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Before 1917 In Anime
The history of anime can be traced back to the start of the 20th century, with the earliest verifiable films dating from 1907.This article, by a German researcher, was first published on January 4, 2013 in ''The Japanese Journal of Animation Studies'', vol. 15, no.1A, 2013, pp. 27-32 Before the advent of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, ..., Japan already had a rich tradition of entertainment with colourful painted figures moving across the projection screen in , a particular Japanese type of magic lantern The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name ''laterna magica'', is an early type of image projector 200px, Acer projector, 2012 A projector or image projector is an optical device that projects an image (or moving images) onto a surf ... show po ...
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Film
A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to ... used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through the use of moving images. These images are generally accompanied by sound, and more rarely, other sensory stimulations. The word "cinema", short for cinematography Cinematography (from ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following p ..., is often used to refer to filmmaking Filmmaking (film production) is the process by which a is . Filmmaking ...
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Mamoru Oshii
is a Japanese filmmaker, television director and writer. Famous for his philosophy-oriented storytelling, Oshii has directed a number of acclaimed anime films, including ''Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer'' (1984), ''Angel's Egg'' (1985), ''Patlabor 2: The Movie'' (1993), and ''Ghost in the Shell (1995 film), Ghost in the Shell'' (1995). He also holds the distinction of having created the first ever OVA, ''Dallos'' (1983). As a writer, Oshii has worked as a screenwriter, and occasionally as a mangaka, manga writer and novelist. His most notable works as a writer include the manga ''Kerberos Panzer Cop'' (1988–2000) and its feature film adaptation ''Jin-Roh: The Wolf Brigade'' (1999). For his work, Oshii has received and been nominated for numerous awards, including the Palme d'Or and Leone d'Oro (Golden Lion). He has also attracted praise from many directors, including James Cameron, Steven Spielberg and The Wachowskis. Career Early career (1977–1982) As a student, Ma ...
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Steamboy
is a 2004 Japanese-American Anime, animated steampunk action film produced by Sunrise (company), Sunrise, directed and co-written by Katsuhiro Otomo, his second major anime release, following ''Akira (1988 film), Akira''. The film was released in Japan by Toho on July 17, 2004. ''Steamboy'' is one of the most expensive Japanese animated movies made to date. Additionally, the film was in production for ten years and utilized more than 180,000 drawings and 440 CG cuts. Plot In 1863, where an alternate history (fiction), alternate nineteenth century Europe has made tremendous strides in steam-powered technologies, scientist Lloyd Steam and his son Edward have succeeded in discovering a pure mineral water in Iceland which they believe can be harnessed as a nearly unlimited power source for steam engines. An experiment in Russian Alaska goes terribly wrong, with Edward being engulfed in freezing gases, but results in the creation of a spherical device. Lloyd sends the device, alon ...
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Akira (1988 Film)
is a 1988 Japanese animated post-apocalyptic up Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond poster calls up the pictorial image of a bombed New York City">Liberty_bond.html" ;"title="Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond">Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond poster calls ... cyberpunk Cyberpunk is a subgenre of science fiction in a dystopian Futurism, futuristic setting that tends to focus on a "combination of low-life, lowlife and high tech", featuring futuristic technological and scientific achievements, such as artificial ... action film Action film is a film genre A film genre is a stylistic or thematic category for motion pictures A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painti ... directed by Katsuhiro Otomo is a Japanese manga artist A manga artist (or in Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan ...
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Robotech
''Robotech'' is a science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, Parall ... franchise Franchise may refer to: Business and law * Franchising, a business method that involves licensing of trademarks and methods of doing business to franchisees * Franchise, a privilege to operate a type of business such as a cable television pro ... that began with an 85-episode anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of ... television series produced by Harmony Gold USA Harmony Gold USA, Inc. is an American film and television production company. It was founded in 1983 by ...
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Star Blazers
''Star Blazers'' is an American animated television series adaptation of the Japanese anime series . ''Star Blazers'' was first broadcast in the United States in 1979. It was the first popular English-translated anime that had an overarching plot and Story arc, storyline that required the episodes to be viewed in order, which paved the way for future arc-based, plot-driven anime translations. It also dealt with somewhat more mature themes than other productions aimed at the same target audience at the time. Plot ''Star Blazers'' consists of three television seasons. Each is an English-language adaption of its Japanese counterpart ''Space Battleship Yamato''. However, the Japanese saga entails more than just these three television seasons, and part of this missing portion of the saga occurs between Seasons Two and Three, in the movies ''Yamato: The New Voyage'' and ''Be Forever Yamato''. In the first season, Earth is attacked by Gamilon, a distant planet. The radiation from Gamil ...
