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Api American Health Forum
In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of both computer hardware , hardware and software. It has sci ..., an application programming interface (API) is an Interface (computing), interface that defines interactions between multiple software applications or mixed computer hardware, hardware-software intermediaries. It defines the kinds of System call, calls or requests that can be made, how to make them, the Data type, data formats that should be used, the conventions to follow, etc. It can also provide extension mechanisms so that users can extend existing functionality in various ways and to varying degrees. An API can be entirely custom, specific to a component, or designed based on an industry-standard to ensure interoperability. Through information hiding, APIs enable modular programming, allowing users to use the in ...
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Computing
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of both computer hardware , hardware and software. It has scientific, engineering, mathematical, technological and social aspects. Major computing disciplines include computer engineering, computer science, cybersecurity, data science, information systems, information technology and software engineering. The term "computing" is also synonymous with counting and calculating. In earlier times, it was used in reference to the action performed by Mechanical computer, mechanical computing machines, and before that, to human computers. History The history of computing is longer than the history of computing hardware and computer, modern computing technology and includes the history of methods intended for pen and paper or for chalk and slate, with or without the aid of tables. Computing is intimat ...
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Journaling File System
Journaling may refer to: * Electronic message journalingElectronic message journaling is the process of retaining information relating to electronic messages. In this context, electronic messages are defined as any type of electronic communication data structure. Historically this was an electronic mail ..., tracking and retention of electronic communications * Journaling file system Journaling may refer to: * Electronic message journalingElectronic message journaling is the process of retaining information relating to electronic messages. In this context, electronic messages are defined as any type of electronic communication ..., a technique in computer file systems to prevent corruption * Journal therapy Journal therapy is a writing therapy Writing therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses the act of writing and processing the written word as therapy. Writing therapy posits that writing one's feelings gradually eases feelings of emotional ...
* Writing therapy, ...
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Hardware Independence
In software engineering Software engineering is the systematic application of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The d ..., porting is the process of adapting software Software is a collection of instructions Instruction or instructions may refer to: Computing * Instruction, one operation of a processor within a computer architecture instruction set * Computer program, a collection of instructions Music * I ... for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g., different CPU A central processing unit (CPU), also called a central processor, main processor or just processor, is the electronic circuit File:PExdcr01CJC.jpg, 200px, A circuit built on a printed circuit board (PCB). ...
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Fortran
Fortran (; formerly FORTRAN) is a general-purpose, compiled language, compiled imperative programming, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numerical analysis, numeric computation and computational science, scientific computing. Fortran was originally developed by IBM in the 1950s for scientific and engineering applications, and subsequently came to dominate scientific computing. It has been in use for over six decades in computationally intensive areas such as numerical weather prediction, finite element method, finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, geophysics, computational physics, crystallography and computational chemistry. It is a popular language for high-performance computing and is used for programs that benchmark and rank the world's TOP500, fastest supercomputers. Fortran has had numerous versions, each of which has added extensions while largely retaining compatibility with preceding versions. Successive versions have added ...
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AFIPS
The American Federation of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS) was an umbrella organization of professional societies A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) seeks to advocacy, further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest. ... established on May 10, 1961, and dissolved in 1990. Its mission was to advance knowledge in the field of information science Information science (also known as information studies) is an academic field which is primarily concerned with analysis, collection, classification Classification is a process related to categorization Categorization is the human ability a ..., and to represent its member societies in international forums. History AFIPS grew out of the National Joint Computer Committee The American Federation of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS) was an umbrella organization of professional ...
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Computer Graphics
Computer graphics deals with generating images with the aid of computers. Today, computer graphics is a core technology in digital photography, film, video games, cell phone and computer displays, and many specialized applications. A great deal of specialized hardware and software has been developed, with the displays of most devices being driven by graphics hardware, computer graphics hardware. It is a vast and recently developed area of computer science. The phrase was coined in 1960 by computer graphics researchers Verne Hudson and William Fetter of Boeing. It is often abbreviated as CG, or typically in the context of film as Computer-generated imagery, computer generated imagery (CGI). The non-artistic aspects of computer graphics are the subject of Computer graphics (computer science), computer science research. Some topics in computer graphics include user interface design, sprite (graphics), sprite graphics, Rendering (computer graphics), rendering, ray tracing (graphics ...
