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George Hearst
George Hearst (September 3, 1820 – February 28, 1891) was an American businessman, miner, and politician. After growing up on a small farm in Missouri, he founded many mining operations, and is known for developing and expanding the Homestake Mine (South Dakota), Homestake Mine in the late 1870s in the Black Hills of South Dakota. In 1879 he listed it on the New York Stock Exchange, and went on to other pursuits. The mine operated continuously, producing gold until 2001. After settling in San Francisco in the early 1860s, Hearst became a politician, first representing San Francisco in the state legislature for one term. He also maintained mining interests through his company. Hearst was appointed as a United States Senator in 1886 to fill a vacancy and was elected as a Democrat later that year on his own account. He served in the Senate from 1887 to his death in 1891. His only child from his late marriage (at age 40) was his son William Randolph Hearst, who became internati ...
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California
California is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ... in the Western United States The Western United States (also called the American West, the Far West, and the West) is the region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the .... With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the most populous and the third-largest U.S. state by area. It is also the most populated subnational entity Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a part ...
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Homestake Mine (South Dakota)
The Homestake Mine was a deep underground gold mine Gold mining is the extraction of gold Gold is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Au (from la, aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. In a pure form, it is ... (8,000 feet or 2,438 m) located in Lead, South Dakota Lead ( ) is a city in Lawrence County, South Dakota South Dakota () is a U.S. state in the Upper Midwest region of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, .... Until it closed in 2002 it was the largest and deepest gold mine in North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continen .... The mine produced more than of gold during i ...
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Hearst Corporation
Hearst Communications, Inc., often referred to simply as Hearst, is an American multinational mass media and business informationBusiness information is one of the three main segments of the information industry. The other two segments are ''scientific, technical and medical (STM)'' and ''educational and training content''. While most of the content industry revenues are ... conglomerate Conglomerate or conglomeration may refer to: * Conglomerate (company) * Conglomerate (geology) * Conglomerate (mathematics) In popular culture: * The Conglomerate (American group), a production crew and musical group founded by Busta Rhymes ** Con ... based in the Hearst Tower in Midtown Manhattan Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the New York City borough New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. With an ..., New York City New York, often cal ...
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Grass Valley, California
Grass Valley is a city in Nevada County, California, Nevada County, California, United States. Situated at roughly in elevation in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Sierra Nevada mountain range, this northern Gold Country city is by car from Sacramento, California, Sacramento, from Sacramento International Airport, west of Reno, Nevada, Reno, and northeast of San Francisco. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 12,860. History Grass Valley, which was originally known as Boston Ravine and later named Centerville, dates from the California Gold Rush, as does nearby Nevada City, California, Nevada City. Gold was discovered at Gold Hill (Nevada County, California), Gold Hill in October 1850 and population grew around the mine. When a post office was established in 1851, it was renamed Grass Valley the next year for unknown reasons. The town municipal corporation, incorporated in 1860. Grass Valley has the Empire Mine and North Star Mine, two ...
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American River
, name_etymology = , image = American River CA.jpg , image_size = 300 , image_caption = The American River at Folsom, California, Folsom , map = Americanrivermap.png , map_size = 300 , map_caption = Map of the American River watershed. It includes the North, Middle, and South forks of the river as well as Rubicon River (California), Rubicon River, a tributary of the Middle Fork. , pushpin_map = , pushpin_map_size = , pushpin_map_caption= , subdivision_type1 = Country , subdivision_name1 = United States , subdivision_type2 = State , subdivision_name2 = California , subdivision_type3 = Region , subdivision_name3 = Sacramento Valley , subdivision_type4 = , subdivision_name4 = , subdivision_type5 = City , subdivision_name5 = Sacramento, CA, Sacramento , length = , Northeast-southwestMain stem ; North Fork U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-re ...
