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1973 Thai Popular Uprising
The popular uprising of 14 October 1973 ( th, เหตุการณ์ 14 ตุลา, , "October 14 Event"; or th, วันมหาวิปโยค, , "Day of Great Sorrow") was a watershed event in Thailand's History of Thailand, history. The uprising resulted in the end of the ruling military dictatorship of anti-communist Thanom Kittikachorn and altered the Politics of Thailand, Thai political system. Notably, it highlighted the growing influence of Thailand, Thai university students in politics. Student activism in Thailand the 1950s–1970s Student activism in Thailand grew during the 1950s, as many students became inspired by leftist ideology to mobilize and organize demonstrations and rallies against the pro-American policies of the ruling government. The rise of university students as a political force was also due to the increase in absolute numbers of university students. From 1961 to 1972, the number of university students increased from 15,000 to 150,000, while ...
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1973 Thai Students Uprising Ratchadamnoen Avenue
Events January * January 1 ** The United Kingdom, Ireland and Denmark 1973 enlargement of the European Communities, enter the European Economic Community, which later becomes the European Union. ** CBS sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George Steinbrenner (3.2 million dollars less than the price CBS paid for the Yankees). * January 5 – American rock band Aerosmith releases their debut album. * January 7 – Mark Essex kills nine people at the Howard Johnson's hotel in downtown New Orleans. * January 9 – The first of the 1973 Durban strikes begin in Durban, South Africa * January 14 ** Elvis Presley's Aloha from Hawaii, concert in Hawaii is the first worldwide telecast by an entertainer that is watched by more people than watched the Apollo moon landings. ** American football: The Miami Dolphins complete the first and only 1972 Miami Dolphins season, perfect season in National Football League history by defeating the Washi ...
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Ratchadamnoen Avenue
Ratchadamnoen Avenue ( th, ถนนราชดำเนิน, , , also spelled Rajdamnern) is a historic road in the Phra Nakhon Phra Nakhon ( th, พระนคร, ) is one of the Districts of Bangkok, 50 districts (''khet'') of Bangkok, Thailand. It is the central district of Bangkok, including Rattanakosin Island. Neighboring districts are, from the north, clockwise: D ... and Dusit Districts of Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern ..., Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi .... Ratchadamnoen Avenue may be the most politically charged t ...
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Pratunam
Pratunam, written as Pratu Nam ( th, ประตูน้ำ, ), is an intersection and neighborhood in Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern .... It is located in Thanon Phaya Thai sub-district, Ratchathewi Ratchathewi ( th, ราชเทวี, ) is a district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning r ... district. It is the intersection of Phetchaburi Phetchaburi ( th, เพชรบุรี, ) or Phet Buri () is a town (''thesaban mueang Thesaban ( th, เทศบาล, , ) are the municipalities of Thailand. There are three levels of municipalities: city, town, and sub-district. Bangkok ..., Ratchadamri ...
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Siam Square
Siam Square ( th, สยามสแควร์, ) is a shopping and entertainment area in the Siam area of Bangkok, Thailand. The square is located at the corner of Phayathai Road and Rama I Road and is owned by Chulalongkorn University, managed by its Property Management Office, known as "Chula Property". It is connected to nearby shopping centers and shopping districts, such as MBK Center, Siam Paragon, and Ratchaprasong shopping district, by a Skyway, skywalk. History The area of Siam Square, which belongs to Chulalongkorn University, was originally full of wooden houses and slum areas, until a fire incident evacuated the villagers from the area. After the fire, General Praphas Charusathien, Prapas Charusatien ( th, ประภาส จารุเสถียร) director of Chulalongkorn University at that time, decided to develop the area of Siam Square into a commercial place in order to prevent the slum community that originally resided there from returning. The Sou ...
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1973 Thai Students Uprising Taking Cover
Events January * January 1 ** The United Kingdom, Ireland and Denmark 1973 enlargement of the European Communities, enter the European Economic Community, which later becomes the European Union. ** CBS sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George Steinbrenner (3.2 million dollars less than the price CBS paid for the Yankees). * January 5 – American rock band Aerosmith releases their debut album. * January 7 – Mark Essex kills nine people at the Howard Johnson's hotel in downtown New Orleans. * January 9 – The first of the 1973 Durban strikes begin in Durban, South Africa * January 14 ** Elvis Presley's Aloha from Hawaii, concert in Hawaii is the first worldwide telecast by an entertainer that is watched by more people than watched the Apollo moon landings. ** American football: The Miami Dolphins complete the first and only 1972 Miami Dolphins season, perfect season in National Football League history by defeating the Washi ...
