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Eastbourne (UK Parliament Constituency)
Eastbourne is a constituency for the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It was created as one of nine in Sussex in 1885, since when it has reduced in geographic size reflecting the growth of its main settlement, Eastbourne. The seat was re-won in 2019 by Caroline Ansell, a Conservative who ousted Liberal Democrat Stephen Lloyd; she earlier did so in 2015. Since the seat's creation it has been won by candidates from either of these two political parties (and their early forebears, the Liberal Party and the Unionist Party). The seat has had four by-elections, lastly in 1990. For 94 years of the 20th Century, the seat was represented by Conservative MPs. The seat in the 1930s saw three unopposed candidates: in 1932, March 1935 and November 1935. Eastbourne has been considered relative to others a very marginal seat, as well as a swing seat, since 1997 as its winner's majority has been at most 7.86% of the vote. A 8.9% majority Tory re-gain took place in 1992 and since 201 ...
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East Sussex
East Sussex is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in South East England on the English Channel coast. It is bordered by Kent to the north and east, West Sussex to the west, and Surrey to the north-west. The largest settlement in East Sussex is the city of Brighton and Hove. History East Sussex is part of the historic county of Sussex, which has its roots in the ancient kingdom of the South Saxons, who established themselves there in the 5th century AD, after the departure of the Romans. Archaeological remains are plentiful, especially in the upland areas. The area's position on the coast has also meant that there were many invaders, including the Romans and later the Normans. Earlier industries have included fishing, iron-making, and the wool trade, all of which have declined, or been lost completely. Governance Sussex was historically sub-divided into six rapes. From the 12th century the three eastern rapes together and the three western rapes together had sep ...
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Edward Field (MP)
Admiral Edward Field (December 1828 – 26 March 1912) was a Royal Navy officer and English Conservative politician. Field was born at Chesham, Buckinghamshire and joined the Royal Navy, becoming a lieutenant on 20 December 1851. From 1 January 1857 he was a lieutenant on gunneryship HMS ''Excellent'' at Portsmouth. He was promoted to Commander on 16 June 1859. On 31 January 1863 he became Commander in HMS ''Trincomalee'', Royal Naval reserve training ship at Sunderland on 23 July 1866 he commander a cruiser under commissioning at Portsmouth, and on 10 August 1866 became Commander in HMS ''Helicon'' of the Channel squadron. He retired from the navy as a captain and in 1881 was living at The Grove, Alverstoke, Hampshire with his wife Mary Ann. He was a JP. At the 1885 general election Field was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Eastbourne. He was by this time a Rear Admiral and spoke on naval matters in parliament. He held his seat until he stood down at the 19 ...
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1932 Eastbourne By-election
The 1932 Eastbourne by-election was a by-election held on 28 April 1932 for the British House of Commons constituency of Eastbourne in East Sussex. The by-election was caused by the death of the town's Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) Edward Marjoribanks, who had held the seat since the 1929 general election. The Conservative candidate, John Slater, was returned unopposed. References * * See also * List of United Kingdom by-elections * Eastbourne constituency * 1925 Eastbourne by-election * 1935 Eastbourne by-election * 1990 Eastbourne by-election The 1990 Eastbourne by-election was a by-election held on 18 October 1990 for the House of Commons constituency of Eastbourne in East Sussex. Background The by-election was caused by the death of the town's Conservative Party Member of Parliam ... {{By-elections to the 36th UK Parliament By-elections to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in East Sussex constituencies 1932 elections in the United Kingd ...
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Edward Marjoribanks (Conservative Politician)
Edward Marjoribanks (14 February 1900 – 2 April 1932) was a barrister and Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. Marjoribanks was educated at Eton and Oxford, subsequently being called to the bar. At the 1929 general election, he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Eastbourne in East Sussex, and held the seat at the 1931 general election. He died in office on 2 April 1932, committing suicide by shooting himself in the chest while in the billiard room of his stepfather, Lord Hailsham's house in Sussex. He had been jilted for a second time.Cullen, Pamela V., ''A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams'', London, Elliott & Thompson, 2006, Marjoribanks had just completed the first volume of a planned three-volume account of the trials of Sir Edward Carson; his last chapter being the George Archer-Shee case. The work was finished by another author. At the resulting 1932 Eastbourne by-election, the Conservative candidate John Slater was ...
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1929 United Kingdom General Election
The 1929 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 30 May 1929 and resulted in a hung parliament. It stands as the fourth of six instances under the secret ballot, and the first of three under universal suffrage, in which a party has lost on the popular vote but won the highest number (known as "a plurality") of seats versus all other parties (the others are 1874, January 1910, December 1910, 1951 and February 1974). In 1929, Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party won the most seats in the House of Commons for the first time. The Liberal Party led again by former Prime Minister David Lloyd George regained some ground lost in the 1924 general election and held the balance of power. Parliament was dissolved on 10 May. The election was often referred to as the "Flapper Election", because it was the first in which women aged 21–29 had the right to vote (owing to the Representation of the People Act 1928). (Women over 30 had been able to vote since the 1918 general ele ...
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Reginald Hall
Admiral Sir William Reginald Hall (28 June 1870 – 22 October 1943), known as Blinker Hall, was the British Director of Naval Intelligence (DNI) from 1914 to 1919. Together with Sir Alfred Ewing he was responsible for the establishment of the Royal Navy's codebreaking operation, Room 40, which decoded the Zimmermann telegram, a major factor in the entry of the United States into World War I. Royal Navy career Reginald Hall was born in Salisbury, Wiltshire, eldest son of Captain William Henry Hall, the first head of Naval Intelligence, who married the daughter of the Reverend George Armfield from Armley, Leeds. Hall decided on a naval career for himself when taken on a cruise on board by his father. He joined the training ship HMS ''Britannia'' in 1884 and two years later was appointed to the armoured cruiser ''Northampton''. After a year he was transferred to the ironclad battleship ''Bellerophon'' which was part of the North American Station. In 1889 he becam ...