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Sutter's Mill
Sutter's Mill was a water-powered sawmill A sawmill (saw mill, saw-mill) or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber Lumber, also known as timber, is wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the Plant stem, stems and roots of trees and ... on the bank of the South Fork American River The South Fork American River is a major tributary of the American River in El Dorado County, California, El Dorado County, California, draining a watershed on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Sierra Nevada east of Sacramento, Califor ... in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada The Sierra Nevada () is a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and align ... mountains in California. It was named after its owner John Sutter John Augustus Sutter (February 23, 18 ...
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Placer Mining
Placer mining is the mining of stream bed (alluvial Alluvium (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of t ...) deposits for mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure form.John P. Rafferty, ed. (2 ...s. This may be done by open-pit File:Ende Gelände 2017 CHB 23 (cropped).jpg, The giant bucket-wheel excavators in the German Rhineland coal mines are among the world's biggest land vehicles. Open-pit mining, also known as open-cast or open cut mining, is a surface mining techni ... (also called open-cast mining Mining is the extraction of valuable mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mi ...
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California Gold Rush
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) was a gold rush cut the travel time from New York to San Francisco in seven months to four months in the 1849 California Gold Rush, Gold Rush. A gold rush or gold fever is a discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare-earth miner ... that began on January 24, 1848, when gold Gold is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical elemen ... was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill Sutter's Mill was a water-powered sawmill A sawmill (saw mill, saw-mill) or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber Lumber, also known as timber, is wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in ... in Coloma, California Coloma (formerly Colluma and Culloma) is a census-designated pl ...
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Ophir Mill Ruins, Comstock NV
Ophir (; ) is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon received a cargo from Ophir every three years (1 Kings 10:22) which consisted of gold, silver, sandalwood, pearls, ivory, apes, and peacocks. Biblical references Ophir in Book of Genesis, Genesis 10 (the Table of Nations) is said to be the name of one of the sons of Joktan. The Books of Kings and Books of Chronicles, Chronicles tell of a joint expedition to Ophir by King Solomon and the Tyre, Lebanon, Tyrian king Hiram I from Ezion-Geber, a port on the Red Sea, that brought back large amounts of gold, precious stones and 'Algum, algum wood' and of a later failed expedition by king Jehoshaphat of Judah. The famous 'gold of Ophir' is referenced in several other books of the Hebrew Bible. In the Septuagint, other variants of the name are mentioned: ''Ōpheír'', ''Sōphír'', ''Sōpheír'' and ''Souphír''. The New Testament apocrypha book ''Cave of Treasures'' contains a passage: "And the ...
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Citizen Kane
''Citizen Kane'' is a 1941 American drama film In film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a ... produced and directed by Orson Welles George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American director, actor, screenwriter, and producer who is remembered for his innovative work in radio, theatre and film. He is considered to be among the greatest and most inf .... He also co-wrote the screenplay with Herman J. Mankiewicz. The picture was Welles' first feature film. ''Citizen Kane'' is considered by many critics and experts to be the greatest film ever made. It was voted number 1 in five consecutive British Film Institute The British Film Institute (BFI) is a film and television charitable organisation which promotes and preserves filmmaking and ...
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Orson Welles
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American director, actor, screenwriter, and producer who is remembered for his innovative work in radio, theatre and film. He is considered to be among the greatest and most influential filmmakers of all time. While in his 20s, Welles directed high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project The Federal Theatre Project (FTP; 1935–1939) was a theatre Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a ..., including an adaptation of ''Macbeth'' with an entirely African American cast and the political musical ''The Cradle Will Rock ''The Cradle Will Rock'' is a 1937 play in music by Marc Blitzstein. Originally a part of the Federal Theatre Project, it was directed by Orson Welles George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an Americ ...
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United States Senator
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ..., with the House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ... being the lower chamber A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature divided into two separate Deliberative assembly, assemblies, chambers, or houses, known as a bicameral legislature. Bicameralism is disti .... Together they compose the national bicameral legislature Bicameralism is the practice ...
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