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Univac 1108 Census Bureau
UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer) was a line of electronic digital stored-program computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to Execution (computing), carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known as Computer program, programs. These ...s starting with the products of the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation The Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) (March 1946 – 1950) was founded by J. Presper Eckert John Adam Presper Eckert Jr. (April 9, 1919 – June 3, 1995) was an American electrical engineer and computer pioneer. With John .... Later the name was applied to a division of the Remington Rand Remington Rand was an early American business machine manufacturer, best known originally as a typewriter Video showing the operation of a typewriter A typewriter is a mechanical Mechanical may refer to: Machine * Mechanical system A ... comp ...
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Joshua Bloch
Joshua J. Bloch (born August 28, 1961) is an American software engineer A software engineer is a person who applies the principles of software engineering to the design, development, maintenance, testing, and evaluation of computer software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), instructions ... and a technology author, formerly employed at Sun Microsystems Sun Microsystems, Inc. (Sun for short) was an American technology company that sold computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to Execution (computing), carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. M ... and Google Google LLC is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational stat .... He led the design and implementation of numerous Java platform Java ( id, Jawa, ; ...
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The Preparation Of Programs For An Electronic Digital Computer
''The Preparation of Programs for an Electronic Digital Computer'' (sometimes called ''WWG'', after its authors' initials) was the first book on computer programming Computer programming is the process of designing and building an executable computer program to accomplish a specific computing result or to perform a particular task. Programming involves tasks such as analysis, generating algorithms, Profilin .... Published in 1951, it was written by Maurice Wilkes Sir Maurice Vincent Wilkes (26 June 1913 – 29 November 2010) was a British computer scientist A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundati ..., David Wheeler, and Stanley GillProfessor Stanley J. Gill (26 March 1926 – 1975) was a British computer scientist credited, along with Maurice Wilkes and David Wheeler, with the invention of the first computer subroutine. Early life, education and career Stanl ...
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EDSAC
The Electronic delay storage automatic calculator (EDSAC) was an early British computer. Inspired by John von Neumann John von Neumann (; hu, Neumann János Lajos, ; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian Americans, Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, engineer and polymath. Von Neumann was generally rega ...'s seminal ''First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC The ''First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC'' (commonly shortened to ''First Draft'') is an incomplete Incomplete may refer to: * Unfinished creative work * Gödel's incompleteness theorems, a specification of logic * Incomplete (Bad Religion song) ...'', the machine was constructed by Maurice Wilkes Sir Maurice Vincent Wilkes (26 June 1913 – 29 November 2010) was a British computer scientist A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundati ... and his team at t ...
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David Wheeler (computer Scientist)
David John Wheeler FRS FRS may also refer to: Government and politics * Facility Registry System, a centrally managed Environmental Protection Agency database that identifies places of environmental interest in the United States * Family Resources Survey, a survey to c ... (9 February 1927 – 13 December 2004) was a computer scientist A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques ... and professor of computer science at the University of Cambridge , mottoeng = Literal: From here, light and sacred draughts. Non literal: From this place, we gain enlightenment and precious knowledge. , established = , other_name = The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of .... Education Wheeler was born in Birmingham Birmingham ( ) is a city ...
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Maurice Wilkes
Sir Maurice Vincent Wilkes (26 June 1913 – 29 November 2010) was a British computer scientist A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques ... who designed and helped build the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator The Electronic delay storage automatic calculator (EDSAC) was an early British computer. Inspired by John von Neumann John von Neumann (; hu, Neumann János Lajos, ; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian American ... (EDSAC), one of the earliest stored program computer A stored-program computer is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known as Computer pro ...s, ...
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