), later renamed ''Eingreif division'' (intervention division). * Abteilung (Abt.) – a battalion-sized unit of armor, artillery or cavalry; in other contexts a detachment or section. ** Abteilungsarzt – battalion physician ** Abteilungschef – battalion commander in a ...
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Royal Air Force
"Through Adversity to the Stars" | colours = | colours_label = | march = Royal Air Force March Past | mascot = | anniversaries = | equipment = | equipment_label = | battles = | decorations = | battle_honours = | battle_honours_label = | flying_hours = | website = | commander1 = Air Chief Marshal Sir Mike Wigston | commander1_label = Chief of the Air Staff | notable_commanders = Lord Trenchard Lord Portal Lord Dowding | identification_symbol = | identification_symbol_label = Pilot's Flying Badge | identification_symbol_2 = | identification_symbol_2_label = Logo | identification_symbol_3 = | identification_symbol_3_label = Roundel | identification_symbol_4 = ...
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Commonwealth Of Nations
A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good. Historically it has sometimes been synonymous with "republic". The noun "commonwealth", meaning "public welfare, general good or advantage", dates from the 15th century. Originally a phrase (the common-wealth or the common wealth – echoed in the modern synonym "public wealth") it comes from the old meaning of "wealth", which is "well-being", and is itself a loose translation of the Latin res publica (republic). The term literally meant "common well-being". In the 17th century, the definition of "commonwealth" expanded from its original sense of "public welfare" or "commonweal" to mean "a state in which the supreme power is vested in the people; a republic or democratic state". The term evolved to become a title to a number of political entities. Three countries – Australia, The Bahamas, and Dominica – have the official title "Commonwealth", as do four U.S. states and two U.S. t ...
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Air Vice-marshal
Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. Air vice-marshals may be addressed generically as "air marshal". Air vice-marshal is a two-star rank and has a NATO ranking code of OF-7. It is equivalent to a rear-admiral in the Royal Navy or a major-general in the British Army or the Royal Marines. In other NATO forces, such as the United States Armed Forces and the Canadian Armed Forces, the equivalent two-star rank is major general. The rank of air vice-marshal is immediately senior to the rank air commodore and immediately subordinate to the rank of air marshal. Since before the Second World War it has been common for air officers commanding RAF groups to hold ...
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