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The Super Dimension Fortress Macross
is an anime television series from 1982. According to story creator Shoji Kawamori, it depicts "a love triangle against the backdrop of great battles" during the first Human-alien war. It is the first part of two franchises: The Super Dimension (other), ''Super Dimension'' trilogy and Macross, ''Macross'' series. ''Macross'' () features mechanical designs by Kazutaka Miyatake and Shoji Kawamori (both of Studio Nue) and character designs by Haruhiko Mikimoto of Artland (company), Artland.Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Staff. Pages 248–253. ''Macross Perfect Memory''. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, 10 October. ''Macross'' also created one of the first anime Japanese idol, idols Lynn Minmay, turning her voice actress Mari IijimaSuper Dimension Fortress Macross: Cast. Page 254. ''Macross Perfect Memory''. Reference Book. 260 A4 pages. Minori Library, Japan. Y2800. 1983, 10 October. into an instant celebrity, and launching her mus ...
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Space Battleship Yamato
is a Japanese science fiction anime series produced and written by Yoshinobu Nishizaki, directed by Mangaka, manga artist Leiji Matsumoto, and produced by Academy Productions.. The series aired in Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation, Yomiuri TV from October 6, 1974 to March 30, 1975, totaling up to 26 episodes. It revolves around the character Susumu Kodai (Derek Wildstar in the English version) and an international crew from Earth, tasked during an interstellar war to go into space aboard the space warship ''Space Battleship Yamato (fictional spacecraft), Yamato,'' Yamato-class battleship, derived from the World War II battleship of the same name, in response to a message of aid from the planet Iscandar in order to retrieve a device which is able to reverse the radiation infecting Earth after being bombed by the Gamilas (Gamilons). ''Space Battleship Yamato'' is one of the most influential anime series in Japan. Its turn toward serious themes and complex storylines influenced ...
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Cyberpunk
Cyberpunk is a subgenre of science fiction in a dystopian Futurism, futuristic setting that tends to focus on a "combination of low-life, lowlife and high tech", featuring futuristic technological and scientific achievements, such as artificial intelligence and cybernetics, juxtaposed with societal collapse or decay. Much of cyberpunk is rooted in the New Wave science fiction movement of the 1960s and 1970s, when writers like Philip K. Dick, Michael Moorcock, Roger Zelazny, John Brunner (novelist), John Brunner, J. G. Ballard, Philip José Farmer and Harlan Ellison examined the impact of drug culture, technology, and the sexual revolution while avoiding the utopian tendencies of earlier science fiction. Comic book, Comics exploring cyberpunk themes began appearing as early as Judge Dredd, first published in 1977. Released in 1984, William Gibson's influential debut novel ''Neuromancer'' helped solidify cyberpunk as a genre, drawing influence from punk subculture and early ha ...
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Space Opera
Space opera is a subgenre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. In popular usage, it normally describes a Category of being, category of literature, m ... of science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a of which typically deals with and futuristic concepts such as advanced and , , , , and . It has been called the " of ", and it often explores the potential consequences of . Scien ... that emphasizes science fictional space warfare, with use of melodrama A modern melodrama is a dramatic work wherein the plot, typically sensationalized and for a strong emotional appeal, takes precedence over detailed characterization. Melodramas typically concentrate on dialogue that is often bombastic or excess ...tic, risk-taking space adventures and chivalric romance As a literary genre of high culture, heroic romance or c ...
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Real Robot
Mecha anime and manga, known in Japan as and , are anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of ... and manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ... that feature robots (mecha The term may refer to both scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanations and predictions about the universe."... modern sci ...) in battle. The genre is broken down into two subcategories; "super robot", featuring super-sized, implausible robots, and "real robot", wher ...
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Dragon Ball
is a Japanese media franchise A media franchise, also known as a multimedia franchise, is a collection of related media Media may refer to: Physical means Communication * Media (communication), tools used to deliver information or data ** Advertising media, various m ... created by Akira Toriyama is a Japanese manga artist Manga (Japanese: 漫画 ) are comics a Media (communication), medium used to express ideas with images, often combined with text or other visual information. It typically the form of a sequence of Pa ... in 1984. The initial manga, written and illustrated by Toriyama, was serialized in ''Weekly Shōnen Jump is a weekly ''shōnen'' manga anthology published in Japan by Shueisha is a Japanese company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. The company was established in 1925 as the entertainment-related publishing division of Jap ...'' from 1984 to 1995, with the 519 individual chapters collected int ...
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