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Chamber Of Deputies Of Chile
The Chamber of Deputies ( es, Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados, links=no) is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 of Chile's current constitution. Eligibility Deputies must: be aged at least 21; not be disqualified from voting; have finished secondary school or its equivalent; and have lived in the corresponding electoral district for at least two years prior to the election. Electoral system Since 2017, Chile's congress has been elected through open list proportional representation under the D'Hondt method. Before 2017, a unique binomial system was used. These system rewards coalition slates. Each coalition could run two candidates for each electoral district's two Chamber seats. Typically, the two largest coalitions in a district divided the seats, one each, among themselves. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second-place coalition by a margin of more than two-to-one ...
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LVI Legislative Period Of The Chilean Congress
The LVI legislative period of the Chilean Congress will sit from 11 March 2022 to 10 March 2026. It was elected at the 2021 Chilean general election General elections were held in Chile on 21 November 2021, including presidential, parliamentary and regional elections. Voters went to the polls to elect the President of the Republic to serve a four-year term, 27 of 50 members of the Senate t .... Composition Senate Deputies List of Deputies References {{Reflist Legislative periods of Chile Lists of current national legislators 2022 establishments in Chile ...
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Independent Democratic Union
The Independent Democratic Union (''Unión Demócrata Independiente'', UDI) is a conservative and right-wing political party in Chile, founded in 1983. Its founder was the lawyer, politician and law professor Jaime Guzmán, a civilian allied with Augusto Pinochet. Guzmán was a senator from 1990 until his murder by communist guerrillas on April 1, 1991. Its ideological origins date back to Guzmán's Guildist Movement, born out of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile in 1966, espousing the independence and depoliticization of intermediate bodies of civil society. The UDI is today a conservative political party with strong links to the Opus Dei, that opposes abortion in nearly all or all cases. UDI has for most of its history formed coalitions with National Renewal (RN) and other minor movements under different names such as; Participación y Progreso (1992), Unión por el Progreso de Chile (1993), Alliance for Chile (1999–2009, 2013), Coalition for Change (2009–2 ...
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D'Hondt Method
The D'Hondt method, also called the Jefferson method or the greatest divisors method, is a method for allocating seats in parliaments among federal states, or in party-list proportional representation systems. It belongs to the class of highest-averages methods. The method was first described in 1792 by future U.S. president Thomas Jefferson. It was re-invented independently in 1878 by Belgian mathematician Victor D'Hondt, which is the reason for its two different names. Motivation Proportional representation systems aim to allocate seats to parties approximately in proportion to the number of votes received. For example, if a party wins one-third of the votes then it should gain about one-third of the seats. In general, exact proportionality is not possible because these divisions produce fractional numbers of seats. As a result, several methods, of which the D'Hondt method is one, have been devised which ensure that the parties' seat allocations, which are of whole numbers ...
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Proportional Representation
Proportional representation (PR) refers to a type of electoral system under which subgroups of an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical (e.g. states, regions) and political divisions (political parties) of the electorate. The essence of such systems is that all votes cast - or almost all votes cast - contribute to the result and are actually used to help elect someone—not just a plurality, or a bare majority—and that the system produces mixed, balanced representation reflecting how votes are cast. "Proportional" electoral systems mean proportional to ''vote share'' and ''not'' proportional to population size. For example, the US House of Representatives has 435 districts which are drawn so roughly equal or "proportional" numbers of people live within each district, yet members of the House are elected in first-past-the-post elections: first-past-the-post is ''not'' proportional by vote share. The m ...
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Open List
Open list describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the order in which a party's candidates are elected. This is as opposed to closed list, which allows only active members, party officials, or consultants to determine the order of its candidates and gives the general voter no influence at all on the position of the candidates placed on the party list. Additionally, an open list system allows voters to select individuals rather than parties. Different systems give the voter different amounts of influence to change the default ranking. The voter's choice is usually called preference vote; the voters are usually allowed one or more preference votes to the open list candidates. Variants Relatively closed A "relatively closed" open list system is one where a candidate must get a ''full quota'' of votes on their own to be assured of winning a seat. (This quota, broadly speaking, is the total number of votes cast d ...
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2021 Chilean General Election
General elections were held in Chile on 21 November 2021, including presidential, parliamentary and regional elections. Voters went to the polls to elect the President of the Republic to serve a four-year term, 27 of 50 members of the Senate to serve an eight-year term in the National Congress, all 155 members of the Chamber of Deputies to serve a four-year term in the National Congress, and all 302 members of the regional boards to serve a three-year term. Following an electoral reform in 2015, the Senate increased its membership from 38 to 43 in 2017, and grew to its full size of 50 seats after this election. This election cycle was characterized as being the most polarized in modern Chilean history and a departure from political normality in Chile, being held in the backdrop of the 2019 protests, the writing of a new constitution and the global COVID-19 pandemic. Continuing with the results of the elections held on 15–16 May 2021 for mayors, governors and members of th ...