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Praphas Charusathien
Praphas Charusathien ( th, ประภาส จารุเสถียร, , ; 25 November 1912 – 18 August 1997) was a Thailand, Thai military Officer (armed forces), officer and politician. He was a field marshal (''chom phon'') of the Royal Thai Army and minister of interior in the governments of military rulers Sarit Thanarat and Thanom Kittikachorn. Personal life and education Praphas graduated from the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy and became an infantry officer. He was sponsored by Field Marshal and Prime Minister-to-be Sarit Thanarat. He was quickly promoted to higher ranks. In 1957, Sarit appointed him minister of interior, a position in which he continued to serve after Sarit's death in 1963. The new Prime Minister was Thanom Kittikachorn, whose son married Praphas' daughter. From 1963 to 1973, he was additionally deputy prime minister and List of Commanders of the Royal Thai Army, Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army. During this time, Praphas was the s ...
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Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary
The Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary ( th, เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าทุ่งใหญ่นเรศวร, ) is a protected area in Thailand in the northern part of Kanchanaburi Province and the southern part of Tak Province. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972, and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991 together with the adjoining Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary. Location and topography The sanctuary is at the western national border of Thailand with Burma, in the southern area of the Dawna Range. It extends northeast of the Three Pagodas Pass from Sangkhla Buri District in Kanchanaburi Province into Amphoe Umphang, Umphang District in Tak Province. The wildlife sanctuary stretches over an area of about , and is the largest protected area in Thailand. Together with the adjoining Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary ( th, เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าห้วยขาแข้ง) ...
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Ramkhamhaeng University
Ramkhamhaeng University (RU) ( th, มหาวิทยาลัยรามคำแหง) is Thailand's largest public university. It was named in honour of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great Ram Khamhaeng ( th, รามคำแหง, ) or Pho Khun Ram Khamhaeng Maharat ( th, พ่อขุนรามคำแหงมหาราช, ), also spelled Ramkhamhaeng, was the third king of the List of monarchs of Thailand#Phra Ruang D ... of Sukhothai. The university provides an effective and economical way to meet public demand for higher education. Overview Ramkhamhaeng University has two major campuses, both in Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern .... Freshman classes are held at Bang Na campus in Phra Khanong District. Most others classes are conducted at t ...
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Seksan Prasertkul
Seksan Prasertkul ( th, เสกสรรค์ ประเสริฐกุล, born 1949) is a Thai author who was awarded the title National Artist of Thailand in 2009. Seksan became a student leader at Thammasat University and was active in the October 1973 protests against the military government of Thanom Kittikachorn. Seksan is the author of poetry, stories, and his autobiography, was made into a movie, ''The Moonhunter.'' Early life Seksan is the son of a fishing-boat builder and a market vendor. He graduated from high school at Chonkanyanakul School in Chonburi province, and received an AFS Intercultural Programs, AFS scholarship. He was an exchange student at a high school in the United States in 1967 and 1968. On his return to Thailand, he gained admission to Thammasat University by his high scores on the nationwide university entrance exam. Leading up to 14 October 1973 Sulak Sivaraksa "initiated forums for students to discuss current social issues. Among those at ...
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Thirayuth Boonmee
Thirayuth Boonmee ( th, ธีรยุทธ บุญมี, ; born 10 January 1950) is a Thailand, Thai public intellectual and a former student activist. Student leader While a student at Chulalongkorn University in 1973, Thirayuth led the National Student Center of Thailand (NSCT) in coordinating political activism against the military dictatorship of Thanom Kittikachorn and Praphas Charusathien. The NSCT led tens of thousands in public protests against the regime. One of the earlier activities of the NSCT had been a 10-day boycott against Japanese products, in protest against Japanese investments in Thailand. On 6 October 1973, Thirayuth and 12 other student activists were arrested by the Praphas government for sedition after they distributed leaflets demanding a new Constitution of Thailand, constitution. Rumors spread that they had been killed, which sparked massive anti-government protests. The demonstrations reached their peak on 13 October, when about 400,000 protesters ...
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