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1925 Eastbourne By-election
The 1925 Eastbourne by-election was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Eastbourne, Sussex on 17 June 1925. Vacancy The by-election was caused by the resignation on 25 May of the town's Unionist Party Member of Parliament (MP) Rt Hon. Sir George Lloyd, who was elevated to the peerage as Baron Lloyd and appointed as British High Commissioner in Egypt and the Sudan. He had held the seat since the 1924 general election, having previously been MP for West Staffordshire from 1910 to 1918. Election history The constituency was created in 1885 and had been won by a Unionist candidate at every election apart from 1906, the year of the Liberal landslide when it was won by a Liberal candidate. The result at the last General Election was Candidates *On the 24 May, the Eastbourne Unionist Association chose 55-year-old Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald 'Blinker' Hall as their candidate to defend the seat. He had been the Director of Naval Int ...
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George Lloyd, 1st Baron Lloyd
George Ambrose Lloyd, 1st Baron Lloyd, (19 September 1879 – 4 February 1941) was a British Conservative politician strongly associated with the " Diehard" wing of the party. From 1937 to 1941 he was chairman of the British Council, in which capacity he sought to ensure support for Britain's position in the Second World War. Background Lloyd was born at Olton Hall, Warwickshire, the son of Sampson Samuel Lloyd (whose namesake father was also a Member of Parliament) and Jane Emilia, daughter of Thomas Lloyd. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. He coxed the Cambridge crew in the 1899 and 1900 Boat Races. He left without taking a degree, unsettled by the deaths of both his parents in 1899, and made a tour of India.Article by Jason Tombs. In 1901 Lloyd joined the family firm Stewarts & Lloyds as its youngest director. In 1903 he first became involved with the tariff reform movement of Joseph Chamberlain. In 1904 he fell in love with Lady Constance Knox, ...
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1924 United Kingdom General Election
Nineteen or 19 may refer to: * 19 (number), the natural number following 18 and preceding 20 * one of the years 19 BC, AD 19, 1919, 2019 Films * ''19'' (film), a 2001 Japanese film * ''Nineteen'' (film), a 1987 science fiction film Music * 19 (band), a Japanese pop music duo Albums * ''19'' (Adele album), 2008 * ''19'', a 2003 album by Alsou * ''19'', a 2006 album by Evan Yo * ''19'', a 2018 album by MHD * ''19'', one half of the double album '' 63/19'' by Kool A.D. * ''Number Nineteen'', a 1971 album by American jazz pianist Mal Waldron * ''XIX'' (EP), a 2019 EP by 1the9 Songs * "19" (song), a 1985 song by British musician Paul Hardcastle. * "Nineteen", a song by Bad4Good from the 1992 album ''Refugee'' * "Nineteen", a song by Karma to Burn from the 2001 album ''Almost Heathen''. * "Nineteen" (song), a 2007 song by American singer Billy Ray Cyrus. * "Nineteen", a song by Tegan and Sara from the 2007 album '' The Con''. * "XIX" (song), a 2014 song by Slipkn ...
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Rupert Gwynne
Rupert Sackville Gwynne (2 August 187312 October 1924), was a British Conservative politician. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Eastbourne from 1910 to 1924. He was the father of cookery writer Elizabeth David. Early years Gwynne was the third son and fourth child of nine children of James Eglinton Anderson Gwynne (1834–1915) of Gwynnes Limited and of Folkington Manor, Polegate, Sussex. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and then Pembroke College, Cambridge.Ken Good, ''The House of Gwynne'', Bookmarque Publishing 2002 He was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple in 1908. Political career Gwynne was elected as MP for Eastbourne at the January 1910 general election, and held the seat until he stood down at the 1924 general election. He was Financial Secretary to the War Office from 15 March 1923 until 23 January 1924. On 1 October 1923 he was made a member of the Army Council. He was renowned for his opposition to the Irish Republican Army which he termed "the Mur ...
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January 1910 United Kingdom General Election
The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the Conservative-dominated House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget. The general election resulted in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party led by Arthur Balfour and their Liberal Unionist allies receiving the most votes, but the Liberals led by H. H. Asquith winning the most seats, returning two more MPs than the Conservatives. Asquith's government remained in power with the support of the Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond. Another general election was soon held in December. The Labour Party, led by Arthur Henderson, returned 40 MPs. Much of this apparent increase (from the 29 Labour MPs elected in 1906) came from the defection, a few years earlier, of Lib Lab MPs from the Liberal Party to Labour. Results ...
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Hubert Beaumont (Liberal Politician)
Hubert George Beaumont (6 April 1864 – 14 August 1922), styled The Honourable from 1906, was a radical British Liberal Party politician. Background He was the third son of Wentworth Beaumont, 1st Baron Allendale and his wife Lady Margaret Anne de Burgh, daughter of Ulick de Burgh, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde. Beaumont was educated at Eton College and then at Cheltenham College. He studied at Balliol College, Oxford, obtaining a Bachelor of Arts degree. On 26 May 1900, he married Elisa Mercedes Grace, daughter of Michael Paul Grace. She drowned on 10 August 1917. Their only son was Michael Wentworth Beaumont. He was invested as a Knight of Grace of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem in 1918 and was appointed High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire in the next year. Political career He contested King's Lynn in 1895, thereafter Buckingham in 1900 and Barnard Castle three years later. Beaumont finally entered the British House of Commons in 1906, sitti ...
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