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Andrés Jouannet
Andres or Andrés may refer to: *Andres, Illinois, an unincorporated community in Will County, Illinois, US *Andres, Pas-de-Calais, a commune in Pas-de-Calais, France *Andres (name) *Hurricane Andres * "Andres" (song), a 1994 song by L7 See also * * *San Andrés (other), various places with the Spanish name of Saint Andrew *Anders (other) *Andre (other) *Andreas (other) Andreas is both a surname and a given name. Notable people with the name include: * Andreas (comics) (b. 1951), pen name for Andreas Martens, comic artist * Andreas (parish), a parish in the Sheading of Ayre, Isle of Man ** Andreas, Isle of Man ...
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Amarillos Por Chile
Amarillos por Chile (), sometimes written Amarillos x Chile (AxCh), is a Chilean political movement and party founded by Cristián Warnken in 2022, which brings together personalities from the country such as businessmen, former parliamentarians and former politicians from the defunct Concertación coalition, especially from the PPD and PDC. The collective emerged as a criticism of certain proposals of the Constitutional Convention that the movement considered, in its words, as "refoundational". History It arose from columns and letters that Warnken wrote in the radio station Pauta FM and in the newspaper El Mercurio. One was called Yellow letter to my children, it was published on 27 November 2021, and in it he talks about an episode that he lived in Isla Negra, when a group of young people yelled "amarillo" and " facho" at him. He took the "amarillo" concept from the 1970s, when it was used to disqualify reformists. The term had been updated before by Patricio Fernández ...
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Party Of The People (Chile)
, headquarters = Enríque Olivares n°211, La Florida, Santiago de Chile , country = Chile , affiliation1_title = Related institutions , affiliation1 = Felices y ForradosBanco Democracia Real , seats1_title = Chamber of Deputies , seats1 = , seats2_title = Senate , seats2 = , website pdgchile.cl The Party of the People ( es, Partido de la Gente, PDG) is a Chilean political party, characterized as a center-right to right-wing and populist. It was created at the end of 2019, being legalized by the Electoral Service on July 26, 2021. It is led by 2013 and 2021 presidential candidate Franco Parisi, and by the founder of "Felices y Forrados" Gino Lorenzini. At the time of its legalization in July 2021, the party had about 43,000 members, the second largest number of members of any party in Chile after the Communist Party. Among its adherents is the conventional constituent-elect Rodrigo Logan of district 9. History It ...
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Christian Democratic Party (Chile)
The Christian Democratic Party ( es, Partido Demócrata Cristiano, PDC) is a Christian democratic political party in Chile. There have been three Christian Democrat presidents in the past, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, Patricio Aylwin, and Eduardo Frei Montalva. Customarily, the PDC backs specific initiatives in an effort to bridge socialism and laissez-faire capitalism. This economic system has been called "social capitalism" and is heavily influenced by Catholic social teaching or, more generally, Christian ethics. In addition to this objective, the PDC also supports a strong national government while remaining more conservative on social issues. However, after Pinochet's military regime ended the PDC embraced more classical economic policies compared to before the dictatorship. The current Secretary-General of the PDC is Gonzalo Duarte. In their latest "Ideological Congress", the Christian Democrats criticized Chile's current economic system and called for a shift toward a s ...
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Christian Social Party (Chile)
The Christian Social Party (PSC; ) is a Chilean political party founded in September 2022. It was formed by independent leaders and ex-militants of the defunct Christian Conservative Party (PCC). History The community arose after the dissolution of the PCC, a group that during the 2021 parliamentary elections achieved the election of Sara Concha as deputy for the Ñuble Region under the Christian Social Front pact. Among its founders were Luciano Silva, a former National Renewal (RN) conventioneer, and Antaris Varela, who presided over the PCC. Like its predecessor, the PSC is linked to evangelical and conservative church groups. In November 2022, the community began its formation and constitution process before the Electoral Service (Servel). During that same month, the incorporation of Deputy Concha was confirmed, who until then was independent and a member of the RN bench in the Chamber of Deputies. Leadership The Christian Social Party presented a provisional directiv ...
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Republican Party (Chile, 2019)
The Republican Party ( es, Partido Republicano; PLR) is a right-wing populist and conservative political party in Chile. Its founder and current leader is Chilean presidential candidate José Antonio Kast. The Republican Party is one of two parties in the Christian Social Front coalition, along with the smaller Christian Conservative Party. History Background José Antonio Kast, the founder of the party, was a deputy for 16 years, and a member of the Independent Democratic Union (UDI) for 20 years. In 2017 he ran for president, finishing in fourth place with nearly 8% of the vote. Kast became disillusioned with UDI and resigned in protest, believing that the party criticized former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet too often. With the base of support he obtained with the election, he decided to found a political movement. Foundation The Republican Party began as the Chilean manifestation of the conservative wave in Latin America. On 3 March 2018, Kast held the first mee ...
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